Provinces of Spain
Spain and its autonomous communities are divided into fifty provinces. Spain's provincial system was recognized in its 1978 constitution but its origin dates back to 1833. Ceuta and the Plazas de soberanía are not part of any provinces; the layout of Spain's provinces follows the pattern of the territorial division of the country carried out in 1833. The only major change of provincial borders since that time has been the subdivision of the Canary Islands into two provinces rather than one; the provinces served as transmission belts for policies enacted in Madrid, as Spain was a centralised state for most of its modern history. The importance of the provinces has declined since the adoption of the system of autonomous communities in the period of the Spanish transition to democracy, they remain electoral districts for national elections and as geographical references: for instance in postal addresses and telephone codes. A small town would be identified as being in, Valladolid province rather than the autonomous community of Castile and León.
The provinces were the "building-blocks". No province is divided between more than one of these communities. Most of the provinces—with the exception of Álava, Biscay, Guipúzcoa, Balearic Islands, La Rioja, Navarra — are named after their principal town. Only two capitals of autonomous communities — Mérida in Extremadura and Santiago de Compostela in Galicia — are not the capitals of provinces. Seven of the autonomous communities comprise no more than one province each: Asturias, Balearic Islands, Cantabria, La Rioja, Madrid and Navarra; these are sometimes referred to as "uniprovincial" communities. The table below lists the provinces of Spain. For each, the capital city is given, together with an indication of the autonomous community to which it belongs and a link to a list of municipalities in the province; the names of the provinces and their capitals are ordered alphabetically according to the form in which they appear in the main Wikipedia articles describing them. Unless otherwise indicated, their Spanish language names are the same.
List of Spanish provinces by population List of Spanish provinces by area Spanish Federation of Municipalities and Provinces Autonomous communities of Spain Comarcas of Spain ISO 3166-2:ESGeneral: Political divisions of Spain Maps of the provinces of Spain Maps of Spain's Provinces List of municipalities of Spain listed by province from the Spanish INE
Integrated Authority File
The Integrated Authority File or GND is an international authority file for the organisation of personal names, subject headings and corporate bodies from catalogues. It is used for documentation in libraries and also by archives and museums; the GND is managed by the German National Library in cooperation with various regional library networks in German-speaking Europe and other partners. The GND falls under the Creative Commons Zero licence; the GND specification provides a hierarchy of high-level entities and sub-classes, useful in library classification, an approach to unambiguous identification of single elements. It comprises an ontology intended for knowledge representation in the semantic web, available in the RDF format; the Integrated Authority File became operational in April 2012 and integrates the content of the following authority files, which have since been discontinued: Name Authority File Corporate Bodies Authority File Subject Headings Authority File Uniform Title File of the Deutsches Musikarchiv At the time of its introduction on 5 April 2012, the GND held 9,493,860 files, including 2,650,000 personalised names.
There are seven main types of GND entities: LIBRIS Virtual International Authority File Information pages about the GND from the German National Library Search via OGND Bereitstellung des ersten GND-Grundbestandes DNB, 19 April 2012 From Authority Control to Linked Authority Data Presentation given by Reinhold Heuvelmann to the ALA MARC Formats Interest Group, June 2012
Guimarán, officially: Quimarán is one of 12 parishes in Carreño, a municipality within the province and autonomous community of Asturias, in northern Spain. The parroquia is 5.03 km2 in size, with a population of 372. The postal code is 33438. Cespedera El Fondo El Monte Naves La Rebollada San Pablo Villar
Pervera is one of 12 parishes in Carreño, a municipality within the province and autonomous community of Asturias, in northern Spain. The parroquia is 5.74 km2 in size, with a population of 188. The postal code is 33492. La Baragaña La Barquera Barreres La Cuesta L'Empalme Mazaneda El Monte Muniello Reconco El Riigu El Valle Xelaz
Prendes is one of 12 parishes in Carreño, a municipality within the province and autonomous community of Asturias, in northern Spain. In the Bable, Prendes is sometimes referred to as Priendes; the parroquia is 2.31 km2 in size, with a population of 111. The postal code is 33438. Bárzana El Cabu El Cantu Falmuria Pesgana Pinzales Polleo El Riistru San Pablo
Logrezana is one of 12 parishes in Carreño, a municipality within the province and autonomous community of Asturias, in northern Spain. The parroquia is 11.28 km2 in size, with a population of 391. The postal code is 33438. Castle of la Barrera en Castiello Palace of los Carreño-Alas Church of Santa María la Real de Llogrezana Chapel of del Espíritu Santu in Castiello House of Busto Valdés House of Fernández Porley in El Fundial House of Muñiz de Pola o de Solís Carreño in Posada Edifice of les Escueles de Llogrezana Sebades El Monte Cabovilla La Granda La Llegua L'Arena Posada Castiello El Fundial La Menudina La Machina Lloral El Pedregal La Barrera Llantero La Barca El Cantu La Cavada El Cardosu
Carrió is one of 12 parishes in Carreño, a municipality within the province and autonomous community of Asturias, in northern Spain. The parroquia is 2.31 km2 in size, with a population of 157. The postal code is 33492. Aboño L'altu Aboño Bandín El Cantu San Xuan Les Cruciaes La Cuesta Carrió La Llamera Otero El Palacio La Peruyera El Regueru La Sabarriona