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Canadian Americans

Canadian Americans are American citizens whose ancestry is wholly or Canadian. The term is apt when applied or self-applied to people with strong ties to Canada, such as those who have lived a significant portion of their lives or were educated in Canada, relocated to the United States. To others for those living in New England or the Midwest, a Canadian American is one whose ancestors came from Canada; the term Canadian refers to some as nationality, to others as ethnicity. Canadians are considered North Americans due their residing in the North American continent. English-speaking Canadian immigrants integrate and assimilate into American culture and society as a result of the cultural similarities and in the vocabulary and accent in spoken English. French-speaking Canadians, because of language and religion, tend to take longer to assimilate. However, by the 3rd generation, the assimilation is complete, the Canadian identity is more or less folklore; this took place though half of the population of the province of Quebec emigrated to the US between 1840 and 1930.

Many New England cities formed Little Canadas, but many of these have disappeared. This cultural "invisibility" within the larger US population is seen as creating stronger affinity amongst Canadians living in the US than might otherwise exist. According to US Census estimates the number of Canadian residents was around 640,000 in 2000; some sources have cited the number to be over 1,000,000. This number though is far smaller than the number of Americans who can trace part or the whole of their ancestry to Canada; the percentage of these in the New England States is 25% of the total population. Canadians who travel to the US to escape their colder winter are known as "snowbirds", they sometimes have residences south of the 37th parallel. Biloxi, founded by Pierre LeMoyne d'Iberville Bourbonnais, named after François Bourbonnais Chandler, founded by Dr. Alexander J. Chandler Dubuque, founded by and named after Julien Dubuque Juneau, named after Joe Juneau Milwaukee, founded by Solomon Juneau Mobile, founded by Pierre LeMoyne d'Iberville New Orleans, founded by Lemoyne de Bienville Ontario, founded by George Chaffey Saint Paul, first settled by Pierre Parrant Vincennes, founded by François-Marie Bissot The Connecticut State Senate unanimously passed a bill in 2009, making June 24 Canadian American Day in the state of Connecticut.

The bill allows state officials to hold ceremonies at the capitol and other places each year to honor Americans of Canadian ancestry. As a consequence of Article 3 of the Jay Treaty of 1794, official First Nations status, or in the United States, Native American status confers the right to live and work on either side of the border. Unlike the U. S. Canada has not codified the Jay Treaty. Canadian courts reject the Jay Treaty free passage of goods right; some institutions in the United States focus on Canadian-American studies, including the Canadian-American Center at the University of Maine, the Center for Canadian American studies at Western Washington University, the SUNY University at Buffalo Canadian-American Studies Committee. American Canadians Category:American people of Canadian descent Canada–United States relations Franco-Americans French Canadians Hyphenated American Little Canadas Quebec diaspora Fedunkiw, Marianne P. "Canadian Americans." In Gale Encyclopedia of Multicultural America, edited by Thomas Riggs, pp. 395-405.

Online Hamilton, Janice. Canadians in America. Lerner. ISBN 0-8225-2681-6. Jeffrey Simpson Star-Spangled Canadians: Canadians Living the American Dream. HarperCollins ISBN 0-00-255767-3


KJET is a commercial FM radio station licensed to Raymond and serving Willapa Bay and Grays Harbor. The station is owned by Jodesha Broadcasting, Inc.. Most programming on KJET is with some local segments. KJET uses a booster station on the same frequency to widen its broadcast area to Grays Harbor County and can be heard on two FM translator stations. In July 1999, the station first signed on the air, its city of license was South Bend, it aired a talk radio format. The original power was 3,200 watts. Another station, 97.7 KFMY, was licensed to Raymond. That station moved its location to Oakville, about 15 miles east, boosted its power from 760 watts to 69,000 watts, becoming an FM simulcast for Seattle all news radio station KOMO 1000 AM. KJET switched its city of license to Raymond, to replace the station on 97.7. That was coupled with an increase in power to the current day 13,500 watt effective radiated power. KJET switched from its Talk format to Hot Adult Contemporary in the early 2000s. In addition to the main station, KJET is relayed by additional translators to widen its broadcast area.

Query the FCC's FM station database for KJET Radio-Locator information on KJET Query Nielsen Audio's FM station database for KJET

Battle of Tempe Gorge

The Battle of Tempe Gorge known as the Battle of Pinios Gorge, was a rearguard action fought by Australian and New Zealand troops during the German invasion of Greece on 18 April 1941. The battle was fought amidst the advance of German forces through central Greece, saw a brigade-sized element dubbed "Anzac Force" fight a delaying action against elements of two German divisions, supported by armoured forces. During a day of hard fighting, the defending Anzacs suffered heavy casualties and were forced back from the gorge, but their stand allowed other Allied forces to withdraw through Larissa, afterwards a new defensive position was established around Thermopylae; as the main Allied contingent retreated from German forces towards the south of Greece, a holding action was determined to be needed to delay the pursuing Germans at Tempe Gorge, a site deemed suitable for the defence. The force allocated for this action was dubbed "Anzac Force", it was small, consisting of two 2nd Australian Imperial Force battalions from the Australian 16th Brigade – the 2/2nd and 2/3rd – fighting alongside New Zealand forces consisting of the 21st Battalion, the 26th Battery of the 4th Field Regiment and L Troop of the 7th Anti Tank Regiment.

Some of the units had seen action in Libya against the Italians, before being hastily transported to Greece to help against the German invasion. Anzac Force was commanded by Brigadier Arthur Samuel Allen; the Australian units were armed with mortars, small arms and anti tank rifles, while the New Zealand force had artillery pieces, including 25 pounders, but were short of ammunition. The Boys anti-tank rifles were ineffective, the Bren Gun Carriers were due for replacement. At that time, there was no British armour in Greece, many tanks having been destroyed by Waffen SS tanks at the Battle of Vevi on 13 April. On 18 April, the German 6th Mountain Division, commanded by General Ferdinand Schörner, lined up on the other side of the Pinios River, from the Anzac Force; the river was fordable at this point. The German aim was to attack the choke point at Larissa, where the main body of Anzacs were funnelling through, cut off their retreat. Allen's aim was to hold the area with his unit to protect the main force's withdrawal.

The Anzac force lined up against the expected German crossing points. Companies were positioned rather thinly, with 1,000 yards between each; the Australian 2/2nd Battalion was to support Allen's headquarters. It was at the most vital defence position, in the centre of the line, across from Gonnoi, from where the German forces would attack; the New Zealand 21st Battalion formed up on the right, destroyed a bridge to prevent its use by the Germans. The 21st, had suffered earlier losses at Platamon and had lost much of its equipment. Two companies from the Australian 2/3rd Battalion were positioned on the left; the attack began. Balck had pushed back the 21st some days earlier at Platamon where they had been surprised by the appearance of German vehicles due to the terrain; the New Zealand 21st Battalion could not hold against Balcks's units, was nearly overrun, retreating into the hills. At this point, some German tanks crossed the Pinios River; this left the 2/2nd as the only unit left on the field to continue the battle.

A unit of Bren Gun Carriers attempted to push back German troops crossing the river, but failed, with the loss of some of the carriers. Mortars were out of range of the German troops, but were purposely overloaded with charge to give them greater range. Despite desperate holding actions, by 5:30 pm, the battle had degenerated into chaos, the 2/2nd disintegrated under the German attacks. By 6:45 pm, orders were issued to those companies; the Anzac forces had been badly depleted by the German attacks, but had managed to hold their ground for the day, allowing the main forces to escape through Larissa. The Australians and New Zealanders moved throughout the night, with elements fighting further delaying actions as they withdrew, by dawn on 19 April occupied a new defensive position around Thermopylae; the 16th Brigade's casualties during the battle were 120 captured. The New Zealand 21st Battalion lost four wounded. German losses were around 140 wounded; as a result of the battle, the 2/2nd Battalion was broken up, did not fight as a complete unit again until after the end of the fighting in Greece.

Citations BibliographyCody, Joseph. 21 Battalion. Official History of New Zealand in the Second World War 1939–45. Wellington, New Zealand: Historical Publications Branch. OCLC 11136356. Coulthard-Clark, Chris. Where Australians Fought: The Encyclopaedia of Australia's Battles. St Leonards, New South Wales: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 1-86448-611-2. Loughnan, R. J. M.. Divisional Cavalry; the Official History of New Zealand in the Second World War 1939–1945. Wellington: Historical Publications Branch. Stockings, Craig. "The Battle of Pinios Gorge". Australian Army Journal. VIII: 141–168. Archived from the original on 12 February 2014. Retrieved 13 September 2014. Stockings, Craig. Swastika over the Acropolis: Re-interpreting the Nazi Invasion of Greece in World War II. BRILL. ISBN 9789004254596. Green, Olwyn; the Name's Still Charlie. Australian Military History Publications. ISBN 978-0980567434

Frankish Tower (Acropolis of Athens)

The Frankish Tower was a medieval tower built on the Acropolis of Athens by the Franks as part of the palace of the Dukes of Athens. It was demolished by the Greek authorities in 1874, on the initiative and with funding from Heinrich Schliemann; the tower was situated on the western corner of the Acropolis, next to the Propylaea, but did not communicate directly with them, as paintings and photographs from the 19th century show the entrance above ground, on the tower's eastern face at the second-floor level, some 6 metres above the architrave of the Propylaea. Literary sources attest to the fact that the door was accessible by means of an external wooden staircase. On the other hand, a couple of photographs show a ground entrance on the western side, which means that the lower portion of the tower was separate from the upper, used as a prison or storage room; the tower was built of stone from the quarries of Penteli and Piraeus, making heavy use of material from the ancient buildings of the Acropolis.

It was square in shape, 28.5 feet long and 25.5 feet wide, its walls had a thickness of 5.75 feet at their base. With a height of 85 feet, its top, accessible through a wooden staircase, held a commanding view over the central plain of Attica and the surrounding mountains; the north side of the tower had a small, square turret that projected from the wall, atop which "beacon-fires could be kindled which would be visible from Acrocorinth" in the Peloponnese. Old sketches from the late 17th century on show that the tower was crenellated; the date of construction is unclear, following its demolition now impossible to reconstruct with any certainty. Construction is ascribed to the Acciaioli family, who ruled the Duchy of Athens between 1388 and its fall to the Ottoman Empire in 1458, since it was they who converted the Propylaea complex into a palace. However, according to medievalist Peter Lock, the tower "might be ascribed" to the first dynasty of Frankish dukes of Athens, the 13th-century de la Roche, who had a residence on the site, of which no details are known.

The tower may be the inspiration for the "grete tour" in the palace of the Duke of Athens, where Palamon is imprisoned in Chaucer's The Knight's Tale. Under Ottoman rule the tower—known locally as Goulas or Koulas —was used as a salt store and a prison; when the Greek War of Independence broke out in 1821, twelve Athenian notables were imprisoned here by the Ottoman authorities as hostages, of whom nine were executed during the 1821–1822 siege of the Acropolis by the Greek rebels and three managed to escape. In 1825, the Greek military leader Odysseas Androutsos was imprisoned at the tower by his political rivals and killed; the tower was dismantled in 1874, as part of a wider cleaning-up of the Acropolis from post-Classical buildings, a project initiated and financed by Heinrich Schliemann. The demolition of such an "integral part of the Athenian horizon" drew considerable criticism at the time. Work began on 2 July, amid great publicity organised by Schliemann, but a few days the demolition was halted at the order of King George I, prompting Schliemann to write an indignant letter of protest to the King.

Despite the latter's opposition, the tower was torn down. The eminent historian of Frankish Greece William Miller called it "an act of vandalism unworthy of any people imbued with a sense of the continuity of history", "pedantic barbarism". Baelen, Jean. "L'Acropole pendant la guerre d'Indépendance ". Bulletin de l'Association Guillaume Budé. 1: 240–298. Doi:10.3406/bude.1959.3856. Giochalas, Thanasis. Αθήνα. Ιχνηλατώντας την πόλη με οδηγό την ιστορία και τη λογοτεχνία. Athens: Estia. ISBN 978-960-05-1559-6. Lock, Peter. "The Frankish Towers of Central Greece". The Annual of the British School at Athens. 81: 101–123. Doi:10.1017/S0068245400020104. Lock, Peter. "The Frankish Tower on the Acropolis, Athens: The Photographs of William J. Stillman"; the Annual of the British School at Athens. 82: 131–133. Doi:10.1017/S0068245400020384. JSTOR 30103084. Miller, William; the Latins in the Levant: A History of Frankish Greece. London: John Murray. OCLC 563022439. Media related to Frankish Tower at Wikimedia Commons Photographs and paintings of the tower, Archaeology of the City of Athens website, National Research Foundation Medieval Acropolis and Ottoman Acropolis at Ancient Athens 3D

Ka-Man Tse

Ka-Man Tse is a photographer, video artist, educator based in New York. Influenced by her identity as a Chinese-American lesbian, Tse uses portraiture to tell stories about people, identity and place. Born in Kowloon, Hong Kong, Tse moved to the U. S. where her family worked in Schenectady, New York in Chinese restaurants. During the 1980s and 1990s, Tse made regular road trips to Chinatown, New York which served as a surrogate for her birthplace, her relationship with these three cities - New York City and Hong Kong - is an ongoing investigation in her work. In 2003 Tse received her B. A. in Photography from Bard College and in 2009 went on to receive an M. F. A. in Photography from Yale University. Ka-Man Tse's work deals with representation through photography and film, she strives to locate points of intersection between LGBT and Asian and Pacific Islander communities. She works with a large format view camera to take photographs that examine what is shared and negotiated between these two distant communities.

In 2014 she received the Robert Giard Fellowship grant for her project and Narratives of LGBTQ Asians and Asian Americans. The artist describes this body of work as an examination of community and human agency through photographs, both staged and organic, of her subjects in public spaces. Tse mixes personal memories, obsessions and portraiture in order to conceptualize queer narratives and photograph them while they unfold in public space. Ka Man-Tse's solo show, Narrow Distances, featured a series of photographs taken in Hong-Kong, aimed to rework the world out of a desire to see it re-imagined with the queer narrative in mind. Tse used placement and the connection with her subjects, to recast the social landscape of Hong-Kong; the title of the show is an allusion to the over-populated streets of the city as well as the space between Asian and LGBT communities. The show features intimate portraits of queer Chinese city-goers set against a backdrop of the Hong-Kong landscape; the subjects and setting work harmoniously together to create poetic images that confront issues of identity and representation.

The show was held at Lumenvisum gallery in 2016 and was the artist's first solo exhibition in Hong Kong. Ka-Man Tse's photographs have been featured in the group show, In Search of Miss Ruthless, which examined the history of beauty pageants in Asia. Curated by Hera Chan and David Xu Borgonjon, the show was based on Canadian artist group, General Idea’s project titled,The 1971 Miss General Idea Pageant. In Search of Miss Ruthless, features two of Ka-Man Tse's photographs which were met with critical acclaim; the first photo featured in the show is titled Embrace, features a group of Asian-Pacific Islander women locked in an emotional hug after the conclusion of a beauty pageant in New York. The women wear expressions ranging from joy to relief as they frantically cling to one another in an overtly emotional and extravagant embrace, speaking to the forced, enhanced smiles and personas of beauty pageant contestants; the second photo included, Untitled, is a photograph of Rye Bautista, otherwise known as La Chiquitta, one of Hong-Kong's preeminent drag queens, alone on a roof top in Hong-Kong.

The subject is seen slumped on the ground, wig-less and smoking a cigarette. His gaze looks off into the night sky, his made up face starkly contrasts with the baldness of his head and the undone nonchalance in his posture. Here, Ka-Man Tse captures La Chiquitta behind the scenes, taking a break, bringing a sense of normalcy to the exaggerated persona drag queens adopt. Ka-Man Tse includes an Asian drag queen in a group show about beauty pageants, starting a conversations about similarities between the two worlds and contributing to her larger goal of increasing visibility of the LGBT community. Tse has exhibited solo shows in the United States and Hong Kong. Ka-Man Tse has taught at Cooper Union and The City College of New York and holds academic positions at Yale University School of Art and Parsons. 2018: WMA Masters Exhibition, Transition, WYNG Foundation, Hong Kong2018: Queering Space, Alfred University.

World Productions

World Productions is a British television production company, founded on 20 March 1990 by acclaimed producer Tony Garnett, owned by ITV plc following a takeover in 2017. The company's first major series was the police drama Between The Lines, throughout the decade they went on to produce a succession of drama series; the most notable of these include This Life, about a group of young law students in London. More the company has made the series No Angels for Channel 4, a drama based around the lives of young nurses, Goldplated and for Channel Five it has produced the Perfect Day trilogy and Tripping Over, a co production with Network Ten in Australia, it co-produced, with BBC Wales, a one-off This Life reunion special, transmitted in early 2007. It was announced in February 2012 that the company had been taken over by Marcus Evans Entertainment owned by billionaire businessman and owner of Ipswich Town F. C. Marcus Evans. Evans's company had been looking to get involved with television and film production for a number of years beforehand, in 2010 set up its own production operation, Marcus Evans Entertainment.

ITV plc announced in May 2017. As a result of the deal, World Productions became a unit of ITV Studios and ITV Studios Global Entertainment began distributing all future series internationally. In 2018, the series Bodyguard which World Productions produced, become the most watched TV show in the UK since 2008. Achieving 10.4 million viewers throughout the programme. 2012-Royal Television Society – Midlands -Winner – Best Drama – Line of Duty -Winner – Best Acting Performance – Lennie James -Winner – Best Newcomer Gregory Piper 2011-United -Prix Europa Nomination Best Drama 2009-Hancock and Joan -BAFTA Nomination – Best Single Drama -BAFTA Nomination – Best Actor – Ken Stott -BAFTA Nomination – Best Actress – Maxine Peake -Broadcast Awards Finalist – Best Single Drama 2008-Party Animals -Broadcast Press Guild Nomination – Best Drama Series 2007-Perfect Day -Rose D'Or Nomination – Best Comedy 2005-Outlaws -BAFTA Nomination – Best Drama Serial -Ahead of the Class -Broadcast Awards Nomination – Best Single Drama -RTS Awards Nomination – Best Actress – Julia Walters -RTS Awards Nomination – Best Single Drama -No Angels -Indie Awards Nomination – Best Drama Series 2004-Murder Prevention -RTS Craft and Design Award – Best Sound -Love Again -RTS Awards Nomination – Best Single Drama -BANFF Awards Nomination – Best Single Drama 2003-Buried -BAFTA Award – Best Drama Series 2002-Men Only -BAFTA Nomination – Best New Writer 2001-The Cops -BAFTA Nomination – Best Drama Series -World Productions -won BAFTA Television Craft Award Special Achievement Award 2000-The Cops -BAFTA TV Award – Best Drama Series 1999-The Cops -BAFTA TV awards – Best Drama Series -RTS Awards – Best Drama Series 1998-Ballykissangel -Broadcasting Press Guild – Best Actor – Tony Doyle -This Life -RTS Television Award – Best Drama Series -BAFTA TV Award – Best Actress – Daniela Nardini 1997-This Life -The Writers' Guild of Great Britain – Best Original TV Drama Series -South Bank Show Award for TV Drama 1996-Ballykissangel -Royal Television Society – Best Drama Series -National TV Awards – Most Popular Actress – Dervla Kirwin 1994-Cardiac Arrest -BAFTA Nomination – Best Editing -Between The Lines -BAFTA Award – Best Drama 1993-Between The Lines -Writer's Guild of Great Britain Award – Best Drama Series 1992-Between The Lines -Broadcasting Press Guild – Best Drama Series Official company website World Productions on IMDb