Tan Son Nhat International Airport
Tân Sơn Nhất International Airport is the busiest airport in Vietnam with 32.5 million passengers in 2016, with 38.5 million passengers in 2018 serving Ho Chi Minh City as well as the rest of southeastern Vietnam. As of January 2017, it had a total capacity of only 25 million passengers, which has caused constant congestion and sparked debate for expanding or building a new airport; the airport's IATA code, SGN, is derived from the city's former name of Saigon. Tan Son Nhat International Airport has its origins in the early 1930s, when the French colonial government constructed a small airport with unpaved runways, known as Tân Sơn Nhất Airfield near the village of Tan Son Nhat. By mid-1956, with U. S. aid, a 7,200-foot runway had been built and the airfield near Saigon became known as South Vietnam's principal international gateway. During the Vietnam War, Tan Son Nhut Air Base was an important facility for both the U. S. Air Force and the Republic of Vietnam Air Force. Between 1968 and 1974, Tan Son Nhut Airport was one of the busiest military airbases in the world.
During the last days of South Vietnam, Pan Am schedules from 1973 showed Boeing 747 service was being operated four times a week to San Francisco via Guam and Manila. Continental Airlines operated up to 30 Boeing 707 military charters per week to and from Tan Son Nhut Airport during the 1968–74 period. On 9 December 2004, United Airlines became the first U. S. airline to fly to Vietnam since Pan Am's last flight during the Fall of Saigon in April 1975. Flight UA 869, operated using a Boeing 747-400 landed at Ho Chi Minh City, the terminus of the flight that originated from San Francisco via Hong Kong. On 29 October 2006, this service was switched from San Francisco to Los Angeles with a stop in Hong Kong, operating as UA 867. In 2009, the service UA 869 has resumed once again from San Francisco via Hong Kong International Airport. United ceased the route to San Francisco via Hong Kong on 30 October 2011; the airline resumed the route from Ho Chi Minh City to Hong Kong after its merger with Continental Airlines.
The flight no longer makes a stop at San Francisco and it was flown on a Boeing 777-200ER instead of Boeing 747-400. In 2006, Tan Son Nhat International Airport served 8.5 million passengers with 64,000 aircraft movements. It has accounted for nearly two-thirds of the arrivals and departures at Vietnam's international gateway airports. Due to increasing demand, the airport has been continuously expanded by the Southern Airports Corporation. In 2010, Tan Son Nhat domestic terminal handled 8 million passengers which reached its maximum capacity; the airport reached its full capacity of 20 million passengers in 2013, two years earlier than predicted. Both domestic and international terminal are being expanded to meet the increasing demand. In December 2014, expansion for the domestic terminal was finished, boosting the terminal's capacity to 13 million passengers per annum. In September 2017, People's Army of Vietnam ceded 21 hectare of military land in the vicinity of the airport to Airports Corporation of Vietnam for civil use.
This gave way for the construction of 21 new aircraft parking spaces, expected to be completed by Tet holidays in 2018. Tan Son Nhat will have 72 parking spaces for airplanes. A new international terminal funded by Japanese official development assistance and constructed by a consortium of four Japanese contractors, opened in September 2007 with an designed capacity of 10 million passengers a year. In 2014, the terminal served over 9 million international passengers and a demand of an expansion to the terminal was in sight; the first phase of an urgent expansion to the terminal was finished in December 2016 with an addition of 2 new jet bridges and other facilities. Upon the completion of phase two, the terminal can handle 13 million passengers annually. Following the opening of its new international terminal in September 2007, Tan Son Nhat has two major terminal buildings with separate sections for international and domestic flights; the Prime Minister of Vietnam, by Decision 1646/TTg-NN, has approved the addition of 40 hectares of adjacent area to extend the apron and to build a cargo terminal to handle the rapid increase of passenger and cargo volume at the airport.
A bus station is situated in front of the international terminal and is served by Ho Chi Minh City Bus. It is connected to the city center by bus line 109 and 152 as well as shuttle bus line 49. Connecting the airport to Vung Tau and other cities in Mekong Delta are express minibus services as well as bus line 119; the airport is expected to be served by Ho Chi Minh City Metro Line 4B, connected to Line 4 and 5 with services to the southern and eastern area of the city. However, it is not known when the line will be constructed. Traditional taxi brands such as Vinasun and Mai Linh operates at the airport alongside with rideshare service Grab; until 2016, the airport only had one main access route via Truong Son Street, which caused chronic congestion for traffic going in and out of the airport. As an effort to ease traffic bottleneck, in August 2016, Pham Van Dong Boulevard opened and connected the airport to National Route 1A in an intersection east of the airport. Throughout its history there have been several incidents that happened at the airport, some o
Bach Mai Airfield
Bach Mai Airfield is a disused military airport in Thanh Xuan District, Vietnam, located along modern-day Le Trong Tan street. It was constructed by the French in 1917 and used by French forces until 1954. After 1954, it was used by the Vietnamese People's Air Force and served as their air defense command and control center during the Second Indochina War, playing a part in the Cambodian–Vietnamese War as well, it is now the site of the Vietnam People's Air Force Museum, where a number of period military aircraft are on display. In 1918 the 1st Escadrille d'Indochine moved to Bach Mai. In 1939 the unit was redesignated le Groupe Mixte Aérien 595 formed of L'escadrille d'observation 1/595 with the Potez 25 and an escadrille de chasse 2/595 with the Morane-Saulnier M. S.406. These units saw action in the Franco-Thai War of 1940-41. Following the Japanese Invasion of French Indochina in September 1940 the remaining aircraft were formed into the Groupement Aérien Nord Indochine, but this was dissolved in March 1943 due to wear and tear and lack of spare parts.
During the Japanese coup d'état in French Indochina all remaining French aircraft were destroyed. The following units were based at Bach Mai between 1945 and 1954: Bach Mai and Gia Lam Airbase were the major logistics bases supporting French operations at Dien Bien Phu. Bach Mai Airfield was used as the air defense command and control center for the Vietnamese People's Air Force during the Second Indochina War. Due to its location in the restricted area of a radius of 30 nautical miles from the center of Hanoi and its proximity to the Bach Mai Hospital 1 km away, Bach Mai Airfield was off limits to US bombers during the early years of Operation Rolling Thunder with the result that North Vietnamese command and control was unmolested. Presidential approval was required for an attack on the airfield and it was attacked for the first time by F-105 Thunderchiefs of the 388th Fighter Wing on 17 November 1967. Bombing restrictions were lifted during Operation Linebacker I and the airfield was attacked on 16 May 1972.
On 21 December 1972 in Operation Linebacker II, 2 B-52D's were lost to SA-2 missiles while attacking the airfield. On 22 December 1972 a string of bombs missed Bach Mai Airfield and instead hit Bach Mai Hospital killing 28 hospital staff. Vietnamese People's Air Force Museum, Hanoi
Nha Trang Air Base
Nha Trang Air Base was a French Air Force, Republic of Vietnam Air Force, United States Air Force and Vietnam People's Air Force military airfield used during the Vietnam War. It is located on the southern edge of Nha Trang in Khánh Hòa Province; the French Air Force opened an air training center for the fledgling RVNAF in 1951 and in March 1952 began training pilots and maintenance personnel at the base. On 4 January 1953 maintenance personnel from the USAF 24th Air Depot Wing at Clark Air Base were sent on temporary duty to Nha Trang to provide maintenance support for C-47s provided to the French Air Force, they would be replaced by French crews on 14 August 1953. In May 1953 USAF crews delivered 6 C-119s to Nha Trang, these were flown by Civil Air Transport crews to Cat Bi Air Base. On 7 July 1955 the RVNAF took over the Nha Trang Training Center and formed the 1st and 2nd Liaison Squadrons equipped with L-19s. In December 1961 the RVNAF 2nd Fighter Squadron equipped. In late 1961 4 USAF T-28 pilots from Operation Farm Gate were sent to Nha Trang to train RVNAF crews.
The 2nd Fighter Squadron became operation in mid-1962. It was renamed the 516th Fighter Squadron in January 1963. In September 1962 the RVNAF 12th Air Base Squadron was formed at the base. In September 1963 the USAF opened a training center at the base equipped with L-19s. RVNAF flight crews would undergo 1 month of preflight training followed by 3 months of primary flight training with a total of 80 flying hours. In February 1964 the 516th Fighter Squadron moved to Da Nang Air Base. In June 1964 the 116th Liaison Squadron equipped. In January 1965 the RVNAF 62nd Tactical Wing and 516th Fighter Squadron, equipped with A-1H Skyraiders deployed to Nha Trang from Pleiku Air Base while a new runway was built at Pleiku. In August 1965 the 524th Fighter Squadron equipped. On 30 June 1969 all AC-47 Spooky gunships of D Flight, 3rd Special Operations Squadron were transferred to the RVNAF at the base; the USAF Detachment 12, Thirteenth Air Force had been supporting RVNAF operations at Nha Trang since February 1962 and in May 1962 they were designated the 6223rd Air Base Squadron and on 7 June it was assigned to the 2nd Advanced Echelon.
In September 1962 the 23rd Special Air Warfare Detachment equipped with 6 OV-1 Mohawk reconnaissance aircraft deployed to Nha Trang and began flying visual and photo-reconnaissance in support of RVNAF and Army of the Republic of Vietnam units. In December 1963 Detachment 4, 8th Aerial Port Squadron was formed at the base. In July 1963 the 37th Air Base Squadron replaced the 6223rd Air Base Squadron. On 23 September 1963 3 Viet Cong sappers penetrated the base and destroyed 2 C-47s with satchel charges. From February 1964 3 C-123Bs and 3 air commando C-47s were kept at Nha Trang to support operations of the 5th Special Forces Group which had its headquarters at Nha Trang; these aircraft supported remote Special Forces bases. In December 1964 half of the 310th Troop Carrier Squadron equipped with 7 C-123s were sent to Nha Trang to replace the C-47s. In addition 3 U. S. Army and one Royal Australian Air Force CV-2 Caribous were sent to support the Special Forces. In late November 1965 the 5th Air Commando Squadron equipped with 4 C-47s and 17 U-10 Super Couriers was formed at the base and dispersed to forward operating bases throughout central South Vietnam.
In January 1966 the A-1 equipped 602nd Air Commando Squadron moved to Nha Trang from Bien Hoa Air Base. The RVNAF 2nd Air Division took over the base from the USAF in mid-1970; the 14th Air Commando Wing was activated at Nha Trang on 8 March 1966 and it would be the host unit at the base until 15 October 1969 when it moved to Phan Rang Air Base. The airfield was managed by the 14th Combat Support Group. On its establishment the 14th Wing assumed control of all USAF squadrons at Nha Trang and the 1st Air Commando Squadron and it assumed control of the 20th Helicopter Squadron. In April 1966 the 361st Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron equipped with EC-47s was formed at the base. From July-December USAF RED HORSE units carried out 22 major construction/reconstruction projects of maintenance and storages areas, parking ramps, accommodation and drainage took place at the base to accommodate the expanded activity there. Housing on the base was in short supply and the USAF billets were adjacent to an ARVN ammunition dump, relocated north to Nha Trang, many of the new arrivals were forced to live in tents until proper accommodation could be built.
In January 1967 Flight C from the 4th Air Commando Squadron equipped with AC-47 Spooky gunships began operating from the base. On 21 September 1967 the first AC-130A Project Gunship II prototype arrived at Nha Trang for combat evaluation, the evaluation program concluded on 8 December 1967. On 25 October 1967 the 14th Air Commando Squadron was activated at Nha Trang, with 3 AC-47s of A Flight-based there. In late December 1968 the 71st Special Operations Squadron equipped with AC-119G Shadow gunships arrived from Lockbourne Air Force Base and began operations from the base. On 1 June 1969 the 17th Special Operations Squadron equipped with AC-119G gunships was activated at Nha Trang and it replaced the 71st Special Operations Squadron which returned to Bakalar Air Force Base for inactivation. In mid-1969, as part of the process of Vietnamization, USAF units at Nha Trang began to relocate or deactivate and by October 1969 all USAF units had left the base and only 800 USAF personnel remained there to support operations until the hando
Long Thanh International Airport
Long Thanh International Airport is an airport planned for construction in Long Thành, Đồng Nai Province, southern Vietnam. Located 40 km east of Ho Chi Minh City, it has been approved to start construction by the Vietnamese government on April 1, 2021. However, the Vietnamese government has decided to begin 2 years earlier in 2019 and it will be finished by 2025, it will serve over 100 million passengers annually. Tan Son Nhat International Airport is the only international airport in the planned Ho Chi Minh City Metropolitan Area. Tan Son Nhat airport was built during the Vietnam War to support war transportation, hence its location inside the crowded Saigon where growth is limited. Due to location and safety issues, it is difficult to expand to meet the increasing annual growth of passengers; the maximum capacity of Tan Son Nhat is 25 million passengers per annum but in 2016 it handled 32.5 million. The flow of international tourists to the South of Vietnam is increasing by 15 to 20 percent annually.
Promoting the domestic market by building a new airport that can adapt to future needs is necessary. Tan Son Nhat airport will serve the international and domestic flights until the completion of the new Long Thanh International Airport; the airport will be able to handle the world's biggest commercial aircraft, Airbus A380. The Master Plan for Long Thanh International Airport was approved by the Prime Minister Phan Văn Khải in 2006 and several adjustments have been made through time; the project faced mixed public reaction for its expensive cost and far distance from the center of Ho Chi Minh City. Based on the demand of transportation, the investment will be divided in phases; the Southern Airports Corporation is in charge of development of this project. The first phase will be divided into 3 sub-phases. According to the original plan, the airport would handle 25 million passengers per year after this phase is completed. US$5.6 billion will be allocated to this phase. One terminal will be built along with a single runway.
Another runway will increase the total capacity to 25 million passengers per annum. The rest of necessary facilities will be built and land-clearance for future phases will be made; the airport will begin operating in 2025. The capacity will be doubled to 50 million passengers per annum and the third runway will be added when the phase is finished, scheduled to be in 2035; the airport will reach its maximum designed capacity at 80-100 million passengers and 5 million tonnes of cargo per year. Four runways will be operational after the third phase; the airport will be accessible by National Route 51, Ho Chi Minh City–Long Thành Highway, Biên Hòa–Vũng Tàu Expressway, Long An–Long Thành Expressway, Ho Chi Minh City–Long Thành high-speed railway, Ho Chi Minh City–Nha Trang high-speed railway. The Long Thanh International Airport project approved dongnai.gov.vn, Southern province to see new airport Viet Nam News, Airport & Ground Support Equipment in Vietnam by Le Son Vietnam: Opportunity for Bidding for Masterplan of USD $8-Billion Long Thanh International Airport by Le Son
Noi Bai International Airport
Nội Bài International Airport in Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam, is the largest airport in Vietnam in terms of total capacity. It is the second busiest airport in Vietnam after Tan Son Nhat International Airport, it is the main airport serving Hanoi. The airport consists of two passenger terminals. Terminal 1 serves domestic flights, the newly-built Terminal 2 serves all international flights to and from Hanoi; the airport is the main hub of the country's flag carrier Vietnam Airlines, as well as a major hub of low-cost carriers Vietjet Air and Jetstar Pacific. The airport is located in Phu Minh Commune in Sóc Sơn District, about 35 kilometres northeast of downtown Hanoi, via the new Nhật Tân Bridge, it can be reached by National Road 3, which connects it with the eastern suburbs of Hanoi. The airport is close to some satellite cities of Hanoi such as Vĩnh Yên, Bắc Ninh and Thái Nguyên; the airport served a total of 13 million passengers in 2013, despite having a capacity of only 9 million at the time.
The new international terminal, which had its first commercial flight on 25 December 2014 and went into full operation on 31 December 2014, has boosted the airport's total capacity to 20 million passengers per year. The airport's IATA code, HAN, is derived from the city's current name of Hanoi; the airport was developed south of the Phúc Yên Air Base and opened on 2 January 1978. The terminal 1 building was completed and became operational in 2001. In 2005, Tiger Airways started thrice-weekly flights between Hanoi and Singapore after launching direct flights between Hồ Chí Minh City and Singapore becoming the first budget airline to operate in Vietnam, it was joined by low-cost carrier AirAsia when they launched direct flights between Hanoi and Bangkok and Kuala Lumpur. The second runway opened in 2006 and the following year the airport hosted an Airbus A380 for the first time, although no scheduled A380 services are operated from the airport. 2013 saw the first arrival of a Cargolux Boeing 747-8F.
In 2014 the airport received its first scheduled service with the newest generation of commercial aircraft when All Nippon Airways started using a Boeing 787-8 on services between to Tokyo–Haneda and the same year the airport received its first visit of Airbus A350 XWB operated by Airbus on World Tour trip. In 2015, Vietnam Airlines started to operate the Airbus A350 XWB for commercial domestic flights; the airport has been a SkyTeam hub since mid-2010, after Vietnam Airlines joined the network that year. At 650 hectares, Noi Bai is the second-largest airport in Vietnam, behind the 800 hectare Tan Son Nhat International Airport. Terminal 1, completed in 2001, had one main section for international flights with a new terminal extension for domestic flights, completed in late 2013. Together with the extension, terminal 1 is capable of handling 9 million passengers per annum. Following the inauguration of Terminal 2 in January 2015, Terminal 1 is used for domestic flights; the terminal is being upgraded to handle 15 million passengers annually upon completion in March 2018.
The construction of the new terminal next to the existing one with a designed capacity of 10 million passengers per annum started in March 2012. The 996 m long new terminal building, funded by a Japan International Cooperation Agency ODA loan was designed by Japan Airport Consultants and was built by Taisei Corporation; the total investment for the project was ¥75.5 billion. Japan's official development assistance accounted for ¥59 billion of the investment, while theremaining amount was covered by local funds; the new international terminal was inaugurated on 4 January 2015 together with a new freeway connecting the airport to downtown Hanoi via the Nhật Tân Bridge. The airport has a 3,800-meter paved runway which opened in August 2006 and an older 3,200-meter paved runway; the older runway was closed for upgrades for 4 months from August to December 2014. The distance between the two runways is only 250 metres, so the airport restricts the maximum passenger capacity in accordance with International Civil Aviation Organization safety regulations.
Following the inauguration of the new international terminal, the Noi Bai International Airport received the World's Most Improved Airport Award from Skytrax. The construction project of the new Noi Bai international terminal received the JICA President Award for 2015. Da Nang International Airport Tan Son Nhat International Airport List of airports in Vietnam Airport information for VVNB at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006
Vinh International Airport
Vinh Airport is located in Vinh city of Nghệ An Province northern Vietnam. It is a mixed military/civil airport, it used to be one of the two major military airbases in Vietnam besides Gia Lam Airbase in Hanoi. During 2002-2015, the airport saw the annual increase of passengers of 43.89%, the highest rate out of all airports in Vietnam, reaching to the all-time high of 1.25 million passengers in 2014. A new terminal with designed capacity of 3 million passengers per year and estimated cost of 800 billion VND was opened in 2015. List of airports in Vietnam Gia Lam Airbase Vinh Airport