Camille Mauclair

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Camille Mauclair by Félix Vallotton, which appeared in Le Livre des masques by Remy de Gourmont (vol. II, 1898).)

Séverin Faust (December 29, 1872, Paris – April 23, 1945), better known by his pseudonym Camille Mauclair, was a French poet, novelist, biographer, travel writer, and art critic.[1]

Mauclair was a great admirer of Stéphane Mallarmé, to whom he dedicated several works, and of Maurice Maeterlinck,[2] he was initially a poet and novelist. His poetry attracted some attention and was set to music by Ernest Bloch, Gustave Charpentier, and Ernest Chausson and Nadia Boulanger.[1][3] His best-known novel is Le Soleil des morts (1898),[1] a roman à clef containing fictionalized portraits of leading avant-garde writers, artists, and musicians of the 1890s, which has been recognized as an important historical document of the fin de siècle.[4] He also wrote several non-fiction books about music including Schumann (1906), The Religion of Music (1909), The History of European Music from 1850-1914 (1914) and The Heroes of the Orchestra (1921) which contributed greatly to French awareness of musical trends in turn-of-the-century Paris.[5]

As art critic at the Mercure de France, he attacked artists such as Paul Gauguin and Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, though he expressed his admiration when their work became accepted.[6]

Later in life he wrote mainly nonfiction, including travel writing such as Normandy (1939), biographies of writers, artists, and musicians, and art criticism; in his art criticism, he supported impressionism and symbolism,[1] but disdained Fauvism, writing of the style that "a pot of paint has been flung in the face of the public".[7] He also provided the libretto for Antoine Mariotte's 3-act 'conte lyrique' Nele Dooryn, premiered at the Opéra-Comique in 1940.[8]

At the end of his life, he collaborated with the Vichy France-regime, and worked for the Grand Magazine illustré de la Race : Revivre.[9]

He was also a cofounder of the Théâtre de l'Œuvre with Lugné-Poe.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e Shirlee Emmons & Wilbur Watkin Lewis (2006). "Mauclair, Camille". Researching the Song: A Lexicon. Oxford University Press. p. 303. ISBN 0-19-515202-6. 
  2. ^ Bertrand Marchal (1998), Mallarmé, Presses Paris Sorbonne ISBN 2-84050-120-1
  3. ^ Nadia Boulanger, Ten Songs, Hildegard Publishing Co.
  4. ^ Susan Youens (1987). "Le Soleil des morts: A Fin-de-siècle Portrait Gallery". 19th-Century Music. 11 (1): 43–58. doi:10.1525/ncm.1987.11.1.02a00030. 
  5. ^ Yeoland, R.H. (2009). La Contribution Litteraire de Camille Mauclair Au Domaine Musical Parisien. ISBN 0-7734-4860-8. 
  6. ^ Jensen, Robert. Marketing Modernism in Fin-de-siècle Europe. Princeton University Press. p. 334. 
  7. ^ Ian Chilver, ed. (2004). "Fauvism". The Oxford Dictionary of Art. Oxford University Press.  Retrieved from on February 29, 2008.
  8. ^ Wolff S. Un demi-siècle d'Opéra-Comique (1900-1950). André Bonne, Paris, 1953.
  9. ^ Romy Golan (1995). "From Fin de Siècle to Vichy: The Cultural Hygienics of Camille (Faust) Mauclair". In Linda Nochlin & Tamar Garb. The Jew in the Text: Modernity and the Construction of Identity. Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-01667-4. 

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