Bakersfield is a city in and the county seat of Kern County, United States. It covers about 151 sq mi near the southern end of the San Joaquin Valley and the Central Valley region. Bakersfield's population is around 380,000, making it the 9th-most populous city in California and the 52nd-most populous city in the nation; the Bakersfield–Delano Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Kern County, had a 2010 census population of 839,631, making it the 62nd-largest metropolitan area in the United States. The more built-up urban area that includes Bakersfield and areas around the city, such as East Bakersfield and Rosedale, has a population of over 520,000. Bakersfield is a charter city; the city is a significant hub for both oil production. Kern County is the most productive oil-producing county and the fourth-most productive agricultural county in the United States. Industries include natural gas and other energy extraction, mining, petroleum refining, distribution, food processing, corporate regional offices.
The city is the birthplace of the country music genre known as the Bakersfield sound. Archaeological evidence indicates the presence of Native American settlements dating back thousands of years; the Yokuts lived in lodges along the branches of the Kern River delta and hunted antelope, tule elk, bear and game birds. In 1776, Spanish missionary Father Francisco Garcés became the first European to explore the area. Owing to the remoteness and inaccessibility of the region, the Yokuts remained isolated until after the Mexican War of Independence, when Mexican settlers began to migrate to the area. Following the discovery of gold in California in 1848, settlers flooded into the San Joaquin Valley. In 1851, gold was discovered along the Kern River in the southern Sierra Nevada, in 1865, oil was discovered in the valley; the Bakersfield area, once a tule reed-covered marshland, was first known as Kern Island to the handful of pioneers, who built log cabins there in 1860. The area was subject to periodic flooding from the Kern River, which occupied what is now the downtown area, experienced outbreaks of malaria.
In 1862, disastrous floods swept away the original settlement founded in 1860 by the German-born Christian Bohna. Among those attracted to the area by the California gold rush was Thomas Baker, a lawyer and former colonel in the militia of Ohio, his home state. Baker moved to the banks of the Kern River in 1863, at what became known as Baker's Field, which became a stopover for travelers. By 1870, with a population of 600, what is now known as Bakersfield was becoming the principal town in Kern County. In 1873, Bakersfield was incorporated as a city, by 1874, it replaced the dying town of Havilah as the county seat. Alexander Mills was hired as the city marshal, a man one historian would describe as "... an old man by the time he became Marshal of Bakersfield, he walked with a cane. But he was a Kentuckian, a handy man with a gun, not lacking in initiative and resource when the mood moved him." Businessmen and others began to resent Mills, cantankerous and high-handed in his treatment of them.
Wanting to fire him but fearing reprisals, they came up with a scheme to disincorporate leaving him without an employer. According to local historian Gilbert Gia the city was failing to collect the taxes it needed for services. In 1876, the city voted to disincorporate. For the next 22 years, a citizen's council managed the community. By 1880, the town had a population of 801, by 1890, it had a population of 2,626. Migration from Texas, Louisiana and Southern California brought new residents, who were employed by the oil industry; the city reincorporated on January 11, 1898. On July 21, 1952, an earthquake struck at 4:52 am Pacific Daylight Time; the earthquake, which measured 7.5 on the moment magnitude scale and was felt from San Francisco to the Mexican border, destroyed the nearby communities of Tehachapi and Arvin. The earthquake's destructive force bent cotton fields into U shapes, slid a shoulder of the Tehachapi Mountains across all four lanes of the Ridge Route, collapsed a water tower creating a flash flood, destroyed the railroad tunnels in the mountain chain.
Bakersfield was spared. A large aftershock occurred on July 29, did minor architectural damage, but raised fears that the flow of the Friant-Kern Canal could be dangerously altered flooding the city and surrounding areas. Aftershocks, for the next month, had become normal to Bakersfield residents until, on August 22 at 3:42 pm, a 5.8 earthquake struck directly under the town's center in the most densely populated area of the southern San Joaquin Valley. Four people died in the aftershock, some of the town's historic structures sustained heavy damage. Between 1970 and 2010, Bakersfield grew 400%, making it one of the fastest-growing cities in California. Bakersfield's close proximity to mountain passes the Tejon Pass on Interstate 5 between the Los Angeles metropolis and the central San Joaquin Valley, has made the city a regional transportation hub. In 1990, Bakersfield was one of 10 U. S. communities to receive the All-America City Award from the National Civic League. In 2010, the Bakersfield MSA had a gross metropolitan product of $29.466 billion, making it the 73rd-largest metropolitan economy in the United States.
Bakersfield lies near the southern "horseshoe" end of the San Joaquin Valley, with the southern tip of the Sierra Nevada just to the east. The city limits extend to the Sequoia National Forest, at the foot of the Greenhorn Mountain Range and at the en
Pedro the Lion
Pedro the Lion is an indie rock band from Seattle, Washington. David Bazan formed the band in 1995 and represented its main creative force, backed by a varying rotation of collaborating musicians. In 2006 Pedro the Lion was dissolved. Releasing five full-length albums and five EPs over 11 years, the band is known for its first person narrative lyrics with political and religious themes. Pedro the Lion was formed by David Bazan in 1995. In 1997 they released their debut EP Whole with Bazan playing nearly every instrument, a format he continued on the band's first two full-length albums, It's Hard to Find a Friend, Winners Never Quit. Winners marked Pedro the Lion's first concept album. After its completion, Bazan has claimed he decided not to continue writing concept albums. However, in the process of writing his next full-length Control, he realized he had inadvertently created a narrative link "about 70% of the way through " and decided to finish it in the same vein; the album's thematic content criticizes American capitalism, which Bazan notes was inspired by the sentiments surrounding the World Trade Organization protests in 1999.
Control saw Casey Foubert of Seattle-based Seldom join Pedro the Lion to play bass on the album. Additionally, he co-wrote "Penetration" and "Second Best", the third and eighth tracks on the album, released in 2002. Achilles Heel followed, released on May 24, 2004, marked the beginning of Bazan's partnership with TW Walsh as the band's primary writers and musicians. Bazan described the tracks in the third full-length from Pedro the Lion as a return to the songwriting characterized by Friend and the Secure EP in the sense that there was no "pretense of anything bigger", an allusion to his previous concept albums. In early January 2006, Pedro the Lion formally announced; the split was amicable. Bazan said that their friendship has been strengthened by the breakup. Bazan toured in support of Fewer Moving Parts, his solo debut EP. Walsh returned to his career as a Web application developer and is busy with his band, The Soft Drugs, their debut release, In Moderation. David Bazan released his debut solo LP, Curse Your Branches, on Seattle-based Barsuk Records in 2009.
The Pedro The Lion catalog was remastered for vinyl by TW Walsh and reissued in 2012. Bazan is a member of Overseas with Will Johnson of Centro-matic and Bubba & Matt Kadane of Bedhead and The New Year, their self-titled debut album was released on June 11, 2013. Beginning in spring 2017, Bazan began forming a new band which he envisioned billing as "David Bazan Band" or something similar. In October 2017, Bazan announced that Pedro the Lion would be reforming beginning with several shows in December 2017. Asked if there would be new material Bazan explained that the band will be playing Pedro the Lion's existing catalog along with limited performances of songs from Headphones and Bazan's solo catalog, with new material to follow. It's Hard to Find a Friend – Made In Mexico/Jade Tree – 1998 Winners Never Quit – Jade Tree – 2000 Control – Jade Tree – 2002 Achilles Heel – Jade Tree – 2004 Phoenix – Polyvinyl & Big Scary Monsters – 2019 Whole EP – Tooth & Nail – 1997 The Only Reason I Feel Secure – Made In Mexico / Jade Tree – 1999 Progress – Suicide Squeeze – 2000 Tour EP'04 – Self-released / Jade Tree – 2004 Stations – 2004 "The Longer I Lay Here" – Exploitation of Sound Vol. 1 – Hero Music – 1999 "Breadwinner You" – The Unaccompanied Voice: An A Capella Compilation – Secretly Canadian – 2000 "Rapture", "Backwoods Nation" – Location Is Everything Vol. 1 – Jade Tree – 2002 "I Do" – Location Is Everything Vol. 2 – Jade Tree – 2004 "I Heard the Bells On Christmas Day" – Maybe This Christmas Tree – Nettwerk – 2004 The band released various 45 rpm singles in limited quantities: See also: David Bazan discography, Headphones discography The band is featured in the 2004 Christian music documentary Why Should the Devil Have All the Good Music?
Pedro the Lion official site Jade Tree Extensive feature article and interview with Fine Print Magazine Interview with www. CountryMusicPride.com SuicideSqueeze.net
Starflyer 59 is an alternative rock band from Riverside, California, founded in 1993 by Jason Martin, brother of Ronnie Martin of Joy Electric. While Jason Martin has written nearly all of Starflyer 59's songs, the band has included a number of different musicians over the years, including Jeff Cloud, Frank Lenz, Richard Swift; the band's sound was identified as an outgrowth of the shoegaze movement of the early 1990s, but the band's music has evolved to the point of little resemblance to that of its early days. Starflyer 59 was signed to Tooth & Nail Records, their original and current label, after Jason Martin gave a demo to Brandon Ebel when the two met at a music festival in 1993. Shortly afterwards, Ebel offered him a record contract; the band was one of Nail's original signees. In 1994, Starflyer 59's debut album, was recorded and released. In mid-1994, Starflyer 59 released a follow-up EP to Silver entitled. Both Silver and She's the Queen exhibited heavy shoegaze influences with significant usage of reverb and delay.
In 1995, Starflyer 59 released Gold. The sound was similar to their first release, while Jason Martin continued to add layers of guitar riffs to each song. Lyrically, the album continued the trend of somewhat depressive and lovelorn content in contrast to the message of the band's Christian record label. In 1996, the band released a live album via Velvet Blue Music entitled Plugged. For Starflyer 59's next studio album, Americana several changes to the band were made. Bass player Andrew Larson was replaced by Eric Campuzano. In addition, Wayne Everett of The Prayer Chain, became the band's studio drummer. Campuzano left the band. Replacing him was Jeff Cloud, Starflyer's touring manager. Americana had a more rock bent than the band's previous two albums with more uplifting and explicitly religious lyrics; the release of The Fashion Focus in 1998 signaled a significant change in the direction of the band's sound due to the influence of producer Gene Eugene. Where previous albums had emphasized guitars and loud rock and roll, The Fashion Focus was a softer album.
This album featured the introduction of keyboards in the music. The new sound was more pop-friendly than earlier albums, while not abandoning the signature Starflyer sound; the song "Too Much Fun" would be the band's last song in the early shoegazing style. Everybody Makes Mistakes, released the next year, continued in the same direction as The Fashion Focus. On November 21, 2000, Starflyer 59 released a two-disc "best-of" set; the first disc consisted of the band's most popular songs from their first five LPs, while the second disc was a collection of rarities, B-sides, eight songs from a live performance. 2001 saw the release of Leave Here Starflyer's next full-length album. The band's sound continued to evolve, as Leave Here A Stranger would come to be lauded and praised by many music critics as Starflyer 59's best release to date. After the untimely death of Gene Eugene, Martin called on long-time musical hero Terry Scott Taylor to take over production of the new album. In a tribute to the Beach Boys' monumental album Pet Sounds, Leave Here a Stranger was recorded in mono.
From 2003 to 2006 Starflyer 59 released one full-length album a year. The first of these albums was Old. Old maintained a more pop-oriented sound that had begun with The Fashion Focus, but was more guitar-oriented than Leave Here A Stranger. However, the music of Old was still softer than the band's early work. In 2004, I Am. With this album, Starflyer 59 returned to the heavy guitar format, so prominent on their early albums Silver and Americana, as well as to the monochromatic album covers that had characterized these albums. I Am the Portuguese Blues was not a true follow-up to Old, but instead was a set of older songs that Jason Martin had written for a follow-up album to Americana; the material was shelved when the band shifted gears and instead recorded The Fashion Focus. This confused many newer fans and critics who were familiar with Starflyer 59's more recent pop-friendly work; the album is thought of as an EP or side project and not a proper Starflyer 59 studio album, to date is the last time guitar distortion was featured on a Starflyer 59 recording.
2005's Talking Voice vs. Singing Voice saw the band change their sound yet again, to a style that seemed a more natural follow-up to Old than I Am the Portuguese Blues had been. For this album, Starflyer 59 was cut down to two members: Jason Martin and drummer Frank Lenz, it would be the first studio album since Americana to be recorded without bassist and ideas man Jeff Cloud. Despite having only two band members, the songs on Talking Voice vs. Singing Voice have a full sound; this is due to the inclusion of guest string players on many of the album's tracks. In 2005, Starflyer 59 re-issued digitally re-mastered versions of Silver and Gold, with bonus tracks; the re-issue of Silver came with the tracks of the band's follow-up EP, She's The Queen. Gold was reissued with the Goodbyes Are Sad 7 inch single and three of the four tracks from the Le Vainqueur EP. Many of these extra tracks, had been included on the 2-disc set Easy Come, Easy Go. Frank Lenz left the band near the end of the recording process, leaving Jason Martin as the only member.
Josh Dooley re-joined the band as second guitar, the first time in the band's history with a guitar player other than Martin, Trey Many join