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Canadian Alliance

The Canadian Alliance, formally the Canadian Reform Conservative Alliance, was a conservative and centre-right to right-wing populist federal political party in Canada that existed from 2000 to 2003. The party was the successor to the Reform Party of Canada and inherited its position as the Official Opposition in the House of Commons of Canada and held it throughout its existence; the party supported policies that were both fiscally and conservative, seeking reduced government spending on social programs and reductions in taxation. The Alliance was created out of the United Alternative initiative launched by the Reform Party of Canada and several provincial Tory parties as a vehicle to merge with the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada; the federal Progressive Conservative Party rebuffed the initiative to "unite the right" in the late fall of 1998 when it elected Joe Clark as its leader. In December 2003, the Canadian Alliance and the Progressive Conservative parties voted to disband and merge into the Conservative Party of Canada.

The Canadian Alliance's origins were in the Reform Party of Canada, founded in 1987 as a populist party supporting Western Canadian interests. However, soon after its formation it moved to the right and became a populist conservative party; the Reform Party was motivated by the perceived need for democratic reforms and by profound Western Canadian discontent with the Progressive Conservative government of Brian Mulroney. Led by its founder Preston Manning, the Reform Party gained momentum in western Canada and sought to expand its base in the east. Manning, son of longtime Alberta Premier Ernest Manning, gained support from the same political constituency as his father's old party, the Alberta Social Credit Party. With the collapse of a fragile Tory coalition of westerners and Quebec nationalists, the Reform Party's fortunes rose, it first entered Parliament in 1989. The party achieved major success in the 1993 federal election, when it succeeded in replacing the Progressive Conservative Party as the leading right-wing party in Canada.

Its platform and policies emphasized, inter alia, the rights and responsibilities of the individual and other democratic reforms, smaller more fiscally responsible government. While party did manage to become Canada's official opposition, it failed to present a true challenge to the Liberal government, since its agenda was seen as too extreme for central and eastern Canada. Reform won a seat in Ontario in 1993, but lost it in 1997. Demand for unity by the right encouraged Manning to promote a new movement, the "United Alternative", to create a small-"c" conservative alternative to the Liberals. Manning blamed "conservative" vote-splitting for keeping the Liberals in power, although some polls showed that the Liberals were the second choice of many PC voters. Manning's efforts created a strong debate in the Reform party, he would write a letter to the effect that he didn't want to lead Reform anymore, but would only lead the new party; the opposition died down after Manning won a leadership review with 74.6% support at the January 2000 UA convention.

In 2000, following the second of the two United Alternative conventions, the party voted to dissolve in favour of a new party: the "Canadian Conservative Reform Alliance", a declaration of policy and a new constitution. The new party's platform was a mixture of the Reform platforms. However, it was seen as a renamed and enlarged Reform Party. Former Reform members dominated the new party. With few exceptions, the Reform caucus in the Commons became the Alliance caucus. Former Prime Minister Brian Mulroney called the party "Reform in pantyhose", some opponents referred to the party as the "Reform Alliance" to enforce this perception. Media covering the convention pointed out that if one added the word "Party" to the end of the party's name, the resulting initials were "CCRAP" though it, like the Bloc Québécois, didn't have the word party in its name. One day the party changed its official name to the Canadian Reform Conservative Alliance, but was always called "the Canadian Alliance" or "the Alliance".

However, the "CCRAP" nickname was still used by its opponents. Deborah Grey, the deputy leader of Reform, was chosen as the new party's interim leader, becoming the first female Leader of the Opposition in Canadian history; the federal Progressive Conservatives under Joe Clark refused to participate in these talks, but there was strong support from many provincial Tories in Ontario and Alberta. Subsequently, at the new party's first leadership convention, Manning was defeated by Stockwell Day, longtime treasurer of Alberta. One Progressive Conservative senator, Gerry St. Germain, joined the new party in October 2000, becoming the Alliance's only member of the Senate. In the fall of 2000, the Liberals called a snap election. Nonetheless, the party went into the election with great hopes, campaigning on tax cuts, an end to the federal gun registration program, their vision of "family values". Day was expected to have greater appeal to Ontario voters. At one point, the Alliance was at 30.5% in the polls, some thought they could win the election, or at least knock the Liberals down to a minority government.

However, the Liberals responded by accusing the Alliance of having a "hidden agenda", which the par

Finally (Fergie song)

"Finally" is a song recorded by American singer Fergie for her debut studio album, The Dutchess. It was written by Fergie, Stefanie Ridel and John Legend, who produced the song alongside Ron Fair and Ridel; the song was released as single on March 18, 2008. A music video for "Finally" was shot by director Marc Webb, but never released – it was canceled in post-production without explanation.. The video shoot took place at the former Hollywood Hills home of Frank Sinatra and featured several male models from Wilhelmina Models as part of the shoot. "Finally" was written by Stacy Ferguson and Stefanie Ridel. The song was produced by Ron Fair. Ridel and Fair produced Fergie's vocals, which were recorded at Chung King Recording Studios in New York City and Conway Recording Studios in Hollywood; the strings were arranged and conducted by Fair and recorded by Allen Sides at Signet Sound in West Hollywood, California. Anatoly Rosinsky, Bruce Dukov, Helen Nightengale, Josefina Vergara, Julie Gigante, Liane Mautner, Natalie Leggett, Becky Bunnell, Roberto Cani, Sarah Thornblade, Shoshana Claman, Sid Page, Tiffany Hu, Katia Popov, Michele Richards, Phillip Levy, Songa Lee and Tammy Hatwan performed the strings for "Finally".

The viola was performed by Andrew Duckles, Brian Dembow, Thomas Diener and Vicky Misckolczy, while the cello was performed by David Low, Larry Corbett, Suzie Katayama and Tim Loo. Nico Abondolo and Mike Valerio performed the bass in the song, while John Legend performed the piano. Additional Pro Tools editing was done by Tal Herzberg; the song was engineered by Josh Chervokas and "Angry" Mike Eleopoulos, with assistance from Anthony Caruso and Bevin Robinson. The song was mixed by Sides. "Finally" is a "bombastic ballad", set to the style of Broadway theatre. It features "string-laden" coda; the song is set in common time composed in a moderate tempo of 84 beats per minute, with a main key of C major with a vocal range from the tone of G3 to the note of E5. Fergie "gets introspective" and "dreams in the song. According to Bill Lamb of About.com, Fergie "blows the listener away" with "Finally", a track, "truly huge"."Finally", according to Spence D. of IGN, would "on paper" seem to be a "flop", "just like her other attempts at serious sounding tunes" on The Dutchess.

He, stated that the song "actually works" because Fergie "lets loose with her voice", showing that she has range and a "nice, warm set of pipes". He concluded by stating that while the song "may be at odds with her bangin' club persona", it is a "rich, introspective number" that showcases Fergie's "maturity and sincerity rather nicely". According to a reviewer from Alloy, Fergie shines "without a trace" of hip hop, reggae, or rap, which proves that she does not need sexual lyrics or synth-produced dance beats to "show off her pipes"; that same reviewer wrote. Leah Greenblatt of Entertainment Weekly wrote that Fergie's "ardent joy" on "Finally" is as "publicly naked as she's allowed herself to be", she wrote. While giving a negative review of The Dutchess, Mike Joseph of PopMatters wrote that Fergie "shows hints of promise" in "Finally". According to Kelefa Sanneh of The New York Times, the song "may one day conquer radio". Fergie and Legend performed the song together at the 50th Grammy Awards.

Fergie performed the track multiple times on television, most notably on 2008's Dick Clark's New Year's Rockin' Eve and The Tyra Banks Show. Fergie performed the song with John Legend at the Idol Gives Back show on Wednesday, April 9, 2008. Fergie has performed the song in an episode of Nickelodeon's "Dance on Sunset". Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics

Masters of Sex (season 1)

The first season of the American television drama series Masters of Sex premiered on September 29, 2013 and concluded on December 15, 2013. It consists of twelve episodes, each running for 55 minutes in length. Showtime broadcast the first season on Sundays at 10:00 pm in the United States. Internationally, the season aired in Canada on The Movie Network concurrently with the American broadcast, it debuted in the UK on Channel 4 on October 8, 2013; the series was developed for television by Michelle Ashford and is based on the biography Masters of Sex: The Life and Times of William Masters and Virginia Johnson, the Couple Who Taught America How to Love by Thomas Maier. Masters of Sex tells the story of Dr. William Masters and Virginia Johnson, two pioneering researchers of human sexuality at Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri; the first season takes place between 1956 and 1958. Michael Sheen as Dr. William Masters Lizzy Caplan as Virginia Johnson Caitlin FitzGerald as Libby Masters Teddy Sears as Dr. Austin Langham Nicholas D'Agosto as Dr. Ethan Haas Margo Martindale as Miss Horchow Showtime ordered the pilot for Masters of Sex in August 2011, greenlit it for series in June 2012, with the first season consisting of twelve episodes.

Writer/producer Michelle Ashford serves as showrunner for Masters of Sex. She assembled a majority-female writing staff. Ashford created the character of Barton Scully out of a combination of several men whom Masters knew. One of them was not the man serving as Provost during Masters's initial study. Prop master Jeffrey Johnson noted the difficulty of obtaining accurate information about sexual devices from the time period. "They were so taboo. People didn’t put them in writing." He obtained some vintage vibrators and dildos for use in the series along with acquiring condoms manufactured in the era. He designed "Ulysses," a transparent dildo with attached camera first seen in the pilot episode, from scratch, along with a diaphragm sizing kit seen in episodes; the first season of Masters of Sex has received acclaim from critics. Based on 49 reviews collected by Rotten Tomatoes, the first season received a 90% approval rating from critics, with a rating average of 8.4 out of 10. The sites consensus states: "Seductive and nuanced, Masters of Sex features smart performances, deft direction, impeccable period decor."

Metacritic gave the first season a score based on 32 reviews. Matt Roush of TV Guide wrote that "There is no more fascinating, or entertaining, new series this fall season." Diane Werts of Newsday gave it an "A" grade, complimenting the series on its use of humor, stating "its deft balance of epic scope and whimsical humanity", as well as the strong performances of the actors and creator Michelle Ashford's "scene-setting scripts". David Wiegand of the San Francisco Chronicle praises the performances, calling them "extraordinary" and "stunning", noting the series' A-list directors such as Michael Apted and John Madden. Hank Stuever of The Washington Post wrote that after the first two episodes, "the characters get better and more complex, the story builds, strange things start to happen and now I can't wait to see how its interweaving plots unfold. Alan Sepinwall of HitFix praised lead actors Michael Sheen and Lizzy Caplan, calling them "terrific", that "Masters of Sex is the best new show of the fall by a long stretch.

It's a refreshing anomaly: a prestige cable drama that doesn't feel like a recombination of elements from 15 shows that came before it." In June 2013, the series was honored, along with five others, with the Critics' Choice Television Award for Most Exciting New Series. The series received two nominations for the 2014 Writers Guild of America Awards, for Best New Series and Best Episodic Drama for "Pilot". For the 71st Golden Globe Awards, the series was nominated for Best Drama Series, Michael Sheen was nominated Best Drama Actor. For the 4th Critics' Choice Television Awards, the series received nominations for Best Drama Series, Michael Sheen for Best Actor in a Drama Series, Lizzy Caplan for Best Actress is a Drama Series, Beau Bridges for Best Guest Performer in a Drama Series, with Allison Janney winning for Best Guest Performer in a Drama Series. For the 66th Primetime Emmy Awards, Lizzy Caplan was nominated for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series, Beau Bridges was nominated for Outstanding Guest Actor in a Drama Series, Allison Janney won for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Drama Series.

The first season was released on DVD and Blu-ray in region 1 on June 24, 2014, in region 2 on July 28, 2014, in region 4 on March 20, 2014. Masters of Sex – list of episodes on IMDb

Runaway Slave (film)

Runaway Slave is an American independent political documentary hosted by Baptist minister C. L. Bryant, who hosts a nightly talk show over KEEL radio in his native Shreveport, Louisiana; the film premiered in Los Angeles on January 13, 2012. The film expresses Rev. Bryant's belief that the African-American community, "has traded one form of tyranny for another" by "buying into the entitlement mindset of Progressives."The film, directed by Pritchett Cotten, is backed by the FreedomWorks Foundation. The film follows Rev. C. L. Bryant as he travels across the United States and speaks with members of the African-American community, various conservative leaders, different public faces about the belief that the African-American community is immersed in a welfare state and prevented from being successful on their own. Andrew Breitbart, Glenn Beck, Herman Cain and Rep. Allen West are among the notable figures featured in the film who offer their insight and opinion into the topic. Official website Runaway Slave at Rotten Tomatoes Runaway Slave on IMDb

Ali Baba Goes to Town

Ali Baba Goes to Town is a 1937 musical film directed by David Butler and starring Eddie Cantor, Tony Martin, Roland Young. Cantor plays a hobo named Aloysius "Al" Babson, who walks into the camp of a movie company, making the Arabian Nights, he dreams he is in Baghdad as an advisor to the Sultan. He organizes work programs, taxes the rich, abolishes the army, in a spoof of Roosevelt's New Deal; the cast includes Gypsy Rose Lee, using the stage name of Louise Hovick, as the Sultana. The Raymond Scott Quintette appears, performing "Twilight In Turkey." Eddie Cantor... Ali Baba/Aloysius'Al' Babson Tony Martin... Yusuf/Announcer at Premiere Roland Young... Sultan June Lang... Princess Miriam Gypsy Rose Lee... Sultana Raymond Scott... Orchestra Leader John Carradine... Ishak/Broderick Virginia Field... Dinah Alan Dinehart... Boland Douglass Dumbrille... Prince Musah Maurice Cass... Omar, The Rug Maker Warren Hymer... Tramp Stanley Fields... Tramp Paul Hurst... Captain Sam Hayes... Radio Announcer/Assistant Director Charles Lane...

Doctor Jeni Le Gon... Specialty Dancer The Peters Sisters... Specialty Act The Pearl Twins... Specialty DancersUncredited Guests At Premiere: Phyllis Brooks... Herself Dolores del Rio... Herself Douglas Fairbanks... Himself Jack Haley... Himself Sonja Henie... Herself Victor McLaglen... Himself Tyrone Power... Himself The Ritz Brothers... Themselves Cesar Romero... Himself Ann Sothern... Herself Shirley Temple... Herself A clip from Ali Baba Goes to Town is shown in the film The Day of the Locust, in which Karen Black plays an aspiring actress in 1930s Hollywood. A brief shot of Black is edited into the Ali Baba footage to create the impression that her character played a bit role in that film; some scenes from Ali Baba Goes to Town are described in detail in Swing Time] by Zadie Smith. The character Tracey resembles the dancer Jeni LeGon. List of American films of 1937 Ali Baba Goes to Town on IMDb

Future Together

The Future Together was a center-right political party in New Caledonia supporting the maintenance of political and administrative ties with France. The name l'Avenir Ensemble reflects the party's desire to unite New Caledonians of all ethnic groups into a shared future, rejecting the ethnic oppositions of the hitherto dominant parties of New Caledonia. L'Avenir Ensemble believes in a multi-cultural future for New Caledonia; the party's predecessor, A New Caledonia for All or Alliance was founded in 1995 by Didier Leroux, a former member of the dominant anti-nationalist Rally for Caledonia in the Republic. Leroux was an early opponent of Jacques Lafleur within the RPCR. Leroux led the NO campaign in the Nouméa Accord referendum in 1998. Despite Leroux being François Bayrou's representative on the island and a member of Bayrou's Union for French Democracy, a number of members of the original Alliance are members of the Union for a Popular Movement; the then-dominant loyalist party, the RPCR was weakened in 2003 and 2004 by a series of dissidents, who opposed Jacques Lafleur's domination of the RPCR.

These dissidents included Marie-Noëlle Thémereau, who had left the RPCR in 2001. These dissidents formed. In the 2004 provincial elections, the party shocked observers by winning as many seats as the RPCR; as a result, Thémereau became President of the Government of New Caledonia. Gomès became President of the South Province. In the South, the party had polled more votes than the RPCR, despite the province being considered the RPCR's stronghold on the island; the party split in 2008. This split started in the 2007 legislative election, when Gomès ran in New Caledonia's 1st constituency despite Didier Leroux being supposed to run. Though both ran, both polled 14%, they got third and fourth leaving the RPCR candidate Gaël Yanno against the candidate of the nationalist FLNKS, which Yanno defeated. Martin was defeated running the New Caledonia's 2nd constituency. Poor results in the 2008 local elections, including the capital, Nouméa, precipitated an open split between Gomès on one side and Martin-Leroux on the other.

In 2008, Gomès and 12 Future Together Congressmen and women formed Caledonia Together. In the 2009 provincial elections, the party, associated with the Movement for Diversity of senator Simon Loueckhote, placed third winning 11.71% and only 6 seats