Torino Football Club referred to as Torino or Toro, is an Italian professional football club based in Turin, Piedmont. It plays in Serie A. Founded as Foot-Ball Club Torino in 1906, Torino are among the most successful clubs in Italy with seven league titles, including five consecutive league titles during the 1940s; the Grande Torino, as the team was known, was recognised as one of the strongest footballing sides of the period, until the entire team was killed in the 1949 Superga air disaster. They have won the Coppa Italia five times, the last of, in the 1992–93 season. Internationally, Torino won the Mitropa Cup in 1991 and were finalists in the UEFA Cup in 1991–92. Torino plays all of its home games at the Stadio Olimpico Grande Torino; the club's colour is maroon, its symbol is a rampant bull, the traditional symbol of the city of Turin, from which the club's nickname is derived, "Il Toro". Football first arrived in the city of Turin at the end of the 19th century, introduced by the industrial Swiss and English.
By 1887, Football & Cricket Club – the oldest Italian football club – had been founded in the capital of Piedmont, followed in 1889 by Nobili Torino. In 1891 the two clubs merged to form Internazionale Torino, after which Football Club Torinese was founded in 1894; the new game supplanted the popularity of pallapugno, which led to the foundation of the football sections of the sports clubs Ginnastica Torino and Juventus. On 8 May 1898 Internazionale Torino, Football Club Torinese and Ginnastica Torino, along with Genoa as part of the International Exhibition for the fiftieth anniversary of the Statuto Albertino gave birth to the first Italian Football Championship. In 1900, Football Club Torinese absorbed Internazionale Torino, on 3 December 1906 at the Voigt brewery on Via Pietro Micca an alliance was formed with a group of Juventus dissidents, led by the Swiss financier Alfred Dick. Through the merger of Football Club Torinese and the aforementioned group, "Foot-Ball Club Torino" was formed.
The first official match was played on 16 December 1906 in Vercelli against Pro Vercelli, won 3–1 by Torino. The first derby was played in the new year, dated 13 January 1907, in which Torino defeated Juventus 2–1. Torino replicated this by a margin of 4–1 a month and gained the right to enter the final round of the Italian Football Championship, placed second behind Milan. Torino did not participate in the 1908 Italian Football Championship as a rule was passed which limited the use of foreign players; the club instead played in two popular "minor" tournaments: the coveted "Palla Dapples", won against Pro Vercelli. Torino lost in the final to Swiss side Servette. In 1915, Torino were denied their first real championship attempt by the outbreak of World War I. With one match left to play, were two points behind leaders Genoa. In the final game of the championship, Torino would have had the opportunity to play the Genoese head-on after defeating them in the first leg 6–1; the club experienced its first success under the presidency of Count Enrico Marone Cinzano, responsible for building the Stadio Filadelfia.
In attack, Torino boasted the Trio delle meraviglie, composed of Julio Libonatti, Adolfo Baloncieri and Gino Rossetti, won their first scudetto on 10 July 1927 after a 5–0 win against Bologna. However, the title was revoked on 3 November 1927 due to the "Allemandi Case". After the revoking of the prior scudetto, Torino were reconfirmed champions of Italy in the 1927–28 season; the "Trio of Wonders" scored 89 goals between them, with the title won on 22 July 1928, a 2–2 draw against Milan. After the resignation of Cinzano, the club began a slow decline in the early 1930s and finished mid-table, it was not until the 1935–36 season that it began its revival, with a third place finish in the league and first victory of the Coppa Italia. Renamed "Associazione Calcio Torino" due to the Italian fascist regime, Torino finished in second place in the 1938–39 season, under the technical director Ernest Erbstein. In 1939–40, Torino finished in fifth place, saw the arrival of club president Ferruccio Novo.
Novo utilised his skill as a careful administrator. With valuable contributions from Antonio Janni, Giacinto Ellena and Mario Sperone, Novo was able to build a team known as the "Grande Torino"; the club's greatest period is encapsulated in the Grande Torino, a team which won five titles in a row between 1942 and 1949, the Coppa Italia in 1943. Torino's players formed the backbone of the Italian national team in this period, at one point fielding ten players in the Azzurri; the captain and undisputed leader of the team was Valentino Mazzola, father of Ferruccio and Sandro, who would subsequently follow their father in becoming footballers. The typical starting lineup was: Bacigalupo, their success came to an abrupt end on 4 May 1949 when the Fiat G.212 airliner carrying the whole team crashed against the retaining wall of the Basilica of Superga in Turin. The crash was attributed to dense fog and spacial disorienta
Bologna F.C. 1909
Bologna Football Club 1909 referred to as Bologna, is an Italian football club based in Bologna, Emilia-Romagna. The club are nicknamed the Rossoblu due to the red-and-blue striped shirts which they wear, which are the official colours of the city. Bologna were founding members of Serie A in 1929. During its history, the club has won the Italian league championship seven times, making them the sixth most successful team in the history of the league, they have participated in 72 Serie A championships out of 87 ninth in the ranking of the highest number of appearances of the formations in the highest Italian category. Bologna plays in Serie A, the highest level of the Italian football pyramid, for the fourth consecutive year. Since 1927 the team has been competing in its internal competitions in the Stadio Renato Dall'Ara, born as Stadio del Littoriale and called, from the postwar period until 1983, Stadio Comunale; the stadium can host more than 38,000 spectators. Bologna Football Club's formation was orchestrated by Emilio Arnstein, an Austrian who became interested in football at university in Vienna and Prague.
He and his brother had founded another football club, Black Star, in Austria. The club was founded on 3 October 1909, in the Northern Italian city of Bologna. Upon its formation, Carlo Sandoni was the clubs sponsor and general manager, Swiss Louis Rauch became president, nobleman Guido Della Valle was the vice-president, Enrico Penaglia secretary, Sergio Lampronti cashier, while Emilio Arnstein and Leone Vincenzi were appointed councilmen. On 20 March 1910, Bologna played their first game, against Virtus, who wore white shirts. Bologna outclassed their opponents, winning 9–1; the first football squad featured. Their formative season was spent in the regional league under Arrigo Gradi as captain, Bologna won their league gaining promotion to a league named Group Veneto-Emiliano, they spent four seasons in this league. Bologna were entered into the Northern League before all football leagues were postponed for World War I. After the first war, Bologna began to become more successful. First reaching the semi-finals of the Northern Italian competition in 1919–20, they went one better the following season by reaching the Northern League finals, going out 2–1 to Pro Vercelli.
They would equal this again in coming runner up to eventual national champions Genoa. Bologna became Northern and National League champions for the first time during 1924–25, beating Genoa CFC after five hard-fought final matches to take the championship; the finals against the Ligurian giants were marred by heavy crowd troubles. A few seasons Bologna became champions of Italy for the second time in 1928–29 giving them a foothold in Italian football, building up a legacy, this was the last time the league was competed in the old system, Serie A was instated the following year; the Scudetto was won by Bologna four more times before World War II, these were achieved in. After World War II, the club was less successful. Throughout the 1950s and 1960s, the club floated between fourth and sixth position in the league, until they took the league title back in 1963–64. To date this remains their last Serie A championship; this qualified Bologna to the 1964–65 European Cup, but they were eliminated in the preliminary round against Anderlecht.
It was not all gloom for the club, however. The game was tense and finished 1–1 before going to a penalty shootout, where Bologna won 4–3. Beginning in the 1981–82 season, the club began to slide. First, they were relegated from Serie A after battling it out for survival with Genoa, they were relegated twice in succession and slid into Serie C1. They won their way out of C1 the next year, returned to Serie A for the 1988–89 season after four years of fighting it out in Serie B, they did not remain long, being relegated in 1991 and returning to Serie C1 in 1993. The club returned to Serie A for 1996. Two years Bologna tasted a slice of success on the European stage, winning the UEFA Intertoto Cup and playing in the UEFA Cup; the club remained in Serie A until the 2004 -- 05 campaign. Despite losing some key players, Bologna expected to be challenging for promotion from Serie B in the 2005–06 campaign. Despite its ambition, Bologna had a poor start to the season, causing the sacking of experienced coach Renzo Ulivieri, replaced by former Internazionale defender Andrea Mandorlini.
During this time, the team was sold by Giuseppe Gazzoni Frascara to Alfredo Cazzola, a local entrepreneur. Mandorlini, was not either able to bring Bologna up the Serie B table, was fired on 5 March 2006. Bologna ended the 2005–06 Serie B campaign in eighth place. In the 2006–07 season, Bologna ended with the seventh place: there were several clashes between chairman Cazzola and head coach Ulivieri, fired on 14 April 2007 and replaced by caretaker and former assistant coach Luca Cecconi. For the 2007–08 season, Bologna was led by Daniele Arrigoni, who helped the rossoblù achieve automatic promotion back to the top flight after finishing second in Serie B. During the summer of 2008, a club takeover was agreed between Cazzola and an American-based consortium.
A.C. Pisa 1909
Associazione Calcio Pisa 1909 referred to as Pisa, is an Italian football club based in Pisa, Tuscany. The club was founded in 1909 as Pisa Sporting Club and refounded in 1994 as Pisa Calcio, after the cancellation of the former because of economical troubles, it was excluded again from Italian football in 2009, after the property failed to collect enough money to pay off the club's debts. In summer 2009 it was refounded with the current denomination. Pisa won two Mitropa Cups, in 1986 and 1988, they play their home matches at Arena Garibaldi - Stadio Romeo Anconetani, named after Romeo Anconetani, the chairman who brought and led the club in Serie A during the 1980s. In 2016, Giuseppe Corrado planned the new Pisa stadium. At the end of the 2008 season, Pisa lost to U. S. Lecce in a two-legged promotion playoff final to Serie A. At the end of 2016 season, managed by Gennaro Gattuso, Pisa secured the promotion to Serie B by winning the final match against Foggia at Zaccheria Stadium; the team plays in Serie C.
After promotion to Serie B in 1965, Pisa took three years to reach Serie A for the first time. Despite a brave effort, Pisa was relegated on the final day of the 1968–69 season. Spending much of the 1970s in Serie C, Pisa returned to Serie B in 1979 and were promoted to Serie A in 1982, embarking on a period of six out of nine seasons in Serie A. With Danish international Klaus Berggreen among their stars, Pisa managed a credible 11th place in the 1982–83 Serie A with 27 points and 27 goals scored and conceded in 30 games; the following season brought relegation with 15,000 fans travelling to Milan for the fateful penultimate game. Promotion followed in 1985, the team seemed capable of staying up until losing their last three games; the cycle was repeated in 1987, only for a side containing players like Dunga and Paul Elliott to stay up. The last promotion to Serie A was achieved in 1990, with the talents of players like Maurizio Neri, Michele Padovano and Lamberto Piovanelli up front and Diego Simeone, Henrik Larsen and Aldo Dolcetti in midfield, the side started well and was atop the standings, only to suffer another relegation.
Relegation brought considerable financial strains to the club, by 1994 they had lost a relegation play-off and were condemned to Serie C1. Bankruptcy saw Pisa reformed in Eccellenza, only to return to Serie C2 in 1996 and C1 in 1999. Pisa have since worked towards attaining Serie B status, achieved in 2007, their crowds have been among the better in Italy's lower divisions owing to the dedication of their fans. In 2005–06, the team thought to be a protagonist for the promotion, were in continuous struggles, avoided relegation after playoffs in two dramatic regional derbies against Massese; the 2006–07 season, with new boss Piero Braglia, brought Pisa back to fight for a promotion spot: the nerazzurri ended the regular season in third place, won the promotion playoffs by defeating Venezia in the semi-finals and Monza in the finals. For the 2007–08 Serie B campaign, the first in 13 years, Giampiero Ventura was named to replace Braglia at the helm of the nerazzurri. Despite initial predictions of a mid-low table place, Pisa's impressive performances brought the team to fight for a direct promotion spot thanks to a forward line composed by Alessio Cerci, José Ignacio Castillo and Vitali Kutuzov which proved to be among the finest in the league.
The club ended the regular season in sixth place, therefore achieving a spot to the promotion playoffs, where Pisa was defeated by Lecce. In 2008–09, the club was acquired by Rome entrepreneur Luca Pomponi, who failed into appointing Alessandro Costacurta as new head coach, thus confirming Ventura as nerazzurri boss; the club, weakened by the departures of Cerci, Castillo and several other players, did not manage to repeat its performances, with Ventura being sacked in March 2009, with the club in mid-table place. The appointment of Bruno Giordano, made to improve the team results, however proved to be disappointing in terms of results, as Pisa lost positions in the table, shockingly got directly relegated in the final game of the season due to an injury-time home defeat to Brescia which left the Tuscans in 18th place; the unexpected relegation unveiled a number of massive financial issues which prevented the club from registering in the Lega Pro Prima Divisione, in July 2009 the club was excluded by the Italian Football Federation for the second time in its history.
Pisa has been refounded with the current denomination of A. C. Pisa 1909 S. S. D. to start again from Serie D under new ownership. At the end of the season Pisa won Group D of Serie D and was promoted to Lega Pro Seconda Divisione for the 2010–11 season; the team was admitted to Lega Pro Prima Divisione for the 2010–11 season to fill vacancies created by a row of club exclusions in second and third tier of Italian football league system. On 12 June 2016 Pisa gained promotion to Serie B after seven years by defeating Maceratese and Foggia in the two-legged play-off final, the club was relegated to Serie C the following season after finishing second-last; as of 31 January 2019Note: Flags indicate national team. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Official website
Football Club Internazionale Milano referred to as Internazionale or Inter and colloquially known as Inter Milan outside Italy, is an Italian professional football club based in Milan, Lombardy. Inter is the only Italian club to have never been relegated from the top flight. Inter has won 30 domestic trophies on par with its local rivals A. C. Milan, including 18 league titles, 7 Coppa Italia and 5 Supercoppa Italiana. From 2006 to 2010, the club won five successive league titles, equalling the all-time record at that time, they have won the Champions League three times: two back-to-back in 1964 and 1965 and another in 2010. Their latest win completed an unprecedented Italian seasonal treble, with Inter winning the Coppa Italia and the Scudetto the same year; the club has won three UEFA Cups, two Intercontinental Cups and one FIFA Club World Cup. Inter's home games are played at the San Siro stadium known as the Stadio Giuseppe Meazza. Shared with rival A. C. Milan, the stadium is the largest in Italian football with a capacity of 80,018.
The local team A. C. Milan are considered among their biggest rivals, matches between the two teams, known as the Derby della Madonnina, are one of the most followed derbies in football; as of 2010, Inter is the second-most supported team in Italy, the sixth most-supported team in Europe. The club is one of the most valuable in Italian and world football, it was a founding member of the now-defunct G-14 group of Europe's leading football clubs. The club was founded on 9 March 1908 as Football Club Internazionale, following the schism with the Milan Cricket and Football Club; the name of the club derives from the wish of its founding members to accept foreign players as well as Italians. The club won its first championship in 1910 and its second in 1920; the captain and coach of the first championship winning team was Virgilio Fossati, killed in battle while serving in the Italian army during World War I. In 1922, Inter remained in the top league after winning two play-offs. Six years during the Fascist era, the club was forced to merge with the Unione Sportiva Milanese and was renamed Società Sportiva Ambrosiana.
The team wore white jerseys during this time with a red cross emblazoned on it. The jersey's design was inspired by the coat of arms of the city of Milan. In 1929, club chairman Oreste Simonotti changed the club's name to Associazione Sportiva Ambrosiana, however supporters continued to call the team Inter, in 1931 new chairman Pozzani caved in to shareholder pressure and changed the name to Associazione Sportiva Ambrosiana-Inter, their first Coppa Italia was won in 1938–39, led by the iconic Giuseppe Meazza, after whom the San Siro stadium is named. A fifth championship followed despite Meazza incurring an injury. After the end of World War II the club regained its original name, winning its sixth championship in 1953 and its seventh in 1954. In 1960, manager Helenio Herrera joined Inter from Barcelona, bringing with him his midfield general Luis Suárez, who won the European Footballer of the Year in the same year for his role in Barcelona's La Liga/Fairs Cup double, he would transform Inter into one of the greatest teams in Europe.
He modified a 5–3–2 tactic known as the "Verrou" which created greater flexibility for counterattacks. The catenaccio system was invented by Karl Rappan. Rappan's original system was implemented with four fixed defenders, playing a strict man-to-man marking system, plus a playmaker in the middle of the field who plays the ball together with two midfield wings. Herrera would modify it by adding a fifth defender, the sweeper or libero behind the two centre backs; the sweeper or libero who acted as the free man would deal with any attackers who went through the two centre backs. Inter finished third in the Serie A in his first season, second the next year and first in his third season. Followed a back-to-back European Cup victory in 1964 and 1965, earning him the title "il Mago"; the core of Herrera's team were the attacking fullbacks Tarcisio Burgnich and Giacinto Facchetti, Armando Picchi the sweeper, Suárez the playmaker, Jair the winger, Mario Corso the left midfielder, Sandro Mazzola, who played on the inside-right.
In 1964, Inter reached the European Cup Final by beating Borussia Dortmund in the semi-final and Partizan in the quarter-final. In the final, they met a team that had reached seven out of the nine finals to date. Mazzola scored two goals in a 3–1 victory, the team won the Intercontinental Cup against Independiente. A year Inter repeated the feat by beating two-time winner Benfica in the final held at home, from a Jair goal, again beat Independiente in the Intercontinental Cup. In 1967, with Jair gone and Suárez injured, Inter lost the European Cup Final 2–1 to Celtic. During that year the club changed its name to Football Club Internazionale Milano. Following the golden era of the 1960s, Inter managed to win their eleventh league title in 1971 and their twelfth in 1980. Inter were defeated for the second time in five years in the final of the European Cup, going down 0–2 to Johan Cruyff's Ajax in 1972. During the 1970s and the 1980s, Inter added two to its Coppa Italia tally, in 1977–78 and 1981–82.
Led by the German duo of Andreas Brehme and Lothar Matthäus, Argentine Ramón Díaz, Inter captured the 1989 Serie A championship. Inter were unable to defend their title despite adding fellow German Jürgen Klinsmann to the squad and winning their first Supercoppa Italiana at the start of the season; the 1990s was a period of disappointment. While their great rivals Milan and Juventus were achieving success both domestically and in Europe, Inter
S.S.D. Puteolana 1902 Internapoli
Internapoli Football Club is an Italian association football club based in the Vomero area of Naples, Campania. Founded in 1909 as S. C. Vomero, the club has been re-launched several times, first in 1935, under the auspices of Cral Cirio, in 1964, under Internapoli dominion; the club have always played in the lower levels of Italian football. Their highest performance in the league was two 3rd-place finishes in Serie C during the late 1960s. Internapoli have had more notable success in the cup, winning the Coppa Italia Dilettanti, the amateur variation of the Coppa Italia in 1980. In the 2009–10 and 2010–11 seasons, Internapoli played in Eccellenza Campania. In the 2011–12 season, it played in the Serie D as Internapoli Città di Marano; the club's roots can be traced to CRAL Cirio who were founded in 1935. They played in the San Giovanni a Teduccio neighborhood of Naples, they were named after the Turin industrialist Francesco Cirio who founded the first tomato canning company, After playing for a time in regional leagues in Campania, in 1951–52 they were entered into a league equivalent to Serie D, where they finished in the top half of the table.
During the 1953–54 season, Cirio narrowly missed being promoted to Serie C after coming in second to Foggia in their category by just two points. They bounced back, ending the next season first in their group, but they lost the playoff game 1–0 to a club from Molfetta. In the next two seasons, they ended in second place in their group, losing to Reggina and Marsala respectively. In the 1957–58 season, the club was promoted to Serie C, having ended the season ahead of clubs such as Lecce and Avellino. In Serie C, they achieved a respectable 9th-place finish in their group. However, the following season, after ending with the same number of points as Crotone, they lost a play-out match 1–0 and were relegated to Serie D again. By the end of their time as "Cirio," they had lost form in Serie D and had been unable to achieve better results. On 30 June 1964, Dr. Giovanni Proto and Carlo Del Gaudio took over the club along with a group of Naples locals who worked as builders and manufacturers. Many of the players from the old club remained, including men such as Anglo-Italian player Giuseppe Wilson who would go on to fame with Lazio and Italy.
The club was reborn under the name Internapoli to ensure that the city of Naples would have a stable football club of some sort. Neighbouring clubs like A. C. Napoli were experiencing financial difficulties, but within a week of Internapoli's founding, Associazione Calcio Napoli had changed their name to Società Sportiva Calcio Napoli and continued on. Along with a new name came new colours, the green kit of Cirio was replaced by sky blue and white stripes, known in Italy as biancocelesti. Internapoli had taken control of the "Stadio Arturo Collana" in the Vomero neighbourhood, used by SSC Napoli who had left for the larger "Stadio San Paolo". Internapoli achieved their first promotion under the new dominion in the 1966–67 season, it was a competed league with Internapoli beating out second place Savoia by just one point; as they were promoted into Serie C to start a four-season spell in the league, Internapoli began to gather popularity gaining a fan club of 6000 strong, it was called "Amici dell'Internapoli".
Brazilian Luís Vinício was manager during one season in this Serie C period, the squad of the time included a bright young striker in Giorgio Chinaglia who would go on to fame with Lazio. Two out of the four seasons during this time in Serie C were notable, in both the 1968–69 and 1969–70 seasons Internapoli finished in third place. However, following their consecutive third-place finishes some of the club's most influential players were bought by more famous clubs and Internapoli were relegated in bottom place. Down in Serie D the following season, the club were stunned when they were relegated for the second season in a row, it was a cruel relegation for the club when considering that the team who finished 9th were only three points above 16th place Internapoli. The club had fallen back down to the regional footballing competitions for the rest of the 1970s, in leagues such as Promozione Campania. By the start of the 1980s, Internapoli were starting to come back into form; the club pulled themselves back up into Serie D for the 1981–82 season.
Because of problems with their home "Stadio Collana", Internapoli were moved to Pozzuoli and became part of the club Puteolana 1909, essential leaving Internapoli liquidized. However, many wanted to bring back the old club for their area and so a new club named Gabbiano Napoli was set up playing in 1 °Categoria. Gabbiano swiftly climbed up the Italian league tables and during the 1991–92 season, they were crowned champions of the Eccellenza Campania; this meant they were promoted into Serie D, where they finished in the top half of their group during the early 1990s. At the end of the 1995–96 season, when Gabbiano finished as runners-up to Casertana, they restored the name of the club to Internapoli; this was the first time Internapoli had returned in full form since the split in 1982. The restoration was initiated by vice-president Dr. Alinei. In their first season back under the Internapoli name
Novara Calcio referred to as Novara, is an Italian football club based in Novara, Piedmont. In December 1908 the F. A. S. was created by eight students of Liceo Carlo Alberto, aged between 16 years. In Novara in those days, there were other small clubs like Voluntas, Pro Scalon, Ginnastica e Scherma, Forza & Speranza, Collegio Gallarini and many other student bodies; the best players from these teams came together to form Novara Calcio, made their debut in the Italian league on 3 November 1912. The first match was played against a team then established as Torino, who won 2–1, with the first Novara goal scored by Mario Menendez. In the years between World War I and World War II, Novara merged with Pro Vercelli and Casale to make the so-called "quadrilatero piemontese". Novara's highest finish came in 1952 when they finished in eighth place in Serie A. During these years of staying in the top flight, Novara had Silvio Piola to thank, his many goals, made a huge contribution to the cause of Novara.
Following his death in 1996, the stadium at which Novara play was dedicated in his name. In 1956 came relegation to Serie B, another five years afterwards, they slipped down to Serie C due to a fraudulent complaint by a Sambenedettese player. A few successful seasons in Serie B followed, but Novara stumbled again in 1977 with relegation to Serie C and worse in 1981 to Serie C2. In the 1995–96 season, Novara were back in Serie C1, but this joy was short-lived as the following year, the biancoazzurri again had to deal with relegation. Years were spent in the shadows of Italian football until more when the league was won in the 2002–03 season. Consolidation in Serie C1 followed becoming Lega Pro Prima Divisione, until the historic promotion of the 2009–10 season where the club returned to Serie B after 33 years. On 12 June 2011, Novara remarkably secured its promotion to Serie A after a 55-year absence from the league, by defeating Padova in the play-off final. Both consecutive promotions were achieved under the tenure of head coach Attilio Tesser, confirmed as Novara boss for the following 2011–12 top flight campaign.
On 20 September 2011, the first home game in Serie A for 55 years, Novara recorded an historic 3–1 victory over the World Champions of Inter. This remarkable feat, was not representative of their season as Novara managed to win only one more game until the end of January; the manager Attilio Tesser was replaced by veteran coach Emiliano Mondonico and re-hired one month in a desperate and vain attempt by the owners to save the club from relegation. The club was relegated again to Serie B after one season; the decision of the club to sign Greek footballer Giorgos Katidis caused worldwide condemnation. Katidis was banned for life from the Greek league after he performed the Nazi "Sieg Heil" salute on the field. Novara were eliminated by Empoli in the promotion play-offs; the following season was terrible for Novara as the club finished 19th in Serie B and lost in a play-out against Varese, losing 4–2 on aggregate. Thus, Novara were relegated to Lega Pro. Novara were crowned as champions of Group A of Lega Pro in 2014–15 and returned to Serie B.
In their first season back in Serie B they finished in a playoff spot but they lost to eventual winners Pescara in the semifinal. The following season saw; the following season saw Novara get relegated back to Lega Pro following a 20th place finish in the 2017–18 Serie B, on 1 August 2018 Novara were admitted to the 2018–19 Serie B to fill a vacancy. As of 31 January 2019Note: Flags indicate national team. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Primavera team player with first team squad numberNote: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Official website
A.C. Trento S.C.S.D.
A. C. Trento S. C. S. D. is an Italian football club, the major club in Trento. They play in Serie D. In 2014 Società Sportiva Dilettantistica Trento Calcio 1921 S.r.l. went bankrupt. The sports title was transferred to A. C. Trento S. C. S. D.. The club was founded in 1921; the team took part to the 1945–46 Serie Sodikin Alta Italia season. It in the season 2010–11, from Serie D group B relegated, in the play-out, to Eccellenza Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, where it plays in the current season. In the season 2011–12 the team was promoted from Eccellenza Trentino – South Tyroll to Serie D after playoffs; the team was relegated again in 2013. In 2014 Trento was relegated from Eccellenza to Promozione. After the transfer of the sports title to a new company in the same year, the phoenix club won promotion back to Eccellenza in 2016; the official colors are blue. They are the colors of the city of Trento; the home jerseys of the club include the colors yellow and blue and can be vertically striped depending on the season.
The away jerseys are white or black. The badge of the club has the form of a shield; the left half of the logo in the background is blue, the other half yellow. They represent the city of Trento. In the middle of the badge an eagle is depicted, the coat of arms of Trento. Above the eagle is the inscription "A. C. TRENTO"; the founding year "1921" is shown below the eagle. AC Trento plays his home games at Stadio Briamasco; the stadium has a capacity of 4,200 spectators. In the meantime, the stadium was slightly modernized; the dimensions of the field are 105x65 meters and it is played on natural turf pitch. It consists of south tribune; the north tribune is covered and the south tribune only half. In addition, the arena has an athletics system, no longer used. Two international matches of the Italian U21 were played in the Stadio Briamasco. Official site