Lassen County, California
Lassen County is a county in the northeastern portion of the U. S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 34,895; the county seat and only incorporated city is Susanville. Lassen County comprises the Susanville, micropolitan statistical area. A former farming and lumber area, its economy now depends on employment at two state and one federal prison. In 2007 half the adults in Susanville worked in one of the facilities. Lassen County was formed on April 1, 1864 from parts of Plumas and Shasta counties following the two-day conflict known as the "Sagebrush War" called the Roop County War, that started on February 15, 1863. Due to uncertainties over the California border, the area, now Lassen County was part of the unofficial Nataqua Territory and Roop County, Nevada during the late 1850s and early 1860s; the county was named by European Americans after Peter Lassen, along with Lassen Peak, in adjoining Shasta County. Lassen was one of General John C. Fremont's guides, a famous trapper and Indian fighter.
He was murdered under mysterious circumstances near the Black Rock Desert in 1859, his murder was never solved. By the 1880s small towns began to spring up all over Lassen County. Bieber developed in rich farm land. Gold was discovered at Hayden Hill, the small town developed to support the miners. Hayden Hill no longer exists: when the mining stopped, the townspeople left for other communities. Madeline was formed at the north end of another rich farming valley, along the railroad tracks heading north to Alturas, California; this community still has about 50 people living around the town. A narrow gauge railroad, the Nevada-California-Oregon Railway, ran through Lassen County from 1880 to 1927; the NCOR was the longest small gauge of the century. It was intended to connect Reno, Nevada to the Columbia River, but only 238 miles of track were laid, from Reno to Lakeview, Oregon. In 1913 the Fernley & Lassen Railroad was built and it was used to export timber from the large forests of Lassen County.
As this railroad was completed, the Red River Lumber Company set up shop, building the town of Westwood, California to support its massive logging operation. Two other lumber mills followed the Red River Lumber Co, they built their mills in the county seat of Susanville. The Lassen Lumber and Box Company and the Fruit Growers Company both operated mills in Susanville for several decades. In 2003, Redding-based Sierra Pacific Industries, announced plans to relocate or lay off 150 workers as they closed the last lumber mill in Susanville, due to the lack of large timber for the mill. Sierra Pacific chose to close the mill permanently rather than spend the several million dollars required to convert the mill from large to small timber. Since the late 20th century, three prisons have been opened in and near Susanville: California Correctional Center and High Desert State Prison, both in the city. In 2007, half the adults in Susanville worked in one of the three prisons. In "job-starved rural America... residents see them as the last and only chance for employment after work at the lumber mill or the dairy dries up."
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 4,720 square miles, of which 4,541 square miles is land and 179 square miles is water. Part of Lassen Volcanic National Park extends onto a western corner of the county. Modoc County, California - north Washoe County, Nevada - east Sierra County, California - southeast Plumas County, California - south Shasta County, California - west Lassen National Forest Lassen Volcanic National Park Modoc National Forest Plumas National Forest Toiyabe National Forest The 2010 United States Census reported that Lassen County had a population of 34,895; the racial makeup of Lassen County was 25,532 White, 2,834 African American, 1,234 Native American, 356 Asian, 165 Pacific Islander, 3,562 from other races, 1,212 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6,117 persons; as of the census of 2000, there were 33,828 people, 9,625 households, 6,776 families residing in the county. The population density was 7 people per square mile.
There were 12,000 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 80.8% White, 8.8% Black or African American, 3.3% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 3.2% from other races, 2.7% from two or more races. 13.8 % of the population were Latino of any race. 13.8% were of German, 12.1% Irish, 10.5% English, 8.7% American and 5.0% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000. 88.2 % spoke 10.3 % Spanish as their first language. There were 9,625 households out of which 35.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.6% were non-families. 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.08. In the county, the population was spread out with 21.8% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 36.9% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, 9.0% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 168.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 192.2 males. The median income for a household in the county
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
Folsom State Prison
Folsom State Prison is a California State Prison in Folsom, California, U. S. 20 mi northeast of the state capital of Sacramento. It is one of 35 adult institutions operated by the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation. Opened in 1880, Folsom is the state's second-oldest prison, after San Quentin, the first in the United States to have electricity. Folsom was one of the first maximum security prisons, has been the execution location of 93 condemned prisoners. Folsom is best known in popular culture for concerts performed at the facility by musician Johnny Cash in 1968, when the two shows of January 13 were made into a live album, he had recorded the song "Folsom Prison Blues" over a decade earlier. Both FSP and California State Prison, Sacramento share the mailing address: Represa, CA 95671. Represa is the name given in 1892 to the State Prison post office because of its proximity to a dam on the American River, under construction at the time; the dam was replaced in 1955 by the Folsom Dam.
As of March 2012, the facility's total population was 2,912, or 117.9 percent of its design capacity of 2,469. The facility includes five housing units within the secure perimeter, including the original two-tiered structure. Unit 1 is the most populous cellblock in the United States, with a capacity of nearly 1,200 inmates on four five-tiered sections. All cells include a toilet, sink and storage space for inmate possessions. Prison facilities include two dining halls, a large central prison exercise yard, two smaller exercise yards; the visiting room includes an attached patio as well as space for non-contact visits. FSP is California's second-oldest prison, long known for its harsh conditions in the decades following the California Gold Rush. Although FSP now houses medium security prisoners, it was one of America's first maximum-security prisons. Construction of the facility began in 1878, on the site of the Stony Bar mining camp along the American River; the prison opened in 1880 with a capacity of 1,800 inmates.
They spent most of their time in the dark, behind solid boiler plate doors in stone cells measuring 4 by 8 ft with 6-inch eye slots. Air holes were drilled into the cell doors in the 1940s, the cell doors are still in use today. FSP was the first prison in the world to have electric power, provided by the first hydroelectric powerhouse in California. After the state of California took sole control of the death penalty in 1891, executions were held at Folsom and San Quentin. A total of 93 prisoners were hanged at FSP between December 13, 1895, December 3, 1937. Subsequent executions were carried out in the gas chamber at San Quentin. Due to an incorrect record, it is mistaken that there were 92 executions, but there were in fact 93. FSP industries include metal fabrication and a print shop, the quarry at FSP provided granite for the foundation of the state capitol building and much of the gravel used in the early construction of California's roads. Additionally, California's vehicle license plates have been manufactured at FSP since the 1930s.
In 1968, Johnny Cash played a concert at the prison. Each attending prisoner lived in his own cell and nearly all were in an education program or learning a trade. Most of the attending prisoners who were released did not return to prison after being released. Laura Sullivan of National Public Radio said that the costs of housing prisoners "barely registered" in the state's budget. In 2009, Folsom was overcrowded, with 4,427 inmates. Around that year most of its prisoners who were released returned to prison after being released. California Prison Industry Authority program includes administration, a Braille enterprise, a license plate factory where the inmates have been making California license plates since before the 1930s, metal fabrication, a printing plant, a sign shop; the Vocational Inmate Program referred to as Construction and Technical Education include welding, auto mechanics, electrical works, building-maintenance, carpentry, Sustainable Ecological Environmental Development and office services.
The Academic Inmate Program includes Adult Basic Education, High School/GED, English as a Second Language, a literacy program, computer assisted instruction. In January 2013 the Folsom Women's Facility, a standalone section for women, opened; the northernmost women's prison in the CDCR, the facility has space for 403 women. As of 2013, 25% of the women were Hispanic; the prison houses low-risk prisoners. Folsom was one of the first maximum-security prisons in the United States. Prior to the completion of its granite wall in the 1920s, the prison saw numerous escape attempts. Throughout Folsom's violent and bloody history, numerous riots and escape attempts have resulted in both inmate and staff deaths. In 1920, three convicts hijacked a prison train, used to move materials and smashed it through a prison gate to escape. On June 16, Dwight E. Abbott, 24, a Los Angeles robber, escaped from Folsom by making a lifelike dummy; the dummy was cleverly made to look real enough with Abbott's own hair, that of his cellmate, a plaster of Paris face, to fool the guards until late the next day.
This, according to the Warden, deceived the guards until general lock-up. An inmate, Carl Reese, tried to escape in 1932 using a diving suit fashioned from a football bladder, a goggle lens, other scrounged materials. According to Floyd Davis, a prison guard of 13 years who continued to volunteer at the museum after his retirement, the inmate onl
Central California Women's Facility
Central California Women's Facility is a female-only California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation state prison located in Chowchilla, California. It is across the road from Valley State Prison. CCWF prison is the largest female correctional facility in the United States, houses the only State of California death row for women. CCWF covers 640 acres; as of Fiscal Year 2006/2007, CCWF had a total of 1,205 staff and an annual operating budget of US$138 million. As of March 2012, the facility's total population was 2,836, or more than 141.5 percent of its design capacity of 2,004. CCWF holds prisoners at all security levels: Reception Center – provides short term housing to process and evaluate incoming inmatesLevel I through Level IV are all housed together inside a 32-room housing unit. There are 256 inmates of all levels housed together with only three Correctional Officers. On the Reception Yard there are 276 inmates per housing unit of unclassified inmates supervised by only two officers.
Condemned housing – holds inmates with death sentencesThe prison provides inmate academic education, vocational training and specialized programs for the purpose of successful reintegration into society. The Center for Restorative Justice Family Express program, provides weekly transportation for family members from major California cities to visit prisoners at the facility; the Madera County board of supervisors gave the prison its current name in 1989 "after months of discussion and disagreement." CCWF opened in October 1990. In 1996, the City of Chowchilla was given permission to perform a "non-contiguous annexation" of CCWF. Starting in April 2007, CCWF received some inmates from California Rehabilitation Center after closure of the women's wing at that prison; the population at CCWF "swelled by 8 percent."Health services at CCWF have been the subject of controversy over the years, as exemplified by the following events: In June 1991, an inmate died. An autopsy was conducted to show that the inmate "died of acute inflammation of the pancreas," not "an overdose of the tranquilizer Haldol" as some inmates believed.
Over 100 protesters outside the prison in January 1994 alleged that CCWF "failed to provide a medical specialist and educational programs to deal with HIV/AIDS-infected inmates," and that CCWF's healthcare providers "often ignore inmate ailments and provide little or no follow-up examinations." An April 1995 class action lawsuit against CCWF and California Institution for Women "allege that inmates suffer and in some cases die because of inadequate medical care." A 1997 settlement agreement led to two reports showing "improvements" in health care for female prisoners, but plaintiffs' lawyers claimed that "the changes deal with medical records, not actual care." From July to November 1996, a private laboratory billed CCWF $161,000 "for thousands of medical tests, including Pap smears to detect cervical cancer, HIV tests and urinalyses" though the tests had never been used on the inmates. At least six other prisons used the laboratory. Although the State of California closed the laboratory in 1997, a 2000 newspaper investigation found that there was "little evidence of any attempt by the California Department of Corrections to retest inmates or notify them that their test results were faked."
In 1999, an inmate with "hepatitis C and liver disease" died after being "prescribed anti-TB medications known to be toxic to patients with liver disease." A wrongful-death lawsuit based on the case was "settled for $225,000" in 2002. In the "month and a half" prior to December 20, 2000, seven CCWF inmates died. Of these, four "apparently succumbed to chronic terminal illnesses," but an advocacy group claimed that the deaths "were precipitated by inadequate care." The other three "died and unexpectedly," which led to autopsies being performed. As a result, the three causes of death were determined to be "heart problems and natural causes," "a severe asthma attack and chok on her vomit after a routine strip search," and "clogged arteries and an enlarged heart." "relatives of the three women" and a physician from the University of California, San Francisco "who reviewed their deaths" held the opinion that "better health care could have saved their lives." A hospice program was started at CCWF in the summer of 2000, but by mid-2001 was "seldom" used.
One possible explanation was a low amount of funding compared with the men's hospice at California Medical Facility. In December 2003, seven CCWF inmates sued seven physicians and "several nurses" for "malpractice and unprofessional conduct." In February 2007, the California Office of the Inspector General concluded "Numerous studies show that despite an annual cost of $36 million, the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation’s in-prison substance abuse treatment programs have little or no impact on recidivism." The report mentioned the "New Choice female felon program" at CCWF, for which "12-month recidivism rates... were lower for non-participants than for participants." As of 2007, of the prison guards, 31% were women. 19% of sergeants were women, less than 1% of lieutenants are women. After Governor Pete Wilson decreed in December 1991 that CCWF shall hold all-female death row inmates in California, Maureen McDermott became the first Death Row inmate at CCWF. A set of nine cells in the 270 building, a two story building for difficult to manage and maximum security prison
Quentin Jerome Tarantino is an American filmmaker and actor. His films are characterized by nonlinear storylines, satirical subject matter, an aestheticization of violence, extended scenes of dialogue, ensemble casts consisting of established and lesser-known performers, references to popular culture and a wide variety of other films, soundtracks containing songs and score pieces from the 1960s to the 1980s, features of neo-noir film, his career began in the late 1980s when he wrote and directed My Best Friend's Birthday, the screenplay of which formed the basis for True Romance. In the early 1990s, he began his career as an independent filmmaker with the release of Reservoir Dogs in 1992, funded by money from the sale of his script Natural Born Killers to Oliver Stone. Empire deemed Reservoir Dogs the "Greatest Independent Film of All Time", its popularity was boosted by his second film, Pulp Fiction, a black comedy crime film, a major success both among critics and audiences. For his next effort, Tarantino paid homage to the blaxploitation films of the 1970s with Jackie Brown, an adaptation of Elmore Leonard's novel Rum Punch.
Kill Bill, a stylized "revenge flick" in the cinematic traditions of Kung fu films, Japanese martial arts, Spaghetti Westerns and Italian horror, followed six years and was released as two films: Volume 1 in 2003 and Volume 2 in 2004. Tarantino next directed Death Proof in 2007, as part of a double feature with Robert Rodriguez, under the collective title Grindhouse, his long-postponed Inglourious Basterds, which tells an alternate history of Nazi Germany, was released in 2009 to positive reviews. After that came critically acclaimed Django Unchained, a Western film set in the Antebellum South, his eighth film, The Hateful Eight, was released in its roadshow version in 70 mm film format, with opening "overture" and halfway-point intermission. His ninth film, Once Upon a Time in Hollywood, is scheduled to be released in 2019; the film, set in Los Angeles in 1969, is his first based on true events. Tarantino's films have garnered both commercial success, he has received many industry awards, including two Academy Awards, two Golden Globe Awards, two BAFTA Awards and the Palme d'Or, has been nominated for an Emmy and a Grammy.
In 2005, he was included on the annual Time 100 list of the most influential people in the world. Filmmaker and historian Peter Bogdanovich has called him "the single most influential director of his generation". In December 2015, Tarantino received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for his contributions to the film industry. Tarantino was born on March 27, 1963, in Knoxville, the only child of Connie McHugh and Tony Tarantino, an actor and producer, his father is of Italian descent, his mother has Irish and Cherokee ancestry. Quentin was named for Burt Reynolds' character in the CBS series Gunsmoke. Tarantino's mother met his father during a trip to Los Angeles, where Tony was a law student and would-be entertainer, she married him soon after, to gain independence from her parents. After the divorce, Connie Tarantino left Los Angeles and moved to Knoxville, where her parents lived. In 1966, Tarantino and his mother moved back to Los Angeles. Tarantino's mother married musician Curtis Zastoupil soon after arriving in Los Angeles, the family moved to Torrance, a city in Los Angeles County's South Bay area.
Zastoupil encouraged Tarantino's love of movies, accompanied him to numerous film screenings. Tarantino's mother allowed him to see movies with adult content, such as Carnal Knowledge and Deliverance. After his mother divorced Zastoupil in 1973, received a misdiagnosis of Hodgkin's lymphoma, Tarantino was sent to live with his grandparents in Tennessee, he remained there less than a year before returning to California. At 14 years old, Tarantino wrote one of his earliest works, a screenplay called Captain Peachfuzz and the Anchovy Bandit, based on Hal Needham's 1977 film Smokey and the Bandit starring Burt Reynolds; the summer after his 15th birthday, Tarantino was grounded by his mother for shoplifting Elmore Leonard's novel The Switch from Kmart. He was allowed to leave only to attend the Torrance Community Theater, where he participated in such plays as Two Plus Two Makes Sex and Romeo and Juliet. At about 15, Tarantino dropped out of Narbonne High School in Los Angeles, he worked as an usher at a porn theater in Torrance, called the Pussycat Theatre.
Tarantino attended acting classes at the James Best Theatre Company, where he met several of his eventual collaborators. While at James Best, Tarantino met Craig Hamann, with whom he collaborated to produce My Best Friend's Birthday. Throughout the 1980s, Tarantino worked a number of jobs, he spent time as a recruiter in the aerospace industry, for five years, he worked at Video Archives, a video store in Manhattan Beach, California. Former Buffy the Vampire Slayer actor Danny Strong described Tarantino as "such a movie buff, he had so much knowledge of films that he would try to get people to watch cool movies."After Tarantino met Lawrence Bender at a Hollywood party, Bender encouraged him to write a screenplay. His first attempted script, which he described as a "straight 70s exploitation action movie" was never published and was abandoned soon after. Tarantino co-wrote and directed his first movie, My Best Friend's Birthday, in 1987; the final reel of the film was completely destroyed in a lab fire that occurred during editing, but its screenplay formed the basis for True Romance.
In 1986, Tarantino got his first Hollywood job, working with Roger Avary as production assistants on Dolph Lundgren's exercise video, Maximum Potentia
POV (TV series)
POV is a Public Broadcasting Service public television series which features independent nonfiction films. POV is an initialism for point of view. POV is the longest-running showcase on television for independent documentary films. PBS presents 14–16 POV programs each year, the series has premiered over 400 films to U. S. television audiences since 1988. POV's films have a strong social-issue focus. Many established directors, including Michael Moore, Jonathan Demme, Terry Zwigoff, Errol Morris and David Maysles, Michael Apted, Frederick Wiseman, Marlon Riggs, Ross McElwee have had work screened as part of the POV series; the series has garnered both critical and industry acclaim over its 30+ years on television. POV films have won every major film and broadcasting award including 38 Emmys, 22 George Foster Peabody Awards, 13 duPont-Columbia Awards, three Academy Awards, three George Polk Documentary Film Awards and the Prix Italia. POV and America ReFramed are projects of Inc.. Independent Lens POV official site POV on IMDb American Documentary, Inc
California State Prison, Corcoran
California State Prison, Corcoran is a male-only state prison located in the city of Corcoran, in Kings County, California. It is known as Corcoran State Prison, CSP-C, CSP-COR, CSP-Corcoran, Corcoran I; the facility is just north of the newer California Substance Abuse Treatment Facility and State Prison, Corcoran. As of Fiscal Year 2002/2003, COR had a total of 1,703 staff and an annual institutional budget of US$115 million; as of April 2016, the facility's total population was 3,870. Individual cells, fenced perimeters and armed coverage Level IV housing: Cells, fenced or walled perimeters, electronic security, more staff and armed officers both inside and outside the installation Security Housing Units, "the most secure area within a Level IV prison designed to provide maximum coverage"; the Protective Housing Unit, which holds up to 47 prisoners who require "extraordinary protection from other prisoners". The unit houses inmates; the Protective Housing Unit has been described as "strikingly calm" because inmates "don't want to be moved somewhere less guarded".
One violent incident occurred in March 1999 when three inmates attacked inmate Juan Corona, inflicting minor injuries, smashed Charles Manson's guitar. Three other Protective Housing Unit inmates suffered minor injuries. Acute care hospital Prison Industry Authority Built on what was once Tulare Lake, home to the Yokut Native American people, the facility opened in 1988; the prison hospital was dedicated in October 1993. In March 1993, at Corcoran, prisoner Wayne Jerome Robertson had raped Eddie Dillard, a prisoner about half his size, after the latter was reassigned to his cell. Robertson, who had the nickname "Booty Bandit", testified in 1999 that prison guards set up the attack. Dillard testified in the same trial. After Robertson was assigned to general population at Pelican Bay State Prison, California state senator Tom Hayden stated "It is certain that he would be targeted for death."A front-page article by Mark Arax in the August 1996 Los Angeles Times claimed that COR was "the most troubled of the 32 state prisons".
At the time, COR officers had shot and killed more inmates "than any prison in the country" in COR's eight years of existence. Seven inmates had been killed, 50 others wounded. Based on interviews and documents, Arax concluded that many shootings of prisoners were "not justified" and that in some cases "the wrong inmate was killed by mistake". Furthermore, the article alleged that "officers... and their supervisors staged fights between inmates" during "gladiator days". In November 1996, CBS Evening News broadcast "video footage of an inmate fatally shot by guards" at COR in 1994. A March 1997 episode of the CBS News 60 Minutes discussed the 1994 death, "the alleged cover-up and the alarming number of shootings at the prison"; the California Department of Corrections issued the results of its own investigation in November 1997, which found "isolated incidents of staff misconduct" but no "'widespread staff conspiracy' to abuse prisoners". A film titled Maximum Security University, which used prison surveillance tapes showing four 1989–1993 fights "end when a guard fatally shoots a combatant", was released in February 1998.
That month, eight California correctional officers and supervisors were indicted "on federal criminal civil rights charges in connection with inmate fights that occurred at Corcoran State Prison in 1994". After a trial, the eight men were "acquitted of all charges" in June 2000; as of 1999 California had paid out several large prison brutality settlements for incidents at Corcoran, including $2.2 million to inmate Vincent Tulumis paralyzed for life in a May 1993 shooting, $825,000 for the killing of Preston Tate in April 1994. Subsequently, COR has been featured in at least two episodes of MSNBC's Lockup series: "Inside Corcoran" and "Return to Corcoran". In July of 2013, many inmates at COR participated in a state-wide hunger strike protesting the use of solitary confinement. Billy Michael Sell, an inmate in COR, participating in the hunger strike, committed suicide by hanging himself while in a Solitary Housing Unit, he had been protesting from July 8 to July 21. Sell's death caused significant controversy, as inmate advocates reported that fellow prisoners had heard Sell asking for medical attention for several days before his eventual suicide.
His suicide triggered reviews of the circumstances behind his death at the local and federal level. The prison's most infamous inmates include: CurrentRodney Alcala — the "dating game killer." Sentenced to death in 1980, 1986, 2010. Dana Ewell — a convicted triple murderer, he ordered the murders of his family in 1992. Serving three life sentences and is appealing his sentences. Phillip Garrido — who kidnapped Jaycee Lee Dugard in 1991 and kept her captive in his backyard up until 2009. Mikhail Markhasev — convicted murderer of Ennis Cosby, son of entertainer Bill Cosby. In 1998, he received a sentence of life without parole, plus 10 years. John Floyd Thomas, Jr. — serial rapist and killerFormerJuan Corona — murdered twenty-five people in 1971. He was transferred to COR from the Correctional Training Facility in 1992. On March 4, 2019, Corona died from natural causes. Charles Manson — leader of the Manson family. Transferred from San Quentin State Prison to COR in March 1989. In April 2012, Manson was again denied parole, was not to be eligible again until 20