Air France, stylized as AIRFRANCE, is the French flag carrier headquartered in Tremblay-en-France. It is a subsidiary of the Air France–KLM Group and a founding member of the SkyTeam global airline alliance; as of 2013 Air France serves 36 destinations in France and operates worldwide scheduled passenger and cargo services to 168 destinations in 78 countries and carried 46,803,000 passengers in 2015. The airline's global hub is at Charles de Gaulle Airport with Orly Airport as the primary domestic hub. Air France's corporate headquarters in Montparnasse, are located on the grounds of Charles de Gaulle Airport, north of Paris. Air France was formed on 7 October 1933 from a merger of Air Orient, Air Union, Compagnie Générale Aéropostale, Compagnie Internationale de Navigation Aérienne, Société Générale de Transport Aérien. During the Cold War, from 1950 until 1990, it was one of the three main Allied scheduled airlines operating in Germany at West Berlin's Tempelhof and Tegel airports. In 1990, it acquired the operations of French domestic carrier Air Inter and international rival UTA – Union de Transports Aériens.
It served as France's primary national flag carrier for seven decades prior to its 2003 merger with KLM. Between April 2001 and March 2002, the airline carried 43.3 million passengers and had a total revenue of €12.53bn. In November 2004, Air France ranked as the largest European airline with 25.5% total market share, was the largest airline in the world in terms of operating revenue. On 25 July 2000, a Concorde that Air France owned crashed on a hotel in Gonesse. Air France operates a mixed fleet of Airbus and Boeing widebody jets on long-haul routes, uses Airbus A320 family aircraft on short-haul routes. Air France introduced the A380 on 20 November 2009 with service to New York City's JFK Airport from Paris' Charles de Gaulle Airport; the carrier's regional airline subsidiary, HOP!, operates the majority of its regional domestic and European scheduled services with a fleet of regional jet aircraft. Air France was formed on 7 October 1933, from a merger of Air Orient, Air Union, Compagnie Générale Aéropostale, Compagnie Internationale de Navigation Aérienne and Société Générale des Transports Aériens.
Of these airlines, SGTA was the first commercial airline company in France, having been founded as Lignes Aériennes Farman in 1919. The constituent members of Air France had built extensive networks across Europe, to French colonies in North Africa and farther afield. During World War II, Air France moved its operations to Casablanca. In 1936, Air France added French-built twin engine Potez 62 aircraft to its fleet featuring a two compartment cabin that could accommodate 14 to 16 passengers. A high wing monoplane, it had a wooden fuselage with composite coating while the wings were fabric covered with a metal leading edge. Equipped with Hispano-Suiza V-engines, they were used on routes in Europe, South America and the Far East. Although cruising at only 175 miles per hour, the Potez 62 was a robust and reliable workhorse for Air France and remained in service until the Second World War with one used by the Free French Air Force. On 26 June 1945 all of France's air transport companies were nationalised.
On 29 December 1945, a decree of the French Government granted Air France the management of the entire French air transport network. Air France appointed its first flight attendants in 1946; the same year the airline opened its first air terminal at Les Invalides in central Paris. It was linked to Paris Le Bourget Airport, Air France's first operations and engineering base, by coach. At that time the network covered 160,000 km, claimed to be the longest in the world. Société Nationale Air France was set up on 1 January 1946. European schedules were operated by a fleet of Douglas DC-3 aircraft. On 1 July 1946, Air France started direct flights between Paris and New York via refuelling stops at Shannon and Gander. Douglas DC-4 piston-engine airliners covered the route in just under 20 hours. In September 1947 Air France's network stretched east from New York, Fort de France and Buenos Aires to Shanghai. By 1948 Air France operated one of the largest fleets in the world. Between 1947 and 1965 the airline operated Lockheed Constellations on passenger and cargo services worldwide.
In 1946 and 1948 the French government authorised the creation of two private airlines: Transports Aériens Internationaux – Transports Aériens Intercontinentaux – and SATI. In 1949 the latter became part of Union Aéromaritime de Transport, a private French international airline. Compagnie Nationale Air France was created by act of parliament on 16 June 1948; the government held 70%. In subsequent years the French state's direct and indirect shareholdings reached 100%. In mid-2002 the state held 54%. On 4 August 1948 Max Hymans was appointed the president. During his 13-year tenure he would implement modernisation practices centred on the introduction of jet aircraft. In 1949 the company became a co-founder of Société Internationale de Télécommunications Aéronautiques, an airline telecommunications services company. In 1952 Air France moved its operations and engineering base to the new Paris Orly Airport South terminal. By the network covered 250,000 km. Air France entered the jet age in 1953 with the original, short-lived de Havilland Comet series 1, the world's first jetliner.
During the mid-1950s it operated the Vickers Viscount turboprop, with twelve entering services between May 1953 and August 1954 on the European routes. On 26 September1953z the government instructed Air France to share long-distance
Milan Malpensa Airport
Milan Malpensa Airport is the largest international airport in the Milan metropolitan area in northern Italy. It serves 15 million inhabitants in Lombardy and Liguria, as well as those living in the Swiss region of Canton Ticino; the airport is located 49 kilometres northwest of central Milan, next to the Ticino river. The airport has two runways as well as a dedicated cargo terminal. In 2017, Malpensa Airport handled 22,169,167 passengers and was the 26th busiest airport in Europe in terms of passengers and 2nd busiest airport in Italy in terms of passengers; until 2008, Malpensa Airport was a major hub for flag carrier Alitalia. Malpensa Airport remains the second-busiest Italian airport for international passenger traffic, the busiest for freight and cargo, handling over 500,000 tons of international freight annually; the first industrial airport was opened in 1909 near the Cascina Malpensa, an old farm, by Giovanni Agusta and Gianni Caproni to test their aircraft prototypes. This airport was opened for civil operation in 1948 during the war reconstruction period, in order to serve the northern area of Milan.
The site of today's Malpensa Airport has seen aviation activities for more than 100 years. The first began on 27 May 1910, when the Caproni brothers flew their "flying machine", the Cal biplane. In the years that followed, many aircraft prototypes took off from the same site. Both Gianni Caproni and Giovanni Agusta established factories on the new site. During the 1920s and 1930s, the airfield hosted two squadrons of the Regia Aeronautica Italiana. In September 1943, Malpensa airfield was taken over by Nazi Germany's Luftwaffe when northern Italy was invaded by Adolf Hitler. Soon after their arrival, the Germans laid the airfield's first concrete runway. After the cessation of hostilities during the Second World War and politicians of the Milan and Varese regions, led by banker Benigno Ajroldi of Banca Alto Milanese, restored the airfield, they aimed to make it an industrial fulcrum for post-war recovery of Italy. The main runway damaged by German troops as they retreated from northern Italy, was rebuilt and extended to 1,800 metres.
A small wooden terminal was constructed to protect passengers from bad weather. Malpensa Airport commenced commercial operations on 21 November 1948 as Aeroporto Città di Busto Arsizio, although the Belgian national flag-carrier Sabena had started flying to Brussels from here a year earlier. On 2 February 1950 Trans World Airlines became the first company to fly long-haul flights from Malpensa, using Lockheed Constellations on their services to New York Idlewild Airport. A change of ownership occurred in 1952 when the Municipality of Milan took control of the airport's operator, the Società Aeroporto di Busto Arsizio; the operator's name was subsequently changed to Società Esercizi Aeroportuali SpA. After assuming full control, SEA decided to develop Malpensa as an international and intercontinental gateway, whereas Milan's other airport, Linate Airport, would be tasked with handling only domestic services. Between 1958 and 1962 a new terminal arrived at Malpensa and the airport's two parallel runways were extended to 3,915 m, becoming the longest in Europe at that time.
By the early 1960s, major European carriers such as British Airways, Air France and Alitalia had moved the majority of their services to Linate Airport, just 11 km east of Milan's city centre, making it much easier for passengers to reach central Milan. This left Malpensa with just a handful of intercontinental links, charter flights and cargo operations. Malpensa suffered a decline in commercial traffic, with passenger numbers dropping from 525,000 in 1960 to just 331,000 by 1965, it was destined to play second fiddle to Linate Airport for another 20 years. By the mid-1980s Linate Airport was handling seven million passengers per year and, with only a short single runway and limited parking slots, had reached its saturation point. With no available land nearby for expansion, an alternative solution was sought: Societa Esercizi Aeroportuali SpA found that developing Malpensa was the only practical alternative. By the end of 1985, a law had been passed by the Italian Parliament that paved the way for the reorganisation of the Milan airport system.
Malpensa was designated as the centre for all services covering northern Italy, while Linate Airport was downgraded to a domestic and short-haul facility. "Malpensa 2000", as the plan was called, included the construction of a new terminal as well as the development of fast, efficient connections to Milan's city centre. The European Union recognised this project as one of the 14 "Essential to the Development of the Union" and provided €200 million to help finance the work. Construction started in November 1990. During the night of 24/25 October 1998 Alitalia moved the majority of its fleet from Rome Fiumicino Airport – where it had been flying from for over 50 years – to Malpensa Airport; the airport started a new lease of life as the Italian flag-carrier's main hub. Alitalia added up to 488 movements and 42,000 passengers a day at the facility which, by the end of 1998, had handled 5.92 million passengers. In 1999 it recorded a spectacular leap to 16.97 million and, by 2007, passenger numbers had reached 23.9 million.
Efficient rail links from two different stations in Milan (Centrale and Cadorna st
Nice Côte d'Azur Airport
Nice Côte d'Azur Airport is an international airport located 3.2 NM southwest of Nice, in the Alpes-Maritimes départment of France. It is the third busiest airport in France and serves as a focus city for Air France and an operating base for easyJet. In 2018, it handled 13,850,561 passengers; the airport is positioned 7 km west of the city centre, is the principal port of arrival for passengers to the Côte d'Azur. Due to its proximity to the Principality of Monaco, it serves as the city-state's airport, with helicopter service linking the principality and airport; some airlines market Monaco as a destination via Nice Airport. The airport covers an area of over 3.70 km2, with 2.70 km2 used by its two parallel runways and the two passenger terminals and freight terminal. The airport's theoretical capacity is 52 movements per hour; the two airport terminals are linked by courtesy shuttle buses that connect the car parks with the terminals. Terminal 1 features 25 gates on a space of 52,000 m2, it features flights to domestic and non-Schengen destinations and has a capacity of 4.5 million passengers per year.
A business center is located at Terminal 1 containing eight rooms and a conference room with a capacity of 250 people. Terminal 2 is the newer and larger facility and has 29 gates on a space of 57,800 m2 and is equipped to handle flights to all destinations, it has a capacity of 8.5 million passengers per year. The airport is located on the western end of the Promenade des Anglais. Buses go between the airport and the Gare de Nice-Ville railway station and Nice-Riquier railway station; the train station Nice-Saint-Augustin is near the airport. Since December 2018, Nice tramway line no2 connects the Airport to the Magnan interchange to the West of the City centre; the route will continue to the Harbour via the city centre in 2019-2020. On 9 April 1949, SNCASE Languedoc P/7 F-BATU of Air France overran the runway and was damaged beyond economic repair. On 3 March 1952, SNCASE Languedoc P/7 F-BCUM of Air France crashed shortly after take-off killing all 38 people on board; the cause of the accident was.
The aircraft was operating a domestic scheduled passenger flight from Nice to Paris. Media related to Nice Côte d'Azur Airport at Wikimedia Commons Aéroport Nice Côte d'Azur Aéroport de Nice – Côte d'Azur Current weather for LFMN at NOAA/NWS Accident history for NCE at Aviation Safety Network Live Flight Information for NCE
Vienna International Airport
Vienna International Airport is the international airport of Vienna, the capital of Austria, located in Schwechat, 18 km southeast of central Vienna and 57 kilometres west of Bratislava. It is the country's largest airport and serves as the hub for Austrian Airlines and Eurowings Europe as well as a base for low-cost carriers easyJet Europe, Lauda and Wizz Air, it is capable of handling wide-body aircraft up to the Airbus A380. The airport features a dense network of European destinations as well as long-haul flights to Asia, North America and Africa. In 2018, the airport handled 27 million passengers, a 10.8% increase compared to 2017. Built as a military airport in 1938, used during World War II as the Heinkel firm's southern military aircraft design and production complex, or Heinkel-Süd facility, it was taken over by the British in 1945 and became RAF Schwechat under the occupation of the country. In 1954, the Betriebsgesellschaft was founded, the airport replaced Aspern as Vienna's principal aerodrome.
There was just one runway. The erection of the new airport building starting in 1959. In 1972 another runway was built. In 1982 the airport was connected to the national motorway network. In 1986 the enlarged arrivals hall was opened, in 1988 Pier East with 8 jetbridges. On 27 December 1985, the El Al ticket counter was attacked by Abu Nidal, a Palestinian terrorist organization that conducted a terrorist attack at Fumicino Airport in Rome. Flughafen Wien AG, one of the few publicly traded airport operators in Europe, was privatised in 1992; the state of Lower Austria and the City of Vienna each hold 20% of the shares, the private employee participation foundation holds 10%, with the remaining 50% held privately. The shares are part of the Austrian Traded Index. In 1992, the new Terminal 1 was opened and a year the shopping area around the plaza in the transit area of the B, C and D gates. In 1996 Pier West with 12 jetbridges got in operation. In 2006 the 109 m tall control tower started operating.
It allows a free overview of the entire airport area and offers a night laser show, which should welcome the passengers from the aircraft. From 2004–2007 an Office Park had been erected offering 69,000 m2 of rentable space. A VIP- and general aviation-terminal, including a separated apron, opened in 2006. To accommodate future growth, in 1998 Vienna Airport published a master plan that outlined expansion projects until 2015; these projects included a new office park, railway station, cargo center, general aviation center, air traffic control tower and runway. Additionally, the plan called for streamlined security control; the centerpiece of the enlargement was the new terminal, dubbed Skylink during its construction. In 2002, the airport's management estimated that building the new terminal will cost €401.79 million. However, costs in 2009 stood at an estimated € 929.5 million. The Austrian Court of Audit recommended that the airport implement several cost-savings measures, which in the Court's estimate brought down final costs to €849.15 million, still more than double the original plans.
On June 5, 2012, the new Austrian Star Alliance Terminal was opened, which enables the airport to handle up to 30 million passengers per year. Construction started in 2004 and was suspended due to projected cost increases in 2009, but resumed in 2010; the maximum planned costs totaled less than €770 million. Following concerns over the mismanagement of the Skylink project, chief executive Herbert Kaufman agreed to resign at the end of December 2010; the new building with its North Pier has 17 jetbridges and makes the airport capable of handling more aircraft, although the new terminal is not able to handle Airbus A380 aircraft. However, the older Concourse D will see an upgrade to accommodate the A380; the Wien-Schwechat Airport has four terminal buildings named Terminal 1, 2 and 3 which are directly built against each other as well as the additional Terminal 1A located opposite Terminal 1. Terminals 1, 2 and 3 connect to the five concourses; the central arrivals hall for all terminal areas is located in Terminal 3.
Terminal 1 underwent refurbishment in January 2013 and is now used by some oneworld and SkyTeam airlines. Terminal 1A, located in a standalone building opposite Terminal 1 hosts check-in facilities for a number of low-cost carriers. Terminal 2 is closed, pending refurbishment, it was used by numerous foreign airlines whose check-in facilities have been relocated to Terminal 1. Terminal 3 referred to as the Austrian Star Alliance Terminal, with its adjoining Concourses F and G is the airport's newest facility, it is used by the Austrian Airlines Group, most Star Alliance members, a number of other carriers including Emirates, El Al, Korean Air, Royal Jordanian and Qatar Airways. Concourse B is in the basement of Concourse C and features Gates B22–B43 for Schengen destinations Concourse C for Schengen destinations. Concourse D will be refurbished and equipped to handle the Airbus A380 as part of the refurbishment programme announced in March 2016. Concourse F is used for Schengen destinations and consists of Gates F01-F37 Concourse G (Level 3 of
KLM Royal Dutch Airlines Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij N. V. is the flag carrier airline of the Netherlands. KLM is headquartered with its hub at nearby Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, it is part of the Air France–KLM group, a member of the SkyTeam airline alliance. Founded in 1919, KLM is the oldest airline in the world still operating under its original name and had 35,488 employees and a fleet of 119 as of 2015. KLM operates scheduled cargo services to 145 destinations. In 1919, a young aviator lieutenant named Albert Plesman sponsored the ELTA aviation exhibition in Amsterdam; the exhibition was a great success. In September 1919, Queen Wilhelmina awarded the yet-to-be-founded KLM its "Royal" predicate. On 7 October 1919, eight Dutch businessmen, including Frits Fentener van Vlissingen, founded KLM as one of the first commercial airline companies. Plesman became its first director; the first KLM flight took place on 17 May 1920. KLM's first pilot, Jerry Shaw, flew from London, to Amsterdam; the flight was flown using a leased Aircraft Transport and Travel De Haviland DH-16, registration G-EALU, carrying two British journalists and some newspapers.
In 1920, KLM carried 22 tons of freight. In April 1921, after a winter hiatus, KLM resumed its services using its own pilots, Fokker F. II and Fokker F. III aircraft. In 1921, KLM started scheduled services. KLM's first intercontinental flight took off on 1 October 1924; the final destination was Java, in the Dutch East Indies. VII with registration was piloted by Van der Hoop. In September 1929, regular scheduled services between Amsterdam and Batavia commenced; until the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939, this was the world's longest-distance scheduled service by airplane. By 1926, it was offering flights to Amsterdam, Brussels, London, Bremen and Malmö, using Fokker F. II and Fokker F. III aircraft. In 1930, KLM carried 15,143 passengers; the Douglas DC-2 was introduced on the Batavia service in 1934. The first experimental transatlantic KLM flight was between Amsterdam and Curaçao in December 1934 using the Fokker F. XVIII "Snip"; the first of the airline's Douglas DC-3 aircraft were delivered in 1936.
KLM was the first airline to serve Manchester's new Ringway airport, starting June 1938. KLM was the only civilian airline to receive the Douglas DC-5; when Germany invaded the Netherlands on 10 May 1940, a number of KLM aircraft—mostly DC-3s and a few DC-2s—were en route to or from the Far East, or were operating services in Europe. Five DC-3s and one DC-2 were taken to England. During the war, these aircraft and crew members flew scheduled passenger flights between Bristol and Lisbon under BOAC registration; the Douglas DC-3 PH-ALI "Ibis" registered as G-AGBB, was attacked by the Luftwaffe on 15 November 1942, 19 April 1943, on 1 June 1943 as BOAC Flight 777, killing all passengers and crew. Some KLM aircraft and their crews ended up in the Australia-Dutch East Indies region, where they helped transport refugees from Japanese aggression in that area. After the end of the Second World War in August 1945, KLM started to rebuild its network. Since the Dutch East Indies were in a state of revolt, Plesman's first priority was to re-establish KLM's route to Batavia.
This service was reinstated by the end of 1945. Domestic and European flights resumed in September 1945 with a fleet of Douglas DC-3s and Douglas DC-4s. On 21 May 1946, KLM was the first continental European airline to start scheduled transatlantic flights between Amsterdam and New York City using Douglas DC-4 aircraft. By 1948, KLM had reconstructed its network and services to Africa and South America, the Caribbean resumed. Long-range, pressurized Lockheed Constellations and Douglas DC-6s joined KLM's fleet in the late 1940s. During the immediate post-war period, the Dutch government expressed interest in gaining a majority stake in KLM, thus nationalizing it. Plesman wanted KLM to remain a private company under private control. In 1950, KLM carried 356,069 passengers; the expansion of the network continued in the 1950s with the addition of several destinations in western North America. KLM's fleet expanded with the addition of new versions of the Lockheed Constellation and Lockheed Electra, of which KLM was the first European airline to fly.
On 31 December 1953, the founder and president of KLM, Albert Plesman, died at the age of 64. He was succeeded as president by Fons Aler. After Plesman's death, the company and other airlines entered a difficult economic period; the conversion to jet aircraft placed a further financial burden on KLM. The Netherlands government increased its ownership of the company to two-thirds, thus nationalizing it; the board of directors remained under the control of private shareholders. On 25 July 1957, the airline introduced its flight simulator for the Douglas DC-7C – the last KLM aircraft with piston engines – which opened the transpolar route from Amsterdam via Anchorage to Tokyo on 1 November 1958; each crew flying the transpolar route over the Arctic was eq
Cologne Bonn Airport
Cologne Bonn Airport is the international airport of Germany's fourth-largest city Cologne, serves Bonn, capital of the former West Germany. With around 12.4 million passengers passing through it in 2017, it is the seventh-largest passenger airport in Germany and the third-largest in terms of cargo operations. By traffic units, which combines cargo and passengers, the airport is in fifth position in Germany; as of March 2015, Cologne Bonn Airport had services to 115 passenger destinations in 35 countries. It is named after Konrad Adenauer, a Cologne native and the first post-war Chancellor of West Germany; the airport is surrounded by the Wahner Heide nature reserve. The airport is centrally located in the Cologne Bonn Region 14.8 km southeast of Cologne city centre and 16 km northeast of Bonn. Cologne Bonn Airport is one of the country's few 24-hour airports and serves as a hub for Eurowings, FedEx Express and UPS Airlines as well as a focus city for several leisure and low-cost airlines, it is a host of the German and European space agencies DLR and EAC, part of ESA, which train astronauts there for space explorations.
In 1913, the first plane took off from the Wahner Heide military training area on an artillery reconnaissance flight. In 1939 an airfield was built for the German Luftwaffe. After World War II the British military expanded the airport. A 1,866 m runway was built in this period. In 1951 the airport was opened for civilian air traffic, superseding the former Cologne Butzweilerhof Airport. During the 1950s and 1960s two additional runways and a new passenger terminal were constructed. On 1 November 1970 a Boeing 747 took off for New York City from the airport for the first time. Cologne Bonn Airport was chosen by United Parcel Service in 1986 as the location for their European hub. In the late 1990s the airport started an expansion program. Several new parking lots and a second terminal were built, in 2004 a new long-distance railway station was opened; the airport is jointly owned by the City of Cologne, the Federal Republic of Germany, the State of North Rhine-Westphalia, the City of Bonn and two counties.
Coinciding with the start of several low-cost airlines in Germany, Cologne/Bonn opened new capacities. This enabled the airport to make competitive offers to the airlines. Germanwings and TUIfly started operations from Cologne/Bonn as their hub in the fall of 2002; as a result, the number of passengers in 2003 rose by 43% compared to 2002. These airlines were joined by easyJet in late 2003 and Wizz Air in June 2006; the Canadian Forces began to use the airport as a staging area to move troops and supplies in support of humanitarian missions and possible anti-terrorism roles. In 2006 the Brazilian airline BRA provided a twice a week connection to Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, discontinued in April 2007 due to problems with the airline. In 2006 a daily transatlantic flight to New Jersey's Newark Liberty International Airport by Continental Airlines was established, operating with a Boeing 757-200; this route was discontinued on 4 September 2008 due to a reduction in passenger numbers. Low-cost carriers Ryanair and Norwegian Air Shuttle began service to Cologne/Bonn in May 2012.
In April 2014 Ryanair announced the opening of their fifth German base at Cologne/Bonn Airport for October 2014. In December 2014, Lufthansa announced it would base Eurowings' new long-haul operations at Cologne Bonn Airport with flights to Florida, Southern Africa and the Indian Ocean to start by the end of 2015. Meanwhile, Condor cancelled their service to Varadero after only one season due to the expected competition. In February 2018, Eurowings announced the relocation of all long-haul operations from Cologne consisting of four Airbus A330 aircraft to Düsseldorf Airport by late October 2018 leaving the airport without any long-haul passenger routes again. Cologne Bonn Airport has two passenger terminals which are located directly beside each other: The older Terminal 1 is a 1970s building that sports large surfaces of bare concrete in its design, it features a u-shaped main building with shops, check-in and service facilities and a visitors deck on its roof as well as the star-shaped piers B and C with five aircraft stands each plus a central airside hall between them added in 2004 with joint security-check facilities, more shops and restaurants as well as three additional stands.
All ten stands at both piers feature jet bridges while the other three use walk-boarding. Several bus-boarding stands are available at the apron. Terminal 1 is used by Eurowings, which occupy most of the landside check-in facilities and Austrian Airlines. Terminal 1 features its own direct connection to the railway station. Construction of Terminal 2 began in June 1997, operations at the terminal commenced on 21 June 2000, it is located to the north of Terminal 1. Both are connected through a landside walkway; as part of a plan-approval procedure the airport is seeking approval for building an airside connection between both terminals. Terminal 2 is a modern-style rectangular building made out of glass and steel, equipped with eight stands with jet bridges as well as several stands for bus-boarding, it is used by several airlines such as Iran Air. Terminal 2 is directly connected to the airports' railway station via the basement level; the terminal hosts an interdenominational prayer room on its base level.
The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Cologne Bonn Airport: Cologne Bonn Airport is a major carg
Frankfurt am Main Airport is a major international airport located in Frankfurt, the fifth-largest city of Germany and one of the world's leading financial centres. It is operated by Fraport and serves as the main hub for Lufthansa including Lufthansa CityLine and Lufthansa Cargo as well as Condor and AeroLogic; the airport covers an area of 2,300 hectares of land and features two passenger terminals with a capacity of 65 million passengers per year, four runways and extensive logistics and maintenance facilities. Frankfurt Airport is the busiest airport by passenger traffic in Germany as well as the 4th busiest in Europe after London Heathrow Airport, Paris–Charles de Gaulle Airport and Amsterdam Airport Schiphol; the airport is the 13th busiest worldwide by total number of passengers in 2016, with 60.786 million passengers using the airport in 2016. In 2017 Frankfurt Airport handled in 2018 nearly 70 million, it had a freight throughput of 2.076 million metric tonnes in 2015 and is the busiest airport in Europe by cargo traffic.
As of summer 2017, Frankfurt Airport serves more than 300 destinations in 5 continents, making it the airport with the most direct routes in the world. The southern side of the airport ground was home to the Rhein-Main Air Base, a major air base for the United States from 1947 until 2005, when the air base was closed and the property was acquired by Fraport. In 2017, passengers at the airport increased by 6.1% to 64,500,386 compared to 2016. The airport celebrated its 80th anniversary in July 2016. Frankfurt Airport lies 12 km southwest of central Frankfurt, near the Autobahn intersection Frankfurter Kreuz, where two of the most used motorways in Europe meet; the airport grounds, which form a city district of Frankfurt named Frankfurt-Flughafen, are surrounded by the Frankfurt City Forest. The southern portion of the airport grounds extend into the cities of Rüsselsheim am Main and Mörfelden-Walldorf, a western portion of the grounds lie within the city of Kelsterbach; the airport is centrally located in the Frankfurt/Rhine-Main region, Germany's third-largest metropolitan region, which itself has a central location in the densely populated region of the west-central European megalopolis.
Thereby, along with a strong rail and motorway connection, the airport serves as a major transport for the greater region, less than two hours by ground to Cologne, the Ruhr Area, Stuttgart. The base opened as a German commercial airport in 1936, with the northern part of the base used as a field for fixed-wing aircraft and the extreme southern part near Zeppelinheim serving as a base for rigid airships; that section of Rhein-Main became the base for the Graf Zeppelin, its sister ship LZ-130, until 6 May 1937, for the ill-fated Hindenburg. The airships were dismantled and their huge hangars demolished on 6 May 1940 during conversion of the base to military use. Luftwaffe engineers subsequently extended the single runway and erected hangars and other facilities for German military aircraft. During World War II the Luftwaffe used the field sporadically as a fighter base and as an experimental station for jet aircraft. On 16 November 1909, the world's first airline was founded in Frankfurt am Main: The Deutsche Luftschiffahrts-Aktiengesellschaft.
DELAG built the first airport in Frankfurt, called Airship Base at Rebstock, located in Bockenheim in the western part of the city and was used for airships in the beginning. It opened in 1912 and was extended after World War I, but in 1924 an expert's report questioned the possibility of further expansions at this location. With the foundation of Deutsche Luft Hansa in 1926 a rapid boom of civilian air travel started and soon the airship base became too small to handle the demand. Plans for a new and larger airport located in the Frankfurt City Forest south-west of Schwanheim were approved in 1930, but were not realised due to the Great Depression. After the Machtergreifung in 1933 the government revived the plans and started the construction of the new airport. On the northern part of the airport originated in 1935 a two-storey station building with a six-storey tower, other operating and outbuildings for maintenance and storage of aircraft; the 100 hectares runway received a grass cover. The official opening of the new Flug- und Luftschiffhafen Rhein-Main took place on 8 July 1936.
The first plane that landed was a Ju 52/3m, Six days on 14 July 1936 LZ 127 Graf Zeppelin landed at the airport. 1936 800 tons of cargo and 58,000 passengers were transported, in 1937 70,000 passengers and 966 tons of cargo. In the coming years, the new airport was home base of the two largest German airships LZ 127 Graf Zeppelin and LZ 129 Hindenburg. In 1938 Frankfurt was a central distribution point for the transport of airmail to North America. On 6 May 1937, it came to a serious accident: The Hindenburg, on the way from Frankfurt to New York, exploded shortly before application in the landing area of Lakehurst, 36 people died; the accident marked the end of the era of airships. After the beginning of World War II in 1939 all foreign airlines left the airport and control of air traffic was transferred to the Luftwaffe. On 9 May 1940, the first bombers took off to attack France. From August to November 1944 a concentration camp was established in Walldorf, close to the airport site, where Jewish female prisoners were forced to work for the airport.
The Allies of World War II destroyed the runway system with airstrikes in 1944 and the Wehrmacht blew up buildings and fu