Alpujarra Granadina is a Spanish comarca in the Province of Granada. Along with Alpujarra Almeriense, is part of the region of the Alpujarras. Located in the west of the Alpujarras, it borders the Granadan comarcas of Accitania to the north, the Vega de Granada to the northwest, the Valle de Lecrín to the west, the Costa Tropical to the south, as well as with the Almerían comarcas of Poniente Almeriense to the southeast and the Alpujarra Almeriense to the east; the comarca is divided into 25 municipalities.: Almegíjar Alpujarra de la Sierra Bérchules Bubión Busquístar Cádiar Cáñar Capileira Carataunas Cástaras Juviles Lanjarón Lobras Murtas Nevada Órgiva Pampaneira Pórtugos Soportújar La Taha Torvizcón Trevélez Turón Ugíjar Válor Alpujarra Almeriense Morisco Revolt Sierra Nevada Visit Alpujarras: your holiday quide, travel information and rural accommodation Touristic website of Alpujarra Granadina History and infos about the Alpujarras
Province of Huelva
Huelva is a province of southern Spain, in the western part of the autonomous community of Andalusia. It is bordered by Portugal, the provinces of Badajoz, Cádiz, the Atlantic Ocean, its capital is Huelva. Its area is 10,148 km², its population is 483,792, of whom about 30% live in the capital, its population density is 47.67/km². It contains 79 municipalities; the economy is based on mining. The famous Rio Tinto mines have been worked since before 1000 BC, were the major source of copper for the Roman Empire; as an indication of the scope of ancient mining, sixteen million tons of Roman slag have been identified at the Roman mines. British companies resumed large-scale mining in 1873; the province contains Palos de la Frontera, Moguer, where Christopher Columbus sailed out of on his first voyage in 1492, shares the Parque Nacional de Doñana. The delayed tourist development of the province has allowed better city planning than in other regions on the Spanish coast; the nuclei of Islantilla and Isla Canela are an example of this attempt to plan in a more coherent form.
Although in a smaller scale in comparison to other regions, urban pressure continues. Previous developments that had little planning until recent time are El Rompido, El Portil, Mazagón and Matalascañas. Although Punta Umbría had its beginnings like pedanía de Cartaya, after the democratization of summer tourism, it began its urban development for its proximity to the capital and its location on the beach. Present development would not endure without its vacation housing. Other tourist areas are Nuevo Portil, Punta del Moral, La Antilla and Urbasur; the marismas de Isla Cristina, next to the towns of Ayamonte and Isla Cristina, are a protected nature reserve. Of note is Huelva‘s recent classification of “rural tourism” for its interior mountain range. Huelva has 388 megawatts of wind power, 68 MW biomass power, 66 MW of solar power. A 220 kilovolt transmission line has been constructed to send power to the main grid as well as improving connections between Spain and Portugal. List of municipalities in Huelva Official website Natural Park Doñana Natural Park Sierra de Aracena and Picos de Aroche
Provinces of Spain
Spain and its autonomous communities are divided into fifty provinces. Spain's provincial system was recognized in its 1978 constitution but its origin dates back to 1833. Ceuta and the Plazas de soberanía are not part of any provinces; the layout of Spain's provinces follows the pattern of the territorial division of the country carried out in 1833. The only major change of provincial borders since that time has been the subdivision of the Canary Islands into two provinces rather than one; the provinces served as transmission belts for policies enacted in Madrid, as Spain was a centralised state for most of its modern history. The importance of the provinces has declined since the adoption of the system of autonomous communities in the period of the Spanish transition to democracy, they remain electoral districts for national elections and as geographical references: for instance in postal addresses and telephone codes. A small town would be identified as being in, Valladolid province rather than the autonomous community of Castile and León.
The provinces were the "building-blocks". No province is divided between more than one of these communities. Most of the provinces—with the exception of Álava, Biscay, Guipúzcoa, Balearic Islands, La Rioja, Navarra — are named after their principal town. Only two capitals of autonomous communities — Mérida in Extremadura and Santiago de Compostela in Galicia — are not the capitals of provinces. Seven of the autonomous communities comprise no more than one province each: Asturias, Balearic Islands, Cantabria, La Rioja, Madrid and Navarra; these are sometimes referred to as "uniprovincial" communities. The table below lists the provinces of Spain. For each, the capital city is given, together with an indication of the autonomous community to which it belongs and a link to a list of municipalities in the province; the names of the provinces and their capitals are ordered alphabetically according to the form in which they appear in the main Wikipedia articles describing them. Unless otherwise indicated, their Spanish language names are the same.
List of Spanish provinces by population List of Spanish provinces by area Spanish Federation of Municipalities and Provinces Autonomous communities of Spain Comarcas of Spain ISO 3166-2:ESGeneral: Political divisions of Spain Maps of the provinces of Spain Maps of Spain's Provinces List of municipalities of Spain listed by province from the Spanish INE
Serranía de Ronda
The Serranía de Ronda is a comarca in the western part of province of Málaga, Spain. As is the norm in Andalusia, it has no formal status; the new 2007 Statute of Autonomy of Andalusia, unlike its 1981 predecessor, mentions comarcas in Article 97 of Title III, which defines the significance of comarcas and establishes a basis for formal recognition in future legislation, but no such legislation has yet been enacted. It is an area of great geographical diversity. Popular with walkers, birdwatchers and potholers, it contains both the Sierra de Grazalema - reputedly one of the wettest regions in Spain - and the Sierra de las Nieves. The central town of Ronda is the administrative headquarters, perched on a high plateau, with numerous small, "pueblos blancos" or white villages dotted around the surrounding countryside. There are cork forests and fields of wheat and sunflowers. Numerous small rivers cross the landscape; the climate is dry and hot in summer, with mild spring and autumn seasons. Winters can be cold at night, snow is not uncommon at the higher altitudes.
Cloudless days in winter can be warm and bright and the light is considered to be good for photography and painting. Ornithologists value this area as some rare species can be seen. According to the Provincial Deputation of Málaga, the comarca consists of the following municipalities: Algatocín Alpandeire Arriate Atajate Benadalid Benalauría Benaoján Benarrabá Cartajima Cortes de la Frontera Faraján Gaucín Genalguacil Igualeja Jimera de Líbar Jubrique Júzcar Montejaque Parauta Pujerra RondaThe Andalusian Autonomous Government adds the municipalities of Cuevas del Becerro and El Burgo to this list; the basic statistics are different, depending on whether or not Cuevas del Becerro and El Burgo are counted as part of the comarca. Laserrania.net, Editorial La Serranía, Ronda
La Janda is a comarca in the province of Cádiz, southern Spain. La Janda is composed of the following municipalities: Alcalá de los Gazules Barbate Benalup-Casas Viejas Conil de la Frontera Medina Sidonia Paterna de Rivera Vejer de la Frontera Mancomunidad de Municipios de la Comarca de La Janda Asociación para el Desarrollo Rural del Litoral de la Janda
Jerez de la Frontera
Jerez de la Frontera, or Jerez, is a Spanish city and municipality in the province of Cádiz in the autonomous community of Andalusia, in southwestern Spain, located midway between the Atlantic Ocean and the Cádiz Mountains. As of 2015, the city, the largest in the province, had a population of 212,876, it is the fifth largest in Andalusia, has become the transportation and communications hub of the province, surpassing Cádiz, the provincial capital, in economic activity. Jerez de la Frontera is in terms of land area, the largest municipality in the province, its sprawling outlying areas are a fertile zone for agriculture. There are many cattle ranches and horse-breeding operations, as well as a world-renowned wine industry. Jerez, with 212,876 inhabitants, is the 25th largest city in Spain, the 5th in Andalusia and 1st in the Province of Cádiz, it belongs to the Municipal Association of the Bay of Cádiz, the 3rd largest Andalusian metropolitan area and the 12th in Spain, with over 650,000 inhabitants.
Its municipality covers an area of 1,188.14 km2 and includes the Los Alcornocales Natural Park and the Sierra de Gibalbín known as Montes de Propio de Jerez. The city is located 12 km from the Atlantic Ocean, in the Campiña de Jerez, region appropriate to cultivate the vineyards that produce the famous sherry; some famous places in to the city are Alcazar of Jerez, Church of San Miguel, Charterhouse of Jerez, the Cathedral of San Salvador. Since 1987 the Grand Prix motorcycle racing has been held at the Circuito de Jerez in early May. On this weekend, the city welcomes tens of thousands of bikers from around the world; the same circuit has hosted several Formula 1 Grands Prix, including the 1997 final race of the season, marred with controversy for a notable high-profile championship-deciding incident. Other popular festivals in the city are the Holy Week in Jerez. Jerez is known as the city of flamenco, sherry and motorcycles. In 2013, Jerez was the European Capital of Wine and 2014, it was the world's first Motorbike Capital.
The name Jerez goes back to the Phoenician Xera, Sèrès Romanized under the name of Ceret. The classical Latin name of Asta Regia, unrelated to the present name, referred to an ancient city now found within Mesas de Asta, a rural district 11 km from the center of Jerez; the current Castilian name came by way of the Arabic name شريش Sherīsh. In former times, during the Muslim period in Iberia, it was called Xerés; the name of the famous fortified wine, which originated here, represents an adaptation of the city's Arabic name, Sherish. Frontera refers to a Spanish frontier, located on the border between the Moorish and Christian regions of Spain during the 13th century, a regular host to skirmishes and clashes between the two regions. Over two centuries after the Castilian conquest of Granada in 1492, Xerez definitively lost its status as a frontier city, but did not lose that designation. After the Kingdom of Castile took Jerez on October 9, 1264, following the name given by the Muslims to the city in the period known as the Reconquista, the city was called Xerez in medieval Castilian, transcribing the consonant /ʃ/ with the letter ⟨x⟩, as was the rule at the time.
Thus the name was pronounced "Shereth", similar to the Moorish Arabic "Sherish". In the 16th century, the consonant /ʃ/ changed into the consonant /x/, with the corresponding spelling of Jerez; the old spelling "Xerez" as the name given to the city survived in several foreign languages until recently, today continues to influence the name given to sherry: Portuguese Xerez, Catalan Xerès, English sherry, French Xérès. The city's main football team continues to use Xerez. Traces of human presence in the area date from the upper Neolithic, humans have inhabited Jerez de la Frontera since at least the Copper or Neolithic Age, but the identity of the first natives remains unclear; the first major protohistoric settlement in the area is attributed to the Tartessians. Jerez became a Roman city under the name of Asta Regia. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the Vandals and the Visigoths ruled it until the Arabs conquered the area in 711. In the 11th century it became the seat of an independent taifa.
Some years ` Abdun ibn Muhammad ruled both. In 1053 it was annexed to Seville. From 1145 to 1147 the region of Arcos and Jerez operated as an emirate under dependency of Granada, led by Abu'l-Qasim Ahyal; the Almohads conquered the city. In the 12th and 13th centuries Jerez underwent a period of great development, building its defense system and setting the current street layout of the old town. In 1231 the Battle of Jerez took place within the town's vicinity: Christian troops under the command of Álvaro Pérez de Castro, lord of the House of Castro and grandson of Alfonso VII, king of Castile and León, defeated the troops of the Emir Ibn Hud, despite the numerical superiority of the latter. After a month-long siege in 1261, the city surrendered to Castile, but its Muslim population remained, it rebelled and was defeated in 1264. The discovery of the Americas and the conquest of Granada, in 1492, made Jerez one of the most prosperous cities of Andalusia through trade and through its proximity to the ports of Seville and Cádiz.
Despite the social and political deca
Province of Jaén (Spain)
Jaén is a province of southern Spain, in the eastern part of the autonomous community of Andalusia. It is bordered by the provinces of Ciudad Real, Granada and Córdoba, its capital is Jaén city. Its area is 13,484 km², its population is 657,387, about one sixth of. It contains 97 municipalities; the highest point of the province is Pico Mágina. One of the less-known provinces of Spain, compared to the heavily-tourist-oriented coast, it has four national parks and many other protected natural areas; the province contains two Renaissance cities, Úbeda and Baeza, both declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The annual chess tournament held; the province is the largest producer of olive oil in the world. It produces around 20 % of world's production. For this reason the province is known as World Capital of Olive Oil. There are more than 66 million of olive trees, spread over a surface of 550,000 hectares; the province alone produces more olive oil than the entire country of Italy. The province's production in 2013 was 749.387 tonnes of olive oil.
List of municipalities in Jaén Despeñaperros Natural Park Sierra de Andújar Natural Park Sierra Mágina Natural Park Sierras de Cazorla, Segura y Las Villas Natural Park Cazorla, Segura y Las Villas Photo album from La Iruela Castle - Jaén - Andalusia