The Canonflex is a Canon 35 mm film single-lens reflex camera introduced in May 1959. Its standard lens is the Canon Camera Co. Super-Canomatic R 50mm lens f/1.8. The camera was in production for one year before it was replaced by the Canonflex R2000, adding a 1/2000 sec. shutter speed. By the 1950s, the Japanese camera industry had turned their interest towards the 35 mm SLR camera, which to that point had been manufactured in Europe, in particular in Dresden, Germany; the first Japanese 35 mm SLR camera was Asahiflex. It was soon followed by several manufacturers; the Miranda T was launched in 1955. In 1958 Minolta and Topcon followed, while Nikon presented their Nikon F in 1959, by that time a supplier of rangefinder cameras based on the Contax concept. Canon had established itself as a 35 mm rangefinder camera manufacturer, featuring a wide variety of camera models and lenses using the Leica 39mm standard lens mount; the Canonflex was introduced in 1959 by Canon of Tokyo, Japan. It is Canon's first 35 mm single-lens reflex camera.
Its standard lens is the Super-Canomatic R 50mm f/1.8, using the first version of Canon's breech-lock manual-focus lens mount, the R lens mount, which would evolve into the Canon FL and Canon FD lens mounts over the next three decades. The Super-Canomatic lens features automatic aperture operation, using two internal connections. Canomatic and R-series lenses use manual diaphragms. Though the breech-lock mount itself remained unchanged until the introduction of the EF lenses for EOS autofocus cameras in the late 1980s, the actuating levers of the Canomatic or R-series lenses operate differently from their FL and FD descendants; the Canonflex was inspired to an extent by the company's rangefinder camera models. It has a thumb-operated wind-on lever on the camera's base and a removable meterless finder prism, which slides off after depressing a button on the left hand camera front; the rewind release is situated at the base. Long time exposure is accomplished by sliding a switch next to the shutter release to the left, before or while depressing the release button.
It must be returned to terminate the exposure. At the right-hand camera front is a wide accessory shoe taking a selenium exposure meter, which couples to the shutter speed dial; the camera stayed in production for one year before it was replaced by the Canonflex R2000, adding the 1/2000 sec. shutter speed. Canon Inc. Flex. Canon Camera Museum, retrieved November 13, 2018. Canon Inc. Canon Camera Story: 1955-1969. Canon's online Camera Museum, retrieved November 18, 2005. Gandy, Stephen Canon's 1st SLR: the 1959 Canonflex. Cameraquest.com, retrieved November 18, 2005
Canon FT QL
The Canon FT QL is a 35mm single-lens reflex camera introduced by Canon of Japan in March 1966. It has a Canon FL lens mount compatible with the large range of FL series lenses; the FT can operate the Canon FD series lenses in stop-down mode, but the earlier R series has a different lens aperture mechanism and cannot be used, although the bayonet fitting is similar. The standard kit lenses were Canon's 50mm f/1.8. FT QL was introduced in March 1966; however it differs from the Pellix models, having a normal quick-return reflex mirror and offering stop-down TTL metering. The TTL metering is semi-spot in nature and works through a prism incorporated in the viewfinder condenser/screen assembly; the Canon F-1 has a similar prism for metering in its removable screen. The Canon FT viewfinder screen is not user changeable; the pentaprism finder is fixed like the similar FX and FP models but unlike some earlier Canon R reflexes. The cloth focal plane shutter has speeds from 1 sec to 1/1000 and B; the electronic flash sync.
Speed is 1/60. A delayed action timer gives 8 – 10 seconds delay, using the same front of body lever that actuates the stop-down metering; the mirror can be locked up for vibration reduction or for use with special FL lenses like the original 19mm f3.5 wide angle which projects into the body and would foul the mirror. The QL designation was a reference to Canon's successful "quick load" system. A stainless steel sprung hinged device inside the rear door makes film loading simpler than competing cameras of the era. An accessory device, the Canon Booster, worked only with the FT QL and Pellix QL, it is a plug-in device that sits on the accessory shoe and increases the metering sensitivity by a factor of 16 for measuring exposure in poor light. Its operation is best kept for tripod use; the Canon FT is one of a series of three identical cameras released around this time. The first was the Canon FX which had a built-in meter, but no through-the-lens metering, instead using a window on the camera body front.
The entry level FP has no built-in meter. The final model was the top of this sector, the Canon FT QL, developed to combat the growing popularity of the Pentax Spotmatic variants as well as the Topcon RE SLRs; the FT QL and its sisters were an important step for Canon, leading to a number of improved versions such as the FTb and the full professional camera system the F-1. FT QL production ended in 1972. Photography in Malaysia *Canon FT QL camera Retrieved on October 22, 2005. Canon FT QL by luis triguez
The Canon AL-1 was an FD mount, 35mm single-lens reflex camera introduced in March 1982. Its main feature was the "Quick Focus" focus-assist system, aimed at those who had trouble focusing through the viewfinder—either novices, or those with poor eyesight—and was intended to head off competition from the first full-autofocus cameras from other manufacturers, such as the Pentax ME F; as a lower-end camera, the AL-1 did not offer a long list of features. Instead, Canon focused on lowering price; the AL-1 provides focus-confirmation, aperture-priority autoexposure, a small selection of manual shutter speeds, including 10 second self-timer. It added a larger grip, the convenience of using of AAA cells for power; however the battery door is one of its weakness as most of the cameras that are found today on the market have their battery door broken or, changed. Its body was constructed from a special polycarbonate, painted to imitate metal. An ISO hotshoe, motor-drive connections, cable-release socket provide an acceptable level of compatibility with accessories.
It was the last SLR camera to carry Canon's 1960s-era logo on the pentaprism. The camera uses Canon's breech-lock FD mount, so users could choose from the wide variety of Canon FD lenses, as well as those from third parties. Users could utilise Canon R and FL lenses, but with some limitations. In 1987, Canon abandoned the FD mount in favour of the EF mount along with the EOS camera system, which uses the same concept as the T80 but with a new and incompatible mount designed around an all-electronic interface; the AL-1 marked Canon's first public foray into autofocus technology. While far from a true autofocus system, the camera acted a test for Canon engineers to evaluate phase detection for SLR cameras; the QF focus-assist system uses traditional phase detection linear CCD arrays in the base of the camera. Light is diverted to these sensors through a silvered mirror; when the light of the subject is in phase, the image is in focus. Below the viewfinder image, two red arrows indicate which direction to turn the focusing ring to achieve focus.
Optimum focus is indicated by a green light between the two arrows. Contrast detection is the system used for autofocus on most compact digital cameras in recent years. Due to the camera's lack of features, it was never overly popular and so it would be 1985 before Canon expanded on the concept though its competitors raced ahead. In 1983 Nikon introduced the F3AF, a special version of their pro-series F3, which used a special viewfinder with a built-in autofocus system connecting electronically to a motor in the lens. In 1985 Minolta introduced the Maxxum 7000, the world's first body-integrated autofocus SLR. Canon reacted to this with the T80, which integrated the focus system into the body and, as with the F3AF, connected electronically with a motor in the lens. YouTube video describing the function of the focusing element in the Canon AL-1 Canon AL-1 Quick Focus Information Page
The Canon T50, introduced in March 1983 and discontinued in December 1989, was the first in Canon's new T series of 35mm single-lens reflex cameras compatible with Canon's FD lens mount. SLR sales were falling in 1983 from the market's 1981 peak, Canon chose to try greater automation to revive sales and remain competitive; this approach had found favor in compact cameras such as the AF35M "Autoboy" or "Sure Shot". The T50 had a power winder built in giving a continuous shooting rate of 1.4 frames per second, as well as an advanced auto-exposure mode, although it was still a manual focus camera. Unlike those compact cameras and the higher-end models in the T series, the T50 did not have power rewind, relying on a manual crank; the camera's electric systems were powered by two AA batteries in the grip, which gave enough power to shoot 75 24-exposure rolls, or 50 36-exposure rolls. The T50 used a new shutter design. Canon's previous A series cameras used a horizontally travelling cloth shutter, while the T50 used a vertically travelling metal blade shutter which allowed for faster shutter speeds and higher flash X-sync speeds.
Only a modest increase was seen in the T50. Only Program AE mode was available on the T50, in line with its role as a simple beginner's camera. A couple of years earlier, Konica had tried a similar approach with their FP-1. Canon released a new flash unit for the T50, the Speedlite 244T; this simple-to-use flash used an infrared preflash to judge the distance to the subject, only had two buttons. Media related to Canon T50 at Wikimedia Commons The T50 at Photography in Malaysia. Canon Inc. "T50". Canon Camera Museum. Retrieved 26 June 2011
Canon New F-1
The Canon New F-1 replaced the F-1n as Canon's top-of-the-line 35mm single-lens reflex camera in 1981. Like the earlier models, the New F-1 takes FD-mount lenses. Although no date has been confirmed, it is thought that the last New F-1 was still being made in 1992, it was discontinued in 1994, factory support ended in 2004. The New F-1 is a manual-exposure camera capable of TTL full-aperture metering and stopped-down metering with the included Eye-Level Finder FN. Aperture-priority AE is available by attaching the optional AE Finder FN. Shutter-priority mode is optionally available when using either AE Motor Drive FN or AE Power Winder FN; the New F-1 is an expandable system. It consists of interchangeable viewfinders, focusing screens, motor drives, alternate backs, all of which are specific to the New F-1. All other Canon components, such as the FD lens series, close up accessories, Canon A and T Speedlights are compatible with the system; the New F-1 system has 5 different viewfinders, which can be and changed by depressing the two buttons on the rear of the finder, pulling it off the camera body, pushing the new finder into place.
Eye-Level Finder FN AE Finder FNThe Eye-Level and AE Finders are the basic eye-level prism finders, similar to most other SLR systems' prism finders. Both attachments to remotely trigger the shutter. Both include an integral eyepiece shutter, which closes over the eyepiece to prevent light leakage during long exposures; when using the AE finder, setting the shutter speed dial to'A' engages a small switch on the finder which puts the camera into aperture-priority auto exposure mode. The normal meter display to the right of the through-the-lens image disappears from the viewfinder, a different meter display appears below the TTL image, which indicates which shutter speed the AE system has chosen. Speed Finder FNThe Speed Finder utilizes two separate prisms separated by a swivel, to allow either eye-level or waist-level viewing, the ability to switch between the two; the optics are designed in such a way that the finder's image is visible up to 6 cm away from the eyepiece, enabling the photographer to use the finder with glasses or goggles.
The Speed Finder has a hot shoe. Waist-Level Finder FN Waist-Level Finder FN-6XBoth Waist-Level Finders are useful in situations which require use of a low angle, or for copy work, photomacrography, or astrophotography; the image is reversed left-to-right in the finder. The Waist-Level Finder FN has a collapsible barrel and a flip-up 4.6x magnifier, while the 6x model has a 6x magnified image, an integral diopter adjustment. The New F-1 system has 13 different focusing screens, in a variety of metering modes, for a total of 32 different screens; the screens are named with a two-letter designation, the first indicating the metering type, the second indicating the style of screen, as listed below. A - Standard Microprism B - New Split C - Overall Laser Matte D - Laser Matte with Grid E - New Split/Microprism F - Microprism/Fast Lenses G - Microprism/Slow Lenses H - Laser Matte with Scale I - Laser Matte with Double Cross-Hair Reticle J - Bright Laser Matte/Short Lenses K - Bright Laser Matte/Long Lenses L - Cross Split M - A/B Size Laser Matte The standard screen supplied from the factory in F-1 bodies is the Focusing Screen FN-AE for bodies shipped with an AE finder FN, FN-PE for bodies shipped with an Eye Level Finder FN.
Replacing a screen is a simple operation. The finder is removed from the camera, the screen is pried up using a fingernail along the silver rear edge of the screen; the new screen is pressed into place, the finder put back on. There are two different motorized film advance units in the New F-1 system: the AE Power Winder FN, the AE Motor Drive FN; the AE Power Winder FN allows up to 2 frames per second in continuous mode, the AE Motor Drive allows up to 5 frame/s in high-speed mode and 3.5 frame/s in low-speed mode. Both units have single-exposure mode, where only a single frame is exposed when the shutter release is held down. Both units have a second shutter release for vertical format shooting, a subtractive frame counter. Only the AE Motor Drive FN has a motorized film rewind; the AE Power Winder FN is powered by 4 AA batteries, is a single self-contained, unexpandable unit. The AE Motor Drive FN is a more complete system, as it has 3 different battery packs to choose from: the Battery Pack FN, the Ni-Cd Pack FN, the High Power Ni-Cd Pack FN.
The Battery and High Power Ni-Cd packs will power the motor drive for up to 50 rolls of film, while the Ni-Cd pack provides power for up to 30 rolls. The Battery Pack FN takes 12 AA batteries; the two Ni-Cd packs have to be plugged into a charger to recharge them. The High Power Ni-Cd pack will power the camera body itself by replacing the camera's battery with Battery Cord C-FN. Both units add the possibility of shutter-priority auto exposure mode by setting the lens's aperture ring to'A'; the aperture needle disappears from the meter display, the meter needle indicates what aperture the AE system has selected. Using either of the motor drive systems enab
The Canon FTb is a 35 mm single-lens reflex camera manufactured by Canon of Japan from March 1971 replacing the Canon FT QL. It features a Canon FD lens mount, is compatible with Canon's earlier FL-mount lenses in stop-down metering mode. Launched alongside the top-of-the-line F-1, the FTb was the mass-market camera in the range; the FTb was intended to be a camera for the advanced amateur photographer, offering many of the same features and same build quality as the F-1, but without the option of interchangeable prisms, focusing screens, or motor drives. The Canon FTb was released at a retail price of 35,000 yen for the camera body; the FTb has an all-mechanical horizontally traveling focal plane shutter with timed speeds from 1/1000 to 1 second and bulb. The FTb has rubberized silk shutter curtains rather than the more durable but more expensive titanium curtains found on the F-1, it offers a 10-second self-timer, as well as mirror lock-up. The meter is of the 12% partial type with the metering area indicated by a darkened box in the center of the finder area.
It is coupled to shutter speed dial and aperture ring on FD lenses in the match needle style. The meter was designed to be powered by a single 1.35 volt 625-type mercury cell the Mallory PX-625 and the Eveready EPX-625. While these batteries are obsolete, modern replacements include the Wein zinc-air cell PX625, available at large online retailers. Alternative options for replacement are to use a 1.5 volt silver battery either through a voltage dropping adapter or recalibrating the meter. Using modern zinc air batteries provide the original voltage, but have a short life. In 1973, the FTb design was revised slightly; the camera was given a plastic tipped film advance lever. The stop down lever was changed to the same style as that found on the F-1; the PC sync socket was given a spring-loaded plastic cover. The ring around the outer edge of the shutter speed dial was changed from a scalloped design to a diamond textured design. A shutter speed display was added in the lower left hand corner of the viewfinder.
This model was unofficially known as FTbn. List of Canon products Media related to Canon FTb at Wikimedia Commons