A stagecoach is a four-wheeled public coach used to carry paying passengers and light packages on journeys long enough to need a change of horses. It is sprung and drawn by four horses. Used before steam-powered rail transport was available a stagecoach made long scheduled trips using stage stations or posts where the stagecoach's horses would be replaced by fresh horses; the business of running stagecoaches or the act of journeying in them was known as staging. Familiar images of the stagecoach are that of a Royal Mail coach passing through a turnpike gate, a Dickensian passenger coach covered in snow pulling up at a coaching inn, a highwayman demanding a coach to "stand and deliver"; the yard of ale drinking glass is associated by legend with stagecoach drivers, though it was used for drinking feats and special toasts. The stagecoach was a closed four-wheeled vehicle drawn by hard-going mules, it was used as a public conveyance on an established route to a regular schedule. Spent horses were replaced with fresh horses at posts, or relays.
A simplified and lightened form of stagecoach, known as a stage wagon, mud-coach, or mud-wagon, was used in the United States under difficult conditions. These were the vehicles. In addition to the stage driver or coachman who guided the vehicle, a shotgun messenger armed with a coach gun might travel as a guard beside him. A stagecoach traveled at an average speed of about 5 miles per hour, with the average daily mileage covered being around 60 to 70 miles.'Stage' referred to the distance between stage stations on a route but through metonymy it came to be applied to the stagecoach. The first crude depiction of a coach was in an English manuscript from the 13th century; the first recorded stagecoach route ran from Edinburgh to Leith. This was followed by a steady proliferation of other routes around the island. By the mid 17th century, a basic stagecoach infrastructure had been put in place. A string of coaching inns operated as stopping points for travellers on the route between London and Liverpool.
The stagecoach would depart every Monday and Thursday and took ten days to make the journey during the summer months. Stagecoaches became adopted for travel in and around London by mid-century and travelled at a few miles per hour. Shakespeare's first plays were performed at coaching inns such as Southwark. By the end of the 17th century stagecoach routes ran down the three main roads in England; the London-York route was advertised in 1698: Whoever is desirous of going between London and York or York and London, Let them Repair to the Black Swan in Holboorn, or the Black Swan in Coney Street, where they will be conveyed in a Stage Coach, which starts every Thursday at Five in the morning. The novelty of this method of transport excited much controversy at the time. One pamphleteer denounced the stagecoach as a "great evil mischievous to trade and destructive to the public health." Another writer, argued that: Besides the excellent arrangement of conveying men and letters on horseback, there is of late such an admirable commodiousness, both for men and women, to travel from London to the principal towns in the country, that the like hath not been known in the world, and, by stage-coaches, wherein any one may be transported to any place, sheltered from foul weather and foul ways.
The speed of travel remained constant until the mid-18th century. Reforms of the turnpike trusts, new methods of road building and the improved construction of coaches led to a sustained rise in the comfort and speed of the average journey - from an average journey length of 2 days for the Cambridge-London route in 1750 to a length of under 7 hours in 1820. Robert Hooke helped in the construction of some of the first spring-suspended coaches in the 1660s and spoked wheels with iron rim brakes were introduced, improving the characteristics of the coach. In 1754, a Manchester-based company began a new service called the "Flying Coach", it was advertised with the following announcement - "However incredible it may appear, this coach will arrive in London in four days and a half after leaving Manchester." A similar service was begun from Liverpool three years using coaches with steel spring suspension. This coach took an unprecedented three days to reach London with an average speed of eight miles per hour.
More dramatic improvements were made by John Palmer at the British Post Office. The postal delivery service in Britain had existed in the same form for about 150 years—from its introduction in 1635, mounted carriers had ridden between "posts" where the postmaster would remove the letters for the local area before handing the remaining letters and any additions to the next rider; the riders were frequent targets for robbers, the system was inefficient. Palmer made much use of the "flying" stagecoach services between cities in the course of his business, noted that it seemed far more efficient than the system of mail delivery in operation, his travel from Bath to London took a single day to the mail's three days. It occurred to him that this stagecoach service could be developed into a national mail delivery service, so in 1782 he suggested to the Post Office in London that they take up the idea, he met resistance from officials who believed that th
Burlingame is a Caltrain regional rail station in Burlingame, California. The station building was constructed in the Spanish Colonial Revival and Mission Revival architecture styles in 1894, it was designated a California Historical Landmark in 1971 and added to the National Register of Historic Places as Burlingame Railroad Station in 1978. Burlingame has two side platforms serving the line's two tracks; until 2008, the station had a southbound side platform and a narrow island platform between the tracks - a common configuration at Southern Pacific stations. This required use of the hold-out rule; the northbound side platform was completed on February 25, 2008, followed by a new southbound platform on April 1, thus eliminating the hold-out rule. Media related to Burlingame station at Wikimedia Commons Caltrain - Burlingame station
Tamien is an intermodal passenger transportation station in San Jose, California served by the Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority light rail system, two bus routes, the Caltrain commuter rail line. The station has one for each service; the two platforms are connected by a walkway at ground-level, below the two platforms. The light rail platform is located in the center median of the State Route 87 freeway just north of the Alma Avenue overpass; the Caltrain platform is located between State Route 87, just north of Alma Avenue. Caltrain does not serve this station during the middle of the day on weekdays. On weekends, a Caltrain shuttle bus instead of a train connects Tamien to the San Jose Diridon station. Caltrain is set to be electrified from San Francisco to Tamien by 2021. Services to Gilroy, beyond Tamien, will remain diesel-propelled; the station is named after the Tamien who were some of a Native American people. The station is served by two VTA bus routes: 25: Alum Rock Transit Center to De Anza College 82: Westgate to Downtown San Jose Media related to Tamien station at Wikimedia Commons Station information Station information
Morgan Hill station
Morgan Hill is a Caltrain station located in the downtown area of Morgan Hill, California. The station is only served during weekday peak hours, with northbound trains in the morning and southbound trains in the evening; the station will be served by Amtrak when the Capitol Corridor is extended to Salinas station. Media related to Morgan Hill station at Wikimedia Commons Caltrain - Morgan Hill VTA - Morgan Hill Caltrain Station
College Park station (Caltrain)
College Park is a used Caltrain station in San Jose, California. It is served by two trains in each direction Monday through Friday, no train stops there on weekends or holidays, it is in Caltrain Fare Zone 4. College Park serves Bellarmine College Preparatory, a boys' secondary school, resulting in the school-related service times. Before Caltrain, College Park was a station on Southern Pacific's Peninsula Commute line, in fare zone 6, it is mentioned in Jack London's 1903 novel The Call of the Wild as the location at which the stolen canine protagonist is fenced, beginning his journey away from civilization. In August 2005, service was reduced from 12 daily trains to four; the nearby students who use the station have a history of protesting to protect it from removal. Due to the small size of the station, only two cars within a 5-car train are capable of opening their doors to allow passengers to board/disembark. Caltrain Ticket Machines Sheltered Waiting Bench Clipper Card Validator Media related to College Park station at Wikimedia Commons Station information Station information
Caltrain is a California commuter rail line on the San Francisco Peninsula and in the Santa Clara Valley. The northern terminus of the line is in San Francisco at King streets. Trains leave San Francisco and San Jose hourly during middays, every 90 minutes during weekends, with limited stop service during rush hour running every 20 minutes, "Baby Bullet" express service running every 30 minutes. Extra trains are run for special events held in AT&T Park in San Francisco, Stanford Stadium in Palo Alto, SAP Center in San Jose. Caltrain operates 92 weekday trains. Weekday ridership in February 2018 averaged 65,095. Caltrain is governed by the Peninsula Corridor Joint Powers Board which consists of agencies from the three counties served by Caltrain: San Francisco, San Mateo and Santa Clara; each member agency has three representatives on a nine-member Board of Directors. The member agencies are the City and County of San Francisco, SamTrans and the Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority. Caltrain has 28 regular stops, one limited-service weekday-only stop, one football-only stop, two weekend-only stops.
As of July 2018 Caltrain runs 92 weekday trains, 36 Saturday, 32 Sunday. The original commuter railroad built in 1863 was San Jose Rail Road. Southern Pacific rerouted it via Bayshore. After 1945, ridership declined with the rise in automobile use. California legislators wrote Assembly Bill 1853 in 1977 to allow local transit districts along the line to make bulk purchases of tickets for resale at a loss, subsidizing commuters reliant on the Peninsula Commute until 1980. To preserve the commuter service, in 1980 Caltrans contracted with SP and began to subsidize the Peninsula Commute. Caltrans purchased new locomotives and rolling stock, replacing SP equipment in 1985. Caltrans upgraded stations, added shuttle buses to nearby employers, dubbed the operation CalTrain; the Peninsula Corridor Joint Powers Board was formed in 1987 to manage the line. Subsequently, San Mateo and Santa Clara Counties commissioned Earth Metrics, Inc. to prepare an Environmental Impact Report on right-of-way acquisition and expansion of operations.
With state and local funding, the PCJPB bought the railroad right of way between San Francisco and San Jose from SP in 1991. The following year, PCJPB took responsibility for CalTrain operations and selected Amtrak as the contract operator. PCJPB extended the CalTrain service from San Jose to Gilroy, connecting to VTA Light Rail at Tamien Station in San Jose. In July 1995 CalTrain became accessible to passengers in wheelchairs. Five months CalTrain increased the bicycle limit to 24 per train, making the service attractive to commuters in bicycle-friendly cities such as San Francisco and Palo Alto. In July 1997 the current logo was adopted, the official name became Caltrain. In 1998 the San Francisco Municipal Railway extended the N Judah Muni Metro line from Market Street to the San Francisco Caltrain Station at 4th and King streets, providing a direct Caltrain-Muni Metro connection for the first time. A year VTA extended its light rail service from north Santa Clara to the Mountain View Caltrain station.
In June 2003, a passenger connection for the Bay Area Rapid Transit and Caltrain systems opened at Millbrae station just south of the San Francisco International Airport. In 2006, Caltrain announced that wireless internet access would be available on trains at no additional charge, by the end of 2007. Caltrain invested more than $1 million in researching and testing WiFi in 2006; the Caltrain Board of Directors voted at their August 30, 2007 meeting to keep the project from proceeding by rejecting both bids to provide the service, citing both bids not meeting the expectation of Caltrain. In 2008, Caltrain reached an all-time high of 98 trains each weekday. Caltrain announced on August 19, 2011 a staff recommendation to sign a five-year, $62.5 million contract with Missouri-based TransitAmerica Services, Inc. a subsidiary of Herzog Transit Systems, after taking proposals from three other firms, including Amtrak, which has provided operating employees since 1992. The new operating contract was approved by the full Joint Powers Board at its scheduled September 1 meeting.
TransitAmerica Services will take over not only the conductor and engineer jobs on the trains, but dispatching and maintenance of equipment and right-of-way from Amtrak. The changeover was estimated to take about five months beginning in late 2011. On May 26, 2012, TransitAmerica took over full operations. In June 2004, Caltrain finished its two-year CTX project for a new express service called the Baby Bullet; the project entailed new bypass tracks in Brisbane and Sunnyvale as well as a new centralized traffic control system. The Baby Bullet trains reduced travel time by stopping at only four or five stations between San Francisco and San Jose Diridon Station. Travel time for about 46.75 miles between San Francisco and San Jose is 57 minutes, 59 m