Alto Gállego is a comarca located in the north of the autonomous community of Aragón, Spain. It occupies the entirety of the upper basin of the Río Gállego; the comarca was a part of the area known as Jacetania, the original nucleus of the old county of Aragón. The historical territories integrated into that area were the Tena Valley, the lands surrounding Biescas, the Serrablo. Today, Alto Gállego borders with the comarca of Jacetania to the West, the Sobrarbe to the East, the Hoya de Huesca, France to the North. Official Website Friends of Serrablo Official map Comarcas of Aragón, Alto Gállego
Laguna de Gallocanta
The Gallocanta Lake is an endorheic lake in Aragon, Spain. Falling within the boundaries of two provinces and Zaragoza, the lake is located just to the south of Gallocanta village, between the Aragonese comarcas of Campo de Daroca and Comarca del Jiloca; this lake is situated on a high continental plain at an altitude of 1,000 m. It lies in a 53,600 ha natural basin known as El Campo de Bello, encircled by the Iberian System mountain ranges of Sierra de Santa Cruz and Sierra de Pardos in the north, Sierra Menera in the south and Sierra del Caldereros in the east, it is an intermittent rain-fed lake dependent on abundant autumnal and spring rains if it is to maintain a sizeable amount of water into the hot summer months. During the summer of 1969 drought the lake dried leaving a crust of salt and remaining dry for a long spell; the Laguna de Gallocanta is one of the most important stopover sites for migrating common cranes in Spain, being able to give shelter to an average population of 20,000 birds at one time.
The lake holds a wide array of wetland birds when its water level permits, while its shores are visited by steppeland birds and raptors. In the 1970s Gallocanta Lake was designated a National Hunting Reserve. In 1994 Gallocanta Lake was declared a Ramsar site, protecting an area of 6,720 ha as a wetland of international importance; the lake has received designations for its importance to birdlife: it has been declared a Special Protection Area by the European Union. It is an Important Bird Area. Following an assessment in 2016, the lake was one of a number of sites classed as an IBA in danger in 2017. There is an interpretation centre with displays on the lake's wildlife. There are private initiatives promoting bird tourism. Gallocanta List of Ramsar sites in Spain List of Ramsar wetlands of international importance Aragón es Así - Laguna de Gallocanta Sounds of the cranes at Gallocanta
Spain the Kingdom of Spain, is a country located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula, its territory includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country. Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are part of Spanish territory; the country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar. With an area of 505,990 km2, Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population, Spain is the fifth in the European Union. Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid. Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula around 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along with ancient Phoenician, Greek and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman rule around 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician name Spn or Spania.
At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and established independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi and Vandals. The Visigoths would forcibly integrate all remaining independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically and all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was documented as Hispania. In the early eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to rule most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving only a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting up to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada; this led to many wars during a long reconquering period across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the creation of the Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castile, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to face the invasion.
Following the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs. Until Aragon had been an independent kingdom, which had expanded toward the eastern Mediterranean, incorporating Sicily and Naples, had competed with Genoa and Venice. In the early modern period, Spain became the world's first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes more than 570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were many advancements in the arts, with world-famous painters such as Diego Velázquez; the most famous Spanish literary work, Don Quixote, was published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world's third-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, with King Felipe VI as head of state.
It is a major developed country and a high income country, with the world's fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing power parity. It is a member of the United Nations, the European Union, the Eurozone, the Council of Europe, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the Union for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Schengen Area, the World Trade Organization and many other international organisations. While not an official member, Spain has a "Permanent Invitation" to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto member of the group; the origins of the Roman name Hispania, from which the modern name España was derived, are uncertain due to inadequate evidence, although it is documented that the Phoenicians and Carthaginians referred to the region as Spania, therefore the most accepted etymology is a Semitic-Phoenician one.
Down the centuries there have been a number of accounts and hypotheses: The Renaissance scholar Antonio de Nebrija proposed that the word Hispania evolved from the Iberian word Hispalis, meaning "city of the western world". Jesús Luis Cunchillos argues that the root of the term span is the Phoenician word spy, meaning "to forge metals". Therefore, i-spn-ya would mean "the land where metals are forged", it may be a derivation of the Phoenician I-Shpania, meaning "island of rabbits", "land of rabbits" or "edge", a reference to Spain's location at the end of the Mediterranean. The word in question means "Hyrax" due to Phoenicians confusing the two animals. Hispania may derive from the poetic use of the term Hesperia, reflecting the Greek perception of Italy as a "western land" or "land of the setting sun" (Hesperia
Daroca is a city and municipality in the province of Zaragoza, Spain, situated to the south of the city of Zaragoza. It is the center of a judicial district, it is located in the valley of the Jiloca river. N-234 highway passes through Daroca. According to certain writers, the primitive Celtiberian village in this location was named Darek; the Romans named it Agiria, building a strong castle to defend the Laminium road, which passed through the village and connected Zaragoza with Valencia. The Arabs gave it the name Calat-Darawca, possessed it for 400 years, until Alfonso the Battler conquered it in 1120, in 1141 issued a primitive legal code, unknown today. In the 12th century, Ramon Berenguer IV gave it the laws and privileges which made it the capital of the Community of Daroca, which had a great social and military influence in the Middle Ages, it had a vote in courts and was the site of several famous assemblies: 1196, 1222-1243, 1311, 1338, in which peace was arranged with Castile. In a war against Peter of Castile, Daroca resisted a siege, which led to the awarding of the status of city on April 26, 1366.
City life was ruled by the council, whose principal members were the justice, jurors, scribes, major-domos, other minor officials. The terms for municipal offices lasted one year, they were elected by the council; the justice was appointed by the king from a set of three candidates chosen by the council, the judge and jurors were chosen by the king directly. All of this occurred on January 1. Economically and livestock were the principal occupations of the inhabitants. There were three social groups, Christians and Muslims, which enjoyed the same laws and privileges, although they were organized separately; the city served as a frequent stop for journeys to places in the area, was visited by the Catholic Monarchs, Charles I, Philip II, Philip III, on his route from Madrid to Zaragoza and Catalonia. Philip V was in Daroca and so was his rival to the throne, Charles II. After the death of Charles II, Daroca embraced the cause of the Austrian pretender to the throne, Charles III, instead of the French-backed candidate Philip, duke of Anjou, which led to the occupation and sacking of the city in the War of Spanish Succession.
This ended six centuries of municipal autonomy: the office of the justice disappeared, was substituted for a royal magistrate. During the Peninsular War, Napoleon's troops entered Daroca in June 1808, destroying a good part of the Dominican convent, returned periodically to control the city and attack the resistance. Daroca was liberated in August 1813. France had taken Ferdinand VII of Spain prisoner, when he returned in 1814, he stayed in Daroca, communicated a new constitution. During the Carlist Wars of the 19th century, it was occupied by the Carlist forces in 1834, 1837, 1872, but all of these were sporadic because Daroca remained loyal to the monarchy of Isabel II; the occupations were due to the geographical proximity of the Carlist redoubt of Maestrazgo. From the middle of the nineteenth century, the economic situation improved due to successful agriculture, which spurred the development of commerce and small industry. At the beginning of the twentieth century, the Teruel-Calatayud railway was built, which strengthened the commercial position of Daroca.
In these years, embankments were built in the Jiloca gorge and there was reforestation in an attempt to avoid the disasters caused by periodic flooding. Afterwards the city began to decline, although it kept its position thanks to the industrialization and the mechanization of the field. However, it was not able to adapt to the new times and the markets began to disappear. Today there is an attempt to revitalize commerce and tourism, but agriculture is suffering a difficult reversal, because there are no young people in the area to carry on the traditional viticulture and horticulture, the fields are filling with forest plants. More than 4 km of medieval walls Gates: Puerta Baja, Puerta Alta, Portal de Valencia and Arrabal Church of San Miguel. Church of San Juan. Church of Santo Domingo. Basilica of Santa María de los Sagrados Corporales, associated with a Eucharistic miracle dated to 1340 Fountain of the twenty pipes Daroca has a semi-arid climate typical of Spain's interior, with low annual rainfall and high summer sunshine.
Summers are hot, but tempered by elevation. Winters are warm for the latitude, although cool by Spanish standards. Festival of Antique Music. Corpus. San Cristóbal. Medieval Market Pouillon, France Daroca datos básicos Comarcas de Daroca y Calamocha Daroca Daroca Ficha de la población Página semioficial
Comunidad de Calatayud
The Comunidad de Calatayud is one of the comarcas of Aragon, Spain. It is one of twelve comarcas within the province of Zaragoza in Aragón; the administrative headquarters are in the city of Calatayud. Local wine achieved Denominación de Origen status in 1990 and it is the second largest wine-producing area in Aragón after Cariñena. Fruit and wheat are major agricultural products, there is light industry and tourism; the area is noted for balnearios at Alhama de Aragón, Jaraba and Paracuellos for its mudéjar architecture.67 municipalities make up the comarca, located in a mountainous area of the Iberian System. The Comunidad de Calatayud is bounded to the north by Aranda and Valdejalón, on the east by Campo de Cariñena and Campo de Daroca, to the south by La Serrania and Señorío de Molina-Alto Tajo, to the west by the Tierra de Medinaceli; the major rivers are the Piedra and Jiloca. The population of the comarca was 42,379 in 2008, the area is 2,518 km2; the county was first established as a community of villages founded by Alfonso I after the Reconquista.
This community had full autonomy to organize itself economically and militarily, as it was a frontier territory. The region was larger as it included municipalities that are part of Soria and Guadalajara provinces. In the nineteenth century it was a province, including the comarcas of Aranda, parts of Daroca, Valdejalón and Jiloca. In 2001 the present comarca was created under legislation promulgated by the Government of Aragón. Celtic remains have been found in Munébrega, Monreal de Ariza and Calatayud; the remains of the Roman city of Augusta Bilbilis, birthplace of the poet Marco Valerio Marcial, have been excavated near Calatayud. Remains of castles are still visible at Calatayud, Nuévalos, Alhama de Aragon, Torrijos and Cimballa; the Monasterio de Piedra was founded as a monastery in the 12th century and is now a hotel and water gardens near Nuévalos. At Alhama de Aragón there is the largest thermal lake in Spain. Juan Fernández de Heredia, a writer and diplomat in the service of Peter IV of Aragon and Grand Master of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem.
Pascual Marquina Narro, 20th-century composer. Marco Valerio Marcial, Roman poet. Baltasar Gracián, 17th-century author. Antonio Serón, 16th-century poet. Joaquín Dicenta, 19th-century poet and playwright. Sixto Celorrio, 20th-century writer, poet and politician. Ángel Vicioso, professional cyclist. Paul Abián, professional badminton player. Tourism in the Comunidad de Calatayud Comunidad de Calatayud Comarca Comunidad de Calatayud Comarcas de Aragón, Comunidad de Calatayud
Ribagorza or Ribagorça is a comarca in Aragon, situated in the north-east of the province of Huesca. It borders the French département of the Haute-Garonne to Catalonia to the east. Within Aragon its neighboring counties are Sobrarbe, Somontano de Barbastro, La Litera, it corresponds to the Aragonese part of the medieval County of Ribagorza. The administrative capital of Ribagorza is Graus, although the historical capital of the county was at Benabarre; the Ribagorçan dialect is a transitional Aragonese–Catalan dialect spoken in the western part of the county. Municipalities in the eastern part, bordering Catalonia, are part of La Franja, a geolinguistic area, where the local language is a variety of Catalan; however and Catalan form a dialect continuum here and the geographical limit of both languages cannot be drawn in a clear-cut manner. The Catalan version of the names of the towns are in brackets. Arén Benabarre Benasque Beranuy Bisaurri Bonansa Campo Capella Castejón de Sos Castigaleu Chía Estopiñán del Castillo Foradada del Toscar Graus Isábena Lascuarre Laspaúles Monesma y Cajigar Montanuy Perarrúa La Puebla de Castro Puente de Montañana Sahún Santaliestra y San Quílez Secastilla Seira Sesué Sopeira Tolva Torre la Ribera Valle de Bardají Valle de Lierp Viacamp y Litera Villanova Ribagorza, Comarca's site
Nombrevilla is a municipality located in the province of Zaragoza, Spain. According to the 2004 census, the municipality has a population of 50 inhabitants