Canalizations of Zenobia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Canalizations of Zenobia or El Kanat are canals that according to traditions, were built by Queen Zenobia to channel water from the Orontes river in the Anti-Lebanon mountains to Palmyra.[1] Remains of the ruins of the canals can be seen in places around Lebanon.[1]

One of the canals is suggested to originate from a mountain near Labweh extending to Qusair;[2] the other extends from the village of Chawaghir, 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) north of Hermel.[3] The canals were cut out of solid limestone bedrock to a depth of 20 metres (66 ft) with wells approximately every 100 metres (330 ft).[4]

The traditional suggestion that the canals were originally constructed during the brief reign of Zenobia has been treated as probable by Michael Alouf, who notes the existence of canals traces in the desert.[1]


  1. ^ a b c Michel M. Alouf; Tedd St Rain (1999). History of Baalbek. Book Tree. pp. 43–. ISBN 978-1-58509-063-1. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
  2. ^ Halim Said Abu-Izzeddin (1963). Lebanon and its provinces: a study by the governors of the five provinces. Khayats. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
  3. ^ Guadagnoli, Giulia, Hermel - Survey of social and economic establishments in 5 municipalities, MADA, January 2009[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ Sahili, Jamal., (Translated by Lynn Waked), Hermel, The wealth of ancient monuments, Lebanese National News Agency, 24 November 2010.[permanent dead link]

External links[edit]