The EOS-1N is a 35mm single lens reflex camera body produced by Canon. It was announced by Canon in 1994, was the professional model in the range, superseding the original EOS-1; the camera was itself superseded by the EOS-1v in 2000. The original EOS-1 had been launched in 1989, two years after the company had introduced their new EOS autofocus system, it was the company's first professional-level EOS camera and was aimed at the same photographers who had used Canon's regarded, manual focus professional FD mount SLRs, such as the Canon New F-1 and the Canon T90. On a physical level the EOS-1 resembled the T90, designed for Canon by Luigi Colani; the EOS-1N was a revision of the EOS-1, with five autofocus points spread across the frame rather than a single centrally-mounted autofocus point, plus more effective weather sealing, a wider exposure range, numerous other improvements. In common with the EOS-1, the 1N used Canon's A-TTL automatic flash system, does not support the more modern E-TTL.
At the time of its creation, The Canon EOS-1N was placed at the top of Canon's EOS camera line. The camera featured polycarbonate external construction with weather-resistant seals around buttons and its Canon EF lens mount; the fixed eye-level pentaprism viewfinder has 100-percent vertical and horizontal coverage, has dioptric viewfinder adjustment from –3 to +1 diopter and has as a viewfinder eyepiece blind to block stray light when on a tripod. For automatic focusing, the camera used a 5-point BASIS auto focus system with the sensors arranged horizontally across the middle of the viewing area; the center point is a cross-type, which detects horizontal and vertical lines, while the outer four detect vertical lines only. Metering modes include a 16-zone evaluative, center-weighted average, selectable spot, fine central spot metering mode. Film speeds can be set from ISO 6-6400 either manually or automatically by DX codes on the film canisters; the camera allows variable Program autoexposure, as well as aperture-priority and shutter-priority automatic exposure and manual exposure.
Another option is Depth-of-field AE, an automatic mode that selects the focusing distance and aperture f-number to place the depth of field between two user-specified near and far points. Shutter speeds range from 30 seconds to 1/8000 of a second in all exposure modes. A non-timed bulb speed is available. Flash X-sync is available up to a shutter speed of 1/250 of a second. There are 14 custom functions to change the way the camera operates, which set options like exposure steps and mirror lock-up; the camera has user-interchangeable focusing screens, interchangeable with those out of other EOS-1-series cameras, a now-discontinued interchangeable Canon Command Back E1. Power comes from one 2CR5 battery, an optional BP-E1 Battery Pack housing four AA alkaline or lithium batteries or the PB-E1 Power Booster drive housing eight AA batteries and allowing for 6 frames per second to be photographed, depending on the type of battery and the shutter speed selected; the camera weighs in at 1 lb and 14.15 oz.
There were several versions of the EOS-1N available. The base model EOS-1N consisted of the standard camera body with significant upgrades over the EOS 1, launched in 1989; the EOS-1N DP comprised the standard body and the BP-E1 pack and the EOS-1N HS comprised the standard body plus booster. One feature the EOS-1N lacks, which lower models in the range have, is built-in flash, intentionally omitted to provide an overall rigid camera body able to withstand severe treatment by professionals. Weather sealing was incorporated after feedback from working professionals. Other notable omissions are the eye-controlled focus feature of the EOS 5 and the bar code reader of the EOS 10, neither of which are professional-level cameras. Another feature of the EOS-1N, other professional models in the range, is the provision for a precise viewfinder indication of exposure in manual mode; this had been provided in manual cameras such as the F-1, but older Canon cameras with automatic exposure modes provided a recommended exposure reading in manual mode, leaving the user to accept the offered settings or not.
The EOS-1N provides a viewfinder readout similar to the old F-1's needle display, but in electronic LCD form showing steps in 0.3, 0.5 or 1 stops. Like the EOS 5, the internal displays of the EOS 1N self-adjust in brightness in response to the brightness level of the subject; the optional Power Booster PB-E1 or Battery Pack BP-E1 attach to the base of the camera. The booster holds 8 AA batteries or an optional Ni-Cad pack, boosts the standard drive from 3 frames per second to 6; the Power Booster E1 has its own shutter release and input dial for use when shooting in the vertical format. The battery pack is a simpler accessory; this holds 4 AA cells and a lithium battery, you can select between the two power sources with a switch. It provides a grip for vertical shots but no additional controls; the major appeal of the Battery Pack BP-E1 is, lighter and less expensive than the power booster. There is a PB-E2. ATT:Statement about input dial on PB-E1 is wrong. PB-E1 has Vertical Control switchnothing else.
Input Dial is only on PB-E2! Called Power Drive Booster PDB. AA-Lithium -Batteries only if AE-Lock-button has a star * imprinted. In addition to the standard EOS-1N there was another, specialised model in the range — the EOS-1N RS, introduced in 1995, with a permanently attached power drive booster; this camera has a fixed pellicle mirror so there is no viewfinder black-out at the moment of
Canon FT QL
The Canon FT QL is a 35mm single-lens reflex camera introduced by Canon of Japan in March 1966. It has a Canon FL lens mount compatible with the large range of FL series lenses; the FT can operate the Canon FD series lenses in stop-down mode, but the earlier R series has a different lens aperture mechanism and cannot be used, although the bayonet fitting is similar. The standard kit lenses were Canon's 50mm f/1.8. FT QL was introduced in March 1966; however it differs from the Pellix models, having a normal quick-return reflex mirror and offering stop-down TTL metering. The TTL metering is semi-spot in nature and works through a prism incorporated in the viewfinder condenser/screen assembly; the Canon F-1 has a similar prism for metering in its removable screen. The Canon FT viewfinder screen is not user changeable; the pentaprism finder is fixed like the similar FX and FP models but unlike some earlier Canon R reflexes. The cloth focal plane shutter has speeds from 1 sec to 1/1000 and B; the electronic flash sync.
Speed is 1/60. A delayed action timer gives 8 – 10 seconds delay, using the same front of body lever that actuates the stop-down metering; the mirror can be locked up for vibration reduction or for use with special FL lenses like the original 19mm f3.5 wide angle which projects into the body and would foul the mirror. The QL designation was a reference to Canon's successful "quick load" system. A stainless steel sprung hinged device inside the rear door makes film loading simpler than competing cameras of the era. An accessory device, the Canon Booster, worked only with the FT QL and Pellix QL, it is a plug-in device that sits on the accessory shoe and increases the metering sensitivity by a factor of 16 for measuring exposure in poor light. Its operation is best kept for tripod use; the Canon FT is one of a series of three identical cameras released around this time. The first was the Canon FX which had a built-in meter, but no through-the-lens metering, instead using a window on the camera body front.
The entry level FP has no built-in meter. The final model was the top of this sector, the Canon FT QL, developed to combat the growing popularity of the Pentax Spotmatic variants as well as the Topcon RE SLRs; the FT QL and its sisters were an important step for Canon, leading to a number of improved versions such as the FTb and the full professional camera system the F-1. FT QL production ended in 1972. Photography in Malaysia *Canon FT QL camera Retrieved on October 22, 2005. Canon FT QL by luis triguez
The Canon FTb is a 35 mm single-lens reflex camera manufactured by Canon of Japan from March 1971 replacing the Canon FT QL. It features a Canon FD lens mount, is compatible with Canon's earlier FL-mount lenses in stop-down metering mode. Launched alongside the top-of-the-line F-1, the FTb was the mass-market camera in the range; the FTb was intended to be a camera for the advanced amateur photographer, offering many of the same features and same build quality as the F-1, but without the option of interchangeable prisms, focusing screens, or motor drives. The Canon FTb was released at a retail price of 35,000 yen for the camera body; the FTb has an all-mechanical horizontally traveling focal plane shutter with timed speeds from 1/1000 to 1 second and bulb. The FTb has rubberized silk shutter curtains rather than the more durable but more expensive titanium curtains found on the F-1, it offers a 10-second self-timer, as well as mirror lock-up. The meter is of the 12% partial type with the metering area indicated by a darkened box in the center of the finder area.
It is coupled to shutter speed dial and aperture ring on FD lenses in the match needle style. The meter was designed to be powered by a single 1.35 volt 625-type mercury cell the Mallory PX-625 and the Eveready EPX-625. While these batteries are obsolete, modern replacements include the Wein zinc-air cell PX625, available at large online retailers. Alternative options for replacement are to use a 1.5 volt silver battery either through a voltage dropping adapter or recalibrating the meter. Using modern zinc air batteries provide the original voltage, but have a short life. In 1973, the FTb design was revised slightly; the camera was given a plastic tipped film advance lever. The stop down lever was changed to the same style as that found on the F-1; the PC sync socket was given a spring-loaded plastic cover. The ring around the outer edge of the shutter speed dial was changed from a scalloped design to a diamond textured design. A shutter speed display was added in the lower left hand corner of the viewfinder.
This model was unofficially known as FTbn. List of Canon products Media related to Canon FTb at Wikimedia Commons
Japan is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south; the kanji that make up Japan's name mean "sun origin", it is called the "Land of the Rising Sun". Japan is a stratovolcanic archipelago consisting of about 6,852 islands; the four largest are Honshu, Hokkaido and Shikoku, which make up about ninety-seven percent of Japan's land area and are referred to as home islands. The country is divided into 47 prefectures in eight regions, with Hokkaido being the northernmost prefecture and Okinawa being the southernmost one; the population of 127 million is the world's tenth largest. 90.7 % of people live in cities. About 13.8 million people live in the capital of Japan. The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world with over 38 million people. Archaeological research indicates; the first written mention of Japan is in Chinese history texts from the 1st century AD.
Influence from other regions China, followed by periods of isolation from Western Europe, has characterized Japan's history. From the 12th century until 1868, Japan was ruled by successive feudal military shōguns who ruled in the name of the Emperor. Japan entered into a long period of isolation in the early 17th century, ended in 1853 when a United States fleet pressured Japan to open to the West. After nearly two decades of internal conflict and insurrection, the Imperial Court regained its political power in 1868 through the help of several clans from Chōshū and Satsuma – and the Empire of Japan was established. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, victories in the First Sino-Japanese War, the Russo-Japanese War and World War I allowed Japan to expand its empire during a period of increasing militarism; the Second Sino-Japanese War of 1937 expanded into part of World War II in 1941, which came to an end in 1945 following the Japanese surrender. Since adopting its revised constitution on May 3, 1947, during the occupation led by SCAP, the sovereign state of Japan has maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with an Emperor and an elected legislature called the National Diet.
Japan is a member of the ASEAN Plus mechanism, UN, the OECD, the G7, the G8, the G20, is considered a great power. Its economy is the world's third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity, it is the world's fourth-largest exporter and fourth-largest importer. Japan benefits from a skilled and educated workforce. Although it has renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a modern military with the world's eighth-largest military budget, used for self-defense and peacekeeping roles. Japan is a developed country with a high standard of living and Human Development Index, its population enjoys the highest life expectancy and third lowest infant mortality rate in the world, but is experiencing issues due to an aging population and low birthrate. Japan is renowned for its historical and extensive cinema, influential music industry, video gaming, rich cuisine and its major contributions to science and modern technology; the Japanese word for Japan is 日本, pronounced Nihon or Nippon and means "the origin of the sun".
The character nichi means "sun" or "day". The compound therefore means "origin of the sun" and is the source of the popular Western epithet "Land of the Rising Sun"; the earliest record of the name Nihon appears in the Chinese historical records of the Tang dynasty, the Old Book of Tang. At the end of the seventh century, a delegation from Japan requested that Nihon be used as the name of their country; this name may have its origin in a letter sent in 607 and recorded in the official history of the Sui dynasty. Prince Shōtoku, the Regent of Japan, sent a mission to China with a letter in which he called himself "the Emperor of the Land where the Sun rises"; the message said: "Here, I, the emperor of the country where the sun rises, send a letter to the emperor of the country where the sun sets. How are you". Prior to the adoption of Nihon, other terms such as Yamato and Wakoku were used; the term Wa is a homophone of Wo 倭, used by the Chinese as a designation for the Japanese as early as the third century Three Kingdoms period.
Another form of Wa, Wei in Chinese) was used for an early state in Japan called Nakoku during the Han dynasty. However, the Japanese disliked some connotation of Wa 倭, it was therefore replaced with the substitute character Wa, meaning "togetherness, harmony"; the English word Japan derives from the historical Chinese pronunciation of 日本. The Old Mandarin or early Wu Chinese pronunciation of Japan was recorded by Marco Polo as Cipangu. In modern Shanghainese, a Wu dialect, the pronunciation of characters 日本; the old Malay word for Japan, Japun or Japang, was borrowed from a southern coastal Chinese dialect Fukienese or Ningpo – and this Malay word was encountered by Portuguese traders in Southeast Asia in the 16th century. These Early Portuguese traders brought the word
Canon EOS 100
The Canon EOS 100 is a 35 mm autofocus SLR camera introduced by Canon in 1991. It was marketed as the EOS Elan in North America, it was the second camera in the EOS range to be targeted at advanced amateur photographers, replacing the EOS 650. Its headline features were near-silent film winding, input of EOS barcode programs, integral auto-zoom flash, twin input dials, an autofocus auxiliary light for low-contrast subjects, a maximum shutter speed of 1/4000s, five automatic modes; the look and feel of the EOS 100 had much in common with the T90 and EOS 650. It was based around a polycarbonate body with metal bayonet lens mount; the top left of the body had a Command Dial for choice of either Creative or Image zones and buttons to control the integral flash. The top right of the body had a multi-function Main Dial, buttons for autofocus and film advance control, the shutter release button and an LCD display panel; the back of the body had the Quick Control Dial, used for aperture control, the AE Lock Button, used to lock exposure settings.
Once the Command Dial had been set for a particular shooting style, all controls could be accessed with the right hand, with the viewfinder feeding back information to the photographer. The EOS 100 came with a motorised belt drive for film rewinding. Canon claimed; the drive enabled the camera to operate at three frames per second, faster than most of its competitors. Using the Drive Button, the photographer could choose whether to allow single or multiple photographs to be taken as the shutter release button was held; the drive could be disabled to allow up to nine multiple exposures to be made. All powered functions in the EOS 100 came from a single 6 volt lithium 2CR5. There was no option to adapt this to AA size batteries; the EOS 100 had a single BASIS chip, targeting the centre of the viewfinder. This was key to its two autofocussing modes: One-shot AF and AI Servo AF. One-shot AF was used for stationary objects. Once in focus, exposure was calculated the shutter was released. In low light or low contrast situations, the AF auxiliary light would momentarily project a series of red bands on the subject.
This enabled the AF circuits to have a subject with contrast they could focus onto. AI Servo AF was used for moving objects; the lens would continuously refocus on the object in the centre of the viewfinder whilst the shutter release button was pressed half-way. Once the shutter release button was pressed, the exposure was calculated the shutter released. Depth of field preview could be enabled via a custom function. If enabled, the aperture would reduce to show the depth of field every time the AE Lock Button was pressed. Light metering consisted of full-aperture through-the-lens metering, using a six zone silicon photocell. Automatic exposure settings were calculated using three metering modes: partial metering, centre-weighted average metering and evaluative metering; the current metering mode was displayed on the LCD panel. The Command Dial gave the photographer the choice of several shooting modes; the operation, the symbology used, would be incorporated into Canon's digital camera range. Canon's automatic Programmed Image Control modes were Full Auto, Landscape, Close-up and Sports.
The manually adjustable shooting modes were Aperture-priority and Depth-of-field. In these modes, the exposure could be compensated by ±2 stops in 1/2-stop increments. AEB could be used to take three continuous exposures in sequence, again by ±2 stops in 1/2-stop increments. All exposure control settings would be ignored. Both shutter speed and aperture could be set independently; the viewfinder would still give information on whether the camera thought the shot would be under- or over-exposed, but it wouldn't interfere. The EOS 100 had an integrated retractable TTL flash. Information via the EF lens mount, it had three zooms to cover the focal lengths of 28 mm, 50 mm and 80 mm. Consequently, its guide number for ISO 100 varied between 12 m at 28 mm, to 18 m at 80 mm; the focal plane shutter gave an X-sync speed of 1/125 second. The flash would fire when the first curtain had finished its travel, but this could be changed to the second curtain via a custom function. Red-eye reduction was achieved by producing a piercing continuous bright light to the left of the flash.
This would shine. The flash shoe contained signals for red-eye reduction and second curtain sync; the only accessory specific to the EOS 100 made by Canon was the GR-70 grip extension. However, unlike other grip extensions, this provides neither further power solutions, nor extra shutter release buttons; the EOS 100 had a feature. With the Command Dial turned to the barcode setting, the camera would accept programming details from Canon's Barcode Reader. Canon published a book of 100 photographs showing different styles of pictures. Below each was a barcode; this reader was placed against the camera's infrared connection point and the settings were transferred. The back could not be exchanged, e.g. for date/time stamping. For this functionality, Canon released the EOS 100QD. Contrary to Canon's own publications, this was marketed worldwide, not just in Japan. Despite not having many specific a
Canon FL lens mount
Canon FL refers to a lens mount standard for 35mm single-lens reflex cameras from Canon. It was introduced in April 1964 with the Canon FX camera; the FL mount was in turn replaced in 1971 by the Canon FD lens mount. FL lenses can be used on FD-mount cameras. Many mirrorless interchangeable-lens cameras are able to use Canon FL lenses via an adapter. Canon FX Canon FP Canon Pellix Canon FT QL Canon Pellix QL Canon TL Source:Canon released 3'levels' of standard lenses; the f/1.8 lenses were small and lightweight, f/1.4 were mid-range, the f/1.2 were professional level. The FL 19mm F3.5 was a true wide angle lens. Its rear projected far into the mirror box on an SLR, because of this, it could only be used on a camera with mirror lock-up, it could not be used on either Pellix model. The FL P 38mm F2.8 projected into the mirror box. It was specially designed for the Pellix and could not be used on any other camera because the moving mirror would hit the rear of the lens; this lens had a longer lens mount index, that only fit the deeper cutout at the top of the Pellix's lens mount, thus making it impossible to mount this lens on any other camera.
The FL M 100mm F4 was a special purpose bellows lens. It could only be used when mounted on a bellows, such as the Bellows FL, because it lacked a focusing ring; the list is complete. List of Canon products Canon Canon EOS Canon FD lens mount Single-lens reflex camera Digital single-lens reflex camera 135 film Canon FL
Canon EOS 50
The Canon EOS 50 is an autofocus, autoexposure 35mm SLR camera. It was aimed at the advanced amateur market, featured a rear command dial, support for custom functions, an optional BP-50 battery grip, with a dedicated portrait shutter release; the body was constructed of plastic, with the lens mount and top deck enclosed in an aluminium cover. Three variants of the camera were produced, each of, available with a quartz date imprint back; the basic model was the EOS 50. The EOS 50E variant introduced an enhanced version of the 3-zone eye-controlled autofocus system, first seen on the EOS 5 camera; the Japan-only EOS 55 was available in an all-black version - rather than the standard black and silver colour scheme - and included a panorama option. Sliding the button at the bottom of the rear of the camera causes panels to mask off all of the negative except for a 13 mm x 36mm strip in the middle; the EOS 50 was the first camera to implement Canon's E-TTL flash system. Canon's previous TTL system metered light reflected from the film onto a sensor during the actual exposure.
E-TTL on the other hand fires a low-intensity pre-flash before exposure, meters the reflected light through the camera's normal metering system. Sales of the EOS 50 began in September 1995, ended after the introduction of the replacement model, the EOS 30 in October 2000