Warrendale is a 1967 documentary film by Canadian filmmaker Allan King. It was produced for broadcast on CBC Television, but was never shown due to King's refusal to edit out the copious profanity in the footage; the film is a cinéma vérité look at the lives of disturbed children housed in a facility named Warrendale, in Rexdale, at the time, a Toronto suburb. The facility was considered innovative, met with approval when it first opened in December 1965, but a year after it opened, it became the centre of several controversies in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario, was closed. Founder John Brown was a New Democratic Party member of the Legislature from 1967 to 1971. Warrendale won awards at the Cannes Film Festival, French director Jean Renoir declared King a great artist. In 2002, Warrendale was honoured as a "MasterWork" by the Audio-Visual Preservation Trust of Canada. Warrendale on IMDb Warrendale at AllMovie http://www.browndale.net/
Gratien Gélinas, was a Canadian author, actor, director and administrator, considered one of the founders of modern Canadian theatre and film. His major works include Tit-Coq, Bousille et les Justes, Hier, les enfants dansaient, he wrote a series of satirical revues known as the Fridolinades. The Fridolinades revues, consisting of comic sketches and monologues, were named for the often-featured character Fridolin. A poor boy from Montreal, he wore a tri-colour Canadiens hockey jersey, knee socks, suspenders. While not quite joual, the French he spoke was reflective of what a person would hear on the streets of Montreal, which made it stand out in sharp contrast to the continental French being spoken in most other theatres. Fridolin's boundless optimism in the face of constant disappointment came to emblemize the Quebec spirit of "survivance", made him one of the first distinctly Canadian heroes of the stage, his success was considerable: Gélinas was declared by an adoring public to be the first playwright "de chez nous".
Gélinas' play Hier, les enfants dansaient takes place in one night. Based in 1966, it revolves around the tumultuous politics in Quebec around that time though its characters are fictitious. Pierre Gravel is debating. Throughout the course of the play, Gravel's sons, André and Larry, admit that they are active members of the separatist party and responsible for the bombs, threatening the city and destroying historical landmarks. Gélinas founded the Comédie-Canadienne, active until 1972. In 1967, Gélinas was made an Officer of the Order of Canada and was promoted to Companion in 1989. In 1985, he was made a Knight of the National Order of Quebec, he received an honorary doctorate from the Royal Military College of Canada in St-Jean in 1989. He married Huguette Oligny in 1973 and is the grandfather of actor and pop singer Mitsou Gélinas and MusiquePlus veejay and actor Abeille Gélinas. Gratien Gélinas on IMDb Gratien Gélinas at The Canadian Encyclopedia Library and Archives Canada biography
The Luck of Ginger Coffey (film)
The Luck of Ginger Coffey is a 1964 film directed by Irvin Kershner. It was filmed in Montreal by Crawley Films, it is based on the Governor General's Award-winning novel by Northern Irish-Canadian writer Brian Moore. The Luck of Ginger Coffey is about an Irishman named James Francis Coffey, he is called ` Ginger' because of his reddish moustache. He is unfulfilled career-wise. After his release from the Army, he and his wife Vera, together with their daughter Paulie, move to Montreal. In Canada, Coffey still has trouble finding work. Vera gets upset when she finds out that Ginger is still unemployed and has spent their ticket money home; however broke and empty-hearted they may be, they do have one friend to count on in Canada. Coffey is unimpressed once again and continues to tell Vera it will all get better, but she has her own plans for improving her life, she takes Paulie with her. She takes all of Coffey's money and most of his belongings. Coffey gets a small place at the YMCA, during his stay there he accepts a job offered as a diaper delivery driver.
Coffey finds this job more repulsive than his current one but takes it anyway, with a plan in mind: To get back Paulie and impress Vera with his selflessness. Vera is still unconvinced. Coffey is obsessed with Vera and begins to get sick from lack of sleep and food and an excessive work schedule, he is obsessed with being promoted to reporter so that Vera will take him back, but she only brings up the topic of divorce. After turning down a promising promotion at the diaper service, Ginger discovers that the reporter's job he believes he was offered never existed, was vaguely promised to prevent his quitting and leaving the department short staffed. Enraged, Ginger engages in a scuffle in the editor's office, is escorted from the premises fired. After drinks with his former co-workers, Ginger relieves himself in an alley beside a hotel, is arrested and charged with indecent exposure, the charges dropped by a sympathetic judge, after a humiliating, albeit short trial, witnessed by Vera. Vera and Ginger meet outside the courthouse, as she is preparing to leave on a skiing trip with Joe McGlade.
In sympathy, Vera accepts Ginger's invitation to have a cup of coffee, there Ginger admits his shortcomings, that he considers himself and his life as a joke. Vera becomes the optimist, as Ginger walks her home, she assures Ginger his promotion at the diaper service will still be available. Vera enters leaving the door open, as an invitation for Ginger to enter as well. Ginger enters. Robert Shaw as Ginger Coffey Mary Ure as Vera Coffey Liam Redmond as MacGregor Tom Harvey as Joe McGlade Libby McClintock as Paulie Coffey Leo Leyden as Brott Powys Thomas as Fox Tom Kneebone as Kenny Leslie Yeo as Stan Mountain Vernon Chapman as Hawkins Co-stars Robert Shaw and Mary Ure were real-life husband and wife. "The Luck of Ginger Coffey". Canadian Film Encyclopedia. Retrieved 28 June 2007; the Luck of Ginger Coffey on IMDb The Luck of Ginger Coffey at Rotten Tomatoes The Luck of Ginger Coffey at AllMovie
Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Canada's southern border with the United States is the world's longest bi-national land border, its capital is Ottawa, its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto and Vancouver. As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land area being dominated by forest and tundra, its population is urbanized, with over 80 percent of its inhabitants concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, many near the southern border. Canada's climate varies across its vast area, ranging from arctic weather in the north, to hot summers in the southern regions, with four distinct seasons. Various indigenous peoples have inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years prior to European colonization. Beginning in the 16th century and French expeditions explored, settled, along the Atlantic coast.
As a consequence of various armed conflicts, France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces; this began an accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom. This widening autonomy was highlighted by the Statute of Westminster of 1931 and culminated in the Canada Act of 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament. Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy in the Westminster tradition, with Elizabeth II as its queen and a prime minister who serves as the chair of the federal cabinet and head of government; the country is a realm within the Commonwealth of Nations, a member of the Francophonie and bilingual at the federal level. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, education.
It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries. Canada's long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture. A developed country, Canada has the sixteenth-highest nominal per capita income globally as well as the twelfth-highest ranking in the Human Development Index, its advanced economy is the tenth-largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources and well-developed international trade networks. Canada is part of several major international and intergovernmental institutions or groupings including the United Nations, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the G7, the Group of Ten, the G20, the North American Free Trade Agreement and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum. While a variety of theories have been postulated for the etymological origins of Canada, the name is now accepted as coming from the St. Lawrence Iroquoian word kanata, meaning "village" or "settlement".
In 1535, indigenous inhabitants of the present-day Quebec City region used the word to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to the village of Stadacona. Cartier used the word Canada to refer not only to that particular village but to the entire area subject to Donnacona. From the 16th to the early 18th century "Canada" referred to the part of New France that lay along the Saint Lawrence River. In 1791, the area became two British colonies called Upper Canada and Lower Canada collectively named the Canadas. Upon Confederation in 1867, Canada was adopted as the legal name for the new country at the London Conference, the word Dominion was conferred as the country's title. By the 1950s, the term Dominion of Canada was no longer used by the United Kingdom, which considered Canada a "Realm of the Commonwealth"; the government of Louis St. Laurent ended the practice of using'Dominion' in the Statutes of Canada in 1951. In 1982, the passage of the Canada Act, bringing the Constitution of Canada under Canadian control, referred only to Canada, that year the name of the national holiday was changed from Dominion Day to Canada Day.
The term Dominion was used to distinguish the federal government from the provinces, though after the Second World War the term federal had replaced dominion. Indigenous peoples in present-day Canada include the First Nations, Métis, the last being a mixed-blood people who originated in the mid-17th century when First Nations and Inuit people married European settlers; the term "Aboriginal" as a collective noun is a specific term of art used in some legal documents, including the Constitution Act 1982. The first inhabitants of North America are hypothesized to have migrated from Siberia by way of the Bering land bridge and arrived at least 14,000 years ago; the Paleo-Indian archeological sites at Old Crow Flats and Bluefish Caves are two of the oldest sites of human habitation in Canada. The characteristics of Canadian indigenous societies included permanent settlements, complex societal hierarchies, trading networks; some of these cultures had collapsed by the time European explorers arrived in the late 15th and early 16th centuries and have only been discovered through archeological investigations.
The indigenous population at the time of the first European settlements is estimated to have been between 200,000
Lonely Boy (film)
Lonely Boy is a 1962 cinéma vérité documentary about the former teen sensation Paul Anka. The film takes its name from Anka's hit song, "Lonely Boy", which he performs to screaming fans in the film; this short documentary makes use of hand-held cameras to record intimate backstage moments. Co-directed by Roman Kroitor and Wolf Koenig, this National Film Board of Canada production won a Canadian Film Award as top film of the year and was nominated at the BAFTA Awards for its best short film prize. Lonely Boy was a substantial influence on the Peter Watkins film Privilege. Watkins had studied it in preparation for filming and his film deals with the phenomenal popularity of a pop singer and its abuse for political motives. One scene showing the central character, Steven Shorter, at a table with a venue owner is a one-to-one reproduction of a scene in Lonely Boy using the same name for the like-mannered venue owner; the cinéma verité style of Lonely Boy was adopted, one DVD release of Privilege included Lonely Boy as well as an excerpt of an essay on that film as extra features.
The film's importance in the evolution of documentary film making was explored in the film Cinéma Vérité: Defining the Moment. Lonely Boy on IMDb Lonely Boy at AllMovie Watch Lonely Boy at NFB.ca Media Rights entry
The Ernie Game
The Ernie Game is a 1967 Canadian drama film directed by Don Owen. Called "One of the most innovative examples of personal cinema to come from English Canada in the Sixties" by the Cinematheque Ontario, The Ernie Game was part of a proposed trio of works intended to celebrate the Canadian Centennial; the film centres on Ernie Turner and his attempts to survive in the world after he's released from an asylum. He grows alienated and his fragile mental state declines, moving between two women, ex-girlfriend and current lover. "The Ernie Game provides a resonant portrait of mental illness," writes Steve Gravestock of the Cinematheque, "its pathologically narcissistic protagonist representing Owen’s most nightmarish vision of the artist as fraud and pariah."Produced by the National Film Board of Canada, The Ernie Game received the Etrog Awards, now known as Genie Awards, for Best Direction and Best Feature Film in 1968. It was entered into the 18th Berlin International Film Festival and the Chicago International Film Festival Alexis Kanner as Ernie Turner Jackie Burroughs as Gail Anna Cameron as Social worker Leonard Cohen as Singer Corinne Copnick as Landlady Rolland D'Amour as Neighbour Judith Gault as Donna Derek May as Ernie's accomplice Louis Negin as Ernie's friend The Ernie Game on IMDb
Allan Winton King, was a Canadian film director. Born in Vancouver, British Columbia during the Depression, King attended Henry Hudson Elementary School in Kitsilano, he says he became a documentary filmmaker because, "I used to have a fantasy everyone would see my films and be changed for the better. That's why you want to make films."With documentary filmmakers Don Haig and Beryl Fox, King was a partner in Film Arts, a Toronto-based post-production company which worked on their film projects, as well as the television series This Hour Has Seven Days, The National Dream and W5. In 2002, he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada. A collection of ten of King's films was released as a collection representing various stages of life, his work was the focus of a retrospective at the 2002 Toronto International Film Festival. In 2007 New York City's Museum of Modern Art hosted a retrospective of his work. In 2009, there were similar tributes to King's work at Vancouver's Pacific Cinematheque and the Vancouver International Film Centre King was married three times during his life, first to Phyllis April King in 1952 to screenwriter Patricia Watson in 1970, to screenwriter Colleen Murphy in 1987.
He collaborated with both Watson and Murphy on film projects, cowriting Who Has Seen the Wind with Watson in 1976 and directing Murphy's screenplay for Termini Station in 1989. King created his films using the documentary technique known as cinema-verite, he ran Allan King Films Limited in Toronto. King describes his style as "actuality drama – filming the drama of everyday life as it happens, spontaneously without direction, interviews or narrative", he says he strives to "serve the action as unobtrusively as possible" and does so by becoming familiar with the environment and people he films, by paying particular attention to movement patterns and light quality. The film tells about disturbed children who live in a Toronto institution known as Warrendale; the school practiced an experimental "holding" technique of safely restraining a child when she or he loses control because of fear, rage or grief. The therapy is designed to push children to verbalize their emotions so they learn to identify and deal with them.
Holding is employed instead of other techniques. The documentary is not an exposé of the restraining technique, it neither applauds the approach. Rather, Warrendale is an empathetic glimpse of children in distress. Unlike Frederick Wiseman, who spends a short period exploring an institution before he begins filming, King spends a significant amount of time with subjects before filming to develop trust with his subjects. King spent four weeks at the Warrendale school with 12 children and another two weeks there with his camera crew before filming began; the crew had complete access to all aspects of the home/school situation at Warrendale – including one meeting where the top school administrator admonishes a counselor for using the holding technique at an inappropriate time. King lit the entire home and replaced dark paneling in a hallway with lighter paneling to improve the lights. Filming lasted eight weeks. Getting to know people before filming and staying with situations for a significant chunk of time is essential, he had said, "because in order for anything significant to occur in action or drama the subjects must make a huge leap of faith in the filmmaker".
The pivotal moment in Warrendale is when the counselors break the news to the children that their cook Dorothy has died suddenly. Children with emotional illnesses believe their thoughts and feelings cause trauma and tragedy; the filming is intimate during the most tense and tender moments – with the camera sometimes inches from pained faces as they scream and cry – all the while being restrained by counselors. The cook's death happened early on during the filming. Upon seeing Warrendale, director Jean Renoir wrote, "Allan King is a great artist, his remarkable work exposes one of the most suspenseful action I have seen on a screen."The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, which commissioned the film, refused to show it because the children swore, uttering such words as "fuck" and "bullshit" that were not permitted on Canadian television at the time. Instead, the CBC allowed King to show Warrendale in cinemas. Shown in the Parallel Section at the Cannes Film Festival in 1967, it won d'essai, it shared BAFTA's Best Foreign Film Award with Michaelangelo Antonioni's Blowup and the New York Critics' Circle Award with Luis Buñuel's Belle de Jour.
Despite censorship, King continued to push cultural taboos, in 1969 directed A Married Couple which explores a crisis in a real marriage and the issue of choice. The New York Times' critic Clive Barnes described A Married Couple as "quite one of the best films I have seen". A Married Couple was issued by the Criterion Collection. During more than 50 years of filmmaking, King worked in every film genre except animation, creating an enormous and diverse portfolio. To support his documentaries, King has directed episodic television and feature films, his first dramatic feature film, Who Has Seen the Wind, based on the novel by W. O. Mitchell, won the Grand Prix at the Paris International Film Festival and the Golden Reel Award for the highest-grossing Canadian film of the year; the many television dramas he has directed have won top awards. In 2003, he produced the documentary, Dying at Grace, a docudrama about five people in their final days at the Palliative Care Unit of the Salvation Army Toronto Grace Health Centre as they come to terms with their deaths.
It won awards at film festivals in Berlin. King died from brain cancer on June 15, 2009, a