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Camp (style)

Camp is an aesthetic style and sensibility that regards something as appealing because of its bad taste and ironic value. Camp aesthetics disrupt many of modernism's notions of what art is and what can be classified as high art by inverting aesthetic attributes such as beauty and taste through an invitation of a different kind of apprehension and consumption. Scholarship at Oxford University suggests that Oscar Wilde's particular brand of aristocratic, amoral aestheticism is the precursor to modern Camp. Camp can be a social practice and function as a style and performance identity for several types of entertainment including film and pantomime. Where high art incorporates beauty and value, camp needs to be lively and dynamic. "Camp aesthetics delights in impertinence." Camp seeks to challenge. Camp art is related to—and confused with—kitsch, things with camp appeal may be described as "cheesy"; when the usage appeared in 1909, it denoted "ostentatious, affected, theatrical", or "effeminate" behavior, by the middle of the 1970s, camp was defined by the college edition of Webster's New World Dictionary as "banality, artifice, ostentation... so extreme as to amuse or have a perversely sophisticated appeal".

The American writer Susan Sontag's essay "Notes on'Camp'" emphasized its key elements as: "artifice, frivolity, naïve middle-class pretentiousness, shocking excess". Camp as an aesthetic has been popular from the 1960s to the present. Camp aesthetics were popularized by filmmakers George and Mike Kuchar, Jack Smith and his film Flaming Creatures, John Waters, including the latter's Pink Flamingos and Polyester. Celebrities that are associated with camp personas include drag queens and performers such as Dame Edna Everage, Divine, RuPaul, Paul Lynde, Liberace. Camp was a part of the anti-academic defense of popular culture in the 1960s and gained popularity in the 1980s with the widespread adoption of postmodern views on art and culture. In 1870, in a letter produced in evidence at his examination before a magistrate at Bow-street, London, on suspicion of then-illegal homosexual acts, crossdresser Frederick Park referred to his "campish undertakings". In 1909, the Oxford English Dictionary gave the first print citation of camp as ostentatious, affected, theatrical.

So as a noun,'camp' behavior, mannerisms, et cetera.. According to the dictionary, this sense is "etymologically obscure". Camp in this sense has been suggested to have derived from the French term se camper, meaning "to pose in an exaggerated fashion", it evolved into a general description of the aesthetic choices and behavior of working-class homosexual men. The concept of camp was described by Christopher Isherwood in 1954 in his novel The World in the Evening, in 1964 by Susan Sontag in her essay and book Notes on "Camp"; the rise of post-modernism made camp a common perspective on aesthetics, not identified with any specific group. The attitude was a distinctive factor in pre-Stonewall gay male communities, where it was the dominant cultural pattern, it originated from the acceptance of gayness as effeminacy. Two key components of camp were feminine performances: swish and drag. With swish featuring extensive use of superlatives, drag being exaggerated female impersonation, camp became extended to all things "over the top", including women posing as female impersonators, as in the exaggerated Hollywood version of Carmen Miranda.

It was this version of the concept, adopted by literary and art critics and became a part of the conceptual array of 1960s culture. Moe Meyer still defines camp as "queer parody". Much of the cult following of camp today grew during the transition from black-and-white to color television in the early 1960s. Network programming during that time sought entertainment content that would display the new medium with the use of bright colors and high stylization; the concept of the comicbook superhero could be interpreted as camp. However, since it was aimed at children, it is camp only in a secondary perspective, it was not until the 1960s television version of Batman that the link was made explicit, with the inherent ridiculousness of the concept exposed as a vehicle for comedy. The villains of series as divergent as Batman and The Mod Squad were costumed as to take advantage of new colors and changing fashion styles, in ways that took advantage of camp. Batman fell victim to contemporaneous parodies, with the release of Captain Nice and Mr. Terrific, which layered extra camp onto the overladen superhero concept.

The stylized content of Batman may have jump-started television campiness, to circumvent the strict censorship of comics at this time, as the Batman comic books were dark and noirish until the 1950s and from the 1970s onwards. Television series such as The Avengers, The Addams Family, The Munsters, Gilligan's Island, Lost in Space, The Wild Wild West, Get Smart, Are You Being Served?, Charlie's Angels, Fantasy Island and CHiPs are enjoyed into the 21st c

Karl Höfer

Karl Höfer was a German general. During World War I he became known as the Held vom Kemmelberge after his division had captured the Kemmelberg during the Fourth Battle of Flanders. Retired, as "Generalleutnant a. D.", Höfer defended German Upper Silesia against Polish insurgents in the Silesian Uprisings in 1921. The Freikorps leaders had agreed upon Höfer as commander. In the international press, he was referred to as "General Hoefer" or "Teuton Commander Hoefer". Karl Hoefer: Oberschlesien in der Aufstandszeit, 1918-1921: Erinnerungen und Dokumente, published by E. S. Mittler & Sohn, 1938, 376 pagesreviewed by H. F. P. Percival, International Affairs, Vol. 17, No. 6, pp. 853–854

2001–02 Sporting de Gijón season

The 2001–02 Sporting de Gijón season was the fourth consecutive season of the club in Segunda División after its last relegation from La Liga. After finishing the previous season, Pepe Acebal continued at the helm of the club. Real Sporting finished the season in the sixth position and was eliminated in the round of 16 by Villarreal of the Copa del Rey after beating Oviedo, in the first Asturian derby played in four years, La Liga team Deportivo Alavés. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Profile at BDFutbol Official website


The Céou is a 55.1 km long river in the Lot and Dordogne départements, southwestern France. Its source is at 13 km southwest of Rocamadour, it flows northwest. It is a left tributary of the Dordogne into which it flows at Castelnaud-la-Chapelle, 9 km southwest of Sarlat-la-Canéda; this list is ordered from source to mouth: Lot: Séniergues, Vaillac, Frayssinet, Saint-Chamarand, Saint-Germain-du-Bel-Air, Concorès, Dégagnac, Gourdon, Léobard, Salviac Dordogne: Saint-Aubin-de-Nabirat, Florimont-Gaumier, Saint-Martial-de-Nabirat, Daglan, Cénac-et-Saint-Julien, Saint-Cybranet, Castelnaud-la-Chapelle This article is based on the equivalent article from the French Wikipedia, consulted on 6 May 2009. Http:// The Céou at the Sandre database

Graeme Campbell (politician)

Graeme Campbell is an Australian politician. He represented the vast seat of Kalgoorlie in the Australian House of Representatives from 1980 to 1998, he was born in Abingdon, England, came to Australia as a child and was educated at Urrbrae Agricultural High School in South Australia. Campbell is married to Michele, a French woman who met him first in 1972 on a sheep station in the Nullabor. Campbell worked in a range of occupations before entering federal parliament in October 1980 as the Labor member for Kalgoorlie. Considered a maverick, he was an ardent supporter of the mining industry, crossed the floor on gold tax in 1988, was a vocal critic of the Mabo decision and sanctions on the apartheid regime in South Africa, a proponent of uranium mining. In October 1993, again in May 1995, he delivered a speech at the national seminar of the Australian League of Rights, a far-right group for which he was believed to hold sympathies, in by-elections in Mackellar and Warringah in 1994, he urged electors to vote for Australians Against Further Immigration.

After numerous run-ins with the Labor leadership and considerable media attention to his exploits, he was expelled from the party on 30 November 1995 after addressing an AAFI meeting where he criticised Labor's immigration policies. He continued to sit in parliament as an independent, was reelected as an independent in the 1996 election, when he only received 35% of the primary vote, but defeated the Labor candidate, former Deputy Premier of Western Australia Ian Taylor, on Liberal preferences. In June 1996, Campbell founded the Australia First Party, but was reckoned as an independent, he was defeated for reelection at the 1998 federal election after being eliminated on the seventh count. Campbell blamed his loss on Australia First being eclipsed by One Nation. In 2009, he claimed that, if not for the presence of a One Nation candidate, he would have picked up an additional 8.5% of the vote, which would have been enough to keep him in the race. He remained Australia First's leader until June 2001, when he left the party to stand as a One Nation Senate candidate in Western Australia.

In 2004, he attempted unsuccessfully to regain his old federal seat as an independent. He stood for the Senate in Western Australia at the 2007 federal election as an independent, but only achieved 0.13% of the vote. Graeme Campbell and Mark Uhlmann. Australia Betrayed: How Australian democracy has been undermined and our naive trust betrayed, Foundation Press, Perth, 1995. ISBN 1-875778-02-0

Flora Brovina

Flora Brovina is a Kosovar Albanian poet and women’s rights activist. She was born in the town of Skenderaj in the Drenica Valley of Kosovo, was raised in Prishtina, where she went to school and began studying medicine. After finishing her university studies in Zagreb, where she specialized in pediatrics, she returned to Kosovo and worked for a time as a journalist for the Albanian-language daily newspaper Rilindja. Soon thereafter, she returned to the health care profession and worked for many years in the Pediatrics Ward of the Pristina General Hospital; as the political situation in Kosovo deteriorated in the 1990s, fighting broke out, Brovina ran a health clinic in Pristina in which she distributed health care information on matters as diverse as snake bites, dressing wounds and delivering babies. She used the centre to shelter a number of orphaned children, many of whom had lost their parents during the fighting and expulsions, she and her fellow workers took care of as many as 25 children at a time.

On 20 April 1999 during the Kosovo War, Brovina was abducted by eight masked Serbia paramilitaries from the home she was staying in and was driven off by car to an unknown destination. She was thus in captivity in Serbia when NATO forces took the capital and Serb troops withdrew from the country; the first news of her abduction broke on 24 April 1999 when her son managed to contact the international writers’ association, PEN, with an urgent appeal that the news of her abduction be made known as as possible. She was transferred to a Serb prison in Požarevac and, in her first month of detention, was subjected to over 200 hours of interrogation in 18 separate sessions lasting from 7 A. M. to 5 P. M. On 9 December 1999, in a show trial, she was accused of'terrorist activities' under Article 136 of the Yugoslav Penal Code, she spent a year and a half in Serb prisons before being released as a result of international pressure. As a writer, Flora Brovina is the author of three volumes of lyric verse.

The first collection, Verma emrin tim, containing 42 verses, was published in Pristina in 1973 when she was a mere twenty-four years old. Six years in 1979, the collection Bimë e zë followed, it is in this collection. Conspicuous among them is the fate of women in society, in particular the role of women as mothers, as life-givers and nurturers, it is here that births, umbilical cords, amniotic fluid and suckling breasts begin to make their appearance. Along with plants, these are the most ubiquitous symbols of her verse production, her third and last collection of original verse, entitled Mat e çmat, was published in Pristina in 1995. Mat e çmat appeared at a time when Kosovo was gravitating towards war. Though this third collection cannot be interpreted as political verse to any great extent, there are many poems in the volume which reflect her preoccupation not only with the problems and aspirations of individuals, but with the fate of her people, with freedom and self-determination. In 1999, Flora Brovina was recipient of the annual Tucholsky Award of the Swedish PEN Club, a prize, awarded to other writers of note such as Salman Rushdie, Adam Zagajewski, Nuruddin Farah, Taslima Nasrin, Shirali Nurmuadov, Vincent Magombe.

She is the recipient of the PEN/Barbara Goldsmith Freedom to Write Award by PEN American Center and the Human Rights Award of the Heinrich Böll Foundation in Berlin. Despite this international recognition, it is curious to note that, as a poet, Flora Brovina has never been part of the literary establishment of Kosovo, nor has her verse found its way into the mainstream of contemporary Albanian literature. A collection of her verse has appeared in English in "Flora Brovina, Call me by my Name, Poetry from Kosova" in a bilingual Albanian-English Edition, translated by Robert Elsie, New York: Gjonlekaj 2001. After Kosovo was proclaimed independent, Flora Brovina ran for the President of Kosovo in 2001 on the list of the Democratic Party of Kosovo, a surprise candidate instead of the party's leader Hashim Thaci. Since she has been a Member of the Assembly of Kosovo during each of its legislation period. Rreze Abdullahu Mimoza Ahmeti Lindita Arapi Klara Buda Diana Culi Elvira Dones Musine Kokalari Helena Kadare Irma Kurti Mcgwire, Scarlett.

"Kosovo's first lady". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2006-06-07. "Kosovar Pediatrician Flora Brovina Released from Prison". Archived from the original on 2006-05-17. Retrieved 2006-06-07. "Presidential battle in Kosovo". CNN. 2001-11-19. Retrieved 2006-06-07