California State Route 9
Daily traffic is between 3,200 and 34,500 cars. SR9 between the Los Gatos town limit and the intersection with SR35 is part of the Scenic Highway System, SR9 begins in the city of Santa Cruz where River Street intersects with SR1. It heads north, paralleling the San Lorenzo River, the road is a winding two lane road for the majority of its length until it approaches Fruitvale Avenue in Saratoga. SR236 rejoins SR9 near Castle Rock State Park, at the summit of the Santa Cruz mountains, there is a vista point offering a view of the Bay Area. The vista point is the routes highest point at around 2,608 feet, at this junction, SR9 passes into Santa Clara County. SR9 descends from the mountains heading east into Saratoga as Congress Springs Road, in Saratoga, SR9 turns southeast and becomes Saratoga-Los Gatos Road. At Fruitvale Avenue in Saratoga, SR9 briefly becomes a highway with a large center divider. However, as the road enters Monte Sereno, it becomes a two-lane road. This particular narrowing has caused backups in the past, however, SR9 resumes being a four lane road through downtown Los Gatos until its terminus at the junction with SR17.
SR9 is particularly popular for recreational motorcycling with motorcyclists from all over Northern California, SR9 is popular with bicyclists. The seven mile section from Saratoga Village to the Saratoga Gap is notable for the number of climbing the hill on weekend mornings. SR9 was created from previously constructed roads. One of these was a road built in 1848 by Martin McCarty. In 1913, the road from Saratoga Gap southwest to Big Basin Redwoods State Park via the present SR9 and SR236 was added to the highway system. Although this highway connected to Route 44, the remainder of present SR236, sign Route 9 was marked in 1934, however, it did not entirely follow the present SR9. Initially it connected Santa Cruz with Milpitas, following Routes 116 and 42 to Saratoga, Route 114 north through Sunnyvale, when the San Jose-Oakland US 101E designation was dropped in the mid-1930s, Route 5 between Mission San Jose and Hayward did not retain a signed designation. Later SR9 was extended north along SR17 from Milpitas to Warm Springs, SR21 to Mission San Jose, except for a short realignment in the mid-1950s onto Route 69 between Milpitas and Warm Springs, this alignment remained until the 1964 renumbering.
In 1964, SR9 was moved to its present alignment, the route that had been signed as SR9 became SR85 through Sunnyvale, SR237 to Milpitas, and SR238 from Mission San Jose to Hayward
Interstate 680 (California)
Interstate 680 is a north–south Interstate Highway in Northern California. Built in the 1920s and designated in 1955, I-680 begins at a junction with I-280 and US101, after passing State Route 237 in Milpitas and SR262 in Fremont, I-680 abruptly turns northeast and enters the hills and valleys of the California Coast Ranges. The highway crosses over Mission Pass, known as the Sunol Grade, and descends into the Sunol Valley, from Sunol, I-680 again heads north-northwesterly through valleys, including the San Ramon Valley, along the Calaveras Fault. Junctions along this portion include I-580 in Dublin and SR24 in Walnut Creek, beyond the latter interchange, a three-way directional junction with the SR24 freeway west to Oakland, I-680 heads north into Pleasant Hill, where SR242 splits and I-680 again heads northwesterly. After the junction with SR4 in Martinez, the crosses the Carquinez Strait on the Benicia-Martinez Bridge. The remainder of I-680, from Benicia to I-80 at Fairfield, lies between an area to the west representing the southwestern tip of the Vaca Mountains.
I-680 is part of the California Freeway and Expressway System, the route begins at U. S. Route 101 at the Joe Colla Interchange, where it acts as a continuation of I-280 eastward. From here, it begins its journey northward through San Jose, the next exit northbound is SR130, which is known as Alum Rock Avenue, unsigned at the intersection. As it continues through Santa Clara County, it meets numerous local roads before interchanging with the Montague Expressway, here, it exits San Jose and enters the city of Milpitas, where it meets SR237, often referred to as Calaveras Boulevard. After one more intersection, I-680 exits Santa Clara County and enters Alameda County, in Alameda County, the freeway begins in the city of Fremont, where it intersects SR262, which was unsigned until 2000. Continuing through the city, it meets Mission Boulevard at SR238 before exiting the city, prior to 2002, two ghost ramps existed here, remains of an abandoned freeway project replacing Mission Blvd. Afterwards, it enters Pleasanton and intersects with I-580, currently Californias longest auxiliary interstate providing access to Oakland and it enters Dublin for a short segment before exiting the county and entering Contra Costa County.
Upon entering Contra Costa County, the route meets numerous local roads through the cities of San Ramon and Alamo before entering Walnut Creek, I-680 enters Pleasant Hill for a short time and Concord, where it meets SR242. Upon exiting Concord, it meets SR4 and it enters Martinez, where it follows the Benicia-Martinez Bridge over the Carquinez Strait, on which the route crosses the county line and enters Benicia in Solano County. On the Benicia-Martinez bridge, I-680 northbound requires a toll, while I-680 southbound is free direction, in Benicia, I-680 interchanges with I-780. It exits the city and after passing through rural areas routing parallel to the San Joaquin Delta, it enters Fairfield, where it meets I-80, which is the routes northern terminus. In the wake of the September 11 Attacks, a U. S. flag was painted on a piece of concrete on a hill along the Sunol Grade. It stayed there for nine years before Caltrans painted it over, due to this action being taken shortly before July 4th,2010, and due to the murals fame, this was met with controversy
California uses a postmile highway location marker system on all of its state highways, including U. S. The postmile markers indicate the distance a route travels through individual counties, the postmile system is the only route reference system used by the California Department of Transportation. California was the last state in the country to adopt mile markers, the state started the Cal-NExUS program in 2002, which would create a uniform exit numbering system for freeways. Included was a program for the placing of mile markers along rural freeways. Currently, three segments are a part of the experimental program, the Route 14 Freeway, the Route 58 Freeway in Kern County. Caltrans has not decided if the mile marker program will be expanded to all rural freeways, Caltrans will still use and maintain the postmile system on all freeways. A postmile marker is placed along the state highway, each marker is stenciled with the route and postmile at that location. One of the formats for postmiles are located on a freeway on bridges over cross streets.
According to Caltrans, it displays the name of the bridge, the county and route number, the postmile is often painted onto the piers and/or abutments of bridges and overpasses. These are the white metal paddle markers placed at intervals, with additional markers placed at significant features along the highway such as bridges and overpasses, junctions. The markers are roughly the size as a standard milepost used elsewhere. Postmiles are shown on callboxes, alphabetic prefixes on postmile markers and bridges differ from callbox prefixes because the callbox system is maintained by each county, while Caltrans maintains postmile markers and bridge signs. The following table lists postmile and callbox prefixes by county, listed in miles, postmile values usually increase from south to north or west to east depending upon the general direction the route follows within the state. The postmile values increase from the beginning of a route within a county to the county line. The postmile values start over again at each county line, enforcement officers, maintenance forces and others use the postmile markers in the field to locate specific incidents or features with reference to the postmile system.
On some stretches of road, the following prefixes may precede the mileage on a marker, The states of Nevada. Like California, these two states record mileages through individual counties in their respective route logs, ohios system is nearly identical to Californias with its reference markers listing the route number, 3-letter county abbreviation, and mileage through the county. The Nevada system is similar, utilizing 2-letter county abbreviations
National Highway System (United States)
Altogether, it constitutes the largest highway system in the world. Individual states are encouraged to focus federal funds on improving the efficiency, the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 provided that certain key routes such as the Interstate Highway System, be included. The National Highway System Designation Act of 1995 is a United States Act of Congress that was signed into law by President Bill Clinton on November 28,1995, the legislation designated about 160,955 miles of roads, including the Interstate Highway System, as the NHS. Aside from designating the system, the act served several other purposes, the act created a State Infrastructure Bank pilot program. Ten states were chosen in 1996 for this new method of road financing and these banks would lend money like regular banks, with funding coming from the federal government or the private sector, and they would be repaid through such means as highway tolls or taxes. In 1997,28 more states asked to be part of the program, ohio was the first state to use a state infrastructure bank to start building a road.
An advantage to this method was completing projects faster, state laws, all urban areas with a population of over 50,000 and about 90% of Americas population live within 5 miles of the network, which is the longest in the world
Oakland /ˈoʊklənd/ is the largest city and the county seat of Alameda County, United States. The city was incorporated in 1852, Oaklands territory covers what was once a mosaic of California coastal terrace prairie, oak woodland, and north coastal scrub. Its land served as a resource when its hillside oak and redwood timber were logged to build San Francisco. In the late 1860s, Oakland was selected as the terminal of the Transcontinental Railroad. Following the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, many San Francisco citizens moved to Oakland, enlarging the citys population, increasing its housing stock and it continued to grow in the 20th century with its busy port, and a thriving automobile manufacturing industry. Oakland is known for its sustainability practices, including a top-ranking for usage of electricity from renewable resources, in addition, due to a steady influx of immigrants during the 20th century, along with thousands of African-American war-industry workers who relocated from the Deep South during the 1940s.
Oakland is the most ethnically diverse city in the country. The earliest known inhabitants were the Huchiun Indians, who lived there for thousands of years, the Huchiun belonged to a linguistic grouping called the Ohlone. In Oakland, they were concentrated around Lake Merritt and Temescal Creek, in 1772, the area that became Oakland was claimed, with the rest of California, by Spanish settlers for the King of Spain. In the early 19th century, the Spanish crown granted the East Bay area to Luis María Peralta for his Rancho San Antonio, the grant was confirmed by the successor Mexican republic upon its independence from Spain. Upon his death in 1842, Peralta divided his land among his four sons, Most of Oakland fell within the shares given to Antonio Maria and Vicente. The portion of the parcel that is now Oakland was called encinal—Spanish for oak grove—due to the oak forest that covered the area. In 1851, three men—Horace Carpentier, Edson Adams, and Andrew Moon—began developing what is now downtown Oakland, on May 4,1852, the Town of Oakland incorporated.
Two years later, on March 25,1854, Oakland re-incorporated as the City of Oakland, with Horace Carpentier elected the first mayor, the city and its environs quickly grew with the railroads, becoming a major rail terminal in the late 1860s and 1870s. In 1868, the Central Pacific constructed the Oakland Long Wharf at Oakland Point, a number of horsecar and cable car lines were constructed in Oakland during the latter half of the 19th century. The first electric streetcar set out from Oakland to Berkeley in 1891, at the time of incorporation, Oakland consisted of the territory that lay south of todays major intersection of San Pablo Avenue and Fourteenth Street. The city gradually annexed farmlands and settlements to the east and the north, Oaklands rise to industrial prominence, and its subsequent need for a seaport, led to the digging of a shipping and tidal channel in 1902. This resulted in the town of Alameda being made an island
San Leandro, California
San Leandro is a suburban city in Alameda County, United States. It is located on the shore of San Francisco Bay. The first inhabitants of the region which would eventually become San Leandro were the ancestors of the Ohlone people. The Spanish settlers called these natives Costeños or coast people and the English-speaking settlers called them Costanoans, San Leandro was first visited by Europeans on March 20,1772 by Spanish soldier Captain Pedro Fages and the Spanish Catholic priest Father Crespi. San Leandro is located on the Rancho San Leandro and Rancho San Antonio Mexican land grants, both were located along El Camino Viejo, modern 14th Street / State Route 185. The smaller, Rancho San Leandro, approximately 9,000 acres, was given to José Joaquín Estudillo in 1842, the larger, Rancho San Antonio, approximately 44,000 acres was given to another Spanish soldier Don Luis Maria Peralta in 1820. Beginning in 1855, two of Estudillos sons-in-law, John B, the city has a historic Portuguese population dating from when immigrants from the Azores and laborers from Hawaii began settling in the city in the 1880s and established farms and businesses.
By the 1910 census, they had accounted for nearly two-thirds of San Leandros population, in 1856 San Leandro became the county seat of Alameda county, but the county courthouse was destroyed there by the devastating 1868 quake on the Hayward Fault. The county seat was re-established in the town of Brooklyn, during the Civil War San Leandro and its neighbor, fielded a California militia company, the Brooklyn Guard. As a result of the covenant, In 1960, the city was almost entirely white, the United States Supreme Court, in Shelley v. Kraemer, declared such covenants unenforceable by the state. San Leandro was an 86. 4% white-non Hispanic community according in the 1970 census, the citys demographics began to diversify in the 1980s. By 2010, Asian Americans had become a plurality population in San Leandro, with one third of the population. The San Leandro Hills run above the city to the northeast, in the lower elevations of the city, an upper regionally contained aquifer is located 50 to 100 feet below the surface.
At least one deeper aquifer exists approximately 250 feet below the surface, some salt water intrusion has taken place in the San Leandro Cone. Shallow groundwater generally flows to the west, from the foothills toward San Francisco Bay, shallow groundwater is contaminated in many of the locales of the lower elevation of the city. Contamination by gasoline, volatile compounds and some heavy metals has been recorded in a number of these lower elevation areas. The trace of the Hayward Fault passes under Foothill Boulevard in San Leandro, follow the link in the reference to see a series of photos of the fault cutting the asphalt between 1979 and 1987. The 2010 United States Census reported that San Leandro had a population of 84,950, the population density was 5,423.8 people per square mile
Union City, California
Incorporated on January 13,1959, combining the communities of Alvarado, New Haven, and Decoto, the city has over 72,000 residents today and very diverse population. Alvarado is a California Historical Landmark, the city celebrated its 50th Anniversary in 2009. The Cities of Fremont and Union City make up the Tri-City Area to the south. The larger City of Hayward surrounds the city to the north, the Tri-City Area hosts many local events, along with programs for the youth. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 19 square miles. The Niles Cone aquifer, managed by the Alameda County Water District, the 2010 United States Census reported that Union City had a population of 69,516. The population density was 3,570.6 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Union City was 16,640 White,4,402 Black,329 Native American,35,363 Asian,892 Pacific Islander,7,253 from other races, hispanic or Latino of any race were 15,895 persons. The Census reported that 68,998 people lived in households,422 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, there were 856 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 128 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 2,740 households were made up of individuals and 1,002 had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 3.38.
There were 16,677 families, the family size was 3.69. The median age was 36.2 years, for every 100 females there were 97.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males. There were 21,258 housing units at a density of 1,091.9 per square mile, of which 13,580 were owner-occupied. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1. 5%, the vacancy rate was 5. 3%. 46,272 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 22,726 people lived in housing units. As of 2014 the median price of a house in Union City is over $500,000. As of 2000 the population was 66,869 and 15,696 families residing in Union City, the population density was 3,473.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 18,877 housing units at a density of 980.4 per square mile
San Jose, California
San Jose, officially the City of San José, is the economic and political center of Silicon Valley and the largest city in Northern California. With an estimated 2015 population of 1,026,908, it is the third most populous city in California and the tenth most populous in United States. Located in the center of the Santa Clara Valley, on the shore of San Francisco Bay. San Jose is the county seat of Santa Clara County, the most affluent county in California. San Jose is the largest city in both the San Francisco Bay Area and the San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland Combined Statistical Area, which contain 7.7 million and 8.7 million people respectively. Before the arrival of the Spanish, the area around San Jose was inhabited by the Ohlone people, San Jose was founded on November 29,1777, as the Pueblo of San José de Guadalupe, the first civilian town founded in Spanish Alta California. When California gained statehood in 1850, San Jose became the states first capital, following World War II, San Jose experienced an economic boom, with a rapid population growth and aggressive annexation of nearby cities and communities carried out in the 1950s and 60s.
The rapid growth of the high-technology and electronics industries further accelerated the transition from a center to an urbanized metropolitan area. Results of the 1990 U. S. Census indicated that San Jose had officially surpassed San Francisco as the most populous city in Northern California, by the 1990s, San Jose and the rest of Silicon Valley had become the global center for the high tech and internet industries. San Jose is considered to be a city, notable for its affluence. San Joses location within the high tech industry, as a cultural, political. San Jose is one of the wealthiest major cities in the United States and the world, and has the third highest GDP per capita in the world, according to the Brookings Institute. Major global tech companies including Cisco Systems, eBay, Adobe Systems, PayPal, Samsung, Prior to European settlement, the area was inhabited by several groups of Ohlone Native Americans. The first lasting European presence began with a series of Franciscan missions established from 1769 by Junípero Serra, San Jose came under Mexican rule in 1821 after Mexico broke with the Spanish crown.
It became part of the United States, after it capitulated in 1846, on March 27,1850, San Jose became the second incorporated city in the state, with Josiah Belden its first mayor. San Jose was Californias first state capital, and hosted the first, today the Circle of Palms Plaza in downtown is the historical marker for the first state capital. The city was a station on the Butterfield Overland Mail route, in the period 1900 through 1910, San Jose served as a center for pioneering invention and impact in both lighter-than-air and heavier-than-air flight. These activities were led principally by John Montgomery and his peers, the City of San Jose has established Montgomery Park, a Monument at San Felipe and Yerba Buena Roads, and John J. Montgomery Elementary School in his honor
Interstate Highway System
The Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways is a network of controlled-access highways that forms a part of the National Highway System of the United States. The system is named for President Dwight D. Eisenhower, who championed its formation, construction was authorized by the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956, and the original portion was completed 35 years later, although some urban routes were cancelled and never built. The network has since been extended and, as of 2013, as of 2013, about one-quarter of all vehicle miles driven in the country use the Interstate system. In 2006, the cost of construction was estimated at about $425 billion, the nations revenue needs associated with World War I prevented any significant implementation of this policy, which expired in 1921. In the plan, Mehren proposed a 50, 000-mile system, the system would include two percent of all roads and would pass through every state at a cost of $25,000 per mile, providing commercial as well as military transport benefits.
As the landmark 1916 law expired, new legislation was passed—the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1921 and this new road construction initiative once again provided for federal matching funds for road construction and improvement, $75 million allocated annually. The Bureau of Public Roads asked the Army to provide a list of roads that it considered necessary for national defense. A boom in construction followed throughout the decade of the 1920s. As automobile traffic increased, planners saw a need for such a national system to supplement the existing, largely non-freeway. By the late 1930s, planning had expanded to a system of new superhighways, in 1938, President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave Thomas MacDonald, chief at the Bureau of Public Roads, a hand-drawn map of the United States marked with eight superhighway corridors for study. He recognized that the system would provide key ground transport routes for military supplies. The publication in 1955 of the General Location of National System of Interstate Highways, informally known as the Yellow Book, assisting in the planning was Charles Erwin Wilson, who was still head of General Motors when President Eisenhower selected him as Secretary of Defense in January 1953.
The Interstate Highway System was authorized on June 29,1956 by the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956, popularly known as the National Interstate, three states have claimed the title of first Interstate Highway. Missouri claims that the first three contracts under the new program were signed in Missouri on August 2,1956, the first contract signed was for upgrading a section of US Route 66 to what is now designated Interstate 44. On August 13,1956, Missouri awarded the first contract based on new Interstate Highway funding, kansas claims that it was the first to start paving after the act was signed. Preliminary construction had taken place before the act was signed, the state marked its portion of I-70 as the first project in the United States completed under the provisions of the new Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956. The Pennsylvania Turnpike could be considered one of the first Interstate Highways, on October 1,1940,162 miles of the highway now designated I‑70 and I‑76 opened between Irwin and Carlisle.
The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania refers to the turnpike as the Granddaddy of the Pikes, October 12,1979, The final section of the Canada to Mexico freeway Interstate 5 is dedicated near Stockton, California
Federal Highway Administration
The Federal Highway Administration is a division of the United States Department of Transportation that specializes in highway transportation. The agencys major activities are grouped into two programs, the Federal-aid Highway Program and the Federal Lands Highway Program and its role had previously been performed by the Office of Road Inquiry, Office of Public Roads and the Bureau of Public Roads. The organization has several organizations and a complicated history. The Office of Road Inquiry was founded in 1893, in 1905 that organizations name was changed to the Office of Public Roads which became a division of the United States Department of Agriculture. The name was changed again to the Bureau of Public Roads in 1915 and it was shifted to the Federal Works Agency which was abolished in 1949 when its name reverted to Bureau of Public Roads under the Department of Commerce. With the coming of the bicycle in the 1890s, interest grew regarding the improvement of streets, the traditional method of putting the burden on maintaining roads on local landowners was increasingly inadequate.
New York State took the lead in 1898, and by 1916 the old system had been discarded everywhere area, demands grew for local and state government to take charge. With the coming of the automobile after 1910, urgent efforts were made to upgrade, the American Association for Highway Improvement was organized in 1910. Funding came from automobile registration, and taxes on motor fuels, in 1916, federal-aid was first made available to improve post-roads, and promote general commerce. Congress appropriated $75 million over a period, with the Secretary of Agriculture in charge through the Bureau of Public Roads. There were 2.4 million miles of rural dirt rural roads in 1914,100,000 miles had been improved with grading and gravel, the rapidly increasing speed of automobiles, and especially trucks, made maintenance and repair high-priority item. Concrete was first used in 1893, and expanded until it became the dominant surfacing material in the 1930s, from 1917 through 1941,261,000 miles of highways were built with federal aid, and cost $5.31 billion.
Federal funds totaled $3.17 billion, and state-local funds were $2.14 billion, the FHWA was created on October 15,1966. In 1967 the functions of the Bureau of Public Roads were transferred to the new organization and it was one of three original bureaus along with the Bureau of Motor Carrier Safety and the National Highway Safety Bureau. The FHWA’s role in the Federal-aid Highway Program is to oversee federal funds used for constructing and maintaining the National Highway System and this funding mostly comes from the federal gasoline tax and mostly goes to state departments of transportation. FHWA oversees projects using these funds to ensure that requirements for project eligibility. The FHWA publishes the “Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices”, the MUTCD specifies such things as the size and height of traffic signs, traffic signals and road surface markings. The Federal Highway Administration is overseen by an Administrator appointed by the President of the United States by, the Administrator works under the direction of the Secretary of Transportation and Deputy Secretary of Transportation
The Hayward Fault runs through the area, and is the cause of the two previous city halls being taken out of use. The boundaries are Third Street to the east, Grand Street and Hayward BART to the west, Jackson Street and E Street to the south, and City Center Drive/Hazel Avenue to the north. Foothill Boulevard was known as The Golden Strip, a business corridor that was built in the 1950s. The street lost businesses after the opening of Southland Mall in 1964, parks include Newman Park and The Julio Bras Portuguese Park. San Lorenzo Creek runs through downtown, the Hayward Public Library is located there. The City Center complex previously contained the now demolished Centennial Hall Convention Center, the bankrupt Mervyns department store chains large former headquarters is across the street from the City Center mall. The Hayward Area Historical Society operates a downtown, which relocated and re-opened June 2014. The FBI operates a resident agency in downtown Hayward, the Hayward Art Council, founded in 1975, operates the Sun Gallery downtown.
The Independent Order of Odd Fellows building on B Street is one of Haywards oldest buildings, the Hayward 9/11 Memorial was dedicated May 30,2016, to the first responders who died in 9/11, and to the citys own fallen first responders, and the citys fallen soldiers. Cinema Place is a 12,000 square feet entertainment and shopping center, comprising a single structure, directly adjacent to the center is a large city run parking garage. An additional mural by Knight is found at the end of The Hayward Strip. Haywards Public Mural Art Program has won a Helen Putnam Award of Excellence, the main tenant is a Century Theatre multiplex, which is Haywards lone movie theater since Manns Festival Cinemas closed in 2003. In 2011, the Hayward Art Council opened a gallery on the floor of the center. The Green Shutter Hotel, a California Historical Landmark, is located downtown, Buffalo Bills Brewery, founded in 1983 by photographer Bill Owens, is one of the first brewpubs to open in California since Prohibition, after legislation passed in 1982 legalizing brewpubs again.
The Daily Review newspaper operated from downtown, until its closure in 2016, the All Saints Catholic Church is located downtown. It operates the Mount Saint Joseph Cemetery, the Hayward Veterans Memorial Building, built in 1932, is adjacent to the old City Hall building, and is available for public events. The Hayward Area Historical Society opened a new museum, the Route 238 Corridor Improvement Project broke ground July 2010, with an expected completion date in 2013. It will include undergrounding of telephone wires, and extensive landscaping, bringing parks, a one-way traffic loop for sections of A Street, Foothill Boulevard and Mission Boulevard went into effect March 15,2013