Orcutt is an unincorporated town located in the Santa Maria Valley of California, a census-designated place. Orcutt is named for William Warren Orcutt, the manager of the Geological and Engineering Departments of the Union Oil Company. Known as the “Dean of Petroleum Geologists" Orcutt is credited with discovering fossilized prehistoric animal bones preserved in pools of asphalt on the Hancock Ranch; these would be the first of many fossils excavated from the La Brea Tar Pits. In commemoration of Orcutt’s initial discovery, paleontologists named the La Brea Coyote in W. W. Orcutt’s honor, Canis orcutti. Orcutt is home to miles of hiking trails in the Orcutt Hills; the trail entrances begin at Orcutt Community Park. Http://www.smvos.org/ Orcutt is located close to five federally sanctioned American Viticultural Areas within Santa Barbara County: Ballard Canyon, Happy Canyon of Santa Barbara, Santa Maria Valley, Sta. Rita Hills and Santa Ynez Valley. Orcutt is home to Ernest Righetti HS. http://www.righetti.us There are five wine tasting rooms in Old Orcutt: Nagy Wines.
Orcutt is a short drive up highway 135 from "little LA" Los Alamos. There are several shops in Old Orcutt. Http://www.oldtownorcutt.org/ Old Orcutt is home to the Orcutt Chalk Festival sponsored by the Orcutt Children's Art Foundation. This annual festival is always the last Saturday of September and features professional street painting artists working side by side with children artists creating art on the street. Http://www.orcuttarts.com/chalk-festival.html Every December, Old Orcutt has a daytime Christmas parade where thousands of people attend. The parade is over 53 years old; the population of Orcutt was 35,262 at the 2010 census, up from 28,830 at the 2000 census. Orcutt is located at 34°52′28″N 120°25′41″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 11.1 square miles, 99.95% of it land and 0.05% of it water. Orcutt sited along a railroad siding of the Pacific Coast Railroad as a townsite for oil field workers, is now a bedroom community/suburb of Santa Maria, adjacent to the north.
Located between California State Route 135 on the east and south, the Cabrillo Highway on the west, the community's northern boundary is south side of the Foxenwood section of Santa Maria. In 2005 it was one of the fastest-growing places in Santa Barbara County; this region experiences warm and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Orcutt has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps; the 2010 United States Census reported that Orcutt had a population of 35,262. The population density was 2,597.2 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Orcutt was 28,677 White, 394 African American, 347 Native American, 1,129 Asian, 59 Pacific Islander, 2,006 from other races, 1,293 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6,530 persons; the Census reported that 28,792 people lived in households, 86 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 27 were institutionalized. There were 10,631 households, out of which 3,638 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 6,272 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,130 had a female householder with no husband present, 481 had a male householder with no wife present.
There were 417 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 57 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 2,279 households were made up of individuals and 1,300 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71. There were 7,883 families; the population was spread out with 7,034 people under the age of 18, 2,295 people aged 18 to 24, 6,157 people aged 25 to 44, 8,327 people aged 45 to 64, 5,092 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.7 males. There were 11,133 housing units at an average density of 1,000.3 per square mile, of which 8,304 were owner-occupied, 2,327 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.9%. 22,043 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 6,749 people lived in rental housing units. As of the census of 2000, there were 28,830 people, 10,420 households, 8,023 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 2,551.0 people per square mile.
There were 10,640 housing units at an average density of 941.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 86.68% White, 1.40% African American, 0.92% Native American, 3.20% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 3.91% from other races, 3.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.45% of the population. There were 10,420 households out of which 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.0% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.0% were non-families. 19.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.14. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 27.0% under the age of 18, 6.1% fro
History of California's state highway system
The state highway system in the U. S. state of California dates back to 1896, when the state took over maintenance of the Lake Tahoe Wagon Road. Construction of a large connected system began in 1912, after the state's voters approved an $18 million bond issue for over 3000 miles of highways; the last large addition was made by the California State Assembly in 1959, after which only minor changes have been made. The first state road was authorized on March 26, 1895, when a law created the post of "Lake Tahoe Wagon Road Commissioner" to maintain the Lake Tahoe Wagon Road, now US 50 from Smith Flat - 3 miles east of Placerville - to the Nevada state line; the 58 mile road had been operated as a toll road until 1886. Funding was only enough for minimal improvements, including a stone bridge over the South Fork American River in 1901. In 1895, on March 27, the legislature created the three-person Bureau of Highways to coordinate efforts by the counties to build good roads; the bureau traveled to every county of the state in 1895 and 1896 and prepared a map of a recommended system of state roads, which they submitted to the governor on November 25, 1896.
The legislature replaced the Bureau of Highways with the Department of Highways on April 1, 1897, three days after it passed a law creating a second state highway from Sacramento to Folsom - another part of what became US 50 - to be maintained by three "Folsom Highway Commissioners". This was the last highway maintained by a separate authority, as the next state road, the Mono Lake Basin State Road, was designated by the legislature in 1899 to be built and maintained by the Department of Highways. Several more state highways were legislated in the next decade, the legislature passed a law creating the Department of Engineering on March 11, 1907; this new department, in addition to non-highway duties, was to maintain all state highways, including the Lake Tahoe Wagon Road. On March 22, 1909 the "State Highways Act" was passed, taking effect on December 31, 1910 after a successful vote by the people of the state in November; this law authorized the Department of Engineering to issue $18 million in bonds for a "continuous and connected state highway system" that would connect all county seats.
To this end, the department created the three-member California Highway Commission on August 8, 1911 to take full charge of the construction and maintenance of this system. As with the 1896 plan by the Bureau of Highways, the Highway Commission traveled the state to determine the best routes, which ended up stretching about 3100 miles. Construction began in mid-1912, with groundbreaking on Contract One - now part of SR 82 in San Mateo County - on August 7. Noteworthy portions of the system built by the commission included the Ridge Route in southern California and the Yolo Causeway west from Sacramento; because the first bond issue did not provide enough funding, the "State Highways Act of 1915" was approved by the legislature on May 20, 1915 and the voters in November 1916, taking effect on December 31. This gave the Department of Engineering an additional $12 million to complete the original system and $3 million for a further 680 miles specified by the law. At this time, each route was assigned a number from 1 to 34.
In 1917, the legislature gave the California Highway Commission statutory recognition, turned over the 750 miles of roads adopted by legislative act, until maintained by the State Engineer, to the commission. Where not serving as extensions of existing routes, these - and routes subsequently added legislatively in 1917 and 1919 - were given numbers from 35 to 45. A third bond issue was approved by the voters at a special election on July 1, 1919, provided $20 million more for the existing routes and the same amount for new extensions totaling about 1800 miles, adding Routes 46 to 64 to the system; the three bond issues together totaled 5560 miles, of which just over 40% was completed or under construction in mid-1920. The Department of Engineering became part of the new Department of Public Works in 1921, the California Highway Commission was separated as its own department in 1923. In order to pay for the roads, a 2-cent per gallon gasoline tax was approved in 1923; the legislature continued to add highways to the system, including the Mother Lode Highway in 1921 and the Arrowhead Trail in 1925.
In January 1928, the California State Automobile Association and Automobile Club of Southern California, placing guide and warning signs along state highways, marked the U. S. Highways along several of the most major state highways; the California Toll Bridge Authority was created in 1929 to acquire and operate all toll bridges on state highways, including the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge and Carquinez Bridge. After 1927 and 1929, in which no highways were added to the system, the legislature authorized the construction of 23 new routes in 1931, which were numbered from 72 to 80 when not forming extensions of existing routes. Two years another 213 sections of highway were added doubling the total length of state highways to about 14000 miles. Many of these new routes, as well as a number of existing routes, were incorporated into the initial system of state sign routes in 1934 posted by the auto clubs; the Division of Highways took over signage on stat
The Ventura Freeway is a freeway in southern California, United States, running from the Santa Barbara/Ventura county line to Pasadena in Los Angeles County. It is the principal east-west route through Ventura County and in the southern San Fernando Valley in Los Angeles County. From the Santa Barbara County line to its intersection with the Hollywood Freeway in the southeastern San Fernando Valley in Los Angeles, it is signed as U. S. Route 101, built in the late 1950s and opened on April 5, 1960. East of the Hollywood Freeway intersection, it is signed as State Route 134, built by 1971; the entire Ventura Freeway is not built to freeway standards, however. Prior to the construction of a new alignment in 1971, the portion east of the Golden State Freeway was known as the Colorado Freeway in reference to nearby Colorado Boulevard, a historic thoroughfare in Pasadena and northeastern Los Angeles; the Ventura Freeway begins at the Santa Barbara/Ventura county line at the Bates Road exit of U. S. 101, west of La Conchita.
The road alternates between a freeway and an expressway up to the seashore community of Mussel Shoals, when it becomes a freeway for the rest of its length. The freeway travels eastward through the citrus orchards and strawberry fields of the Oxnard Plain before ascending the short, steep Conejo Grade into the Conejo Valley. Continuing eastward through the northern Santa Monica Mountains, it crosses the Ventura/Los Angeles county line before entering the San Fernando Valley; the freeway continues eastward along the valley's southern rim, crossing the 405 and 5 freeways and the Los Angeles River. After passing through Downtown Glendale south of the Verdugo Mountains, it continues along the southern slope of the San Rafael Hills between Glendale and Eagle Rock before entering Pasadena near the Arroyo Seco and terminating at the Foothill Freeway; the Ventura Freeway suffers from severe congestion. Its intersection with the San Diego Freeway, in Sherman Oaks, is rated as one of the five most congested interchanges in the nation.
Where it meets the Hollywood Freeway at the Hollywood Split junction, it is notably congested. During events at the Rose Bowl, the freeway's eastern portions resemble a parking lot; the east-west geographical alignment of the Ventura Freeway and the overall north-south designation of U. S. 101 on freeway signs can be confusing to visitors. Both the SR 134 and US 101 portions of the freeway are part of the California Freeway and Expressway System, is part of the National Highway System, a network of highways that are considered essential to the country's economy and mobility by the Federal Highway Administration; the road is the main connector from the San Fernando Valley and points north to the San Gabriel Valley and points east. The future Interstate 710 dead-ends at California Blvd and is signed as State Route 710. Residents of South Pasadena have blocked efforts to extend Interstate 710 north to California Boulevard from its current end at Valley Boulevard north of Interstate 10 near the Alhambra/Los Angeles city limit.
Signs on SR 134 and I-210 refer to the SR 710 stub in Pasadena as TO State Route 110, because exiting left from the SR 710 stub onto California Blvd and turning right on Arroyo Parkway leads directly to SR 110, Pasadena's only direct freeway link to Downtown Los Angeles. The Interstate 5 offramp at Colorado Street is old SR 134, there are still mileposts that refer to it as such. Old SR 134 followed Colorado Street through Glendale and Colorado Boulevard in Eagle Rock to the ramp connecting Colorado Boulevard and Figueroa Street to the Ventura Freeway. Old SR 134 continued onto the ramp and onto what is now the Ventura Freeway to Orange Grove Boulevard in Pasadena; the Colorado Boulevard/Figueroa Street ramps and the segment of freeway between the ramps and just east of Orange Grove Boulevard used to be known as the Colorado Freeway. A pre-freeway alignment of State Route 134 originated at U. S. Route 101 and Fulton Avenue in Los Angeles along Fulton, Moorpark Street, Riverside Drive and Alameda Avenue before meeting up with U.
S. 6/99 in Burbank. It traveled along San Fernando Road to Colorado Street ran along Colorado Street through Glendale, Eagle Rock and Pasadena before terminating at U. S. Route 66; the alignment was cut back to terminate in Studio City at Lankershim and Ventura. The Interstate 5 off-ramp at Colorado Street is a former routing of SR 134, there are still mileposts that refer to it as such. Old SR 134 followed Colorado Street through Glendale and Colorado Boulevard in Eagle Rock to the ramp connecting Colorado Boulevard and Figueroa Street to the Ventura Freeway. Old SR 134 continued onto the ramp and onto what is presently the Ventura Freeway to Orange Grove Boulevard in Pasadena; the Colorado Boulevard/Figueroa Street ramps plus the segment of freeway between the ramps and just east of Orange Grove Boulevard were known as the Colorado Freeway. From 1964 to 1992, the Colorado Boulevard portions of Route 134 were renumbered as California State Route 248; the official Ventura Freeway designation is Routes 101 and 134 from Route 5 to the Santa Barbara County line.
This does not include the portion of Route 134 between Route 5 and Route 210 though local usage extends the name over this portion of freeway. At the freeway's eastern terminus with In
San Francisco the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural and financial center of Northern California. San Francisco is the 13th-most populous city in the United States, the fourth-most populous in California, with 884,363 residents as of 2017, it covers an area of about 46.89 square miles at the north end of the San Francisco Peninsula in the San Francisco Bay Area, making it the second-most densely populated large US city, the fifth-most densely populated U. S. county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs. San Francisco is part of the fifth-most populous primary statistical area in the United States, the San Jose–San Francisco–Oakland, CA Combined Statistical Area; as of 2017, it was the seventh-highest income county in the United States, with a per capita personal income of $119,868. As of 2015, San Francisco proper had a GDP of $154.2 billion, a GDP per capita of $177,968. The San Francisco CSA was the country's third-largest urban economy as of 2017, with a GDP of $907 billion.
Of the 500+ primary statistical areas in the US, the San Francisco CSA had among the highest GDP per capita in 2017, at $93,938. San Francisco was ranked 14th in the world and third in the United States on the Global Financial Centres Index as of September 2018. San Francisco was founded on June 29, 1776, when colonists from Spain established Presidio of San Francisco at the Golden Gate and Mission San Francisco de Asís a few miles away, all named for St. Francis of Assisi; the California Gold Rush of 1849 brought rapid growth, making it the largest city on the West Coast at the time. San Francisco became a consolidated city-county in 1856. San Francisco's status as the West Coast's largest city peaked between 1870 and 1900, when around 25% of California's population resided in the city proper. After three-quarters of the city was destroyed by the 1906 earthquake and fire, San Francisco was rebuilt, hosting the Panama-Pacific International Exposition nine years later. In World War II, San Francisco was a major port of embarkation for service members shipping out to the Pacific Theater.
It became the birthplace of the United Nations in 1945. After the war, the confluence of returning servicemen, significant immigration, liberalizing attitudes, along with the rise of the "hippie" counterculture, the Sexual Revolution, the Peace Movement growing from opposition to United States involvement in the Vietnam War, other factors led to the Summer of Love and the gay rights movement, cementing San Francisco as a center of liberal activism in the United States. Politically, the city votes along liberal Democratic Party lines. A popular tourist destination, San Francisco is known for its cool summers, steep rolling hills, eclectic mix of architecture, landmarks, including the Golden Gate Bridge, cable cars, the former Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary, Fisherman's Wharf, its Chinatown district. San Francisco is the headquarters of five major banking institutions and various other companies such as Levi Strauss & Co. Gap Inc. Fitbit, Salesforce.com, Reddit, Inc. Dolby, Weebly, Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Pinterest, Uber, Mozilla, Wikimedia Foundation and Weather Underground.
It is home to a number of educational and cultural institutions, such as the University of San Francisco, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco State University, the De Young Museum, the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, the California Academy of Sciences. As of 2019, San Francisco is the highest rated American city on world liveability rankings; the earliest archaeological evidence of human habitation of the territory of the city of San Francisco dates to 3000 BC. The Yelamu group of the Ohlone people resided in a few small villages when an overland Spanish exploration party, led by Don Gaspar de Portolà, arrived on November 2, 1769, the first documented European visit to San Francisco Bay. Seven years on March 28, 1776, the Spanish established the Presidio of San Francisco, followed by a mission, Mission San Francisco de Asís, established by the Spanish explorer Juan Bautista de Anza. Upon independence from Spain in 1821, the area became part of Mexico. Under Mexican rule, the mission system ended, its lands became privatized.
In 1835, Englishman William Richardson erected the first independent homestead, near a boat anchorage around what is today Portsmouth Square. Together with Alcalde Francisco de Haro, he laid out a street plan for the expanded settlement, the town, named Yerba Buena, began to attract American settlers. Commodore John D. Sloat claimed California for the United States on July 7, 1846, during the Mexican–American War, Captain John B. Montgomery arrived to claim Yerba Buena two days later. Yerba Buena was renamed San Francisco on January 30 of the next year, Mexico ceded the territory to the United States at the end of the war. Despite its attractive location as a port and naval base, San Francisco was still a small settlement with inhospitable geography; the California Gold Rush brought a flood of treasure seekers. With their sourdough bread in tow, prospectors accumulated in San Francisco over rival Benicia, raising the population from 1,000 in 1848 to 25,000 by December 1849; the promise of great wealth was so strong that crews on arriving vessels deserted and rushed off to the gold fields, leaving behind a forest of masts in San Francisco harbor.
Some of these 500 abandoned ships were used at times as storeships and hotels.
Los Alamos, California
Los Alamos is a census-designated place in Santa Barbara County, United States. Although located in the Los Alamos Valley, the town of Los Alamos is considered to be a part of the Santa Ynez Valley community. Los Alamos is connected to other cities Vandenberg AFB, Buellton and other Santa Barbara County cities, it is 281 miles south of San Francisco. The population was 1,890 at the 2010 census, up from 1,372 at the 2000 census. In 1839, José Antonio de la Guerra, a son of José de la Guerra y Noriega received the Rancho Los Alamos Mexican land grant; the hills above Rancho Los Alamos served as a hideout for bandito, Salomon Pico, whose escapades were popularized by the character "Zorro". During the U. S.'s centennial year of 1876, Thomas Bell along with his nephew John S. Bell, Dr. James B. Shaw, purchased acreage from neighboring Rancho La Laguna. Both families allocated a half square mile from each of their new ranches to create the Los Alamos town site with "Centennial Street" as the central thoroughfare.
The Los Alamos Valley prospered and grew serving as a popular stagecoach stop from 1861–1901. The Union Hotel opened in 1880 to serve overnight travelers; the narrow-gauge Pacific Coast Railway ran to Los Alamos from San Luis Obispo between 1882–1940. Oil was discovered at the Orcutt field in hills north of Valley in 1901, in the Purisima Hills south of the valley at the Lompoc Oil Field in 1903, providing more economic prosperity; the town flagpole at Centennial and Bell Street was dedicated in 1918. The Chamber of Commerce was active from 1920–32 and instrumental in forming a lighting district, obtaining telephone service, street paving and mail service. Residents today still pick-up their mail from the Post Office downtown, as no street delivery is available; the growth of the Santa Barbara County wine region, the popularity of the acclaimed 2004 film Sideways as well as local wineries, have led to the Valley's continued prosperity. Los Alamos, California, is home to the last standing Pacific Coast Railroad Station, is now home to various wine tasting rooms, fine dining establishments, antique stores.
Los Alamos is located at 34°44′31″N 120°16′31″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 3.9 square miles, 99.98 percent of it land and 0.02 percent of it water. Los Alamos is located near the Santa Ynez Valley in the heart of the Santa Barbara wine country, on U. S. Route 101, it is a small, unincorporated town in a region of ranches, oil fields, vegetable farms, wine grape vineyards. While Los Alamos is in a narrow valley, the surrounding terrain consists of rolling hills. Los Alamos is isolated, it is about 10 miles to Buellton and Solvang, California and Los Olivos, California to the southeast, Guadalupe and Santa Maria, California to the northwest along Highway 101, 135, Vandenberg Road and Cabrillo Highway. Lompoc and Vandenberg Air Force Base are to the west and southwest, respectively. California State Route 135 is the main road to the base; the large Cat Canyon Oil Field is in the hills to the northeast, the Zaca Oil Field to the east-southeast, the Orcutt Oil Field is in the hills to the northwest of the town.
San Antonio Creek passes through the town on the way to the ocean. This region experiences warm and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 83 degrees Fahrenheit. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Los Alamos has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps; the 2010 United States Census reported that Los Alamos had a population of 1,890. The population density was 488.6 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Los Alamos was 1,667 White, 5 African American, 10 Native American, 32 Asian, 0 Pacific Islander, 134 from other races, 42 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 773 persons; the Census reported that 1,890 people lived in households, 0 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 0 were institutionalized. There were 628 households, out of which 244 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 369 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 55 had a female householder with no husband present, 37 had a male householder with no wife present.
There were 30 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 8 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 124 households were made up of individuals and 28 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.01. There were 461 families; the population was spread out with 495 people under the age of 18, 173 people aged 18 to 24, 454 people aged 25 to 44, 589 people aged 45 to 64, 179 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.4 males. There were 681 housing units at an average density of 176.0 per square mile, of which 386 were owner-occupied, 242 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.5 percent.
Santa Maria River (California)
Santa Maria River on the Central Coast of California, is formed at the confluence of the Sisquoc River and Cuyama River, just east of the city of Santa Maria, flows 24.4 miles to its delta at the Pacific Ocean. The entire river defines the border between northern Santa Barbara County and southern San Luis Obispo County, up to the Sisquoc River, with a major bridge on Highway 101 passing over it; the Santa Maria River Fault is a tectonic fault that corresponds with the course of the river. There are no dams or lakes on the Santa Maria River itself, although Twitchell Reservoir is formed by a dam on the tributary Cuyama River. Twitchell Dam was built by the United States Bureau of Reclamation and provides flood control and groundwater recharge of the aquifer; the Sisquoc River is free-flowing, a National Wild and Scenic Rivers System. During much of the year, the Santa Maria River has little water, but it can swell during winter storms. List of rivers of California TPL. "California Rivers Report: Central Coast Basin - Santa Maria River".
The Trust for Public Land. Archived from the original on 2007-10-31. Retrieved 2009-03-22. U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Santa Maria River
U.S. Route 101 in California
U. S. Route 101 in the state of California is one of the last remaining and longest U. S. Routes still active in the state, the longest highway of any kind in California. US 101 was one of the original national routes established in 1926. Significant portions of US 101 between the Los Angeles area and the San Francisco Bay Area follow El Camino Real, the historic road connecting the former Alta California's 21 missions. Although the highway has been superseded in overall importance for transportation through the state by Interstate 5, US 101 continues to be the major coastal north–south route that links the Greater Los Angeles Area, the Central Coast, the San Francisco Bay Area, the North Coast. Referred to as "101" by residents of Northern California, in Southern California it is called "The 101"; the highway has portions designated as the Santa Ana Freeway, the Hollywood Freeway, the Ventura Freeway, South Valley Freeway, Bayshore Freeway. The Redwood Highway, the 350-mile-long northernmost segment of the highway, begins at the Golden Gate and passes through the world's tallest and only extensive preserves of virgin, old-growth coast redwood trees.
US 101 is part of the California Freeway and Expressway System, is part of the National Highway System, a network of highways that are considered essential to the country's economy and mobility by the Federal Highway Administration. The south terminus of US 101 is in Los Angeles, about one mile east of downtown Los Angeles at the East Los Angeles Interchange known as the "Commuters' Complex"; this southernmost portion is named the Santa Ana Freeway, inheriting that title as the northerly extension of the roadway now known as I-5. After merging with westbound traffic from the San Bernardino Freeway, US 101 proceeds northwest via the Downtown Slot under the northern edge of Los Angeles' Civic Center to State Route 110 at the Four Level Interchange. From here, US 101 becomes the Hollywood Freeway, it heads to Hollywood and up through the Cahuenga Pass before reaching the San Fernando Valley. US 101 intersects with SR 134 and SR 170 at the interchange known as the Hollywood Split. Here, the alignment of US 101 shifts to the alignment of SR 134 and thereafter is referred to as the Ventura Freeway until it reaches Ventura.
Though confusing, the "Hollywood Freeway" name continues northward from this interchange on SR 170, the "Ventura Freeway" name continues eastward to SR 134. From the Hollywood Split, US 101 is an east–west highway, it meets with I-405 in Sherman Oaks, an interchange which holds claim to the most traveled intersection in the nation. The east–west geographical alignment of the Ventura Freeway and the north–south designation which appears on the freeway signs can be confusing to visitors. After the Conejo Grade, a 7% grade incline, the freeway enters the Oxnard Plain and runs concurrent with SR 1 for the first time. Upon reaching Ventura, there is an interchange with SR 126. North of Santa Barbara, US 101 switches intermittently between freeway and expressway status, but there are no traffic signals until San Francisco; the last traffic signals along this stretch of the route were removed in 1991 when the section through downtown Santa Barbara was constructed to freeway standards after years of disagreement over the impact that the original elevated design would have on the community.
From Ventura and through Santa Barbara, US 101 follows the Pacific coastline until Gaviota State Park, about 23 miles west of Goleta. At Gaviota State Park, the highway shifts back from an east–west highway to a north–south alignment. About one mile north of this point, US 101 passes through the Gaviota Tunnel. A few miles north of the Gaviota Tunnel, SR 1 splits from US 101 and heads northwest, running along the Pacific coastline parallel and to the west of US 101. US 101 passes through Buellton, Los Alamos, Santa Maria, Nipomo. South of Santa Maria, US 101 widens from a four-lane highway to a six-lane freeway. SR 166 joins US 101 for about 3 miles before splitting just north of the city limits, while US 101 continues as a four-lane freeway before reverting to expressway status north of Nipomo. Farther north, SR 1 rejoins US 101 between San Luis Obispo. US 101 takes an inland route through the Salinas Valley, while Highway 1 heads northwest, running along the Pacific coastline in California, parallel and to the west of US 101.
A steep segment between San Luis Obispo and Atascadero is known as the Cuesta Grade. North of Atascadero, the highway joins SR 46 for about three miles through Paso Robles. From Paso Robles to Salinas, US 101 is an expressway known as the Salinas River Valley Highway, since the Salinas River Valley extends from Santa Margarita to the SR 156 junction in Prunedale. US 101 resumes freeway status between San Miguel and King City, passing through the smaller towns of Camp Roberts and San Ardo, as well as the San Ardo Oil Field about five miles south of San Ardo. Near this point, the wide agricultural bottomlands of the Salinas Valley begins. North of King City, US 101 once again switches intermittently between freeway and