Merriweather Post Pavilion (album)
Merriweather Post Pavilion is the eighth studio album by American experimental pop group Animal Collective, released in January 2009 on Domino Records. It peaked at No. 16 on No. 2 on the US Top Independent Albums charts. According to review aggregate site Metacritic, Merriweather was the most critically acclaimed album of 2009, went on to sell over 200,000 copies by 2012, it spawned the singles "My Girls", "Summertime Clothes", "Brother Sport". The album is named after Maryland venue, Merriweather Post Pavilion. A plan to perform at Merriweather Post Pavilion after the album's release in 2009 was discarded, though the band did perform there on July 9, 2011. After recording Strawberry Jam in January 2007, guitarist Deakin decided he would take time off from the group for undisclosed personal reasons; as a result, the group went about writing a new batch of songs to be played without guitar. Drawing inspiration from Panda Bear's Person Pitch, the band used samplers as its primary instruments; the group debuted nine of these songs, most of which would appear on the album, in May 2007 and toured with them through 2008.
To record their eighth studio album, Animal Collective sought the services of Ben H. Allen as co-producer. In an interview with the Baltimore City Paper, Allen stated that the band chose him due to "my work with Gnarls Barkley, wanted my low-end expertise". According to band-member Brian Weitz, while "hat was the original attraction", Animal Collective was impressed by his eclectic music tastes, "e seemed to be somebody that technically knew how to work in, but was open-minded to other styles as well.... Knowing that he’d been involved in a lot of the Bad Boy Records stuff from the'90s was exciting to us". Subsequently, the band and Allen met over a few conference calls on Skype in January 2008, began recording on February 1 at Sweet Tea Recording Studio in Oxford, Mississippi. Privacy during the sessions was paramount for the group, a significant factor for choosing Sweet Tea. According to Allen, "During the whole month we worked on the album, the only people there were me, my assistant, the band.
No phones or computers.... It’s a small town, we were in the South, no one knew who they were, it was nonstop ". The studio offered other advantages, it feels like you’re making music in a living room that just happens to have a Neve 8038 desk in it". Further, since Animal Collective planned to record a sample-heavy album, the studio's large control room was ideal. On Merriweather Post Pavilion, the band wanted to capture a live sound on record, just as it intended to on Strawberry Jam. However, recording methods for the two albums were different, in Noah Lennox's words, "we went about them in opposite ways". While on Strawberry Jam they worked with a live foundation, on Merriweather... they "tracked pretty much every sound individually on its own channel, so that we’d have complete control over every sound in the mixing process". The band adopted a number of unorthodox recording practices. For instance, Animal Collective set up its PA systems in the control room in an attempt to replicate the group's live sound.
The Artwork features an example of illusory motion, a type of optical illusion, based on the works of Japanese psychologist Akiyoshi Kitaoka. It was compiled and packaged by Robert Carmichael of SEEN studio, who has worked for Animal Collective before and after. Merriweather Post Pavilion was announced in a cryptic update to Animal Collective's official website on October 5, 2008, an update which caused a great deal of confusion about the nature of the news; the site was updated again on October 8 with a link to a second page showing a video of the track listing, followed by an official announcement regarding the nature of the news on October 10. Prior to the album's official release, a number of promotional listening parties were held in various cities across the United States and United Kingdom. On November 18, the track "Brother Sport" was leaked onto the internet by way of its inclusion in a French music podcast; the track was subsequently posted on many blogs, including Pitchfork, but was removed everywhere by the international internet policing company Web Sheriff.
On November 24, it was incorrectly reported that the band Grizzly Bear had leaked the track through their blog. Ed Droste of Grizzly Bear clarified that they had only reposted the track as many other blogs had done. A low-quality vinyl rip of the album leaked online on December 25, 2008; the album was released on vinyl in the United States on January 6, 2009. It was released on both vinyl and CD in the UK on January 12, on CD and digitally in the United States on January 20. Peaking at number 13 on the United States Billboard 200, by 2012 the album had sold over 199,000 copies, more than twice as many as the group's previous top-seller, Strawberry Jam. In 2009, it was awarded a silver certification from the Independent Music Companies Association which indicated sales of at least 30,000 copies throughout Europe. Merriweather Post Pavilion was met with universal acclaim. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the album has received an average score of 89, based on 36 reviews.
Slant Magazine and Uncut gave the album five out of five stars. Stephen Troussé of Uncut wrote
Bushwick is a working-class neighborhood in the northern part of the New York City borough of Brooklyn. It is bounded by the neighborhood of Queens, to the northeast; the town was first founded by Europeans during the Dutch colonization of the Americas in the 17th century. In the 19th century, the neighborhood became a community of Germanic immigrants and their descendants. Brooklyn's 18th Ward, the neighborhood was once an independent town and has undergone various territorial changes throughout its history. Bushwick is part of Brooklyn Community District 4 and its primary ZIP Codes are 11206, 11207, 11221, 11237, it is patrolled by the 83rd Precinct of the New York City Police Department. Politically it is represented by the New York City Council's 34th and 37th Districts. Bushwick's borders overlap those of Brooklyn Community Board 4, delineated by Flushing Avenue on the north, Broadway on the southwest, the border with Queens to the northeast, the Cemetery of the Evergreens on the southeast.
The industrial area north of Flushing Avenue, east of Bushwick Avenue, south of Grand Street is considered part of East Williamsburg. However, it is commonly included in Bushwick with the modifier "Industrial Bushwick"; the town of Bushwick—which, along with Breukelen and Bedford, became incorporated as the city of Brooklyn on January 1, 1854—included present-day Williamsburg and Greenpoint. Prior to the merger, in the early 19th century, residential development in the area had begun when the new district of Williamsburg was laid out in western Bushwick. Williamsburg was incorporated in 1827 and severed from Bushwick in 1839. Present-day East Williamsburg, not part of the city of Williamsburg, was organized as Brooklyn's 18th Ward from the annexation of Bushwick. Now part of Brooklyn Community District 1, the area of East Williamsburg is considered by some to be part of Bushwick; the centroid, or geographic center, of New York City is in Bushwick "on Stockholm Street between Wyckoff Avenue and St. Nicholas Avenue".
In 1638, the Dutch West India Company secured a deed from the local Lenape people for the Bushwick area, Peter Stuyvesant chartered the area in 1661, naming it Boswijck, meaning "neighbourhood in the woods" in 17th-century Dutch. Its area included the modern-day communities of Bushwick and Greenpoint. Bushwick was the last of the original six Dutch towns of Brooklyn to be established within New Netherland; the community was settled, though unchartered, on February 16, 1660, on a plot of land between the Bushwick and Newtown Creeks by fourteen French and Huguenot settlers, a Dutch translator named Peter Jan De Witt, one of the original eleven slaves brought to New Netherland, Franciscus the Negro, who had worked his way to freedom. The group centered their settlement on a church located near today's Bushwick and Metropolitan Avenues; the major thoroughfare was Woodpoint Road, which allowed farmers to bring their goods to the town dock. This original settlement came to be known as Het Dorp by the Dutch, Bushwick Green by the British.
The English would take over the six towns three years and unite them under Kings County in 1683. Many of Bushwick's Dutch records were lost after its annexation by Brooklyn in 1854. Contemporary reports differ on the reason: T. W. Field writes that "a nice functionary of the City Hall... contemptuously thrust them into his waste-paper sacks", while Eugene Armbruster claims that the movable bookcase containing the records "was coveted by some municipal officer, who turned its contents upon the floor". At the turn of the 19th century, Bushwick consisted of four villages: Green Point, Bushwick Shore, Bushwick Green, Bushwick Crossroads. Bushwick's first major expansion occurred after it annexed the New Lots of Bushwick, a hilly upland claimed by Native Americans in the first treaties they signed with European colonists granting the settlers rights to the lowland on the water. After the second war between the natives and the settlers broke out, the natives fled, leaving the area to be divided among the six towns in Kings County.
Bushwick had the prime location to absorb its new tract of land in a contiguous fashion. New Bushwick Lane, a former Native American trail, was a key thoroughfare for accessing this new tract, suitable for potato and cabbage agriculture; this area is bounded by Flushing Avenue to the north and Evergreen Cemetery to the south. In the 1850s, the New Lots of Bushwick area began to develop. References to the town of Bowronville, a new neighborhood contained within the area south of Lafayette Avenue and Stanhope Street, began to appear in the 1850s; the area known as Bushwick Shore was so called for about 140 years. Bushwick residents called Bushwick Shore "the Strand", another term for "beach". Bushwick Creek, in the north, Cripplebush, a region of thick, boggy shrubland extending from Wallabout Creek to Newtown Creek, in the south and east, cut Bushwick Shore off from the other villages in Bushwick. Farmers and gardeners from the other Bushwick villages sent their goods to Bushwick Shore to be ferried to New York City for sale at a market located at the present-day Grand Street.
Bushwick Shore's favorable location close to New York City led to the creation of several farming developments. A 13-acre development with
Vashti Bunyan is an English singer-songwriter. Bunyan released her debut album, Just Another Diamond Day, in 1970; the album sold few copies and Bunyan, abandoned her musical career. By 2000, her album had acquired a cult following, she subsequently released two albums: Lookaftering in 2005, Heartleap in 2014. Vashti Bunyan was born in Newcastle upon Tyne in 1945 to John Bunyan and Helen Webber, moved to London at six months old. Although she has been said to be descended from The Pilgrim's Progress author John Bunyan, this is a claim she has herself denied. In the early 1960s, she studied at The Ruskin School of Drawing and Fine Art at Oxford University, but was expelled for failing to turn up to classes. At age 18, she traveled to New York and discovered the music of Bob Dylan through his The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan album and decided to become a full-time musician. Returning to London, she was discovered by The Rolling Stones' manager Andrew Loog Oldham. In June 1965, under his direction, she released her first single, "Some Things Just Stick in Your Mind", penned by Mick Jagger and Keith Richards.
Released using the name Vashti, it was backed with her own song "I Want to Be Alone". This single and her follow-up "Train Song", released on Columbia in May 1966, produced by Canadian Peter Snell, received little attention; the only other release of this time was her distinctive vocal on "The Coldest Night of the Year" by Twice as Much which turned up on their second and final LP, That's All, by Oldham's Immediate Records in 1968. After recording further songs for Immediate Records, which remain unreleased, making a brief appearance in the 1967 documentary Tonite Let's All Make Love in London, with her song "Winter Is Blue", she decided to travel with her boyfriend Robert Lewis by horse and cart to the Hebrides to join a commune planned by a friend, fellow singer/songwriter Donovan. During the trip she began writing the songs which became her first album, Just Another Diamond Day. At Christmas 1968, during a break from her trip, she met Joe Boyd through a friend and he offered to record an album of her travelling songs for his Witchseason Productions.
A year Vashti returned to London and recorded her first LP with assistance from Simon Nicol and Dave Swarbrick of Fairport Convention, Robin Williamson of The Incredible String Band and string arranger Robert Kirby. The album appeared on Philips Records to warm reviews in December 1970, but struggled to find an audience. Disappointed, she left the music industry and moved to The Incredible String Band's Glen Row cottages Ireland, back to Scotland. Much of the ensuing 30 years were spent raising her three children. In this time unknown to her, the original album became one of the most sought-after records of its time, it has sold online on Discogs for as much as $3,946. In 2000, Just Another Diamond Day was re-released on CD, assuring her influence over a new generation of folk artists such as Devendra Banhart and Joanna Newsom. In 2001, Banhart wrote to her asking for her advice, beginning her connection with many of the contemporary performers who cite her work. In 2002, she was invited by Piano Magic musician Glen Johnson to sing guest vocals on his song "Crown of the Lost", her first recording in over 30 years.
Since she has appeared on releases by Devendra Banhart and Animal Collective. In 2005, she recorded and released her second album, Lookaftering on Fat Cat Records, some 35 years after her first; the album was produced by composer Max Richter and featured many of her contemporary followers including Banhart, Joanna Newsom, Kevin Barker of Currituck Co, Otto Hauser of Espers and Adam Pierce of Mice Parade. It was well received by fans alike. During the autumn of 2006, Bunyan assembled an ad hoc band and embarked on a brief North American tour, with performances in both Canada and the US, she performed songs from both of her solo albums, as well as some of the rare material from the unreleased Oldham sessions. Her music reached a much wider audience when "Just Another Diamond Day" was covered and used in a TV advert for T-Mobile. "Train Song" gained her further attention when it was used in 2008 by Reebok for an ad for the NFL, in 2014 as part of the soundtrack for the TV series True Detective, as well as in 2015 as the opening credits song for the Amazon Original Series Patriot.
In 2007, she collaborated with novelist Rodge Glass on the song "The Fire" for the compilation album Ballads of the Book, devised to combine Scottish writers with Scottish singers. Bunyan provided vocals on three songs for former Jack frontman Anthony Reynolds' debut solo album British Ballads. Bunyan sang with Reynolds on the songs "Country Girl", "Just So You Know" and "Song of Leaving". In October 2007 a compilation album of her mid-1960s singles and unreleased demos was released entitled Some Things Just Stick in Your Mind - Singles and Demos 1964 to 1967. In January 2008, Vashti said she was in the process of recording a new album: "I'm supposed to be writing just now. I have a whole lot of fragments. I'm supposed to have them finished by May and there's no way."In June 2008, Vashti appeared at London's Royal Festival Hall with The Heritage Orchestra as part of Massive Attack's Meltdown, in a live performance of Vangelis' Blade Runner soundtrack, singing "Rachel's Song" as sung by Mary Hopkin on the original recorded soundtrack.
In October 2008, a feature documentary about her Vashti Bunyan: F
Danse Manatee is the first collaborative studio album between Avey Tare, Panda Bear, Geologist, released in July 2001 on the label Catsup Plate. It was retroactively classified as the second studio album by experimental pop band Animal Collective. Only one thousand copies were made for the Catsup Plate release, but it was reissued as a double CD along with Spirit They're Gone, Spirit They've Vanished in 2003 on FatCat Records. Band member Geologist, who joined Avey Tare and Panda Bear for the first time on this release, has said that this is his favorite Animal Collective album, despite its general lack of popularity among fans and critics; the album was recorded in many different locations, including Avey's parent's house, the house the band shared in Brooklyn Heights, Geologist's college dorm room and radio station. To create the sounds the group made use of guitar, synths and did percussion with whatever was lying around; the band's goal in the recording and production of the album was to experiment with extreme frequencies and how they were perceived by the listener.
This created a challenge during the mastering process, as they could not raise the volume of the whole mix without causing the sounds to digitally distort. Geologist had this to say about the recording of the album on the Collected Animals forum: For the Spirit/Danse reissue on FatCat Records, Danse Manatee was remastered by Sung Tongs producer Rusty Santos. All tracks written by Animal Collective. Avey Tare - guitar, synthesizers, percussion Panda Bear - singing, electronics, percussion Geologist - MiniDiscs, electronics, percussion
Spirit They're Gone, Spirit They've Vanished
Spirit They're Gone, Spirit They've Vanished is the first collaborative studio album by Avey Tare and Panda Bear, released in August 2000. It was retroactively classified as the debut album by experimental pop band Animal Collective; the album was first released as a CD on the band's own Animal label with only 2000 copies produced. It was reissued as a double CD along with Danse Manatee in 2003 on FatCat Records, on limited edition vinyl through FatCat. Both UK and US pressings used DMM mastering. All of the songs were written by Avey Tare from 1997 to 1999, except for "Penny Dreadfuls", written when he was 16 years old; the process was inspired by his move from Baltimore to New York, which he described as a "dark time" with Brian Weitz being his only friend in the city. Portner and Panda Bear recorded the acoustic guitar and the drums live onto a Tascam 48 eight-track reel-to-reel in Portner's bedroom in Maryland during the summer of 1999; the piano songs along with overdubs were recorded in Portner's parents' living room.
Portner wanted the guitar to be "jangled to create this fluttering feeling". An old Roland SH-2 synthesizer, which Weitz's brother found stored in a camp, was used for the bass sounds; the drums were played with brushes to emulate the albums Ocean Forever Changes. Avey Tare would dictate. Other sounds, such as the majority of "Spirit They've Vanished", were created through the use of feedback loops. Future Animal Collective member Deakin helped with the promotion and sent packages to record companies. Portner recalled, "Southern Records called us back and said ‘Is there something wrong with this? This music makes our dogs run out of the room’!" The original cover art was found by Avey Tare. The art was discovered to be an illustration by Dorothy P. Lathrop from the book Stars To-Night: Verses New and Old for Boys and Girls by Sara Teasdale; the album was intended to be released under Avey Tare's name alone, but he was so impressed by Panda Bear's drumming that he added Panda's name on the front cover.
This method of choosing monikers for Animal Collective's recorded output—naming themselves after who played on each respective album—would last until 2003's Campfire Songs. Included with the original release was an insert with the following story: The title is a quote uttered by Mr. Magoo in Mister Magoo's Christmas Carol. There has been some confusion about the album's track listing. On the original, limited release, the untitled track #3 was not listed along with the other songs. Since the track listing gave no corresponding track numbers to the rest of the songs, it was incorrectly assumed that tracks #3-9 were titled as tracks #4-10 are here, that "Alvin Row" had no title; this error appears in nearly every review of Spirit following its initial release in 2000. The 2003 FatCat reissue cleared up this misunderstanding by numbering the songs and leaving a blank space for track #3. Avey Tare – vocals, acoustic guitar, synthesizers, tapes Panda Bear – drums, "perfect percussion"
Singing is the act of producing musical sounds with the voice and augments regular speech by the use of sustained tonality, a variety of vocal techniques. A person who sings is called a vocalist. Singers perform music that can be sung without accompaniment by musical instruments. Singing is done in an ensemble of musicians, such as a choir of singers or a band of instrumentalists. Singers may perform as soloists or accompanied by anything from a single instrument up to a symphony orchestra or big band. Different singing styles include art music such as opera and Chinese opera, Indian music and religious music styles such as gospel, traditional music styles, world music, blues and popular music styles such as pop, electronic dance music and filmi. Singing arranged or improvised, it may be done as a form of religious devotion, as a hobby, as a source of pleasure, comfort or ritual, as part of music education or as a profession. Excellence in singing requires time, dedication and regular practice.
If practice is done on a regular basis the sounds can become more clear and strong. Professional singers build their careers around one specific musical genre, such as classical or rock, although there are singers with crossover success, they take voice training provided by voice teachers or vocal coaches throughout their careers. In its physical aspect, singing has a well-defined technique that depends on the use of the lungs, which act as an air supply or bellows. Though these four mechanisms function independently, they are coordinated in the establishment of a vocal technique and are made to interact upon one another. During passive breathing, air is inhaled with the diaphragm while exhalation occurs without any effort. Exhalation may be aided by lower pelvis/pelvic muscles. Inhalation is aided by use of external intercostals and sternocleidomastoid muscles; the pitch is altered with the vocal cords. With the lips closed, this is called humming; the sound of each individual's singing voice is unique not only because of the actual shape and size of an individual's vocal cords but due to the size and shape of the rest of that person's body.
Humans have vocal folds which can loosen, tighten, or change their thickness, over which breath can be transferred at varying pressures. The shape of the chest and neck, the position of the tongue, the tightness of otherwise unrelated muscles can be altered. Any one of these actions results in a change in pitch, timbre, or tone of the sound produced. Sound resonates within different parts of the body and an individual's size and bone structure can affect the sound produced by an individual. Singers can learn to project sound in certain ways so that it resonates better within their vocal tract; this is known as vocal resonation. Another major influence on vocal sound and production is the function of the larynx which people can manipulate in different ways to produce different sounds; these different kinds of laryngeal function are described as different kinds of vocal registers. The primary method for singers to accomplish this is through the use of the Singer's Formant, it has been shown that a more powerful voice may be achieved with a fatter and fluid-like vocal fold mucosa.
The more pliable the mucosa, the more efficient the transfer of energy from the airflow to the vocal folds. Vocal registration refers to the system of vocal registers within the voice. A register in the voice is a particular series of tones, produced in the same vibratory pattern of the vocal folds, possessing the same quality. Registers originate in laryngeal function, they occur. Each of these vibratory patterns appears within a particular range of pitches and produces certain characteristic sounds; the occurrence of registers has been attributed to effects of the acoustic interaction between the vocal fold oscillation and the vocal tract. The term "register" can be somewhat confusing; the term register can be used to refer to any of the following: A particular part of the vocal range such as the upper, middle, or lower registers. A resonance area such as chest voice or head voice. A phonatory process A certain vocal timbre or vocal "color" A region of the voice, defined or delimited by vocal breaks.
In linguistics, a register language is a language which combines tone and vowel phonation into a single phonological system. Within speech pathology, the term vocal register has three constituent elements: a certain vibratory pattern of the vocal folds, a certain series of pitches, a certain type of sound. Speech pathologists identify four vocal registers based on the physiology of laryngeal function: the vocal fry register, the modal register, the falsetto register, the whistle register; this view is adopted by many vocal pedagogues. Vocal resonation is the process by which the basic product of phonation is en
David Michael Portner known by his moniker Avey Tare, is a musician and songwriter who co-founded the American experimental pop band Animal Collective. He has released three solo albums, as well as three collaborative albums with Panda Bear which were retroactively classified under Animal Collective's discography. Portner met Animal Collective's Deakin, Panda Bear, Geologist in high school. For years, the four of them swapped homemade recordings, shared musical ideas and performed in different group configurations. Portner recorded the Spirit They're Gone, Spirit They've Vanished album with Lennox, released the recording on the band's own Animal label in 1999; the album is referred to as the first official Animal Collective release, with Tare writing the music and Lennox providing the'perfect percussion'. After high school and Weitz moved to New York City to attend New York University and Columbia University, respectively. Lennox and Dibb moved to New York City, the band became more collaborative in nature.
They settled on the name "Animal Collective". Although the band's output is, as their name suggests, a collaborative effort, with no typical'frontman,' Portner has been cited by the other members as being the'primary songwriter' and de facto leader of the group. For the band's Centipede Hz, Tare confirmed. Portner's other projects and releases include Terrestrial Tones with Eric Copeland of Black Dice, a split 12" with David Grubbs, an LP with his then-wife Kristín Anna Valtýsdóttir called Pullhair Rubeye, he released his debut solo album "Down There" on October 26, 2010. In April, 2013, it was announced that Portner had formed the group Avey Tare's Slasher Flicks along with Angel Deradoorian, former member of Dirty Projectors, ex-Ponytail drummer, Jeremy Hyman. Portner describes the band as " group of three hippies on a road trip through the backwaters of 2013s rural music scene fall prey to a murderous cannibalistic band making..." Their debut album Enter the Slasher House came out internationally on April 7, 2014, a supporting west-coast tour was announced soon after the album's release.
Ahead of the album they released a video for ‘Little Fang’ directed by Portner's sister and featuring a puppet created by Jim Henson’s Creature Shop. David's sister is Abby Portner, Los Angeles artist and experimental musician, who creates some of Animal Collective's artwork and stage design. From 2006 to 2008, Portner was married to musician Kría Brekkan. Afterwards he moved to Los Angeles with her. In an interview with Brightest Young Things, he implied that he has synesthesia and associates sound with visuals, he clarified that although he has talked about it a lot in interviews he in fact does not have synesthesia. Essence of Eucalyptus "Lucky 1" Split Series #16 "Judy Biworker" on the sampler Esopus CD #4: Imaginary Friends "I'm Your Eagle Kisser" on the compilation Living Bridge "Call Home" on the cassette tape Keep + Animal Collective With Mickey HartRAMU With Terrestrial TonesBlasted Oboroed/Circus Lives Dead Drunk