Canada Post millennium stamps
Due to popular demand, Canada Post released the 68 specially designed stamps as a series of 17 Millennium souvenir sheets, each depicting four different stamps, starting December 17, 1999 through to March 17, 2000. This first series highlights pivotal Canadian subjects in the world of entertainment and the arts, including IMAX motion-picture technology, the Calgary Stampede, singer Félix Leclerc and the National Film Board; the released Millennium Souvenir Sheet OFDCs will be cancelled in Ottawa. Calgary StampedeFamous throughout the world, the Calgary Stampede has put the wild in West for more than eight decades, thrilling visitors with traditional rodeo events such as chuckwagon racing, calf roping and bareback bronc riding. Cirque du SoleilA spectacular blend of music, theatre and acrobatics, Cirque du Soleil has blossomed from a group of Quebec buskers into an award-winning troupe of more than 550 performers whose shows have wowed millions worldwide. Hockey Night in CanadaPlay-by-play announcers have brought the excitement of Canada's national game into our living rooms since Foster Hewitt first went on the air in 1923.
Today few broadcasting institutions are as entrenched in our culture as Hockey Night in Canada and the French-language La Soirée du hockey. La Soirée du hockey: Live From the Forum Today, few broadcasting institutions are as entrenched in our culture as Hockey Night in Canada and the French-language La Soirée du hockey. During his 33 years with La Soirée, announcer René Lecavalier created a unique lexicon for the sport, still used today. Félix LeclercConsidered the father of modern Quebec song and actor Félix Leclerc paved the way for the popular chansonnier movement and influenced the careers of many successful singers. Glenn GouldGlenn Gould was one of the 20th century's most brilliant pianists. Celebrated for his unique interpretations of the work of Bach and other composers, the Toronto native's legacy included more than 80 works and numerous awards. Guy LombardoThe leader of the top band in North America in its day, Guy Lombardo was best known for his legendary 48-years stint in New York City, where he and his Royal Canadians performed live for annual New Year's Eve broadcasts.
Portia WhiteNova Scotia-born contralto Portia White helped break the colour barrier in classical music during the 1940s, dazzling concert hall audiences in North America and abroad with her stunning voice. Canada CouncilOne of the country's most valued institutions, the Canada Council fosters the creativity of new and established artists by providing a range of grants and services to individuals, professional organizations and publishing houses. Canadian Broadcasting CorporationFrom its early days in radio to its present dynamic television networks, the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation has helped shape our national consciousness through its commitment to high-quality current affairs and entertainment programming. National Film Board of CanadaDedicated to showcasing the voice and vision of Canadian filmmakers, the National Film Board of Canada, represented here by John Spotton, has produced more than 9,000 original films and earned numerous international awards over the past 60 years. Royal Canadian Academy of ArtsThe Toronto-based Royal Canadian Academy of Arts is the oldest national organization of professional Canadian artists, was instrumental in establishing the National Gallery of Canada in Ottawa.
IMAXOriginated at Montreal's Expo 67, IMAX gives movie audience a larger-than-life experience by projecting dazzling images shot on special large-format film onto screens up to eight storeys high. Sir William StephensonBefore becoming an Allied super spy during the Second World War, Sir William Stephenson developed a radio facsimile device that revolutionized the newspaper industry by enabling the wireless transmission of publishable photographs. SoftimageMontreal-based Softimage Co. is the world's leading 2-D and 3-D animation software designer and the wizard behind the stunning special effects in such Oscar-winning blockbusters as Jurassic Park and Titanic. Ted Rogers, Sr. Ted Rogers Sr. invented a tube which allowed hum-free radios to be plugged directly into electrical outlets. His work lives on in his son's telecommunications empire, which spans everything from cable television to Internet access. January's series of four Millennium souvenir sheets features, among others, Lester B. Pearson, Terry Fox and CIDA.
These bold 112-by-108 mm souvenir sheets frame four 36-by-48 mm stamps in thematic groupings that celebrate Canadian giants in fields as diverse as medicine, finance and international development. CIDAEstablished in 1968, the Canadian International Development Agency is responsible for administering the bulk of Canada's foreign aid budget to provide assistance for sustainable development projects in more than 100 countries. Canadian MissionariesFor more than a century, Canadian missionaries have dedicated their lives to working in the developing world. Montreal-born surgeon Lucille Teasdale spent more than 30 years running a hospital in Uganda before dying of AIDS she contracted while operating on an infected patient. Meals on WheelsIntroduced in Brantford, Ontario, in 1963, Meals on Wheels has grown to a nationwide movement with thousands of volunteers delivering nutritious meals to seniors, many of whom are poor and homebound. Terry FoxAlthough his illness forced him to give up his Marathon of Hope, the spirit of one of Canada's most courageous young men lives on in the annual Terry Fox Run, which has earned more than $200 million for cancer research.
Banning LandminesCanada has played an integral role in banning anti-personal landmines, which claim an average of 500 victims a week. In 1997, 122 countries signed the historic Ottawa Convention prohibiting the use of these devices and calli
Laid paper is a type of paper having a ribbed texture imparted by the manufacturing process. In the pre-mechanical period of European papermaking, laid paper was the predominant kind of paper produced, its use, diminished in the 19th century, when it was supplanted by wove paper. Laid paper is still used by artists as a support for charcoal drawings. Before the mechanization of papermaking, the laid pattern was produced by the wire sieve in the rectangular mold used to produce single sheets of paper. A worker would dip the mold into a vat containing diluted linen pulp lift it out, tilt it to spread the pulp evenly over the sieve, and, as the water drained out between the wires, shake the mold to lock the fibers together. In the process, the pattern of the wires in the sieve was imparted to the sheet of paper. Modern papermaking techniques use a dandy roll to create the laid pattern during the early stages of manufacture, in the same way as applying a paper watermark. While in the wet state, the paper stock is drained on a wire mesh to de-water the stock.
During this process, a dandy roll with a laid mesh pattern is pressed into the wet stock, displacing the cellulose fiber. This pattern has to be applied at a particular stock consistency; as the fiber is displaced, localized areas of higher and lower density are produced in a laid pattern, the pattern is created on the paper's surface. The pattern is therefore apparent both as one views its surface. Applying the laid pattern as a mechanical emboss would not create the ribbed pattern seen on looking through the sheet, as this is achieved only by watermarking techniques; the traditional laid pattern consists of a series of wide-spaced lines parallel to the shorter sides of the sheet—or, in machine-made paper, running in the machine direction—and more narrowly spaced lines which are at 90 degrees to the chain lines
American Philatelic Society
The American Philatelic Society is the largest nonprofit stamp collecting foundation of philately in the world. Both the membership and interests of the society are worldwide; the organization named the American Philatelic Association, was established on September 14, 1886 in New York City, the following day elected John K. Tiffany as its first president. Voting membership was granted to 219 individuals; the organization's name was changed to its present name for a few months in 1897 back permanently in 1908. Society membership reached over 4,000 in 1940, included U. S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and his Secretary of the Interior Harold L. Ickes. At the 1942 APS convention, board member Donald Lybarger argued for the creation of a central office near the geographic center of the philatelic community, but not in a large city; when he was elected APS President in 1943, he was able to turn his vision into reality. At the 1944 APS convention it was announced that the APS would accept applications for the position of Executive Secretary.
H. Clay Musser of State College, was selected and the APS office was established there on April 1, 1945; as a testament to their leadership, the APS became the US representative to the Federation Internationale de Philatelie in 1947. By the mid-1990s, the expanded services and the American Philatelic Research Library had outgrown the facility in State College. A study determined that because of high local real estate values, it was not cost effective to expand the existing building. A search of alternatives identified a property ten miles from State College, sound and could be acquired for a reasonable amount. In 2002, after much discussion and soul searching, the APS committed millions of dollars to purchasing and renovating what was known as the Match Factory in Bellefonte, Pennsylvania; the American Philatelic Center was dedicated in June, 2004. The APS offers several services to its members: The American Philatelist - monthly magazine StampStore - online stamp buying member sales circuits via mail American Philatelic Research Library Insurance for stamp collections American Philatelic Expertizing Service Accreditation of Judges and National Exhibitions Educational opportunities Member Code of Ethics and a Complaint Process APS Stamp Talk with Nancy Clark on internet radio talk station wsRadio.
APS membership includes over about 450 local stamp clubs. In addition, nearly 200 specialty societies are affiliated with the APS. Individual membership reached a high of 57,000 in 1991, stands at just over 28,000 as of June 2018; the organization has two national events each year: APS AmeriStamp Expo is held each Winter and APS StampShow is scheduled in the Summer. Both shows rotate to different locations around the country; the Summer event is the largest annual national show with 150 dealers, 10,000 pages of exhibits, meetings of more than 25 national societies, over 100 educational seminars. Local stamp clubs host smaller shows, some several times each year. According to the ARIPEX website, its 61st annual show to be held 15–17 February 2019 in Mesa, AZ, will be "the last winter show conducted by the APS." The society honors those. The American Philatelic Society Hall of Fame honors those now-deceased philatelists who have served philately. In addition the society honors living distinguished philatelists for their contributions to the field with the Luff Award.
Around 1970, numerous newly independent countries realized that issuing stamps was an excellent source of revenue. Because the stamps were sent to other countries, there was little risk of the stamps being used for postage. A country issued stamps to commemorate an event or honor a national figure, but these new nations created stamps that appealed to popular collecting themes, such as Disney figures, airplanes or space, famous people in the world. Instead of releasing a single stamp, they would create a set, with values ranging from a penny to five dollars; the APS was appalled, created the “black blot” program. The society published a monthly magazine for members, began to include a list of new stamp issues that were judged to be overpriced or unnecessary. A country with high illiteracy and a marginal postal service did not require 100 different stamps each year. However, many collectors rebelled at being told to reject some stamps, the program was dropped. Official website APS Tips and Links
Postage stamps and postal history of Canada
The postal and philatelic history of Canada concerns the territories which have formed Canada. Before Canadian confederation, the colonies of British Columbia and Vancouver Island, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Newfoundland issued stamps in their own names; the postal history falls into four major periods: French control, British control, colonial government control, Canada, since 1867. It was at St. John's, Newfoundland on 3 August 1527 that the first known letter was sent from North America. While in St. John's, John Rut had written a letter to King Henry VIII on his findings and his planned voyage; the letter in part reads as follows: "Pleasing your Honourable Grace to heare of your servant John Rut with all his company here in good health thanks be to God." The conclusion of the letter reads: "...the third day of August we entered into a good harbour called St. John and there we found Eleuen Saile of Normans and one Brittaine and two Portugal barks all a fishing and so we are ready to depart towards Cap de Bras, 25 leagues as shortly as we have fished and so along the Coast until we may meete with our fellowe and so with all diligence that lyes in me toward parts to that Ilands that we are command at our departing and thus Jesu save and keepe you Honourable Grace and all your Honourable Reuer.
In the Haven of St. John the third day of August written in hast 1527, by your servant John Rut to his uttermost of his power." The earliest reference to a postal service is of couriers in 1705, namely the "first courier" Pedro da Silva, carrying the Governor's dispatches by boat, along with private letters. A regular postal system was proposed in 1721, but would have been too expensive at the time, was not created until 1734, when a road existed between Montreal and Quebec. Post houses were established at intervals of nine miles or so, along with ferries across the rivers. Fees were 10 sols between the two major cities, 5 sols to Trois-Rivières, Quebec; the British captured Montreal in 1760, shortly thereafter established a military postal system that handled letters between Quebec and Montreal, from Montreal to Albany, New York. The peace treaty of 1763 inaugurated the development of a civilian post; the Postmasters General of the American colonies, Benjamin Franklin and William Foxcroft surveyed a route between New York and Quebec, contracted Quebec-Montreal mail to a Hugh Finlay, who provided a weekly service at 8d per letter.
Mail to New York cost about a shilling. The service was quite successful, the Quebec-Montreal route increasing to twice/week, branching out to include Skenesborough; the American Revolutionary War disrupted mail to New York, showed the weakness in not having an all-British route to Halifax, Nova Scotia, in 1787 a complicated route was set up through Riviere du Loup, Fredericton and Annapolis. Upper Canada had its own semi-monthly route through Kingston, Detroit, as far as Michilimackinac on Lake Huron. Finlay was succeeded in 1800 by George Heriot in 1816 Daniel Sutherland took over as Postmaster General. By this time dozens of post offices were being opened. 1816 was when the postal services of Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia were separated, not rejoined until 1868. Postmarks had been in use since 1764; the earliest markings were town names in a straight line. As is typical of the period, the postal service introduced ever-more-complicated systems of rates for mail, depending on destination and distance.
In 1840 Rowland Hill proposed a uniform rate for Great Britain that could be prepaid by postage stamps, on May 25, 1849, the Legislative Assembly of Canada resolved to adopt the use of stamps in the Province of Canada. The colonies co-operated in the local control of the postal system after they assumed the administration from the General Post office in London in 1851, but each colony issued its own stamps until it joined confederation. All colonies ceased issuing postage stamps after joining confederation; the colonies of British Columbia and Vancouver Island jointly issued stamps valid in both colonies in 1860. In 1865, each colony issued its own series. After the two colonies were merged in 1866, the united colony issued stamps from 1867 to 1869; the Province of Canada began issuing stamps on April 23, 1851. The first were in the values of 3d, 6d, 12d. Designed by Sir Sandford Fleming, the Threepenny Beaver depicted a beaver in an oval frame, is considered the first Canadian postage stamp, it was the first stamp to picture an animal and not a monarch.
It was the first official postage stamp anywhere to picture an animal, though an unofficial postmaster's provisional from St. Louis, Missouri showed two bears in 1845; the 6d was a portrait of Prince Albert from a drawing by William Drummond Esq. The 12d was reproduced from a full-length painting of Queen Victoria done by Alfred Edward Chalon. All three stamps were produced by the firm of Rawdon, Wright and Edson of New York. In April 1851, the rate for inland letters to Canada, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Cape Breton and Prince Edward Island was 3d per ½ oz. Letters to the USA was 6d per ½ oz, excluding California and Oregon, 9d per ½ oz; the first issues were made on laid paper. All of these early stamps were imperforate issues; these earliest issues on laid paper are quite rare. Copies today, depending on their condition, may sell for US$50,000 or more. Between 1852 and 1857, the postal service came out with new values: ½d, 7½d, 10d, while removing the 12d; the first two
Stamp collecting is the collecting of postage stamps and related objects. It is related to philately, the study of stamps, it has been one of the world's most popular hobbies since the late nineteenth century with the rapid growth of the postal service, as a never-ending stream of new stamps was produced by countries that sought to advertise their distinctiveness through their stamps. Stamp collecting is accepted as one of the areas that make up the wider subject of philately, the study of stamps. A philatelist may, but does not have to, collect stamps, it is not uncommon for the term philatelist to be used to mean a stamp collector. Many casual stamp collectors accumulate stamps for sheer enjoyment and relaxation without worrying about the tiny details; the creation of a large or comprehensive collection, however requires some philatelic knowledge and will contain areas of philatelic studies. Postage stamps are collected for their historical value and geographical aspects and for the many subjects depicted on them, ranging from ships and birds to kings and presidents.
Stamp collectors are an important source of income for some countries who create limited runs of elaborate stamps designed to be bought by stamp collectors. The stamps produced by these countries may exceed their postal needs, but may feature attractive topical designs that many collectors desire, it has been suggested that John Bourke, Receiver General of Stamp Dues in Ireland, was the first collector. In 1774 he assembled a book of the existing embossed revenue stamps, ranging in value from 6 pounds to half a penny, as well as the hand stamped charge marks that were used with them, his collection is preserved in Dublin. Postage stamp collecting began at the same time that stamps were first issued, by 1860 thousands of collectors and stamp dealers were appearing around the world as this new study and hobby spread across Europe, European colonies, the United States and other parts of the world; the first postage stamp, the Penny Black, was issued by Britain in May 1840 and pictured a young Queen Victoria.
It was produced without perforations and had to be cut from the sheet with scissors in order to be used. While unused examples of the Penny Black are quite scarce, used examples are quite common, may be purchased for $20 to $200, depending upon condition. People started to collect stamps immediately. One of the earliest and most notable was John Edward Gray. In 1862, Gray stated that he "began to collect postage stamps shortly after the system was established and before it had become a rage". Women stamp collectors date from the earliest days of postage stamp collecting. One of the earliest was Adelaide Lucy Fenton who wrote articles in the 1860s for the journal The Philatelist under the name Herbert Camoens; as the hobby and study of stamps began to grow, stamp albums and stamp related literature began to surface, by the early 1880s publishers like Stanley Gibbons made a business out of this advent. Children and teenagers were early collectors of stamps in the 1870s. Many adults dismissed it as a childish pursuit but many of those same collectors, as adults, began to systematically study the available postage stamps and publish books about them.
Some stamps, such as the triangular issues of the Cape of Good Hope, have become legendary. Stamp collecting is a less popular hobby in the early 21st century. In 2013, the Wall Street Journal estimated the global number of stamp collectors was around 60 million. Tens of thousands of stamp dealers supply them with stamps along with stamp albums and other publications. There are thousands of stamp clubs and organizations that provide them with the history and other aspects of stamps. Today, though the number of collectors is somewhat less, stamp collecting is still one of the world's most popular indoor hobbies. A few basic items of equipment are recommended for proper stamp collection. Stamp tongs help to handle stamps safely, a magnifying glass helps in viewing fine details and an album is a convenient way to store stamps; the stamps need to be attached to the pages of the album in some way, stamp hinges are a cheap and simple way to do this. However, hinging stamps can damage them. Issued in various sizes, these are clear, chemically neutral thin plastic holders that open to receive stamps and are gummed on the back so that they stick to album pages.
Another alternative is a stockbook, where the stamps drop into clear pockets without the need for a mount. Stamps should be stored away from light and moisture or they will be damaged. Stamps can be displayed according to the collector's wishes, by country, topic, or by size, which can create a display pleasing to the eye. There are no rules and it is a matter for the individual collector to decide. Albums can be downloaded or created by the collector. In the latter cases, using acid free paper provides better long-term stamp protection. Many collectors ask their family and friends to save stamps for them from their mail. Although the stamps received by major businesses and those kept by elderly relatives may be of international and historical interest, the stamps received from family members are of the definitive sort. Definitives seem mundane but, considering their variety of colours, paper differences and printing errors, they can fill many pages in a collection. Introducing either variety or specific focus to a collection can require the purchasing of stamps, either from a dealer or online.
Online stamp collector clubs conta
In philately, the term cover pertains to the outside of an envelope or package with an address with postage stamps that have been cancelled and is a term used among stamp and postal history collectors. The term does not include the contents of the letter or package, although they may add interest to the item if still present. Cover collecting plays an important role in postal history as many covers bear stamps and other markings along with names and addresses all of which help to place a cover at a given time and place in history; the term originates from the practice of covering a letter by folding a separate sheet about it to physically protect it and prevent infringement of confidentiality. In the first half of the 19th century it became the fashion to cut the cover into a diamond or lozenge shape; this was the precursor of the version of the envelope known today. Its convenience and popularity led to the lozenge design being adopted for the special pre-paid postage envelopes and covers issued in 1840 after postal reforms were introduced by Rowland Hill and others.
A philatelic cover is an envelope or post card prepared with a stamp and address and sent through the mail delivery system for the purpose of creating a collectible item. There are several different basic categories for covers. Names for cover types is terminology used by collectors of stamps and postal history. There exist a wide variety of covers; the categories begin with the most common types of collectible covers, such as first day covers or first flight covers. Sometimes there will be an area of overlap in the subject of categories. For example, there are First day covers that were sent with mail aboard airplanes on First flight mail runs. Event covers can include, First flights, or other types of covers. A military cover sent to a head of state can be referred to as a Historic cover. A first day cover is an envelope with a postage stamp canceled on its first day of issue; the design or theme of the stamp may be printed on the cover to enhance its appeal to the philatelic community. An event cover notes an anniversary.
Stamp on cover. This is a cover, collected as an example of a given stamp postally used on a cover, however older stamps with recent cancellations are philatelic. A pre-stamped cover is a cover that has an imprinted stamp. First flight covers are those carried on an aircraft authorized by a government or postal administration, for the first time on a particular route. A stampless cover is an envelope or folded outer sheet bearing an address and manuscript or ink-stamped postal markings without prepaid adhesive postage stamps from the period before adhesive postage stamps became available or common in the mid-to-late 19th Century. Military covers can include a wide variety of subjects that may include first flight covers, prisoner of war covers. Mail sent from an Army Post Office or a Navy Post Office are common types of military covers. Railroad covers is mail, processed aboard special rail cars outfitted with an official post office where mail is processed en route to its general destination.
Historical covers are those that have special historical significance above and beyond that of the average collectible cover. These can include mail sent by Presidents or other heads of state. If the historical cover is i.e. to or from a General in an Army the cover can be classified as a military cover. Names for cover categories are used as general reference in philately. If aspects of a cover are referenced in a historical capacity the category of the cover may not be mentioned. Other specialty types of covers include Censored covers along with Blockade mail, Pony Express covers, Prisoner of war covers and Patriotic covers, among others; the availability of the different types of covers varies and is something that adds perspective to the historical and philatelic significance of the cover. For example, First Day covers and First Flight covers are common because the events that inspired the creation of these covers were somewhat common. In other examples, various types of military and historical covers are scarce or rare because the circumstances or events that prompted the creation of these covers were conversely uncommon.
While covers sent in recent decades tend to be common, they can prove to be scarce because the circumstance that created these covers were uncommon, as are the various examples of historical covers i.e. sent by a head of state to another prominent individual. At the same time there exist covers that are quite old but are still common and not difficult to find, as are various types of post cards or commercial covers. Patriot covers are common because the practice of sending these was popular during periods of war. Patriotic cover availability here can vary depending on the country and time period in question. Covers collected for the stamp on cover can vary in availability and depends on the availability of the stamp issue itself along with the demand for the use of a particular denomination; the denomination of a stamp determines the availability of the issue on cover as the use of some higher, denominations was uncommon because of the low demand for a particular postage rate. There are a number of circumstances that can affect the availability of a given cover type and which contribute to a cover's historical and philatelic value.
Airmail Civil War covers Crash cover Disinfected mail Philatelic cover Pris