Canna Maria Louise Popta

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Canna Maria Louise Popta (31 May 1860, Breda - 13 June 1929, Leiden)[1][2] was a Dutch biologist.

Popta was one of the first women to enrol as a student at Leiden University where she studied for a degree in geology, zoology and botany, allowing her to teach in high schools. She studied for her doctorate at the University of Berne under the supervision of Eduard Fischer, her thesis was on the Hemiasci, a fungal group which was then thought to be the link between the Phycomycetes and Ascomycetes. After completing her doctorate she obtained a position at the Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie in Leiden as a Lab Assistant to the curator of reptiles, amphibians and fishes. During her career at the museum she concentrated mainly on ichthyology, eventually retiring in 1928, dying the following year. She wrote over 40 scientific papers and a number of articles for encyclopedias. [3] For example, she wrote a final compilation of the freshwater fish collected in central Borneo, describing a fish fauna of 173 species from the Kapuas and 97 species from the Mahakam.[4] She also tried to complete and publish Bleeker's Atlas Ichthyologique des Indes Orientales néerlandaises but this was halted due to economic difficulties, the plates eventually being published in 1983 but by then the text was considered to be too out of date to be published. She seems to have had a difficult time at the museum and often appeared to be in conflict with and not highly regarded by the two directors she worked under, Jentink and E.D. van Oort, and there are some indications that she may have suffered from mental ill health. Popta never married and lived with, and cared for her sister, who was said to be disabled.[2] Despite the supposedly difficult relationship she had with Jentink she named the cyprinid Diplocheilichthys jentinkii in his honour for making specimens available for Popta to study.[5]

Publications[edit]

  • Popta, C.M.L. 1899 Beitrag zur Kenntniss der Hemiasci, Flora 86, pp 1-46 [6]
  • Popta, C.M.L. 1900: A new species of Arius. Notes from the Leyden Museum 22 (1-2): 71–74.
  • Popta, C.M.L. 1900: On a small Monacanthus. Notes from the Leyden Museum 22 (1-2): 126–128.
  • Popta, C.M.L. 1901: Note 10. Tetragonopterus longipinnis, n. sp. Notes from the Leyden Museum 23: 85–90.
  • Popta, C.M.L. 1903: Acanthophthalmus shelfordii, n. sp. Notes from the Leyden Museum 23: 231–233.
  • Popta, C.M.L. 1904: Descriptions préliminaires des nouvelles espèces de poissons recueillies au Bornéo central par M. le Dr. A. W. Nieuwenhuis en 1898 et en 1900. Notes from the Leyden Museum 24 (for 1902-04): 179–202.
  • Popta, C.M.L. 1905: Suite des descriptions préliminaires des nouvelles espèces de poissons recueillies au Bornéo central par M. le Dr. A. W. Nieuwenhuis en 1898 et en 1900. Notes from the Leyden Museum 25 (note 15): 171–186.
  • Popta, C.M.L. 1905: Haplochilus sarasinorum, n. sp. Notes from the Leyden Museum 25 (4): 239–247.
  • Popta, C.M.L. 1906: Résultats ichthyologiques des voyages scientifiques de Monsieur le Professeur Dr. A. W. Nieuwenhuis dans le centre de Bornéo (1898 et 1900). Notes from the Leyden Museum 27: 1–304, 10 pls.
  • Popta, C.M.L. 1907: Einige Fischarten aus China, Xenocypris lampertii und Chanodichthys stenzii nn. spp. Zoologischer Anzeiger 32 (no. 8): 243–251.
  • Popta, C.M.L. 1911: Ueber Fische von Wladiwostok und von Blagoweschtensk a. Amur, gesammelt von Herrn Dr. P. v. Wittenburg. Jahreshefte des Vereins für Vaterländische Naturkunde in Württemberg 75: 333–353.
  • Popta, C.M.L. 1911: Vorläufige Mitteilung über neue Fische von Lombok. Notes from the Leyden Museum 34: 9–16.
  • Popta, C.M.L. 1912: Fortsetzung der Beschreibung von neuen Fischarten der Sunda-Expedition. Notes from the Leyden Museum 34 (3-4): 185–193.
  • Popta, C.M.L. 1913: Auchenoglanis büttikoferi n. sp. from West Africa. Notes from the Leyden Museum 35 (3-4): 237–240, Pl. 10.
  • Popta, C.M.L. 1918: Zweite Fortsetzung der Beschreibung von neuen Fischarten der Sunda-Expedition. Leiden. Zweite Fortsetzung der Beschreibung von neuen Fischarten der Sunda-Expedition.: 1–8.
  • Popta, C.M.L. 1919: Description of Clarias nigeriae n. sp. from the Wari, mouth of the Niger, West Africa. Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) 5: 4.
  • Popta, C.M.L. 1921: Dritte Fortsetzung der Beschreibung von neuen Fischarten der Sunda-Expedition. Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) 6: 203–214.
  • Popta, C.M.L. 1922: Vierte und letzte fortsetzung der Beschreibung von neuen Fischarten der Sunda-Expedition. Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) 7: 27–39.
  • Popta, C.M.L. 1924: Anguilla borneensis n. sp.. Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) 8: 73–76.

Taxa[edit]

Among the taxa first described by Popta are the fishes Tetraodon hilgendorfii, Pangasius nieuwenhuisii, Dotsugobius bleekeri and Osteochilus bellus. She also named the goby genera Cryptocentroides.[7] and Pseudogobius.[8]

Poptella a genus of Characins was named for Popta who described Tetragonopterus longipinnis in 1901 and donated one of the type specimens to Carl H. Eigenmann’s collection at Indiana University, Eigenmann subsequently described the new genus Poptella in 1908.[9] The fish species Trichopodus poptae[10] and Adrianichthys poptae[11] are among those to have their specific names referring to and honouring Canna M. L. Popta.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Birth registration
  2. ^ a b L.B. Holthuis, Biography in 1820-1958, Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie, page 82 (in Dutch).
  3. ^ Patricia Stocking Brown (1994). "Early women Ichthyologists" (PDF). Environmental Biology of Fishes. 41: 9–30. 
  4. ^ Tyson S. Roberts (1985). Memoirs of the California Academy of Sciences Number 14 The Freshwater Fishes of Western Borneo (KaUmantan Barat, Indonesia). California Academy of Sciences. ISBN 0-940228-21-1. 
  5. ^ Christopher Scharpf; Kenneth J. Lazara. "Order CYPRINIFORMES: Family CYPRINIDAE: Subfamily CYPRININAE (a-e)". ETYFish Project Fish Name Etymology Database. Christopher Scharpf and Kenneth J. Lazara. Retrieved 17 December 2017. 
  6. ^ Mary R. S. Creese. Ladies in the Laboratory: West European Women in Science, 1800-1900: A Survey of Their Contributions to Research. Scarecrow Press. p. 268. ISBN 1461605814. 
  7. ^ C.M.L. Popta (1922). "Vierte und letzte fortsetzung der Beschreibung von neuen Fischarten der Sunda-Expedition". Zoologische Mededelingen. Leiden. 7: 27–39. 
  8. ^ Eschmeyer, W. N.; R. Fricke & R. van der Laan (eds.). "Pseudogobius". Catalog of Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 11 August 2018. 
  9. ^ Christopher Scharpf; Kenneth J. Lazara. "Order CHARACIFORMES: Family CHARACIDAE: Subfamilies STETHAPRIONINAE, RHOADSIINAE, CHARACINAE, TETRAGONOPTERINAE, APHYOCHARACINAE and APHYODITEINAE". The ETYFish Project Fish Name Etymology Database. Christopher Scharpf and Kenneth J. Lazara. Retrieved 11 November 2017. 
  10. ^ "Trichopodus poptae". aquaportail.com. Retrieved 11 November 2017. 
  11. ^ M. Weber; LF. de Beaufort (1922). The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. IV. Heteromi, Solenichthyes, Synentognathi, Percesoces, Labyrinthici, Microcyprini. Leiden: E. J. Brill.