Caledonian Railway 72 Class

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Caledonian Railway 72 Class
Dingwall Engine Shed, with locomotive - geograph.org.uk - 2124565.jpg
113 class No. 54471 at Dingwall in 1957
Type and origin
Power typeSteam
DesignerWilliam Pickersgill
BuilderSt. Rollox Works (10)
Armstrong Whitworth (10)
North British Locomotive Co. (12)
Build date1920
Total produced32
Specifications
Configuration:
 • Whyte4-4-0
 • UIC2′B h2
Gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Driver dia.6 ft 6 in (1,981 mm)
Loco weight61.25 long tons (62.23 t; 68.60 short tons)
Boiler pressure180 psi (1.24 MPa)
SuperheaterSuperheated
CylindersTwo, inside
Cylinder size20.5 in × 26 in (521 mm × 660 mm)
Valve gearStephenson
Valve typePiston valves
Performance figures
Tractive effort21,435 lbf (95.35 kN)
Career
OperatorsCR • LMS
ClassCR: 72
Power classLMS: 3P
'72' class No. 14493 at Inverness Depot in 1948

The Caledonian Railway 72 Class was a class of 4-4-0 steam locomotives introduced by William Pickersgill for the Caledonian Railway (CR) in 1920. Thirty-two locomotives were built and all survived to be taken over by the London, Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS) in 1923 and by British Railways (BR) in 1948; the earlier 113 Class (introduced in 1916), of which 16 were produced, were similar but slightly smaller. These were the Caledonian's last express passenger locomotives, and technically, the last of the Dunalastair series, and were unofficially dubbed, Dunalastair V.[citation needed]

Numbering[edit]

Year Quantity Manufacturer Class CR nos. LMS nos. BR nos.
1916 6 St. Rollox Works 113 113–116, 121, 124 14461–14466 54461–54466
1916 10 North British Locomotive Co. 21442–21451 113 928–937 14467–14476 54467–54476
1920 10 St. Rollox Works 72 72–81 14477–14486 54477–54486
1921 10 Armstrong Whitworth 111–120 72 82–91 14487–14496 54487–54496
1922 12 North British Locomotive Co. 22943–22954 72 66–71, 92–97 14497–14508 54497–54508

The two classes together totalled 48 locomotives; these were withdrawn between 1953 and 1963.[1]

Dimensions[edit]

Figures given in this section are from BR Database. Figures given by Rail UK are slightly different.

72 Class[edit]

See box, top right. [2] [3]

113 Class[edit]

See table below. [4] [5]

Introduced: 1916 
Total produced: 16
Locomotive weight: 61.25 long tons (62.23 t)
Boiler pressure: 175 psi (1.21 MPa)
Superheater: Yes
Cylinders: 20 in × 26 in (508 mm × 660 mm)
Driving wheel diameter: 6 ft 6 in (1,981 mm)
Valve gear: Stephenson
LMS/BR Power classification: 3P
Tractive effort: 19,833 lbf (88.22 kN)

Preservation[edit]

Although no members of the class have been preserved, there are plans to construct a replica.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Casserley, H.C. and Johnston, S.W., Locomotives at the Grouping, No.3, London Midland and Scottish, Ian Allan, 1966, pp 144-145
  2. ^ "BRDatabase - the Complete British Railways Locomotive Database 1948-1997". Brdatabase.info. Retrieved 21 June 2012.
  3. ^ "Rail UK Steam Loco Class Information". Railuk.info. Retrieved 21 June 2012.
  4. ^ "BRDatabase - the Complete British Railways Locomotive Database 1948-1997". Brdatabase.info. Retrieved 21 June 2012.
  5. ^ "Rail UK Steam Loco Class Information". Railuk.info. Retrieved 21 June 2012.