Bidarray is a commune of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in southwestern France. It is located in the former province of Lower Navarre. From the riverside where you may practise both Rafting and Canoë, the village spreads onto the top of the hill. Discover the superb Roman bridge, the Noblia bridge which spans the Nive; the legend tells it was built by the Laminak or Sorginak in one night, that's why the people of the village used to nickname it "the Bridge of Hell". Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department INSEE commune file BIDARRAI in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia
Ascarat is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France. The inhabitants are known as Azkaratear. Ascarat is located in the former province of Lower Navarre in the Aldudes Valley north-west of Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port. Access to the commune is by the D918 road from Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port which passes through the length of the commune on the eastern side and continues to Louhossoa; the D15 road goes north-west from Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port through the southern part of the commune continuing to Irouléguy. Access to the village is by country roads - Garategana from the D15 and Learraa from the D918. There are substantial forests in the commune; the Nive river forms the eastern border of the commune as it flows north to join the Adour at Bayonne. Three streams flow into the Nive in the commune: the Nive d'Arnéguy, the Nive de Béhérobie, the Berroko erreka, the Pagolako erreka; the name Ascarat appears in the forms: Ascarat, Azcarat, Azquarat, Axcarat and Sanctus Julianus d'Ascarat.
Jean-Baptiste Orpustan indicated that the name is composed of aitz and garate, giving "a height of rocks". Chubitoa was a hamlet in Ascarat and Anhaux, mentioned in 1863Jauréguy was a fief, vassal of the Kingdom of Navarre, cited in the 1863 dictionary as was Larragoyen; the commune name in basque is Azkarate. The parish was mentioned in 1256 and was "ravaged by soldiers" in 1396. In 1391 Saint-Étienne-de-Baïgorry included the modern communes of Anhaux, Irouléguy, Lasse. List of Successive Mayors The commune is part of nine inter-communal structures: the Community of communes of Garazi-Baigorri. In 2010 the commune had 312 inhabitants; the evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 The commune is part of the production zone of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée of Irouléguy and of the AOC zone of Ossau-iraty.
Economic activity is agricultural. There are several farms in the commune which are registered as historical monuments; these are: Uhaldea House Harizpea Farm Chateau de Vergues Houses and Farms The Church of Saint-Julien-d'Antioche is of medieval origin was rebuilt in the 18th and 19th century. Pierre Narbaitz, born in 1910 at Ascarat and died in 1984 at Cambo-les-Bains, was a historian, a basque French academic of the Basque and French languages. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department AZKARATE in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Ascarat on Google Maps Ascarat on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Azcarat on the 1750 Cassini Map Ascarat on the INSEE website INSEE
Communauté d'agglomération du Pays Basque
The Communauté d'agglomération du Pays Basque, is the communauté d'agglomération, an intercommunal structure, centred on the cities of Bayonne and Biarritz. It is located in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department, in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region, southwestern France, it was created in January 2017 by the merger of the former communauté de l'agglomération Côte Basque-Adour, communauté de l'agglomération Sud Pays Basque and eight communautés de communes. Its population was 309,723 of which 49,550 in Bayonne and 25,480 in Biarritz; the Communauté d'agglomération du Pays Basque consists of the following 158 communes
Communes of France
The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic. French communes are analogous to civil townships and incorporated municipalities in the United States and Canada, Gemeinden in Germany, comuni in Italy or ayuntamiento in Spain; the United Kingdom has no exact equivalent, as communes resemble districts in urban areas, but are closer to parishes in rural areas where districts are much larger. Communes are based on historical geographic communities or villages and are vested with significant powers to manage the populations and land of the geographic area covered; the communes are the fourth-level administrative divisions of France. Communes vary in size and area, from large sprawling cities with millions of inhabitants like Paris, to small hamlets with only a handful of inhabitants. Communes are based on pre-existing villages and facilitate local governance. All communes have names, but not all named geographic areas or groups of people residing together are communes, the difference residing in the lack of administrative powers.
Except for the municipal arrondissements of its largest cities, the communes are the lowest level of administrative division in France and are governed by elected officials with extensive autonomous powers to implement national policy. A commune is city, or other municipality. "Commune" in English has a historical bias, implies an association with socialist political movements or philosophies, collectivist lifestyles, or particular history. There is nothing intrinsically different between commune in French; the French word commune appeared in the 12th century, from Medieval Latin communia, for a large gathering of people sharing a common life. As of January 2015, there were 36,681 communes in France, 36,552 of them in metropolitan France and 129 of them overseas; this is a higher total than that of any other European country, because French communes still reflect the division of France into villages or parishes at the time of the French Revolution. The whole territory of the French Republic is divided into communes.
This is unlike some other countries, such as the United States, where unincorporated areas directly governed by a county or a higher authority can be found. There are only a few exceptions: COM of Saint-Martin, it was a commune inside the Guadeloupe région. The commune structure was abolished when Saint-Martin became an overseas collectivity on 22 February 2007. COM of Wallis and Futuna, which still is divided according to the three traditional chiefdoms. COM of Saint Barthélemy, it was a commune inside the Guadeloupe region. The commune structure was abolished when Saint-Barthélemy became an overseas collectivity on 22 February 2007. Furthermore, two regions without permanent habitation have no communes: TOM of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands Clipperton Island in the Pacific Ocean In metropolitan France, the average area of a commune in 2004 was 14.88 square kilometres. The median area of metropolitan France's communes at the 1999 census was smaller, at 10.73 square kilometres. The median area is a better measure of the area of a typical French commune.
This median area is smaller than that of most European countries. In Italy, the median area of communes is 22 km2. Switzerland and the Länder of Rhineland-Palatinate, Schleswig-Holstein, Thuringia in Germany were the only places in Europe where the communes had a smaller median area than in France; the communes of France's overseas départements such as Réunion and French Guiana are large by French standards. They group into the same commune several villages or towns with sizeable distances among them. In Réunion, demographic expansion and sprawling urbanization have resulted in the administrative splitting of some communes; the median population of metropolitan France's communes at the 1999 census was 380 inhabitants. Again this is a small number, here France stands apart in Europe, with the lowest communes' median population of all the European countries; this small median population of French communes can be compared with Italy, where the median population of communes in 2001 was 2,343 inhabitants, Belgium, or Spain.
The median population given here should not hide the fact that there are pronounced differences in size between French communes. As mentioned in the introduction, a commune can be a city of 2 million inhabitants such as Paris, a town of 10,000 inhabitants, or just a hamlet of 10 inhabitants. What the median population tells us is that the vast majority of the French communes only have a few hundred inhabitants. In metropolitan France just over 50 percent of the 36,683 communes have fewer than 500 inhabitants a
Béhasque-Lapiste is a commune of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in southwestern France. It is located in the former province of Lower Navarre. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department INSEE commune file BEHASKANE-LAPHIZKETA in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia
Arraute-Charritte is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Arruetar. Arraute-Charritte is located in the former province of Lower Navarre some 40 km east by south-east of Bayonne and 15 km north-west of Saint-Palais. Access to the commune is by the D11 road from Bidache in the north passing through the commune east of the village and continuing to Masparraute in the south. Access to the village is by the D246 from Orègue in the west passing the village south-west to Masparraute; the D313 passes down the western border of the commune from the D11 south of Bidache and joins the D246 west of the village. The D310 goes east from the D11 north of the village to Bergouey-Viellenave. There are forests in the north-east and north-west of the commune with a band of patchy forest through the centre; the rest of the commune is farmland. There is a stop in the commune on bus route 870 from Tardets-Sorholus to Bayonne on the Interurban Network of Pyrénées-Atlantiques.
The Bidouze river forms the north-eastern border of the commune with the Ruisseau de Mandeheguy flowing into it there. Numerous other streams rise all over the flow east to the Bidouze; the Ruiusseau de Bordaberry rises in the north of the commune and flows west to join the Apatharena which forms the western border of the commune and continues north to join the Lihoury. Numerous other streams rise in the flow to the Apatharena; the commune name in basque is Arrueta-Sarrikota. Jean-Baptiste Orpustan indicated that Charrite came from Sarri-ko-ta meaning "place of small bushes". However, there is no certainty of the origin of the name Arraute; the following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy Cassini: Cassini Map from 1750 Ldh/EHESS/Cassini: Charritte on the Ldh/EHESS/Cassini database Origins: Duchesne: Duchesne collection volume CXIV Pamplona: Titles of Pamplona Biscay: Martin Biscay The commune of Arraute and its village, Charritte-Mixe, were merged on 27 June 1842.
List of Successive Mayors The commune is part of five inter-communal structures: the AEP association of Pays de Mixe. In 2009 the commune had 365 inhabitants; the evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Arraute-Charritte and Charente-Maritime Department in 2009 Sources: Evolution and Structure of the population of the Commune in 2009, INSEE. Evolution and Structure of the population of the Department in 2009, INSEE; the town is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée zone designation of Ossau-iraty. Dwelling Tax: 9.04% Property tax: 6.39% Business Tax: 7.97%The local economy is based on agriculture: Agriculture: cereals. The village is Basque and has some Maisons à colombages.
The Parish Church of Saint-Pierre in Arraute is registered as an historical monument. The Funeral Chapel of Samacoitz is part of the religious heritage; the Banks of the Bidouze are classified as a Natura 2000 site. Amorots-Succos, Masparraute, Orègue, Béguios, Arraute-Charritte have created together an inter-communal educational grouping. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department ARRUETA-SARRIKOTA in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Arraute-Charritte on Lion1906 Arraute-Charritte on Google Maps Arraute-Charritte on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Arraute and Charritte on the 1750 Cassini Map Arraute-Charritte on the INSEE website INSEE
Béhorléguy is a commune of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in southwestern France. It is located in the former province of Lower Navarre. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department INSEE BEHORLEGI in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia