Milan is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,372,810 while its metropolitan city has a population of 3,245,308. Its continuously built-up urban area has a population estimated to be about 5,270,000 over 1,891 square kilometres; the wider Milan metropolitan area, known as Greater Milan, is a polycentric metropolitan region that extends over central Lombardy and eastern Piedmont and which counts an estimated total population of 7.5 million, making it by far the largest metropolitan area in Italy and the 54th largest in the world. Milan served as capital of the Western Roman Empire from 286 to 402 and the Duchy of Milan during the medieval period and early modern age. Milan is considered a leading alpha global city, with strengths in the field of the art, design, entertainment, finance, media, services and tourism, its business district hosts Italy's stock exchange and the headquarters of national and international banks and companies.
In terms of GDP, it has the third-largest economy among European cities after Paris and London, but the fastest in growth among the three, is the wealthiest among European non-capital cities. Milan is considered part of the Blue Banana and one of the "Four Motors for Europe"; the city has been recognized as one of the world's four fashion capitals thanks to several international events and fairs, including Milan Fashion Week and the Milan Furniture Fair, which are among the world's biggest in terms of revenue and growth. It hosted the Universal Exposition in 1906 and 2015; the city hosts numerous cultural institutions and universities, with 11% of the national total enrolled students. Milan is the destination of 8 million overseas visitors every year, attracted by its museums and art galleries that boast some of the most important collections in the world, including major works by Leonardo da Vinci; the city is served by a large number of luxury hotels and is the fifth-most starred in the world by Michelin Guide.
The city is home to two of Europe's most successful football teams, A. C. Milan and F. C. Internazionale, one of Italy's main basketball teams, Olimpia Milano; the etymology of the name Milan remains uncertain. One theory holds that the Latin name Mediolanum planus. However, some scholars believe that lanum comes from the Celtic root lan, meaning an enclosure or demarcated territory in which Celtic communities used to build shrines. Hence Mediolanum could signify the central sanctuary of a Celtic tribe. Indeed, about sixty Gallo-Roman sites in France bore the name "Mediolanum", for example: Saintes and Évreux. In addition, another theory links the name to the boar sow an ancient emblem of the city, fancifully accounted for in Andrea Alciato's Emblemata, beneath a woodcut of the first raising of the city walls, where a boar is seen lifted from the excavation, the etymology of Mediolanum given as "half-wool", explained in Latin and in French; the foundation of Milan is credited to two Celtic peoples, the Bituriges and the Aedui, having as their emblems a ram and a boar.
Alciato credits Ambrose for his account. The Celtic Insubres, the inhabitants of the region of northern Italy called Insubria, appear to have founded Milan around 600 BC. According to the legend reported by Livy, the Gaulish king Ambicatus sent his nephew Bellovesus into northern Italy at the head of a party drawn from various Gaulish tribes; the Romans, led by consul Gnaeus Cornelius Scipio Calvus, fought the Insubres and captured the city in 222 BC. They conquered the entirety of the region, calling the new province "Cisalpine Gaul" – "Gaul this side of the Alps" – and may have given the site its Latinized Celtic name of Mediolanum: in Gaulish *medio- meant "middle, center" and the name element -lanon is the Celtic equivalent of Latin -planum "plain", thus *Mediolanon meant " in the midst of the plain". In 286 the Roman Emperor Diocletian moved the capital of the Western Roman Empire from Rome to Mediolanum. Diocletian himself chose to reside at Nicomedia in the Eastern Empire, leaving his colleague Maximian at Milan.
Maximian built several gigantic monuments, the large circus, the thermae or "Baths of Hercules", a large complex of imperial palaces and other services and buildings of which fewer visible traces remain. Maximian increased the city area surrounded by a new, larger stone wall encompassing an area of 375 acres with many 24-sided towers; the monumental area had twin towers. From Mediolanum the Emperor Constantine issued the Edict of Milan in 313 AD, granting tolerance to all religions within the Empire, thus paving the way for Christianity to become the dominant religion of Roman Europe. Constantine had come to Mediolanum to celebrate the wedding of his sister
Sesto San Giovanni
Sesto San Giovanni is a comune in the Metropolitan City of Milan, northern Italy. Its railway station is the northernmost stop on the Milan Metro M1 line; the comune, informally referred to as "Sesto", has the honorary title of city, despite being a de facto suburb of Milan. An unimportant agglomerate of buildings until the 19th century, Sesto San Giovanni grew during the end of the 19th century and in the early 20th century, becoming the site of several industries, including companies such as Falck, Magneti Marelli and Breda. In that period the population increased from 5,000 inhabitants in 1880 to 14,000 in 1911. After World War II, Sesto became populated by many migrants from other parts of Italy, leading to an increased population of 95,000 inhabitants in 1981. Sesto used to be referred to as the Stalingrad of Italy, due to the strong historical presence of the Italian Communist Party and to its resistance to fascism in World War Two; because of its diverse and growing industries, Sesto has drawn many migrants.
Census statistics from 2016 state. In the 1990s, Sesto San Giovanni suffered an economic crisis, most of the larger companies in the town closed their premises; the town succeeded in converting its economy from steel production to service industries. Several large companies opened offices in Sesto, such as ABB Group, WIND Telecommunications and Oracle Corporation. On 23 December 2016, Anis Amri, perpetrator of Berlin truck attack was shot fleeing in the city by the police. Sesto San Giovanni received the honorary title of city by presidential decree on 10 April 1954. Ferdinando Terruzzi, railway cyclist Nicolás Cotugno, former Roman Catholic Archbishop of Montevideo, Uruguay Gino Strada war surgeon and founder of Emergency, a UN-recognized international humanitarian organisation that gives free medical treatment to victims of war Massimo Carrera and coach Marco Saligari, cyclist Barbara Fusar-Poli, figure skater Fabio Macellari, footballer Sfera Ebbasta, rapper Saint-Denis, France Zlín, Czech Republic Santo André, Brazil Terlizzi, since 10 September 1979 Goražde, Bosnia and Herzegovina
A ticker symbol or stock symbol is an abbreviation used to uniquely identify publicly traded shares of a particular stock on a particular stock market. A stock symbol may consist of numbers or a combination of both. "Ticker symbol" refers to the symbols. Stock symbols are unique identifiers assigned to each security traded on a particular market. A stock symbol can consist of letters, numbers, or a combination of both, is a way to uniquely identify that stock; the symbols were kept as short as possible to reduce the number of characters that had to be printed on the ticker tape, to make it easy to recognize by traders and investors. The allocation of symbols and formatting convention is specific to each stock exchange. In the US, for example, stock tickers are between 1 and 4 letters and represent the company name where possible. For example, US-based computer company stock Apple Inc. traded on the NASDAQ exchange has the symbol AAPL, while the motor company Ford's stock, traded on the New York Stock Exchange has the single-letter ticker F.
In Europe, most exchanges use three-letter codes, for example Dutch consumer goods company Unilever traded on the Amsterdam Euronext exchange has the symbol UNA. While in Asia, numbers are used as stock tickers to avoid issues for international investors when using non-Latin scripts. For example, the bank HSBC's stock traded on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange has the ticker symbol 0005. Symbols sometimes change to reflect mergers. Prior to the 1999 merger with Mobil Oil, Exxon used a phonetic spelling of the company "XON" as its ticker symbol; the symbol of the firm after the merger was "XOM". Symbols are sometimes reused. In the US the single-letter symbols are sought after as vanity symbols. For example, since Mar 2008 Visa Inc. has used the symbol V, used by Vivendi which had delisted and given up the symbol. To qualify a stock, both the ticker and the exchange or country of listing needs to be known. On many systems both must be specified to uniquely identify the security; this is done by appending the location or exchange code to the ticker.
Although stock tickers identify a security, they are exchange dependent limited to stocks and can change. These limitations have led to the development of other codes in financial markets to identify securities for settlement purposes; the most prevalent of these is the International Securities Identifying Number. An ISIN uniquely identifies a security and its structure is defined in ISO 6166. Securities for which ISINs are issued include bonds, commercial paper and warrants; the ISIN code is a 12-character alpha-numerical code that does not contain information characterizing financial instruments, but serves for uniform identification of a security at trading and settlement. The ISIN identifies not the exchange on which it trades. For instance, Daimler AG stock trades on twenty-two different stock exchanges worldwide, is priced in five different currencies. ISIN cannot specify a particular trade in this case, another identifier the three- or four-letter exchange code will have to be specified in addition to the ISIN.
While a stock ticker identifies a security that can be traded, stock market indices are sometimes assigned a symbol though they can not be traded. Symbols for indices are distinguished by adding a symbol in front of the name, such as a caret or a dot. For example, Reuters lists the Nasdaq Composite index under the symbol. IXIC. In Canada the Toronto Stock Exchange TSX and the TSXV use the following special codes after the ticker symbol: In the United Kingdom, prior to 1996, stock codes were known as EPICs, named after the London Stock Exchange's Exchange Price Information Computer. Following the introduction of the Sequence trading platform in 1996, EPICs were renamed Tradable Instrument Display Mnemonics, but they are still referred to as EPICs. Stocks can be identified using their SEDOL number or their ISIN. In the United States, modern letter-only ticker symbols were developed by Standard & Poor's to bring a national standard to investing. A single company could have many different ticker symbols as they varied between the dozens of individual stock markets.
The term ticker refers to the noise made by the ticker tape machines once used by stock exchanges. The S&P system was standardized by the securities industry and modified as years passed. Stock symbols for preferred stock have not been standardized; some companies use a well-known product as their ticker symbol. Belgian brewer InBev, the brewer of Budweiser beer, uses "BUD" as its three-letter ticker for American Depository Receipts, symbolizing its premier product in the United States, its rival, Molson Coors Brewing Company, uses a beer-related symbol, "TAP". Southwest Airlines pays tribute to its headquarters at Love Field in Dallas through its "LUV" symbol. Cedar Fair Entertainment Company, which operates large amusement parks in the United States, uses "FUN" as its symbol. Harley-Davidson uses "HOG" for its Harley Owners Group. Yamana Gold uses "AUY", because on the periodic table of elements. Sotheby's uses the symbol "BID". While most symbols come from the company's name, sometimes it happens the other way around.
Tricon Global, owner of KFC, Pi
The chairman is the highest officer of an organized group such as a board, a committee, or a deliberative assembly. The person holding the office is elected or appointed by the members of the group, the chairman presides over meetings of the assembled group and conducts its business in an orderly fashion. In some organizations, the chairman position is called president, in others, where a board appoints a president, the two different terms are used for distinctly different positions. Other terms sometimes used for the office and its holder include chair, chairwoman, presiding officer, moderator and convenor; the chairman of a parliamentary chamber is called the speaker. The term chair is sometimes used in lieu of chairman, in response to criticisms that using chairman is sexist, it is used today, has been used as a substitute for chairman since the middle of the 17th century, with its earliest citation in the Oxford English Dictionary dated 1658–1659, only four years after the first citation for chairman.
Major dictionaries state that the word derives from a person. A 1994 Canadian study found the Toronto Star newspaper referring to most presiding men as "chairman", to most presiding women as "chairperson" or as "chairwoman"; the Chronicle of Higher Education uses "chairman" for men and "chairperson" for women. An analysis of the British National Corpus found chairman used 1,142 times, chairperson 130 times and chairwoman 68 times; the National Association of Parliamentarians adopted a resolution in 1975 discouraging the use of “chairperson” and rescinded it in 2017. The Wall Street Journal, The New York Times and United Press International all use "chairwoman" or "chairman" when referring to women, forbid use of "chair" or of "chairperson" except in direct quotations. In World Schools Style debating, male chairs are called "Mr. Chairman" and female chairs are called "Madame Chair"; the FranklinCovey Style Guide for Business and Technical Communication, as well as the American Psychological Association style guide, advocate using "chair" or "chairperson", rather than "chairman".
The Oxford Dictionary of American Usage and Style suggests that the gender-neutral forms are gaining ground. It advocates using "chair" to refer both to women; the Telegraph style guide bans the use of both "Chair" and "Chairperson" on the basis that "Chairman" is correct English. The word chair can refer to the place from which the holder of the office presides, whether on a chair, at a lectern, or elsewhere. During meetings, the person presiding is said to be "in the chair" and is referred to as "the chair". Parliamentary procedure requires that members address the "chair" as "Mr. Chairman" rather than using a name – one of many customs intended to maintain the presiding officer's impartiality and to ensure an objective and impersonal approach. In the United States, the presiding officer of the lower house of a legislative body, such as the House of Representatives, is titled the Speaker, while the upper house, such as the Senate, is chaired by a President. In his 1992 State of the Union address, then-U.
S. President George H. W. Bush used "chairman" for men and "chair" for women. In the British music hall tradition, the Chairman was the master of ceremonies who announced the performances and was responsible for controlling any rowdy elements in the audience; the role was popularised on British TV in the 1960s and 1970s by Leonard Sachs, the Chairman on the variety show The Good Old Days."Chairman" as a quasi-title gained particular resonance when socialist states from 1917 onward shunned more traditional leadership labels and stressed the collective control of soviets by beginning to refer to executive figureheads as "Chairman of the X Committee". Vladimir Lenin, for example functioned as the head of Soviet Russia not as tsar or as president but in roles such as "Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the Russian SFSR". Note in particular the popular standard method for referring to Mao Zedong: "Chairman Mao". In addition to the administrative or executive duties in organizations, the chairman has the duties of presiding over meetings.
Such duties at meetings include: Calling the meeting to order Determining if a quorum is present Announcing the items on the order of business or agenda as they come up Recognition of members to have the floor Enforcing the rules of the group Putting questions to a vote Adjourning the meetingWhile presiding, the chairman should remain impartial and not interrupt a speaker if the speaker has the floor and is following the rules of the group. In committees or small boards, the chairman votes along with the other members. However, in assemblies or larger boards, the chairman should vote only when it can affect the result. At a meeting, the chairman only has one vote; the powers of the chairman vary across organizations. In some organizations the chairman has the authority to hire staff and make financial decisions, while in others the chairman only makes recommendations to a board of directors, still others the chairman has no executive powers and is a spokesman for the organization; the amount of power given to the chairman depends on the type of organization, its structure, the rules it has created for itself.
If the chairman exceeds the given authority, engages in misconduct, or fails to perform t
Ouzo is a dry anise-flavoured aperitif, consumed in Greece, Cyprus and Israel. Its taste is similar to other anise liquors like rakı, pastis and sambuca. Ouzo has its roots in tsipouro, said to have been the work of a group of 14th-century monks on Mount Athos. One version of it was flavoured with anise; this version came to be called ouzo. Modern ouzo distillation took off in the beginning of the 19th century following Greek independence; the first ouzo distillery was founded in Tyrnavos in 1856 by Nikolaos Katsaros, giving birth to the famous ouzo Tyrnavou. When absinthe fell into disfavour in the early 20th century, ouzo was one of the products whose popularity rose to fill the gap. In 1932, ouzo producers developed a method of distillation using copper stills, now the standard method of production. One of the largest producers of ouzo today is Varvayanis, located in the town of Plomari in the southeast portion of the island of Lesbos, while in the same town Pitsiladi, a variety of high-quality ouzo, is distilled.
Ouzo is mixed with water, becoming cloudy white, sometimes with a faint blue tinge, served with ice cubes in a small glass. Ouzo can be drunk straight from a shot glass. Ouzo is served with a small plate of a variety of appetizers called mezes small fresh fish, fries and feta cheese. Ouzo can be described to have a similar taste to absinthe, liquorice-like, but smoother. On October 25, 2006, Greece won the right to label ouzo as an Greek product; the European Union now recognizes ouzo, as well as the Greek drinks tsipouro and tsikoudia, as products with a Protected Designation of Origin, which prohibits European makers other than Greece and Cyprus from using the name. There is an ouzo museum in Lesvos; the origin of the name "ouzo" is disputed. A popular derivation is from the Italian "uso Massalia"—for use in Marseille—stamped on selected silkworm cocoons exported from Tyrnavos in the 19th century. According to anecdote, this designation came to stand for "superior quality", which the spirit distilled as ouzo was thought to possess.
During a visit to Thessaly in 1896, the late professor Alexander Philadelpheus delivered to us valuable information on the origins of the word "ouzo", which has come to replace the word "tsipouro". According to the professor, tsipouro became ouzo after the following event: Thessaly exported fine cocoons to Marseilles during the 19th century, in order to distinguish the product, outgoing crates would be stamped with the words "uso Massalia"—Italian for "to be used in Marseille". One day, the Ottoman Greek consulate physician, named Anastas Bey, happened to be visiting the town of Tyrnavos and was asked to sample the local tsipouro. Upon tasting the drink, the physician exclaimed: "This is uso Massalia, my friends"—referring to its high quality; the term subsequently spread by word of mouth, until tsipouro became known as ouzo. —The Times of Thessaly, 1959 However, the major Greek dictionaries derive it from the Turkish word üzüm'grape'. Ouzo production begins with distillation in copper stills of 96% alcohol by volume rectified spirit.
Anise is added, sometimes with other flavorings such as star anise, mastic, coriander and cinnamon. The flavoring ingredients are closely guarded company "recipes", distinguish one ouzo from another; the result is a flavored alcoholic solution known as flavored ethyl alcohol, or more as ouzo yeast—μαγιά ούζου in Greek—the term for "yeast" being used by Greeks metaphorically to denote that it serves as the starting point for ouzo production. The ouzo yeast is distilled. After several hours of distillation, a flavored distillate of 80% ABV is produced; the spirit at the beginning of the distillation and end is removed to avoid light and heavy alcohols and aromatics. The heads and tails are mixed and distilled again; the product of this second distillation can be used to produce a different quality ouzo. This technique of double-distillation is used by some distillers to differentiate their products. Makers of high-quality "100% from distillation" ouzo proceed at this stage with water dilution, bringing the ouzo to its final ABV.
But most producers combine the "ouzo yeast" with less expensive ethyl alcohol flavored with 0.05 percent natural anethole, before water dilution. Greek law dictates that in this case the ouzo yeast cannot be less than 20 percent of the final product. Sugar may be added before water dilution, done with ouzo from Southern Greece; the final ABV is between 37.5 and 50 percent. Ouzo production itself does not include fermentation. In modern Greece, ouzeries can be found in nearly all cities and villages; these café-like establishments serve ouzo with mezedes—appetizers such as octopus, sardines, fried zucchini, clams, among others. It is traditionally sipped together with mezedes shared with others over a period of several hours in the early evening. In other countries it is tradition to have ouzo in authentic Greek restaurants as an aperitif, served in a shot glass and chilled before the meal is started. No water or ice is added but the drink is served cold, enough to make some crystals form in the drink as it is served.
Ouzo can colloquially be referred to as a strong drink, the cause of this being its sugar content. Sugar delays ethanol absorption in the stomac
Fortunato Depero was an Italian futurist painter, writer and graphic designer. Although born in Fondo or in the neighboring village of Malosco, according to other sources, Depero grew up in Rovereto and it was here he first began exhibiting his works, while serving as an apprentice to a marble worker, it was on a 1913 trip to Florence that he discovered a copy of the paper Lacerba and an article by one of the founders of the futurism movement, Filippo Tommaso Marinetti. Depero was inspired, in 1914 moved to Rome and met fellow futurist Giacomo Balla, it was with Balla in 1915 that he wrote the manifesto Ricostruzione futurista dell’universo which expanded upon the ideas introduced by the other futurists. In the same year he was designing stage costumes for a ballet. In 1919 Depero founded the "Casa d'Arte Futurista" in Rovereto, which specialised in producing toys and furniture in the futurist style. In 1925 he represented the futurists at the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes, presented a Futurist Hall at the Monza Biennial.
In 1927 he created for the publisher Dinamo-Azari of Milan one of his most famous objects--the so-called "bolted book" entitled Depero futurista to celebrate the fourteenth anniversary of Futurism.1928 saw Depero move to New York City, where he experienced a degree of success, doing costumes for stage productions and designing covers for magazines including MovieMaker, The New Yorker and Vogue, among others. He dabbled in interior design during his stay, working on two restaurants which were demolished to make way for the Rockefeller Center, he did work for the New York Daily News and Macy's, built a house on 23rd Street. In 1930 he returned to Italy. In the 1930s and 40s Depero continued working, although due to futurism being linked with fascism, the movement started to wane; the artistic development of the movement in this period can be attributed to him and Balla. One of the projects he was involved in during this time was Dinamo magazine, which he founded and directed. After the end of the Second World War, Depero had trouble with authorities in Europe and in 1947 decided to try New York again.
This time he found the reception not quite as welcoming. One of his achievements on his second stay in the United States was the publication of So I Think, So I Paint, a translation of his autobiography released in 1940: Fortunato Depero nelle opere e nella vita. From the winter of 1947 to late October 1949 Depero lived in a cottage in New Milford, Connecticut and continuing with his long-standing plans to open a museum, his host was an associate of the then-President, Harry S. Truman. After New Milford, Depero returned to Rovereto. In August 1959 Galleria Museo Depero opened. On November 29, 1960, after being ill with diabetes and spending the last two years unable to paint due to hemiparesis, Depero died age 68. Many of his works are featured in the permanent collection of the Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art of Trento and Rovereto; the Casa d'Arte Futurista Depero, Italy's only museum dedicated to the Futurist movement, containing 3,000 objects, is now one of MART's venues. Closed for many years for extensive refurbishment, the Casa d'Arte Futurista Depero reopened in 2009.
From 22 February until 28 June 2014, the Center for Italian Modern Art, exhibited Depero's work which engaged in dialogues with Dada and Metaphysical Painting, Espirit Nouveau, Art Deco. So I think, so I paint: Ideologies of an Italian self-made painter, Mutilati e Invalidi, Trento, 1947 ASIN: B0007JG8YG Fortunato Depero at Designboom Depero Bio at Guggenheim Depero exhibition at the Center for Italian Modern Art, 2014 Steven Heller, Georgette Ballance. Graphic Design History. 2001
Campari is an alcoholic liqueur, considered an apéritif, obtained from the infusion of herbs and fruit in alcohol and water. It is a bitters, characterised by its dark red colour. Campari is used in cocktails and is served with soda water or citrus juice, or with prosecco as a spritz, it is produced by a multi-national company based in Italy. Campari was invented in 1860 by Gaspare Campari in Italy, it was coloured with carmine dye, derived from crushed cochineal insects, which gave the drink its distinctive red colour. In 1904, Campari's first production plant was opened in Sesto San Giovanni, near Italy. Under the direction of Davide Campari, Gaspare's son, the company began to export the beverage, first to Nice in the heart of the French Riviera overseas; the Campari brand is now distributed in over 190 countries. In the Italian market, Campari mixed with soda water is sold in individual bottles as Campari Soda. Campari Soda is packaged in a distinctive bottle, designed by Fortunato Depero in 1932.
Campari is an essential ingredient in the classic Negroni cocktail, the Garibaldi cocktail, the Americano, the spritz. It is a chief component of the Clint cocktail, named for the iconic American Secret Service agent who not only protected five Presidents, but shielded Jackie Kennedy with his own body within seconds after President Kennedy was shot. Wine Enthusiast has reviewed Campari on a number of occasions, most giving it a score of "96–100" in 2011. Proof66 rates Campari in the Top 10 percentile of liqueurs in the world. Aperol Cinzano Cynar Fernet Campari website "Campari: the Italian classic that still has style", The Daily Telegraph Chapter 9: "Campari: product diversification and international expansion", Corporate Strategy and Firm Growth: Creating Value for Shareholders, by Angelo Dringoli The Art of Campari