Canadian Museum of Flight

The Canadian Museum of Flight is an aviation museum at the Langley Regional Airport in Langley, British Columbia, Canada. The museum has over 25 civilian and military jets, piston driven engine aircraft and helicopters on display, six of which have been restored to flying condition. Other displays include aviation artifacts; the museum's Handley Page Hampden is the last of its type in existence. The aircraft was used in coastal patrol on the BC coast in World War II and crashed offshore in 1942, it was restored over a twenty-year period. The rare aircraft is stored outdoors, on 26 December 2008, an heavy snowfall broke the left wing spars; this caused the wing to separate from the fuselage. Over the Summer of 2012, a rebuilt replica wing was fixed to the root and is now open for public display once again; the Museum is affiliated with: CMA, CHIN, Virtual Museum of Canada. Organization of Military Museums of Canada List of aerospace museums Military history of Canada Canadian Museum of Flight website

Bubble gum

Bubble gum is a type of chewing gum, designed to be inflated out of the mouth as a bubble. While there is a well-known "bubblegum flavor" - which artificial flavorings called esters are mixed to obtain - it varies from one company to another. Esters used in synthetic bubblegum flavoring may include methyl salicylate, ethyl butyrate, benzyl acetate, amyl acetate or cinnamic aldehyde. A natural bubblegum flavoring can be produced by combining banana, cinnamon and wintergreen. Vanilla, cherry and orange oil have been suggested as ingredients. In modern chewing gum, if natural rubber such as chicle is used, it must pass several purity and cleanliness tests. However, most modern types of chewing gum use synthetic gum based materials; these materials allow for longer lasting flavor, a better texture, a reduction in tackiness. In 1928, Walter Diemer, an accountant for the Fleer Chewing Gum Company in Philadelphia, was experimenting with new gum recipes. One recipe, based on a formula for a chewing gum called "Blibber Blubber", was found to be less sticky than regular chewing gum, stretched more easily.

This gum became successful and was named by the president of Fleer as Dubble Bubble because of its stretchy texture. This remained the dominant brand of bubble gum until after WWII, when Bazooka bubble gum entered the market; until the 1970s, bubble gum still tended to stick to one's face. At that time, synthetic gum was introduced, which would never stick as a bubble popped; the first brands in the US to use these new synthetic gum bases were Bubble Yum. Bubble gum got its distinctive pink color because the original recipe Diemer worked on produced a dingy gray colored gum, so he added red dye as, the only dye he had on hand at the time. In taste tests, children tend to prefer strawberry and blue raspberry flavors, rejecting more complex flavors as they say these make them want to swallow the gum rather than continue chewing. In 1996, Susan Montgomery Williams of Fresno, California set the Guinness World Record for largest bubblegum bubble blown, 26 inches in diameter. Chad Fell holds the record for "Largest Hands-free Bubblegum Bubble" at 20 inches, achieved on 24 April 2004.

Blibber-Blubber Functional gum Gum base Gum industry Inca Kola List of chewing gum brands

Kai Ryssdal

Kai Ryssdal is an American radio journalist and the host of Marketplace, a business program that airs weekdays on U. S. public radio stations. He co-hosts the spinoff podcast Make Me Smart with Molly Wood. Marketplace is distributed by American Public Media. Ryssdal took over in August 2005. Before hosting Marketplace, he was host of the Marketplace Morning Report, a seven-minute business roundup, as well as the weekend program Marketplace Money. Ryssdal is from New York, his surname is Norwegian. He spent several years of his childhood in England and Denmark before moving back to the United States at age eight, living in Westchester County, New York, he graduated from Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia in 1985, spent eight years in the U. S. Navy, first flying a Northrop Grumman E-2 Hawkeye from the aircraft carrier USS Theodore Roosevelt, as a Pentagon staff officer. Ryssdal received his MA in National Security Studies from Georgetown University in 1993, joined the U. S. Foreign Service, serving in Ottawa, Ontario and Beijing, China.

Before joining Marketplace, Ryssdal was a reporter and substitute host for The California Report, a news and information program distributed to public radio stations throughout California by KQED-FM in San Francisco. The Radio and Television News Directors Association and the national Public Radio News Directors Association have honored him with awards for his radio work. Quotations related to Kai Ryssdal at Wikiquote Media related to Kai Ryssdal at Wikimedia Commons