Caesarean section known as C-section, or caesarean delivery, is the use of surgery to deliver babies. A caesarean section is necessary when a vaginal delivery would put the baby or mother at risk. Reasons for this may include obstructed labor, twin pregnancy, high blood pressure in the mother, breech birth, or problems with the placenta or umbilical cord. A caesarean delivery may be performed based upon the shape of the mother's pelvis or history of a previous C-section. A trial of vaginal birth after C-section may be possible; the World Health Organization recommends that caesarean section be performed only when medically necessary. Some C-sections are performed without a medical reason, upon request by someone the mother. A C-section takes 45 minutes to an hour, it may be done under general anesthesia. A urinary catheter is used to drain the bladder, the skin of the abdomen is cleaned with an antiseptic. An incision of about 15 cm is typically made through the mother's lower abdomen; the uterus is opened with a second incision and the baby delivered.
The incisions are stitched closed. A woman can begin breastfeeding as soon as she is out of the operating room and awake. Several days are required in the hospital to recover sufficiently to return home. C-sections result in a small overall increase in poor outcomes in low-risk pregnancies, they typically take longer to heal from, about six weeks, than vaginal birth. The increased risks include breathing problems in the baby and amniotic fluid embolism and postpartum bleeding in the mother. Established guidelines recommend that caesarean sections not be used before 39 weeks of pregnancy without a medical reason; the method of delivery does not appear to have an effect on subsequent sexual function. In 2012, about 23 million C-sections were done globally; the international healthcare community has considered the rate of 10% and 15% to be ideal for caesarean sections. Some evidence finds. More than 45 countries globally have C-section rates less than 7.5%, while more than 50 have rates greater than 27%.
Efforts are being made to both reduce the use of C-section. In the United States as of 2017, about 32% of deliveries are by C-section; the surgery has been performed at least as far back as 715 BC following the death of the mother, with the baby surviving. Descriptions of mothers surviving date back to 1500. With the introduction of antiseptics and anesthetics in the 19th century, survival of both the mother and baby became common. Caesarean section is recommended when vaginal delivery might pose a risk to the baby. C-sections are carried out for personal and social reasons on maternal request in some countries. Complications of labor and factors increasing the risk associated with vaginal delivery include: abnormal presentation. Prolonged labor or a failure to progress fetal distress cord prolapse uterine rupture or an elevated risk thereof hypertension in the mother or baby after amniotic rupture tachycardia in the mother or baby after amniotic rupture placenta problems failed labor induction failed instrumental delivery (by forceps or ventouse large baby weighing > 4,000 grams umbilical cord abnormalities Other complications of pregnancy, pre-existing conditions, concomitant disease, include: pre-eclampsia previous fetus HIV infection of the mother with a high viral load Sexually transmitted diseases, such as a first outbreak of genital herpes recently before the onset of labor previous classical caesarean section previous uterine rupture prior problems with the healing of the perineum bicornuate uterus rare cases of posthumous birth after the death of the motherOther Decreasing experience of accoucheurs with the management of breech presentation.
Although obstetricians and midwives are extensively trained in proper procedures for breech presentation deliveries using simulation mannequins, there is decreasing experience with actual vaginal breech delivery, which may increase the risk. The prevalence of caesarean section is agreed to be higher than needed in many countries, physicians are encouraged to lower the rate, as a caesarean rate higher than 10-15% is not associated with reductions in maternal or infant mortality rates, although some evidence support that a higher rate of 19% may result in better outcomes; some of these efforts are: emphasizing a long latent phase of labor is not abnormal and not a justification for C-section. Physical exercise during pregnancy decreases the risk. Adverse outcomes in low-risk pregnancies occur in 8.6% of vaginal deliveries and 9.2% of caesarean section deliveries. In those who are low risk, the risk of death for caesarean sections is 13 per 100,000 vs. for vaginal birth 3.5 per 100,000 in th
"Freedom Song" is a song written by Luc Reynaud and recorded by his band Luc and the Lovingtons on the album Feel the Warmth. It was covered by American singer-songwriter Jason Mraz as "The Freedom Song" and released as the first promotional single from his fourth studio album, Love is a Four Letter Word, on March 13, 2012. Mraz's version was produced by Joe Chiccarelli. After "I'm Yours" remained at the Billboard Hot 100 chart for a record 76 weeks ending in October 2009, the singer/songwriter headed to the Gulf of Mexico in the summer of 2010 to help with efforts to clean the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, he went to a trip to Ghana to fight child slavery alongside the nonprofit Free the Slaves. Mraz was in Antarctica, spending time with Al Gore and learning about climate change aboard the National Geographic Explorer. During his activist outings, Mraz wrote and recorded his fourth album, "Love Is a Four Letter Word", with producer Joe Chiccarelli. In an interview for Billboard, he confessed that he was less interested in following up his biggest hit than using the power that "I'm Yours" gave him to fuel positive change.
He further elaborated: "The pressure I put on myself, or what I hope my'I Won't Give Up' does, is to make a difference in people's lives... With'I'm Yours,' I got to go out and set my feet on different continents, expose myself to different cultures and causes. I wanted to see who I was, outside of music."The song was released as the first promotional single from the album on iTunes, on March 13, 2012. "The Freedom Song" was written by Luc Reynaud. It was penned by Luc Reynaud of the Seattle music band Luc & the Lovingtons whilst assisting in the Hurricane Katrina recovery efforts; the song caught Jason Mraz's attention and inspired by its optimistic message of how music can uplift the human spirit, the singer-songwriter started performing it in his concerts. "I picture something, it's beautiful/ It's full of life and it is all blue", he sings in the beginning. "I see a sunset on the beach/yeah, it makes me feel calm," he sings, continuing, "when I’m calm I feel good/when I feel good I sing."Mraz further explained the track, in a "track-by-track" commentary for Billboard: "'The Freedom Song' is the first cover song that I've put on any of my albums.
It was written by Luc Reynaud from the band called Luc & the Lovingtons and he wrote this song in the wake of Hurricane Katrina with kids in Baton Rouge in a shelter. I heard this song and I heard the story of this song and was blown away. I started performing it, this was about two years ago, because I felt the themes and the quality of the song resonated and was in alignment with other songs I was performing, it just felt good. I became good friends with Luc and we toured around a bunch. So when it came time to make this album I just felt like this was a song that deserves to be heard and I know the commercialism of songwriting that I know in the end this song is going to come back and benefit Luc and the communities in which he wrote this song and I think that's important." Bill Lamb of About.com and Stephen Thomas Erlewine of Allmusic both picked the song as one of the best from the album. Amy Dawson of Metro UK called it "a Jack Johnson-esque lilting number topped with bongos and gospel oohs."
Loh Chua Junn of MediaCorp's xinmsn wrote that while listening to the song "you're sure to tap your feet and bob your head to the beat in nary a second." Colin McGuire of PopMatters wrote a positive review, stating: "'The Freedom Song' is the best example of such. Kicking off the record, the song features all the elements. Beautiful backing harmonies? Check; the phrase'when I feel good'? Check. A chilled-out tone that embarrassingly brings a smile to your face without feeling it? Check; the word'joy'? Double check. What makes this particular track memorable is where Mraz opts to go after dabbling in the beach-dude formula he’s always been so well at conveying throughout his four studio albums. After nearly a minute of the'I’m Yours' groove, the rest of his band kicks in and things start to get interesting. A powerful horn section sends tingles through your upper back and an irresistibly funky backbone paves the way for one of the greatest songs of the man’s career. Love pop music or hate pop music, this is pretty good stuff."
Digital download"The Freedom Song" – 4:00
The Newport Beach Film Festival is an annual film festival in Newport Beach, California held in late April. The Newport Beach Film Festival was established in 1999 after the failure of an earlier film festival series in the same location; this festival presents a multi international range of independent and studio films. The Newport Beach Film Festival features World, North America, U. S. and West Coast premieres as well as International Spotlight Series celebrating foreign language films. In 2013 the Newport Beach Film Festival announced a new partnership with the Orange County Music Awards. 2013 was the first year. Gregg Schwenk, co-founder of the festival, serves as the executive director-CEO. During the fest’s nascent stages, he found that “there is no better destination or backdrop for an international film festival than Newport Beach.” The Newport Beach Film Festival attracts people from beyond the surrounding beach communities, with 30%-40% of its audience coming from outside the Orange County metro area.
In 2015, the film festival programmed more than 350 films from 50 countries based on more than 3,000 submissions. According to Schwenk, the number of film buyers, sales agents and distributors — both domestic and international — who attend “has grown exponentially." In 2014, the festival reported record attendance of about 54,000. The Newport Beach Film Festival is divided into eight competitive sections, in which filmmakers can submit their pieces to; the film categories that are shown in this festival include: Action Sports Films AA+D Documentaries Environmental Films Family Films Music Films Short Films Youth FilmsDue to the coastal location of the festival, many of the films are connected to the history of surfing and snowboarding. This suggests the Newport Beach Film Festivals audience base is dedicated to the Action Sports Cinema category; the Newport Beach Film Festival draws its sponsors through the local community and partner organizations. The founding sponsor of the festival is the city of California.
The festival works with premiere sponsors, event sponsors, media sponsors, production sponsors, supporting sponsors and restaurant sponsors, as well as community and cultural partnerships. The festival works with several colleges in Southern California to put together a showcase of student made films; the Newport Beach Film Festival has multiple partner schools including: University of California Los Angeles, University of Southern California, Cal State University Fullerton, Cal State University Long Beach, Chapman University. These collegiate showcases are screened at the Studio at Sage Hill and the Lido Theater; these screenings have proved to be grounds for the new voices of independent cinema. The Newport Beach Film Festival partners with art and education organizations to bring events and notable cinematography to Orange County. Events feature conversations with filmmakers, pre screenings, exhibit tours, musical performances, book signings; the most recent partnership, established in 2013, is between the Newport Beach Film Festival and the Orange County Music Awards.
Isrotel Hotels Management Ltd. is an Israeli hotel chain. Most of its hotels are located in the city of Eilat; as of November 2015, Isrotel operates 16 hotels, related tourism services, including restaurants, spas, a diving center, shopping centers. In 1980 British businessman David Lewis was contacted by the Israeli Minister of Tourism Gideon Patt, in an attempt to persuade him to invest in Israel. After a visit to the city of Eilat, he decided to reinvest in it due to its potential for tourism. Isrotel's first step was the establishment of The King Solomon's Palace Hotel, now known as Isrotel King Solomon. After the continued success of Isrotel King Solomon's Palace, Isrotel began to develop and establish other hotels; as of 2015, Isrotel operates 16 hotels in Israel, 8 of them are in Eilat. Isrotel now has 2 hotels at the Dead Sea Region, 2 hotels at the Negev Desert, 2 hotels in Tel Aviv, one spa hotel in Northern Israel and a hotel including a spa outside of Jerusalem. In 2011 Isrotel introduced Isrotel Exclusive Collection brand.
The brand includes only 5 star hotels: Royal Beach Eilat Royal Beach Tel Aviv Beresheet Cramim Spa&Wine Carmel Forest Spa Resort Another Isrotel Exclusive Collection is under construction. It will be a part of a luxury complex in Jerusalem's German Colony which will include the 5-star hotel as well as 2 separate apartment buildings, is due to open in 2017. A new Tel Aviv hotel is expected to open in 2017. Isrotel manages 16 hotels in Israel: Leon Tower Tel Aviv Isrotel Royal Beach, Tel Aviv Isrotel Cramim, Jerusalem Isrotel Royal Beach, Eilat Isrotel King Solomon, Eilat Isrotel Sport Club, Eilat Isrotel Lagoona All-Inclusive, Eilat Isrotel Riviera Club, Eilat Isrotel Agamim- A Water Garden Hotel Isrotel Royal Garden, Eilat Isrotel Yam Suf, Eilat Isrotel Tower, Tel Aviv Carmel Forest Spa Resort, Haifa Isrotel Dead Sea Hotel and Spa Isrotel Ganim, Dead Sea Isrotel Beresheet, The Negev Isrotel Ramon Inn, The Negev Isrotel manages and operates attractions including the Isrotel Manta diving Center in Eilat, pubs and festivals.
Yolande Cornelia "Nikki" Giovanni Jr. is an American poet, commentator and educator. One of the world's most well-known African-American poets, her work includes poetry anthologies, poetry recordings, nonfiction essays, covers topics ranging from race and social issues to children's literature, she has won numerous awards, including the NAACP Image Award. She has been nominated for a Grammy Award for her poetry album, The Nikki Giovanni Poetry Collection. Additionally, she has been named as one of Oprah Winfrey's 25 "Living Legends". Giovanni gained initial fame in the late 1960s as one of the foremost authors of the Black Arts Movement. Influenced by the Civil Rights Movement and Black Power Movement of the period, her early work provides a strong, militant African-American perspective, leading one writer to dub her the "Poet of the Black Revolution". During the 1970s, she began writing children's literature, co-founded a publishing company, NikTom Ltd, to provide an outlet for other African-American women writers.
Over subsequent decades, her works discussed social issues, human relationships, hip hop. Poems such as "Knoxville, Tennessee" and "Nikki-Rosa" have been re-published in anthologies and other collections. Giovanni has taught at Queens College and Ohio State, is a University Distinguished Professor at Virginia Tech. Following the Virginia Tech shooting in 2007, she delivered a chant-poem at a memorial for the shooting victims. Yolande Cornelia "Nikki" Giovanni Jr. was born in Knoxville, Tennessee, to Yolande Cornelia Sr. and Jones "Gus" Giovanni. Soon after her birth, the family moved to Cincinnati, Ohio where her parents worked at Glenview School. In 1948, the family moved to Wyoming, sometime in those first three years, Giovanni's sister, began calling her "Nikki." In 1958, Giovanni moved to Knoxville, TN to live with her grandparents and attend Austin High School. In 1960, she began her studies at her grandfather's alma mater, Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee as an "Early Entrant" which meant that she could enroll in college without having finished high school first.
She clashed with the Dean of Women, Ann Cheatam, was expelled after neglecting to obtain the required permission from the Dean to leave campus and travel home for Thanksgiving break. Giovanni moved back to Knoxville where she worked at a Walgreens Drug Store and helped care for her nephew, Christopher. In 1964, Giovanni spoke with the new Dean of Women at Fisk University, Blanche McConnell Cowan, who urged Giovanni to return to Fisk that fall. While at Fisk, Giovanni edited a student literary journal, reinstated the campus chapter of SNCC, published an essay in Negro Digest on gender questions in the Movement. In 1967, she graduated with honors with a B. A. degree in History. Soon after graduation, she suffered the loss of her grandmother, Louvenia Watson, turned to writing to cope with her death; these poems would be included in her anthology, Black Feelings, Black Talk. In 1968, Giovanni attended a semester at University of Pennsylvania and moved to New York City, she attended Columbia University and published Black Feeling, Black Talk.
In 1969, Giovanni began teaching at Livingston College of Rutgers University. She was an active member of the Black Arts Movement beginning in the late 1960s. In 1969, she gave birth to Thomas Watson Giovanni, her only child. In 1970, she began making regular appearances on the television program Soul!, an entertainment/variety/talk show which promoted black art and culture and allowed political expression. Soul! Hosted important guests such as Muhammad Ali, James Baldwin, Jesse Jackson, Harry Belafonte, Sidney Poitier, Gladys Knight, Miriam Makeba, Stevie Wonder, she published multiple poetry anthologies, children's books, released spoken word albums from 1973 to 1987. Since 1987, she has taught writing and literature at Virginia Tech, where she is a University Distinguished Professor, she has received the NAACP Image Award several times, received twenty honorary doctorates and various other awards, including the Rosa Parks and the Langston Hughes Award for Distinguished Contributions to Arts and Letters.
She holds the key to several different cities, including Dallas, New York City, Los Angeles. She is a member of the Order of the Eastern Star, she has received the Life Membership and Scroll from the National Council of Negro Women, is an Honorary Member of Delta Sigma Theta sorority. Giovanni was diagnosed with lung cancer in the early 1990s, underwent numerous surgeries, her book Blues: For All the Changes: New Poems, published in 1999, contains poems about nature and her battle with cancer. In 2002, Giovanni spoke in front of NASA about the need for African Americans to pursue space travel, published Quilting the Black-Eyed Pea: Poems and Not Quite Poems, which dealt with similar themes, she has been honored for her life and career by the History Makers along with being the first person to receive the Rosa L. Parks Women of Courage Award, she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Honor from Dillard University in 2010. In 2015, Giovanni was named one of the Library of Virginia's "Virginia Women in History" for her contributions to poetry and society.
Seung-Hui Cho, the mass murderer who killed 32 people in the Virginia Tech shooting on April 16, 2007, was a student in one of Giovanni's poetry classes. Describing him as "mean" and "menacing", she approached the department chair to have Cho taken out of her class, said she was willing to resig
Lifeforce Tenka is a first-person shooter for PC and PlayStation released in 1997 by Psygnosis. It is known as just "Tenka" in some other forms of release; the game is set in a futuristic action environment. The player character engages in battle with a number of various armed flying robots, stationary turrets, bipedal creatures. Lifeforce Tenka takes place in a dystopian future where a multinational conglomerate, Trojan Incorporated, is in the process of performing unethical genetic experiments. Joseph D. Tenka, the protagonist, discovers the corporation's nefarious activities and sets about bringing them and their genetically engineered army down; the weapon design differs from similar games of the time in that instead of the player character acquiring stronger more powerful weapons to add to an accumulated arsenal, weapon modifications are picked up and added to the same weapon and switched between as necessary. Development on the game began in earnest in January 1995; the graphics in the game were created using Softimage 3D.
With Softimage as the construction tool, the programmers additionally wrote a suite of custom Softimage scene extraction utilities. Since the PlayStation cannot perform perspective correct texture mapping, what senior programmer Martin Linklater called "a dynamic multistage clipping and meshing system" was incorporated in Lifeforce Tenka's graphics engine in order to reduce the effect of warping textures; the development team opted to make the game single-player only. Linklater explained, "The current design for the game does not lend itself to a two-player game. We have chosen to concentrate on a single-player game - which would be the most played version anyway." Lifeforce Tenka received middling reviews. Critics deemed the graphics technically impressive due to the lighting effects and polygonal enemies, but some found them overly dark, making most of the levels appear the same. Most stated that the game did not offer enough new gameplay elements to make it stand out from previous first person shooters.
However, GamePro's Atomic Dawg opined that the unintuitive controls for strafing and looking up and down are the game's weak point, the familiarity of the gameplay is what saves it from mediocrity: "... just when you feel like swearing, some ugly mutant charges you, the ensuing adrenaline rush reminds you why you play video games. Tenka is trigger-happy fun." In addition, critics universally praised the bizarre and gruesome enemy designs. Crispin Boyer of Electronic Gaming Monthly stated that "The spider-head bad guys will give you nightmares.", though he and his three co-reviewers said the game overall lacks excitement and variety. A Next Generation critic remarked, "Occasionally intense, Tenka's gameplay is solid but never frantically drives the player forward the way the best first-person shooters do." IGN looked at it more optimistically, concluding, "At its heart, Tenka is a solid shooter. It won't knock Doom off its throne, but it is strong enough to contend." Glenn Rubenstein of GameSpot judged that though Lifeforce Tenka was one of the better first-person shooters on the market, its high difficulty level and lack of innovation would make it unappealing to all but fans of the genre