The Union of European Football Associations is the administrative body for association football and beach soccer in Europe, although several member states are or located in Asia. It is one of six continental confederations of world football's governing body FIFA. UEFA consists of 55 national association members. UEFA represents the national football associations of Europe, runs nation and club competitions including the UEFA European Championship, UEFA Nations League, UEFA Champions League, UEFA Europa League, UEFA Super Cup, controls the prize money and media rights to those competitions. Henri Delaunay was Ebbe Schwartz the first president; the current president is Aleksander Čeferin, a former Football Association of Slovenia president, elected as UEFA's seventh president at the 12th Extraordinary UEFA Congress in Athens in September 2016, automatically became a vice-president of the world body FIFA. UEFA was founded on 15 June 1954 in Basel, Switzerland after consultation between the Italian and Belgian associations.
The European football union began with 25 members. Until 1959 the main headquarters were located in Paris, in Bern. In 1995, UEFA headquarters were transferred to Switzerland. UEFA membership coincides for the most part with recognition as a sovereign country in Europe, although there are some exceptions; some states are not members. Some UEFA members are not sovereign states, but form part of a larger recognised sovereign state in the context of international law; these include Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales, the Faroe Islands, Kosovo, however in the context of these countries government functions concerning sport tend to be carried at the territorial level coterminous with the UEFA member entity. Some UEFA members are transcontinental states and others are considered part of Europe both culturally and politically. Countries, members of the Asian Football Confederation were admitted to the European football association Israel and Kazakhstan. Additionally some UEFA member associations allow teams from outside their association's main territory to take part in their "domestic" competition.
AS Monaco, for example, takes part in the French League. F. C. participate in the English League. Derry City, situated in Northern Ireland, plays in the Republic of Ireland-based League of Ireland and the 7 native Liechtensteinian teams play in the Swiss Leagues. Saarland Football Union, joined Football Association of West Germany Football Association of East Germany, joined Football Association of West Germany as German Football Association Football Federation of the Soviet Union. Four other successor republics formed their own football organisations. Football Association of Serbia and Montenegro. Montenegro, which exited the union, created the Football Association of Montenegro, it competed as FR Yugoslavia until 2003 when the country changed its name to Montenegro. Football Association of Czechoslovakia, became Football Association of the Czech Republic and Slovak Football Association with the Football Association of the Czech Republic acknowledged as its direct successor. Lithuania, in 1990 sanctions were imposed due to secession of Lithuanian Football Federation from the Football Federation of Soviet Union Yugoslavia, in 1992-1998 sanctions were imposed due to the Bosnian War Italy, in 1974-1975 sanctions were imposed against SS Lazio due to its fans, Italy was restricted from the European Cup to which Lazio qualified England, in 1985-1991 sanctions were imposed against English association football clubs due to the Heysel Stadium disaster by suspending their participation in continental competitions for five years Netherlands, in 1991-1992 sanctions were imposed against AFC Ajax due to its fans, the Netherlands were restricted from the European Cup to which Ajax qualified Albania, in 1967 special sanctions were imposed against 1966–67 Albanian Superliga due to its political background 1968–69 the Warsaw Pact demonstrated political protest and imposed sanctions on clubs of its members in continental competitions (included E
Dogana is a town and a civil parish, whose name means'Customs House'. The town is the most populated settlement in the republic; the town is situated at the northernmost point of San Marino after Falciano, close to the border with Italy. It has a population of 7,000. Due to its size, in 2006 it asked to split away from Serravalle and become its own castello, but in 2007 the proposal was refused. Partial autonomy is reflected in Dogana's having its own postal code, while the rest of Serravalle carries the designation 47899. Dogana is the main entry point for travellers arriving into San Marino from Italy. Although Dogana means customs house in Italian, there are no border formalities anywhere on the border between Italy and San Marino; the local football team is the Juvenes. Stadio Olimpico Serravalle Cà Ragni Cinque Vie Falciano Lesignano Ponte Mellini Rovereta Valgiurata Media related to Dogana at Wikimedia Commons
Serravalle (San Marino)
Serravalle is a castello located in the European republic of San Marino. With a population of 10,878 inhabitants and a surface of 10.53 km², it is not only the most densely populated municipality in San Marino, but it contains its largest settlement. Serravalle is located on the edge of the Apennine Mountains; the town borders on Sammarinese municipalities of Domagnano and Borgo Maggiore and the Italian municipalities Verucchio and Coriano. Serravalle counts a surrounding quarter named Galazzano, where the weather station and an industrial area are located. First mentioned in a 962 document, in medieval times this town was called Castrum Olnani, the village of the elm trees. Serravalle attached during the last territorial expansion of the Republic. Serravalle has 8 parishes: Cà Ragni, Cinque Vie, Falciano, Ponte Mellini, Valgiurata Chiesa di Sant Andrea, built in 1824 by Luigi Fonti Stadio Olimpico, not a stadium built to house the Olympics, but rather to house local San Marino football games Stadio di Baseball di Serravalle, home ballpark for the T & A San Marino Baseball Club, which participates in the Italian Baseball League Media related to Serravalle at Wikimedia Commons
Acquaviva (San Marino)
Acquaviva is one of the 9 communes or "castelli" of San Marino. It has 2,145 inhabitants in an area of 4.86 km². It borders the San Marino municipalities Borgo Maggiore and San Marino and the Italian municipalities San Leo and Verucchio. In its territory there are two significant sites for San Marino; the first, the rock of Baldasserona, is considered the location of the Titan where he stopped for the first time Saint Marino. In the rock, in fact a large fissure, is considered the first refuge of the founder of San Marino. In fact, for San Marino, it is at this point that began their history. Another place that has marked the history of San Marino is Mount Cerreto. At the foot of the hill, was the information with which the Saint baptized the first Christians of the Titano community, hence the name of "Acquaviva". Historical documents attest that "the Cerreto Castello di Monte", identified with Acquaviva, in 885 was issued the "Placito Feretrano", the oldest document of the Republic of San Marino.
The town, as of 30 June 2014, has 324 companies, 100 of these are business, 72 are manufacturing and 66 are the commercial field. It was annexed to San Marino in 1243. Acquaviva is subdivided into two parishes: Gualdicciolo La Serra Media related to Acquaviva at Wikimedia Commons
Faetano is one of the 9 communes or "castelli" of San Marino. It has 1,177 inhabitants in an area of 7,75 km², it borders on the San Marino municipalities Montegiardino, Borgo Maggiore, Domagnano and the Italian municipalities Coriano and Sassofeltrio. It was attached voluntarily to San Marino in 1463 in the last territorial expansion. Faetano has four parishes: Cà Chiavello, Corianino, Monte Pulito Media related to Faetano at Wikimedia Commons
City of San Marino
The City of San Marino is the capital city of the Republic of San Marino, Southern Europe. The city has a population of 4,044, it is on the western slopes of Monte Titano. Although not the capital, most of the businesses are in Borgo Maggiore, it is the third largest city in the country, after Borgo Maggiore. It borders the San Marino municipalities Acquaviva, Borgo Maggiore and Chiesanuova and the Italian municipality San Leo. Akademio Internacia de la Sciencoj San Marino is centered here. Due to its being the capital and the only city in San Marino, the history of this city is the same as the History of San Marino. For more information on that topic, see that article; the city was founded by Saint Marinus and several Christian refugees in the year 301. From on the city became a center of Christian refugees who fled from Roman persecution; the urban heart of the city was protected by three towers: the first, constructed in the 11th century, was famous for being impenetrable, which to a great extent discouraged attacks on the city.
Due to the Crusades, it was felt necessary to construct Cesta. But the Sanmarinense defensive system was not completed until the construction of a third tower, the Montale - the smallest of all and constructed on the last of the summits of Monte Titano. With the population of the city increasing, the territory of the country was extended by a few square kilometers. Since the Sanmarinese policy was not to invade or to use war to obtain new territories, it was by means of purchases and treaties that San Marino obtained the other eight castelli which make up San Marino; the City of San Marino has the following 7 parishes or wards: Cà Berlone, Casole, Montalbo, Santa Mustiola The economy of the city of San Marino has always been bound to that of the country. Until the main economic activities of the locality were stone extraction and carving. Today, there is a more varied economy, including tourism, sale of postage stamps, a small agricultural industry, although the latter is in decline; the city is visited by more than three million people per year, has developed progressively as a tourist centre.
Of the tourists, 85% are Italian. There are more than a thousand retail outlets, where one can find a great variety of products. Basilica di San Marino Palazzo dei Capitani Palazzo Pubblico The Three Towers of San Marino Piazza del Titano Piazza Garibaldi Monastery of Santa Clara Grand Hotel San Marino The town is known for its long, winding cobblestoned streets, as its altitude and steep approach put it beyond the reach of the San Marino Superhighway. San Marino is notable in that cars are prohibited in much of the town center. Before the Second World War, a railway was built from San Marino to Rimini under the dictatorship of Benito Mussolini, its tunnels, the railway station'Piazzale Lo Stradone', still exist. Proposals for the reopening of this railway have been presented to the government on several occasions, but thus far without action. There is a regular bus service to Rimini, a 1.5 kilometres cable car line connects the capital with Borgo Maggiore. A series of lifts connects the upper part of town with the lower.
The city of San Marino has two football teams: the S. S. Murata and the S. P. Tre Penne; the city had the Olympic Flame pass through San Marino during the run-up to the 2006 Winter Olympics. City of San Marino is twinned with: San Leo, Italy Rab, Croatia Rønne, Denmark Scranton, United States Media related to San Marino at Wikimedia Commons San Marino's page on giuntedicastello.sm
Fiorentino is one of the 9 communes or "castelli" of the Republic of San Marino. It has 2,548 inhabitants in an area of 6.57 km². It borders the San Marino municipalities Chiesanuova, San Marino, Borgo Maggiore and Montegiardino and the Italian municipalities Monte Grimano and Sassofeltrio. Evidence indicates. Fiorentino has 3 parishes: Capanne, Pianacci Media related to Fiorentino at Wikimedia Commons