Panama City Beach, Florida
Panama City Beach is a resort city in Bay County, United States, on the Gulf of Mexico coast. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 12,018; the city is referred to under the umbrella term of "Panama City". Panama City Beach's slogan is "The World's Most Beautiful Beaches" due to the unique, sugar-white sandy beaches of northwest Florida. Panama City Beach has been a popular vacation destination among people in the Southern United States; the city is a popular spring break destination, due to the popularity of the beach and its close proximity to most of the Southern United States, relative proximity as a drive destination for the Midwest. The MTV show Floribama Shore was set in the city – Filming took place over the Summer of 2017. A construction boom in the early to mid 2000s changed the image of the area due to the older homes and motels being replaced with high-rise condominiums and more expansive homes. However, this is turning unobstructed, low-rise beach views and affordable waterfront property into rarities.
At the peak of the real estate boom, many beachfront properties had quadrupled or more in value since 2000. In November 2006 CNN/Money named Panama City Beach the No. 1 real estate market in America for the next five years in. Beachfront property has sold for upwards of $60,000 per "front foot" at the top of the market; the downturn in the U. S. real estate market in 2007, combined with a surge of new condo construction, brought spiraling prices somewhat under control. With the real estate boom, Panama City Beach became a well known destination for spring break. Hurricane Michael made landfall near Mexico Beach in Bay County on October 10, 2018, as one of the strongest and most-destructive hurricanes in American history and destroyed a large part of the county including many structures in Mexico Beach and Panama City. Panama City Beach is located at 30°12′27″N 85°51′5″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 18.6 square miles — 18.4 square miles is land and 0.23 square miles is water.
There are 9 miles of shoreline in Panama City Beach fronting the Gulf of Mexico. As of the census of 2010, there were 12,018 people, 5,417 households, 3,068 families residing in the city; the population density was 653.2 persons per square mile. There were 17,141 housing units at an average density of 931.6 houses per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 89.5% White, 2.3% African American, 0.6% American Indian or Alaska Native, 2.7% Asian and 3.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.8% of the population. There were 5,417 households, out of which 21.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.9% were headed by married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 43.4% were non-families. 31.3% of all households were made up of individuals, 9.5% were someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22, the average family size was 2.76. In the city, the population was spread out with 18.0% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 29.0% from 45 to 64, 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 40.9 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.0 males. Ancestries: English, Irish, United States, French. At the 2000 census, the median income for a household in the city was $41,198, the median income for a family was $49,127. Males had a median income of $32,459 versus $22,358 for females; the per capita income for the city was $26,734. About 2.2% of families and 5.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 4.5% of those age 65 or over. The City of Panama City Beach has a council–manager government; the Mayor presides over City Council meetings. In the event that the Mayor cannot preside over a City Council meeting, the Mayor Pro-Tem is the presiding officer of the meeting until such time as the Mayor returns to his seat; the City Manager is responsible for the administration and the day-to-day operation of all of the municipal services and city departments. The City Manager maintains intergovernmental relationships with federal, state and other local governments.
The primary law enforcement agency in the city is the Panama City Beach Police Department. The city and the rest of Bay County are under the jurisdiction of the Bay County Sheriff's Office. Mike Thomas – Mayor Paul Casto – Ward 1 Council member Phil Chester – Ward 2 Council member Geoff McConnell – Ward 3 Council member Hector Solis – Ward 4 Council member Mario Gisbert – City Manager Richard Jackson – City Manager Holly J. White – City Clerk Bill Kinsaul – Bay County Clerk of Courts Panama City Beach Police Department Panama City Beach Fire Rescue Dan Rowe; the Gulf Coast State College is located in Panama City, just across the Hathaway Bridge from Panama City Beach. The Florida State University Panama City branch campus is located in Panama City, just across the Hathaway Bridge from Panama City Beach; the new Northwest Florida Beaches International Airport provides commercial flights into the area. The airport serves private aircraft, domestic passenger flights, freight/cargo flights, it is the fi
Alachua County, Florida
Alachua County is a county in the U. S. state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 247,336; the county seat is Gainesville, the home of the University of Florida since 1906, when the campus opened with 106 students. Alachua County is included in FL Metropolitan Statistical Area; the county is known for its diverse culture, local music, artisans. Much of its economy revolves around the university, which had nearly 55,000 students in fall 2016; the first people known to have entered the area of Alachua County were Paleo-Indians, who left artifacts in the Santa Fe River basin prior to 8000 BCE. Artifacts from the Archaic period have been found at several sites in Alachua County. Permanent settlements appeared in what is now Alachua County around 100 CE, as people of the wide-ranging Deptford culture developed the local Cades Pond culture; the Cades Pond culture gave way to the Alachua culture around 600 CE. The Timucua-speaking Potano tribe lived in the Alachua culture area in the 16th century, when the Spanish entered Florida.
The Potano were incorporated by the colonists in the Spanish mission system, but new infectious diseases and raids by tribes backed by the English led to severe population declines. What is now Alachua County had lost much of its indigenous population by the early 18th century. In the 17th century Francisco Menéndez Márquez, Royal Treasurer for Spanish Florida, established the La Chua ranch on the northern side of what is now known as Payne's Prairie, on a bluff overlooking the Alachua Sink. Chua may have been the Timucua language word for sinkhole. Lieutenant Diego Peña reported in 1716 that he passed by springs named Aquilachua, Usichua and Afanochua while traveling through what is now Suwannee County. In the twentieth-century, anthropologist J. Clarence Simpson assumed that the named springs were in fact sinkholes; the Spanish called the interior of Florida west of the St. Johns River Tierras de la Chua, which became "Alachua Country" in English. Around 1740 a band of Oconee people led by Ahaya, called "Cowkeeper" by the English, settled on what is now Payne's Prairie.
Ahaya's band became known as the Alachua Seminole. In 1774 botanist William Bartram visited Ahaya's town, near what Bartram called the Alachua Savanna. King Payne, who succeeded Ahaya as chief of the Alachua Seminole, established a new town known as Payne's Town. In 1812, during the Patriot War of East Florida, an attempt by American adventurers to seize Spanish Florida, a force of more than 100 volunteers from Georgia led by Colonel Daniel Newnan ran into a band of Alachua Seminole led by King Payne near Newnans Lake. After several days of intermittent fighting, Colonel Newnan's force withdrew. King Payne died two months later; the Alachua Seminole left Payne's Town and moved further west and south, but other bands of Seminole moved in. A second American expedition in 1813 of U. S. Army troops and militia from Tennessee, led by Lt. Colonel Thomas Adams Smith, found some Seminoles, killing about 20, burned every Seminole village they could find in the area. In 1814 a group of more than 100 American settlers moved to a point believed to be near the abandoned Payne's Town and declared the establishment of the District of Elotchaway of the Republic of East Florida.
The settlement collapsed a few months after its leader, Colonel Buckner Harris, was killed by Seminole. In 1817 F. M. Arredondo received the 20-mile square Arredondo Grant in the southern part of what is Alachua County. By the time Florida was formally transferred from Spain to the United States, people from the United States and from Europe were settling in the area. Wanton's Store, near the site of the abandoned King Payne's Town, attracted settlers from Europe, who founded Micanopy; the 1823 Treaty of Moultrie Creek required the Seminole to move a reservation south of what is now Ocala, the flow of settlers into the area increased. Many occupied former Seminole towns, such as Hogtown. Alachua County was created by the Florida territorial legislature in 1824; the new county stretched from the border with Georgia south to Charlotte Harbor. The original county seat was Wanton's. In 1828 the county seat was moved to Newnansville, located near the current site of the city of Alachua; as population increased in the area, Alachua County was soon reduced in size to organize new counties.
In 1832 the county's northern part, including Newnansville was separated to create Columbia County, forcing the county seat to be moved to various temporary locations. In 1834 Hillsborough County was created, which included the area around Tampa Bay down to Charlotte Harbor. In 1839 that part of Columbia County south of the Santa Fe River was returned to Alachua County, Newnansville was restored as the county seat. Hernando County was created in 1843 from that part of Alachua County south of the Withlacoochee River, it would be another 80 years. In 1854, the new railroad from Fernandina to Cedar Key bypassed Newnansville, Gainesville, a new town on the railroad, began to draw business and residents away from Newnansville. Gainesville was designated that year as the new county seat. During the post-Reconstruction period, white Democrats regained control of the state legislature and worked to restore white supremacy. Violence against blacks, including lynchings, rose in the late 19th and early 20th centuries as whites imposed Jim Crow and discriminatory laws, disenfranchising most blacks, which forced them
Laura Street is a north-south street in Jacksonville, United States, named for the daughter of the city's founder, Isaiah D. Hart; the downtown portion of Laura Street has been considered the financial district of Jacksonville. The street's contiguous segment runs from 12th Street in the historic neighborhood of Springfield south through downtown, terminating at Independent Drive. South of State Street, Laura Street runs though the core of downtown's Northbank, is one of the busiest pedestrian streets in the city. Serving as an important corridor connecting a high concentration of office blocks, the area has functioned as a preeminent shopping and financial district, has remained an important economic and cultural epicenter for the region; the street is home to Jacksonville's oldest park, Hemming Park, the Jacksonville Landing, Main Public Library, the Museum of Contemporary Art Jacksonville, City Hall. Laura Street was named for the daughter of Isaiah D. Hart. In 1856, the city's oldest public park was designated along Laura Street, occupying the entire city block bordered by Monroe and Duval Streets.
The area attracted numerous hotels, most notably the St. James Hotel, completed in 1869, the Windsor Hotel, completed in 1875; the Great Fire of 1901 ravaged the entirety of today's modern downtown core, including much of Laura Street. The street did act as a fire line between the junctions of Adams Street through to the St. Johns River. Just as in the 1871 Great Chicago Fire, the massive level of destruction left in the wake of the fire precipitated a robust period growth and a building boom that would last up until the Great Depression; the corridor between Adams Street, where a remaining portion of the business district still existed, Hemming Park, was the center of much of the more notable commercial development. The Mercantile Exchange Bank Building, one of the first buildings to be built after the fire was the Old Florida National Bank in 1902, it was designed by Edward H. Glidden in the Classical Revival style, is now part of a group of buildings known as the Laura Street Trio. Architect Henry John Klutho designed the other two buildings: the Bisbee Building in 1908, the Florida Life Building in 1911, both designed in the Chicago school of architecture.
He designed the YMCA Building in 1909, the St. James Building in 1912. New York architecture firm Mowbray and Uffinger contributed two significant structures to the corridor during this period. In 1909, 121 Atlantic Place Atlantic National Bank Building, opened as the tallest building in Florida. Barnett National Bank Building opened its doors in 1926 breaking the state height record. Local architecture firm Marsh & Saxelbye contributed multiple works along the route, including Karpeles Manuscript Library Museum, Schultz Building, Hotel George Washington and Greenleaf & Crosby Building. RTKL Associates Inc. a planning and consultant firm from Baltimore, was hired in 1970 to study the city's increasing urban blight related to suburbanization and the development of retail malls. The recommendations were included in the 1971 Downtown Master Plan drafted by the Downtown Development Authority; the plans called for creating a pedestrian mall, a one-way transportation loop and elevated walkways that would permitting safe movement from the retail core, centered on Hemming Park, to the riverfront.
The plans further called for a riverfront park, convention center with attached hotel, an exhibition center, Sears Department Store, a high-rise offices. Though many portions of the plan never came to fruition, a few of Laura Street's features are a result of the 1971 Downtown Master Plan, the most striking of, the Wells Fargo Center, designed by Kemp, Bunch & Jackson in 1974 for the Independent Life Insurance Company. In 2011, $2.3 million was spent to enhance the street by adding traffic calming features, more sidewalk space, trees with colorful uplighting and other hardscape features. In 2015, a five-block segment of Laura Street beginning at West Duval Street near Hemming Park, stretching to the Jacksonville Landing, ending at East Independent Drive, was recognized by the American Planning Association as one of its "Great Places in America." From south to north: Jacksonville Landing and Andrew Jackson Statue, Independent Drive SunTrust Tower, Independent Drive Wells Fargo Center, between Independent Drive and Bay Street Bank of America Tower, between Bay and Forsyth Streets CenterState Bank Building, Forsyth Street 121 Atlantic Place, Forsyth Street Laura Street Trio, Forsyth Street Barnett National Bank Building, Adams Street Greenleaf & Crosby Building and Jacobs Jewelers Clock, Adams Street Elks Club Building, Adams Street The Carling, Adams Street Schultz Building, Adams Street Snyder Memorial Methodist Episcopal Church, Monroe Street Main branch of the Jacksonville Public Library, Monroe Street Hemming Park, between Monroe and Duval Streets Museum of Contemporary Art Jacksonville, Duval Street City Hall, between Duval and Church Streets Florida State College at Jacksonville downtown campus, between State and 1st Streets Karpeles Manuscript Library Museum, 1st Street Klutho Park, 1st Street The Jacksonville Landing is at the southern terminus of Laura Street and offers access to the Jacksonville Water Taxi as well as other marine services.
The Jacksonville Skyway serves two stations near Laura Street: Hemming Park station at Monroe Street Rosa Parks Transit Station at State Street Economy of Jacksonville Architecture of Jacksonville National Register of Historic Places listings in Duval County, Florida
Native Hawaiians are the Aboriginal Polynesian people of the Hawaiian Islands or their descendants. Native Hawaiians trace their ancestry back to the original Polynesian settlers of Hawaiʻi. In total, 527,000 Americans consider themselves Native Hawaiian. According to the 2010 U. S. Census, there were 371,000 people who identified themselves as being "Native Hawaiian" in combination with one or more other races or Pacific Islander groups. 156,000 people identified themselves as being "Native Hawaiian" alone. The majority of Native Hawaiians reside in the state of Hawaii and the rest are scattered among other states in the American Southwest and with a high concentration in California; the history of Native Hawaiians, like the history of Hawaii, is classified into four major periods: the pre-unification period the unified monarchy and republic period the US territorial period the US statehood period One theory is that the first Polynesians arrived in Hawaii in the 3rd century from the Marquesas by travelling in groups of waka, were followed by Tahitians in AD 1300, who conquered the original inhabitants.
Another is that a extended period of settlement populated the islands. Evidence for a Tahitian conquest of the islands include the legends of Hawaiʻiloa and the navigator-priest Paʻao, said to have made a voyage between Hawaii and the island of "Kahiki" and introduced many customs. Early historians, such as Fornander and Beckwith, subscribed to this Tahitian invasion theory, but historians, such as Kirch, do not mention it. King Kalakaua claimed; some writers claim. They claim that stories about the Menehune, little people who built heiau and fishponds, prove the existence of ancient peoples who settled the islands before the Hawaiians. At the time of Captain Cook's arrival in 1778, the population is estimated to have been between 250,000 and 800,000; some Hawaiians left the islands during the period of the Kingdom of Hawaii like Harry Maitey, who became the first Hawaiian in Prussia. Over the span of the first century after first contact, the native Hawaiians were nearly wiped out by diseases introduced to the islands.
Native Hawaiians had no resistance to influenza, measles, or whooping cough, among others. The 1900 U. S. Census identified 37,656 residents of partial native Hawaiian ancestry; the 2000 U. S. Census identified 283,430 residents of Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander ancestry, showing a dramatic growth trend since annexation by the U. S. in 1898. The Hawaiian language was once the primary language of the native Hawaiian people. A major factor for this change was an 1896 law that required that English "be the only medium and basis of instruction in all public and private schools"; this law prevented the Hawaiian language from being taught as a second language. In spite of this, some native Hawaiians have learned ʻŌlelo as a second language; as with others local to Hawaii, native Hawaiians speak Hawaiian Creole English, a creole which developed during Hawaiʻi's plantation era in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries with the influence of the various ethnic groups living in Hawaii during that time.
Nowadays ʻŌlelo Hawaiʻi is the official language of the State of Hawaii, alongside English. The Hawaiian language has been promoted for revival most by a state program of cultural preservation enacted in 1978. Programs included the opening of Hawaiian language immersion schools, the establishment of a Hawaiian language department at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa; as a result, Hawaiian language learning has climbed among all races in Hawaiʻi. In 2006, the University of Hawaii at Hilo established a masters program in the Hawaiian Language. In fall 2006, they established a doctoral program in the Hawaiian Language. In addition to being the first doctoral program for the study of Hawaiian, it is the first doctoral program established for the study of any native language in the United States of America. Both the masters and doctoral programs are considered by global scholars as pioneering in the revival of native languages. Hawaiian is still spoken as the primary language by the residents on the private island of Niʻihau.
Alongside ʻŌlelo Hawaiʻi, some Maoli spoke Hawaiʻi Sign Language. Little is known about the language by Western academics and efforts are being made to preserve and revitalize the language. Hawaiian children are publicly educated under the same terms as any other children in the United States. In Hawaii, native Hawaiians are publicly educated by the Hawaiʻi State Department of Education, an ethnically diverse school system, the United States' largest and most centralized. Hawaiʻi is the only U. S. state without local community control of public schools. Under the administration of Governor Benjamin J. Cayetano from 1994 to 2002, the state's educational system established special Hawaiian language immersion schools. In these schools, all subject courses are taught in the Hawaiian language and use native Hawaiian subject matter in curricula; these schools were created in the spirit of cultural preservation and are not exclusive to native Hawaiian children. Native Hawaiians are eligible for an education from the Kamehameha Schools, established through the last will and testament of Bernice Pauahi Bishop of the Kamehameha Dynasty.
The largest and wealthiest private school in the United Sta
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, defined by the federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most identify, indicate whether or not they are of Hispanic or Latino origin. The racial categories represent a social-political construct for the race or races that respondents consider themselves to be and, "generally reflect a social definition of race recognized in this country." OMB defines the concept of race as outlined for the US Census as not "scientific or anthropological" and takes into account "social and cultural characteristics as well as ancestry", using "appropriate scientific methodologies" that are not "primarily biological or genetic in reference." The race categories include both national-origin groups. Race and ethnicity are considered separate and distinct identities, with Hispanic or Latino origin asked as a separate question. Thus, in addition to their race or races, all respondents are categorized by membership in one of two ethnic categories, which are "Hispanic or Latino" and "Not Hispanic or Latino".
However, the practice of separating "race" and "ethnicity" as different categories has been criticized both by the American Anthropological Association and members of US Commission on Civil Rights. In 1997, OMB issued a Federal Register notice regarding revisions to the standards for the classification of federal data on race and ethnicity. OMB developed race and ethnic standards in order to provide "consistent data on race and ethnicity throughout the Federal Government; the development of the data standards stem in large measure from new responsibilities to enforce civil rights laws." Among the changes, OMB issued the instruction to "mark one or more races" after noting evidence of increasing numbers of interracial children and wanting to capture the diversity in a measurable way and having received requests by people who wanted to be able to acknowledge their or their children's full ancestry rather than identifying with only one group. Prior to this decision, the Census and other government data collections asked people to report only one race.
The OMB states, "many federal programs are put into effect based on the race data obtained from the decennial census. Race data are critical for the basic research behind many policy decisions. States require these data to meet legislative redistricting requirements; the data are needed to monitor compliance with the Voting Rights Act by local jurisdictions". "Data on ethnic groups are important for putting into effect a number of federal statutes. Data on Ethnic Groups are needed by local governments to run programs and meet legislative requirements." The 1790 United States Census was the first census in the history of the United States. The population of the United States was recorded as 3,929,214 as of Census Day, August 2, 1790, as mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution and applicable laws."The law required that every household be visited, that completed census schedules be posted in'two of the most public places within, there to remain for the inspection of all concerned...' and that'the aggregate amount of each description of persons' for every district be transmitted to the president."
This law along with U. S. marshals were responsible for governing the census. One third of the original census data has been lost or destroyed since documentation; the data was lost in 1790–1830 time period and included data from: Connecticut, Maryland, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Delaware, New Jersey, Virginia. Census data included the name of the head of the family and categorized inhabitants as follows: free white males at least 16 years of age, free white males under 16 years of age, free white females, all other free persons, slaves. Thomas Jefferson the Secretary of State, directed marshals to collect data from all thirteen states, from the Southwest Territory; the census was not conducted in Vermont until 1791, after that state's admission to the Union as the 14th state on March 4 of that year. There was some doubt surrounding the numbers, President George Washington and Thomas Jefferson maintained the population was undercounted; the potential reasons Washington and Jefferson may have thought this could be refusal to participate, poor public transportation and roads, spread out population, restraints of current technology.
No microdata from the 1790 population census is available, but aggregate data for small areas and their compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. In 1800 and 1810, the age question regarding free white males was more detailed; the 1820
Columbia County, Florida
Columbia County county is on the northern border of the U. S. state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 67,531, its county seat is Lake City. Columbia County comprises the Lake City, FL Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Gainesville-Lake City, FL Combined Statistical Area. Osceola National Forest is in Columbia County. After Florida became a territory of the United States in 1821, pioneer and immigrant settlers from the United States formed their own settlement adjacent to a Seminole village called Alligator Village, called it Alligator. Following the 1823 Treaty of Moultrie Creek, the residents of Alligator village relocated to the banks of Peace Creek in the newly established Seminole reservation, leaving Alligator Town on its own; when Columbia County was formed in 1832 from Duval and Alachua counties, Alligator Town was designated as the seat of the county government. It was renamed as the poetic form for the United States; the county was developed for agriculture and the timber industry, with products such as turpentine and plywood.
From 1832 to 1839, the county seat was Newnansville, but that town and area were returned to Alachua County. In November 1858 a railroad was completed connecting Jacksonville to Alligator, which opened the town to more commerce and passenger traffic. Alligator Town was incorporated and its name changed to Lake City in 1859. According to an urban legend, the name was changed because the mayor's wife Martha Jane, who had moved to the town, refused to hang her lace curtains in a town named Alligator. During the American Civil War, the railroad between Lake City and Jacksonville was used to send beef and salt to Confederate soldiers. In February 1864 Union troops under Truman Seymour advanced west from Jacksonville, his objective was to disrupt Confederate supplies, obtain African-American recruits and supplies. Confederate General Joseph Finnegan assembled troops and called for reinforcements from P. G. T. Beauregard in response to the Union threat. On February 11, 1864, Finnegan's troops defeated a Union cavalry raid in Lake City.
After the Union cavalry was repulsed, Finnegan moved his forces to Olustee Station about ten miles east of Lake City. The Confederate presence at Olustee Station was reinforced to prepare for the Union troops coming from Jacksonville. Union forces engaged the Confederates at the Battle of Olustee on February 20, 1864 near the Olustee Station, it was the only major battle in Florida during the war. Union casualties were 1,861 men wounded or missing; the Confederate dead were buried in Lake City. In 1928 a memorial for the Battle of Olustee was established in downtown Lake City. In 1874 Lake City's first newspaper was published in 1874, called the Lake City Reporter. In 1876 the Bigelow Building was completed; the first fire department was established in 1883 to complement the police department. In 1891 Lake City became the first city in Florida to have electric lights from a local power and light company. White violence rose against blacks in the late 19th century in a regionwide effort to establish and maintain white supremacy as Southern states disenfranchised most blacks and imposed Jim Crow.
Whites lynched 20 African Americans in Columbia County from 1877-1950 in the decades near the turn of the 20th century. It was tied with Polk County for the second-highest total of lynchings of any county in the state. Among these murders was the mass lynching on May 21, 1911, of six black men who were taken from the jail by a white mob in Lake City, they were being held on charges of murdering one white sawmill worker and wounding another in Leon County, after whites had attacked them at a private house following an earlier altercation between two men. A group of a dozen white men from Tallahassee, tricked the white youth guarding the jail by posing as officials and gained release of the suspects, they took the men outside town and shot them to death. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 801 square miles, of which 798 square miles is land and 3.8 square miles is water. Osceola National Forest is within the county. Osceola National Forest As of the census of 2000, there were 56,513 people, 20,925 households, 14,919 families residing in the county.
The population density was 71 people per square mile. There were 23,579 housing units at an average density of 30 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 79.72% White, 17.03% Black or African American, 0.53% Native American, 0.67% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.60% from other races, 1.42% from two or more races. 2.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 20,925 households out of which 32.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.70% were married couples living together, 12.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.70% were non-families. 23.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.02. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 27.70% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, 14.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years.
For every 100 females there were 102.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $30,881, the median income for a family was $35,927. Males had a median income of $27,353 versus $21,738 for females
Dixie County, Florida
Dixie County is a county located in the U. S. state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,422, its county seat is Cross City. Dixie County was created in 1921 from the southern portion of Lafayette County and named for "Dixie", the common nickname for the southern United States. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 864 square miles, of which 705 square miles is land and 159 square miles is water. Taylor County - northwest Lafayette County - north Gilchrist County - east Levy County - southeast Lower Suwannee National Wildlife Refuge As of the census of 2008, there were 14,957 people. In 2000 there were 3,659 families residing in the county; the population density was 20 people per square mile. There were 7,362 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 88.80% White, 8.98% Black or African American, 0.46% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.45% from other races, 1.03% from two or more races.
1.80% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. In terms of ancestry, 39.7% were English, 15.2% were Irish, 14.7% were American, 5.2% were German. There were 5,205 households out of which 27.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.90% were married couples living together, 10.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.70% were non-families. 23.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.60% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.87. In the county, the population was spread out with 22.10% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 26.60% from 25 to 44, 26.20% from 45 to 64, 17.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 113.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 117.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $26,082, the median income for a family was $31,157. Males had a median income of $26,694 versus $17,863 for females.
The per capita income for the county was $13,559. About 14.50% of families and 19.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.90% of those under age 18 and 16.10% of those age 65 or over. According to the Secretary of State's office, Democrats maintain a plurality among registered voters in Dixie County. Democrats hold a plurality of registered voters in the county, but have not carried a majority of votes in a Presidential election since before 1992, nor have they carried a majority in a gubernatorial election since 1994; the county has and shifted Republican since the 1990s. City of Hawkinsville - sunken steamboat in the Suwannee River near Old Town, one of the Florida Underwater Archaeological Preserves. Old Town Elementary School, now the Dixie County Cultural Center. Old Town Methodist Church built in 1890 located behind the 1983 church building. Putnam Lodge in Cross City, Florida built by the Putnam Lumber Company for its nearby lumber town of Shamrock The Dixie County Library is part of the Three Rivers Regional Library System, which serves Gilchrist and Taylor counties.
It is located at 16328 SE 19th Highway in Florida. The branch is open Monday through 8:30 a.m. -- 5:30 p.m.. The current library director is Cindy Bellot. Cross City Horseshoe Beach Old Town Dixie County Airport National Register of Historic Places listings in Dixie County, Florida Dixie County Advocate, local newspaper available in full-text for free from the Florida Digital Newspaper Library Dixie County Times, A started local newspaper managed by the former editor of the Dixie County Advocate. WZCC-AM 1240, Cross City's Community Radio Station. Dixie County Board of County Commissioners Dixie County Supervisor of Elections Dixie County Property Appraiser Dixie County Sheriff's Office Dixie County Tax Collector Dixie County Schools Suwannee River Water Management District Dixie County Clerk of Courts Public Defender, 3rd Judicial Circuit of Florida serving Columbia, Hamilton, Madison and Taylor Counties Office of the State Attorney, 3rd Judicial Circuit of Florida Circuit and County Court for the 3rd Judicial Circuit of Florida Dixie County Tourist Development Council Dixie County Chamber of Commerce