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Cambridge Apostles

The Cambridge Apostles is an intellectual society at the University of Cambridge founded in 1820 by George Tomlinson, a Cambridge student who went on to become the first Bishop of Gibraltar. The origin of the Apostles' nickname dates from twelve, of their founders. Membership consists of undergraduates, though there have been graduate student members, members who hold university and college posts; the society traditionally drew most of its members from Christ's, St John's, Jesus and King's Colleges. The society is a discussion group. Meetings are held once a week, traditionally on Saturday evenings, during which one member gives a prepared talk on a topic, thrown open for discussion; the usual procedure was for members to meet at the rooms of those whose turn it was to present the topic. The host would provide refreshments consisting of coffee and sardines on toast, called "whales". Women first gained acceptance into the society in the 1970s; the Apostles retain a leather diary of their membership stretching back to its founder, which includes handwritten notes about the topics on which each member has spoken.

It is included in the so-called "Ark", a cedar chest containing collection of papers with some handwritten notes from the group's early days, about the topics members have spoken on, the results of the division in which those present voted on the debate. It was a point of honour that the question voted on should bear only a tangential relationship to the matter debated; the members referred to as the "Apostles" are the active undergraduate members. Undergraduates apply to become angels after being awarded a fellowship; every few years, amid great secrecy, all the angels are invited to an Apostles' dinner at a Cambridge college. There used to be an annual dinner held in London. Undergraduates being considered for membership are called "embryos" and are invited to "embryo parties", where members judge whether the student should be invited to join; the "embryos" attend these parties without knowing. Becoming an Apostle involves taking an oath of secrecy and listening to the reading of a curse written by Apostle Fenton John Anthony Hort, the theologian, in or around 1851.

Former members have spoken of the lifelong bond. Henry Sidgwick, the philosopher, wrote of the Apostles in his memoirs that "the tie of attachment to this society is much the strongest corporate bond which I have known in my life." Eleven former members of the Apostles are buried in the Parish of the Ascension Burial Ground in Cambridge: Henry Jackson, classicist. These eleven members were from Christ's, St. Johns College and Trinity. A twelfth member Benjamin Hall Kennedy is buried in Cambridge. Bertrand Russell and G. E. Moore joined as students, as did John Maynard Keynes, who invited Ludwig Wittgenstein to join. However, Wittgenstein attended infrequently. Russell had been worried that Wittgenstein would not appreciate the group's unseriousness and style of humour, he was admitted in 1912 but resigned immediately because he could not tolerate the level of the discussion on the Hearth Rug. The Apostles became well known outside Cambridge in the years before the First World War with the rise to eminence of the group of intellectuals known as the Bloomsbury Group.

John Maynard Keynes, Leonard Woolf, Lytton Strachey and his brother James, G. E. Moore, E. M. Forster and Rupert Brooke were all Apostles. Keynes and Lytton Strachey subsequently gained prominence as members of Bloomsbury; the Apostles came to public attention again following the exposure of the Cambridge spy ring in 1951. Three Cambridge graduates with access to the top levels of government in Britain, one of them a former Apostle, were found to have passed information to the KGB; the three known agents were Apostle Guy Burgess, an MI6 officer and secretary to the deputy foreign minister. In 1963, American writer Michael Straight an Apostle, publisher of The New Republic magazine, admitted to a covert relationship with the Soviets, he named Anthony Blunt, MI5 officer, director of the Courtauld Institute, art adviser to the Queen as his recruiter and a Soviet spy. Confronted with Straight's confession, Blunt acknowledged his own treason and revealed that he had drawn into espionage his fellow Apostle Leonard "Leo" Long.

Straight told investigators that the Apostle John Peter Astbury had been recruited for Soviet intelligence by either Blunt or Burgess. Leo Long confessed to delivering classified information to the Soviets from 1940 until 1952. Writers have accused several other Apostles of being witting Soviet agents. Roland Perry in his book, The Fifth Man makes a circumstantial case against Victor Rothschild, 3rd Baron Rothschild, a friend to both Burgess and Blunt; the espionage historian John Costello in The Mask of Treachery points a finger

Squash in Australia

Squash is a popular sport in Australia. There is a long tradition of the sport in the country, which boasts 7 former world number one players; as of 2018 there are many ranked Australian players, both in men's and women's squash. The first Squash courts in Australia were established in 1913 at the Melbourne Club in Victoria. Players such as Geoff Hunt, Heather McKay and Sarah Fitz-Gerald are regarded as Australian squash legends. Many professional squash competitions take place in Australia each year. For example, the 2017 PSA World Tour included: the Sandgate Open in Brisbane the Elanora Open in Sydney the NT Open in Darwin the Golden Open in Kalgoorlie the Tasmanian Open in Devonport the South Australian Open in Adelaide the Victorian Open in Melbourne the City of Greater Bendigo International in Bendigo the City of Greater Shepparton International in Shepparton the Bega Open in Bega the North Coast Open in Coffs Harbour the New South Wales Open in Thornleigh the Queensland Open in the Gold Coast the Cairns Squash International in Cairns the Australian Open in Darwin Australia has produced several world number ones: Men: Geoff Hunt Chris Dittmar David Palmer Women: Vicki Cardwell Michelle Martin Sarah Fitz-Gerald Rachael Grinham As of April 2018, the highest ranked Australian squash players were: Men:Ryan Cuskelly Cameron Pilley Rex Hedrick Joshua Larkin Rhys Dowling Women:Donna Urquhart Rachael Grinham Christine Nunn Sarah Cardwell Tamika Saxby Australia has national men's and women's teams, that represent the country in international competitions.

Australian players compete in the squash events of the Commonwealth Games, which are held every 4 years. Most in the 2018 games, Australian players Zac Alexander and David Palmer won gold in the men's doubles event, Donna Urquhart and Cameron Pilley won gold in the mixed doubles event, Donna Urquhart and Donna Urquhart won bronze in the women's doubles event. Squash in Australia is governed by Squash Australia. Sport in Australia

Buster Goes Berserk

Buster Goes Berserk is the second album from Buster Poindexter, an alter ego of singer David Johansen. It features his backing band "The Banshees of Blue," aided by "The Uptown Horns". Released in 1989, the album continued the "lounge rock" style of its predecessor, Buster Poindexter in covering rhythm'n' blues songs of the 1940s and 1950s; as on that album, a lot of Berserk's fun came from the interchanges between Poindexter and vocalist Soozie Tyrell, helped out by Ivy Ray and Randi Michaels. The album was produced by Hank Medress for SBK Productions with Charlie Giordano the assistant producer and Bill Scheniman, the recording and mixing engineer. Recording was done at Skyline Recording Studio in New York City, Galaxy Recording Studio in Los Angeles, in New York City at Platinum Island Recording, Sanctuary Recording, 39th Street Music and Bass Hit. Mixing was done at Blue Jay Recording Studio in Carlisle, with mastering at Sterling Sound in New York City. Synclavier and string arrangement on "Deep in a Dream" were by John Sheard.

Mbongeni Mgema added arrangements and lyrics for "All Night Party" which benefited from John Morales' programming. Management and direction was provided by Steve Paul in New York City with "special thanks" going to Eddie Gorodetsky, Joe Delia, Steve-O, Phast Phreddie and many others. "All Night Party" - 3:53 "Hit the Road Jack" - 3:14 "International Playboy" - 4:34 "Poorest People" - 4:31 "Juicy Lucy" - 4:04 "Who Threw the Whiskey in the Well" - 3:21 "At the Party" - 3:01 "Imitation of Life" - 4:32 "Debourge Yourself" - 3:41 "Deep in a Dream" - 3:11 Buster Poindexter - vocalsThe Banshees of Blue are: Charlie Giordano - keyboards and accordion, Musical Director Brian Koonin - electric and acoustic guitars, Conductor Tony Machine - drums Tony "Antoine Fats" Garnier - upright bass and electric bass Fred Walcott - percussion Soozie Tyrell - vocals and violin Ivy Ray - vocals Randi Michaels - vocalsThe Uptown Horns are: Crispin Cioe - alto and baritone saxophone Bob Funk - trombone Arno Hecht - tenor saxophone "Hollywood" Paul Litteral - trumpetAdditional vocals provided by Martha Wash, Jocelyn Brown, Brenda White, Lisa Lowell, Hoy Boy, John Collins, Kevin Trainor, Terry Gabis, Steve Paul, from the cast of Sarafina!: Baby Cele, Lindiwe F. Dlamini, Lindiwe C.

Hlengwa, Thamsanga Hlatywayo, Leleti Khumalo, Thandini Mavimbela, Nhlanhla Ngema, Pat Mlaba, Thandekile Nhlanhla and Thandi G. Zulu. David Johansen Resource David Johansen on IMDb David Johansen at Allmusic Buster Poindexter at Allmusic David Johansen and the Harry Smiths Shaker


Kuujjuaq known as Fort Chimo and by other names, is a former Hudson's Bay Company outpost at the mouth of the Koksoak River on Ungava Bay that has become the largest northern village in the Nunavik region of Quebec, Canada. It is the administrative capital of the Kativik Regional Government, its population was 2,754 as of the 2016 census. Kuujjuaq was founded as Fort Good Hope in 1830 but in 1831 changed its name to Fort Chimo, an anglicization of the Inuit word saimuuq, meaning "Let's shake hands"; as this was a common greeting locals used with the HBC fur traders, they adopted it as the name of their trading post. On 5 February 1980, the name was changed to the Inuit name for the Koksoak River, it has been known informally as Koksoak and Washgagen. The first Europeans to have contact with local Inuit were Moravian missionaries. On August 25, 1811, after a perilous trip along the coasts of Labrador and Ungava Bay, Benjamin Gottlieb Kohlmeister and George Kmoch arrived at an Inuit camp on the east shore of the Koksoak.

Their aim was to scout the area for future missions and, if possible, to convert the "Esquimaux" to Christianity. According to their journal, the Inuit of the Koksoak River were interested in having a Moravian mission in the area, but after reaching a little farther than "Pilgerruh" on "Unity's Bay" they turned back for home. Attracted by the missionaries' praise of the location, the Hudson's Bay Company established a permanent station on the east shore of the Koksoak River in 1830, at a site about 5 km downstream from the present settlement. Governor Simpson's plan was to attract trade from the Inuit of the surrounding territory as well as from the islands and ice sheets north of the bay, its first factor was Nicol Finlayson, who sent Erland Erlandson to establish an outpost on the Wausquash. By 1833, Fort Chimo comprised seven buildings in a defensive square, principally trading in caribou hides and white fox and marten pelts. Erlandson discovered bountiful trapping far to the south in the highlands around Lake Petitsikapau.

Over the next four years, he succeeded in establishing an efficient riverine connection with Fort Smith on Lake Melville, but the trade at Chimo itself was so sparse that the trails they found were used to supply Fort Naskaupi in the rich interior. In the winter of 1840–1841, fish and game were so scarce that the agents were forced to scatter into open camps around the countryside to survive as best they could. Fort Chimo and its Ungava District were shuttered on 1 September 1843, an HBC ship carting away the remaining men and supplies; the fort not reopened until 1866, when it was thought necessary to curtail the trade going to the Moravians in the area and the steamboat Labrador made resupplying the distant outpost easier. At that time, Inuit and Naskapi came to trade at the post. By the 1950s, Fort Chimo included two dormitories, two warehouses and salt sheds, carpentry and machinist workshops. A sloop, a steamer, outposts at the mouths of the Whale and George Rivers helped carry out the salmon catch each August, salted on site for use and export.

The fort was supplied by the steamer Eric, while a smaller refrigerated steamer picked up the salmon haul. Amid the Second World War, the US Air Force surveyed the area from amphibious aircraft out of Gander on 12 July 1941 and established the Crystal 1 weather station on the western shore of the Koksoak on 10 October 1941, it was supplied by the US Coast Guard. An airfield was established in the summer of 1942, although it was never used for the Crimson East's intended purpose of facilitating trans-Atlantic ferry flights; the US turned over the base to the Canadian government in 1944 and 1945, which established Naval Radio Station Chimo as part of the Canadian Supplementary Radio Activities system in 1948. Direction-finding facilities were finished and commenced operations in 1949. In 1950, it became part of the Atlantic high-frequency radio direction finding network after the Royal Canadian Navy and the US Navy agreed to coordinate and standardize their detection operations; the high cost of maintaining and supplying the base, led to it being shuttered in late summer 1952 and its equipment and personnel moved to Frobisher Bay on Baffin Island.

The site was adapted as the Kuujjuaq Airport, which now includes a Nav Canada air-traffic control facility that relays information on flights in northern Canada to Montreal. With more Inuit settling in the area during this time to assist the base, a Catholic mission was established in 1948 and was followed by an infirmary, a school, a weather station; the HBC outpost at Fort Chimo was closed for months of repairs in 1957 after a major fire, the post was moved closer to the airfield in 1960. The remaining families who had still lived around the old site joined the larger community, establishing present-day Kuujjuaq; the HBC store was sold to Hudson's Bay Northern Stores in 1987. Since 1996, police services in the Kativik region, including Kuujjuaq, are provided by the Kativik Regional Police Force; the headquarters of the KRPF are located in Kuujjuaq. Kuujjuaq lies 48 km upstream from Ungava Bay. Life in this community involves a close relationship with the river, its tides change the local landscape

Ann Culy

Ann Culy is a New Zealand jeweller. She has exhibited and her work is held in several New Zealand public collections. Culy was born in 1952 in Lower Hutt. In 1973 she graduated from Ilam School of Fine Arts with a Diploma in Fine Arts. After returning to tertiary study in 1990, gaining a Certificate in Craft Design at Otago Polytechnic, Culy became a full-time jeweller, she began working at Fluxus Contemporary Jewellery in Dunedin in 1991 and became a partner in the business the following year. In 1995, she established her own jewellery business, Lure Jewellery Workshop, which contained a shared workspace and retail outlet, her work has been included in three New Zealand Jewellery Biennials. In an interview with Susan Cummins for the Art Jewellery Forum, Ann Culy discussed her working process when creating pieces of jewellery, saying, “I do use ancient techniques in my making, they still hold fast. I pour my own ingots; the rings have no solder. I like that they can be returned to the metal they came from with the melt of a flame.”

Her work is held in the collections of Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa and the Christchurch Art Gallery. The Dowse Art Museum; the Dowse Art Museum. Deborah Crowe.


Adelotypa is a genus of butterflies in the family Riodinidae. They are found in South America; the type species of the genus is Adelotypa xanthobrunnea Warren, 1895, mistakenly described as a Geometridae species. Listed alphabetically: Adelotypa annulifera – cherry-spot Adelotypa argiella Brazil Adelotypa asemna Bolivia, Brazil Adelotypa bolena Brazil, Paraguay Adelotypa borsippa Brazil Adelotypa curulis Ecuador, Bolivia Adelotypa densemaculata Panama, Colombia, Peru Adelotypa eudocia Mexico, Costa Rica Adelotypa glauca Costa Rica, Venezuela Adelotypa malca Brazil Adelotypa mollis Brazil Adelotypa penthea French Guiana, Suriname, Peru Adelotypa sejuncta Brazil Adelotypa tinea Brazil Adelotypa trinitatis Ecuador and Tobago Adelotypa zerna Bolivia, Brazil Adelotypa, Butterflies of America Adelotypa, Tree of Life