Morinish is a rural locality in the Rockhampton Region, Australia. It is bounded by the Fitzroy River to the west. Gold was found at Morinish in 1866 with miners working in the area by December 1866, a "new rush" being described in the newspapers in February 1867 with the population being estimated on the field as 600. There were at least three major mines in the period of 1880s to 1900s: Welcome Reef, Alliance Mine and Mount Morinish Mine; the Morinish Post Office opened on 1 July 1867 and closed on 4 November 1872. Reflecting the changing fortunes on the goldfields, schooling in Morinish was provided on a somewhat erratic basis. A provisional school was opened in 1882 but closed in 1890. Another provisional school opened in 1894 but closed in 1897. In 1902, two provisional schools opened on a part-time basis, but merged into Morinish State School in 1915 and closed in 1928. Morinish was within the Shire of Fitzroy until 2008 when amalgamation of local government areas resulted in it becoming part of the newly created Rockhampton Region.
Fergus McMaster, one of the founders of the airline Qantas, was born in Morinish Johnson, Morinish: where the bottle tree stands, Lex Johnson, ISBN 978-0-9806333-3-7
Melbourne is the capital and most populous city of the Australian state of Victoria, the second most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Its name refers to an urban agglomeration of 9,992.5 km2, comprising a metropolitan area with 31 municipalities, is the common name for its city centre. The city occupies much of the coastline of Port Phillip bay and spreads into the hinterlands towards the Dandenong and Macedon ranges, Mornington Peninsula and Yarra Valley, it has a population of 4.9 million, its inhabitants are referred to as "Melburnians". The city was founded on 30 August 1835, in the then-British colony of New South Wales, by free settlers from the colony of Van Diemen’s Land, it was incorporated as a Crown settlement in 1837 and named in honour of the British Prime Minister, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne. In 1851, four years after Queen Victoria declared it a city, Melbourne became the capital of the new colony of Victoria. In the wake of the 1850s Victorian gold rush, the city entered a lengthy boom period that, by the late 1880s, had transformed it into one of the world's largest and wealthiest metropolises.
After the federation of Australia in 1901, it served as interim seat of government of the new nation until Canberra became the permanent capital in 1927. Today, it is a leading financial centre in the Asia-Pacific region and ranks 15th in the Global Financial Centres Index; the city is home to many of the best-known cultural institutions in the nation, such as the Melbourne Cricket Ground, the National Gallery of Victoria and the World Heritage-listed Royal Exhibition Building. It is the birthplace of Australian impressionism, Australian rules football, the Australian film and television industries and Australian contemporary dance. More it has been recognised as a UNESCO City of Literature and a global centre for street art, live music and theatre, it is the host city of annual international events such as the Australian Grand Prix, the Australian Open and the Melbourne Cup, has hosted the 1956 Summer Olympics and the 2006 Commonwealth Games. Due to it rating in entertainment and sport, as well as education, health care and development, the EIU ranks it the second most liveable city in the world.
The main airport serving the city is Melbourne Airport, the second busiest in Australia, Australia's busiest seaport the Port of Melbourne. Its main metropolitan rail terminus is Flinders Street station and its main regional rail and road coach terminus is Southern Cross station, it has the most extensive freeway network in Australia and the largest urban tram network in the world. Indigenous Australians have lived in the Melbourne area for an estimated 31,000 to 40,000 years; when European settlers arrived in the 19th-century, under 2,000 hunter-gatherers from three regional tribes—the Wurundjeri and Wathaurong—inhabited the area. It was an important meeting place for the clans of the Kulin nation alliance and a vital source of food and water; the first British settlement in Victoria part of the penal colony of New South Wales, was established by Colonel David Collins in October 1803, at Sullivan Bay, near present-day Sorrento. The following year, due to a perceived lack of resources, these settlers relocated to Van Diemen's Land and founded the city of Hobart.
It would be 30 years. In May and June 1835, John Batman, a leading member of the Port Phillip Association in Van Diemen's Land, explored the Melbourne area, claimed to have negotiated a purchase of 600,000 acres with eight Wurundjeri elders. Batman selected a site on the northern bank of the Yarra River, declaring that "this will be the place for a village" before returning to Van Diemen's Land. In August 1835, another group of Vandemonian settlers arrived in the area and established a settlement at the site of the current Melbourne Immigration Museum. Batman and his group arrived the following month and the two groups agreed to share the settlement known by the native name of Dootigala. Batman's Treaty with the Aborigines was annulled by Richard Bourke, the Governor of New South Wales, with compensation paid to members of the association. In 1836, Bourke declared the city the administrative capital of the Port Phillip District of New South Wales, commissioned the first plan for its urban layout, the Hoddle Grid, in 1837.
Known as Batmania, the settlement was named Melbourne in 1837 after the British Prime Minister, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, whose seat was Melbourne Hall in the market town of Melbourne, Derbyshire. That year, the settlement's general post office opened with that name. Between 1836 and 1842, Victorian Aboriginal groups were dispossessed of their land by European settlers. By January 1844, there were said to be 675 Aborigines resident in squalid camps in Melbourne; the British Colonial Office appointed five Aboriginal Protectors for the Aborigines of Victoria, in 1839, however their work was nullified by a land policy that favoured squatters who took possession of Aboriginal lands. By 1845, fewer than 240 wealthy Europeans held all the pastoral licences issued in Victoria and became a powerful political and economic force in Victoria for generations to come. Letters patent of Queen Victoria, issued on 25 June 1847, declared Melbourne a city. On 1 July 1851, the Port Phillip District separated from New South Wales to become the Colony of Victoria, with Melbourne as its capital.
The discovery of gold in Victoria in mid-1851 sparked a
Victoria is a state in south-eastern Australia. Victoria is Australia's smallest mainland state and its second-most populous state overall, thus making it the most densely populated state overall. Most of its population lives concentrated in the area surrounding Port Phillip Bay, which includes the metropolitan area of its state capital and largest city, Australia's second-largest city. Victoria is bordered by Bass Strait and Tasmania to the south,New South Wales to the north, the Tasman Sea to the east, South Australia to the west; the area, now known as Victoria is the home of many Aboriginal people groups, including the Boon wurrung, the Bratauolung, the Djadjawurrung, the Gunai/Kurnai, the Gunditjmara, the Taungurong, the Wathaurong, the Wurundjeri, the Yorta Yorta. There were more than 30 Aboriginal languages spoken in the area prior to the European settlement of Australia; the Kulin nation is an alliance of five Aboriginal nations which makes up much of the central part of the state. With Great Britain having claimed the half of the Australian continent, east of the 135th meridian east in 1788, Victoria formed part of the wider colony of New South Wales.
The first European settlement in the area occurred in 1803 at Sullivan Bay, much of what is now Victoria was included in 1836 in the Port Phillip District, an administrative division of New South Wales. Named in honour of Queen Victoria, who signed the division's separation from New South Wales, the colony was established in 1851 and achieved self government in 1855; the Victorian gold rush in the 1850s and 1860s increased both the population and wealth of the colony, by the time of the Federation of Australia in 1901, Melbourne had become the largest city and leading financial centre in Australasia. Melbourne served as federal capital of Australia until the construction of Canberra in 1927, with the Federal Parliament meeting in Melbourne's Parliament House and all principal offices of the federal government being based in Melbourne. Politically, Victoria has 37 seats in the Australian House of Representatives and 12 seats in the Australian Senate. At state level, the Parliament of Victoria consists of the Legislative Assembly and the Legislative Council.
The Labor Party led Daniel Andrews as premier has governed Victoria since 2014. The personal representative of the Queen of Australia in the state is the Governor of Victoria Linda Dessau. Victoria is divided into 79 municipal districts, including 33 cities, although a number of unincorporated areas still exist, which the state administers directly; the economy of Victoria is diversified, with service sectors including financial and property services, education, retail and manufacturing constitute the majority of employment. Victoria's total gross state product ranks second in Australia, although Victoria ranks fourth in terms of GSP per capita because of its limited mining activity. Culturally, Melbourne hosts a number of museums, art galleries, theatres, is described as the world's sporting capital; the Melbourne Cricket Ground, the largest stadium in Australia and the Southern Hemisphere, hosted the 1956 Summer Olympics and the 2006 Commonwealth Games. The ground is considered the "spiritual home" of Australian cricket and Australian rules football, hosts the grand final of the Australian Football League each year, drawing crowds of 100,000.
Nearby Melbourne Park has hosted the Australian Open, one of tennis' four Grand Slam events, annually since 1988. Victoria has eight public universities, with the oldest, the University of Melbourne, dating from 1853. Victoria, like Queensland, was named after Queen Victoria, on the British throne for 14 years when the colony was established in 1851. After the founding of the colony of New South Wales in 1788, Australia was divided into an eastern half named New South Wales and a western half named New Holland, under the administration of the colonial government in Sydney; the first British settlement in the area known as Victoria was established in October 1803 under Lieutenant-Governor David Collins at Sullivan Bay on Port Phillip. It consisted of 402 people, they had been sent from England in HMS Calcutta under the command of Captain Daniel Woodriff, principally out of fear that the French, exploring the area, might establish their own settlement and thereby challenge British rights to the continent.
In 1826, Colonel Stewart, Captain Samuel Wright, Lieutenant Burchell were sent in HMS Fly and the brigs Dragon and Amity, took a number of convicts and a small force composed of detachments of the 3rd and 93rd regiments. The expedition landed at Settlement Point, on the eastern side of Western Port Bay, the headquarters until the abandonment of Western Port at the insistence of Governor Darling about 12 months afterwards. Victoria's next settlement was on the south west coast of what is now Victoria. Edward Henty settled Portland Bay in 1834. Melbourne was founded in 1835 by John Batman, who set up a base in Indented Head, John Pascoe Fawkner. From settlement, the region around Melbourne was known as the Port Phillip District, a separately administered part of New South Wales. Shortly after, the site now known as Geelong was surveyed by Assistant Surveyor W. H. Smythe, three weeks after Melbourne, and in 1838, Geelong was declared a town, despite earlier European settlements dating back to 1826
Yeppoon is a coastal town and locality in the Shire of Livingstone, Central Queensland, Australia. Yeppoon is renowned for its beaches, tropical climate, the islands out on the bay. Twenty-five minutes from the city of Rockhampton, Yeppoon is the principal town on the Capricorn Coast, a string of seaside communities stretching more than 150 kilometres from north to south; the beaches and shallow coves provide a destination both for tourists and miners settling down in Central Queensland. Offshore, there are 27 islands including Great Keppel Island, 20 kilometres from Yeppoon. Yeppoon is located on Keppel Bay, around 700 kilometres north of the state capital, 40 kilometres from Rockhampton City, it is within the local government area of Shire of Livingstone. The Capricorn Coast was part of the traditional lands of the Darumbal Aboriginal people. Yeppoon was first settled by the Ross family in 1865 who took up large landholding along the length of the Capricorn Coast. Fruit crops and wool were the major industries of the early town.
A short-lived period of sugar cane growing followed from 1883 to 1903, which failed due to unseasonal rains and lack of financial backing. Along with other sugar growing areas of Australia, South Sea Islanders were used as labourers on the sugar plantations without their consent. Pineapples and other tropical fruit became the mainstay of local agriculture in the new century, with cattle grazing and fishing contributing to the local economy. Yeppoon Provisional School opened on 4 May 1885 and became Yeppoon State School on 1 October 1889. St Ursula's College, a day and boarding school for girls, opened on 12 March 1918. St Brendan's College, a day and boarding school for boys, opened on 8 October 1939. Yeppoon Infants State School opened on 24 January 1955, but closed in 1968. Sacred Heart Catholic Primary School opened in 1958. Yeppoon State High School opened on 28 January 1969; the Bay View Tower motel and restaurant become Yeppoon first high rise in 1986. On 20 February 2015, severe tropical cyclone Marcia crossed the Capricorn Coast near Shoalwater Bay as a category 5 Cyclone.
The storm destroyed more than 150 houses in Yeppoon and left more than 13,500 residents without power. The Yeppoon Public Library was opened in 1990 and went through a major refurbishment in 2017. Yeppoon has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: James Street: Yeppoon railway station Normanby Street: Yeppoon War Memorial 29 Queen Street: Yeppoon State School building In 1879, the Gogango Division was established as one of 74 divisions in Queensland under the Divisional Boards Act 1879; the Gogango Divisional Board's scope of authority comprised a large area north and east of Rockhampton. While the Division was administered in Rockhampton, a locally appointed body, the Yeppoon Progress Association, met once a month to look after the minor requirements of the town; the discovery of gold brought a huge influx of people to the region, the various Boards broke up into smaller administrative bodies to better service the growing population. In 1903, the Gogango Divisional Board was renamed Shire of Livingstone.
The boundaries of the new shire remained unchanged until 1984, when outlying districts including the suburbs of Nerimbera and Parkhurst were ceded to Livingstone's larger neighbour, City of Rockhampton. Continued growth in both Local Government Authorities became a contentious subject from on, which caused much political tension, until in 2007, local conflicts came to a head with the tabling before the Parliament of Queensland of the proposed Local Government Act 2007; the Act passed, on 15 March 2008, Livingstone Shire merged with Fitzroy Shire, Mount Morgan Shire, Rockhampton City to form the new local government area, Rockhampton Region. This forced amalgamation has caused political tension, but a heated and public campaign for the reinstatement of Livingstone Shire as a separate LGA has had little impact or interest from the general public. In localities in outlying areas, there is an equal and more vocal argument that the old LGA was too "Yeppoon-centric". In November 2011, the matter descended into the realm of gutter politics and became a source of national embarrassment for people associated with both sides of the conflict.
On 1 January 2014 the Shire of Livingstone was re-established with its 2008 boundaries with its seat at Yeppoon. The Capricorn Coast experiences a humid subtropical climate. Due to its location in the southern tropics, the Capricorn Coast experiences hot summers without the extreme humidity of Far North Queensland, mild winters Yeppoon has a number of shopping centres. Cedar Park Plaza, Taranganba Yeppoon Central Keppel Bay Plaza Yeppoon CBD Tanby Road District Capricorn Coast Hospital Yeppoon State School is a government co-educational primary school in Tucker Street. In 2015, the school had an enrolment of 320 students with 30 teachers and 23 non-teaching staff. Yeppoon State High School is a government co-education secondary school in Rawlings Street. In 2015, the school had an enrolment of 1,006 students with 44 non-teaching staff. Taranganba State School St. Benedict's Catholic Primary School St. Brendan's College Day and Boarding School for Young Men - Established by the Christian Brothers in 1940 St. Ursula's College Day and Boarding School for Young Women - Established in 1918 by the Presentation Sisters http://stursulas.qld.edu.au/ Sacred Heart School Farnborough State Primary School The Livingstone Shire Council operates t
Endurance riding is an equestrian sport based on controlled long-distance races. It is one of the international competitions recognized by the FEI. There are endurance rides worldwide. Endurance rides can be any distance, though they are over 160 km for a one-day competition. There are two main types of competitive trail riding and endurance rides. In an endurance ride, discussed in this article, the winning horse is the first one to cross the finish line while stopping periodically to pass a veterinary check that deems the animal in good health and fit to continue; as with human marathon running, many riders will participate to improve their horse's personal best performance and consider finishing the distance with a proper vet completion record to be a "win". In the United States, most endurance rides are either 100 miles long. Shorter rides, called Limited Distance rides, are organized for new riders to the sport or young horses being trained. However, LD's have evolved into a competition of their own, in which more experienced riders and horses participate.
There are longer multi-day, rides as well. In the US, the American Endurance Ride Conference sanctions endurance rides. In the UK, Endurance GB is the governing body. Winning riders can complete 100-mile rides in 14 to 15 hours. Any breed can compete, but the Arabian dominates the top levels because of the breed's stamina and natural endurance abilities. Though the need to ride long distances has existed since the domestication of the horse, endurance riding as an organized activity was first developed in the United States based on European cavalry and breeding program tests requiring the ability to carry 300 lb over 100 miles in one day. Organized endurance riding as a formal sport began in 1955, when Wendell Robie and a group of equestrians rode from the Lake Tahoe area across the Sierra Nevada Range to Auburn in under 24 hours, they followed the historic Western States Trail. This ride soon became known as the Tevis Cup, it remains the most difficult of any 100-mile ride in the world because of the severe terrain, high altitude, 100-degree temperatures.
Endurance riding first was brought to Europe in the 1960s. Before the ride, horses are inspected by a veterinarian to ensure they are fit to perform in the ride. Riders may be given a map or GPS waypoints for the course, which shows the route, the places for compulsory halts, any natural obstacles; the trails are marked with colored surveyor's tape ribbons at regular intervals with additional ribbons or small arrow markers at turns in the trail. The ride is divided with different names, depending on sanctioning organization. After each section, horses are stopped for a veterinary inspection, where they are checked for soundness and dehydration, with their pulse and respiration taken. To continue the ride, the horse must pass the examination, including reducing its heart rate below that specified for the event 64 bpm, although terrain and weather may require the ride veterinarians to set a different maximum target; the riders' time keeps running until their horses reach the required target, so it is important that the horses recover as soon as possible.
Any horse deemed unfit to continue is eliminated from further competition. After the veterinary inspection, the horse must be held for an additional hold time, at which time it is fed and watered. If the veterinary inspection is on the course rather than at base camp, ride management delivers to the inspection location a cache of riders' personal gear and water. While riders may compete without additional aid, sometimes referred to as riding cavalry, many riders have a designated crew to assist them during veterinary checks. In upper level competition this is important to efficiently prepare the horse for the vet as well as care of both horse and rider during the mandatory hold times. A good crew allows the rider a brief respite and time to concentrate all energies on the strategy and demands of the trail itself. Riders are free to choose their pace during the competition, adjusting to the terrain and their mount's condition. Therefore, they must have a great knowledge of pace, knowing when to slow down or speed up during the ride, as well as a great knowledge of their horse's condition and signs of tiring.
Riders may choose to ride, or may dismount and walk or jog with their horse without penalty. However, in FEI, they must finish lines. AERC riders have no requirement for being mounted at any point before, after the ride; the terrain riders compete over varies from ride to ride. Natural obstacles, are marked on the trails. In some areas, wilderness or undeveloped areas are difficult to find. Under the rules of the FEI and AERC, the first horse to cross the line and pass the vet check as "fit to continue" is the winner. Under the rules of competitive trail riding and the endurance rules in some nations, as well as for limited-distance endurance rides, the winner is determined by a combination of speed and the recovery rate of the horse or by a required standard. Additional awards are given to the best-conditioned horses who finish in the top 10 for distances of 50 miles or more; the Best
The Gympie Times
The Gympie Times is a daily newspaper serving Gympie in Queensland, Australia. The newspaper is published from Monday to Saturday; the Gympie Times is circulated south to Noosa. The circulation of The Gympie Times is 21,600 on Saturday; the Gympie Times website is part of News Corp Australia's News Regional Media network. The Gympie Times was founded just a few short months after a massive gold discovery on what was known as Gympie Creek. Gold prospector James Nash wandered into the Mary Valley from the west in October, 1867, struck a good show of gold at what became known as Nash's Gully, he claimed the Queensland colony's reward for the first person to find payable gold within 100 miles of Brisbane and is credited with saving Queensland from bankruptcy. After recording his find, the government named the field Nashville and miners from all over the world and Australia flocked to the area in a major gold rush, it was to this rag tag collection of tents and shanty dwellings that a robust band of newspapermen journeyed in early 1868 to set up the first newspaper, the Nashville Times and Mary River Mining Gazette.
A heavy press and type had to be brought by bullock wagon from Ipswich and the first edition of the paper was produced as floodwaters swirled through the makeshift premises. Nashville's name was changed to Gympie to reflect the original name of the area and the gold mining era was long and successful, with deep mining well below the streets of a prosperous city which grew up around the miners. A drop in the gold price in the early 20th century meant the end of gold mining as a major industry and dairy and beef production and the railway came to the fore. In recent years, the district's proximity to Brisbane and the Sunshine Coast has meant continued prosperity and development for Gympie without losing its country charm; the paper has been digitised as part of the Australian Newspapers Digitisation Program of the National Library of Australia. List of newspapers in Australia The Gympie Times Gympie Times and Mary River Mining Gazette at Trove Nashville Times and Mary River Mining Gazette at Trove
Fitzroy River (Queensland)
The Fitzroy River is a river located in Central Queensland, Australia. Its catchment covers an area of 142,665 square kilometres, making it the largest river catchment flowing to the eastern coast of Australia. Formed by the confluence of the Mackenzie and Dawson rivers that drain the Expedition Range and the Carnarvon Range the Fitzroy River rises near Duaringa and flows north by east northward near the Goodedulla National Park; the river flows in an easterly direction near the Lake Learmouth State Forest and parallel with the Bruce Highway through the settlement of Yaamba, before turning south to Rockhampton where the river is crossed by the Bruce Highway. After flowing through Rockhampton, the river flows south by east past the Berserker Range past Humbug Point to the south of the Flat Top Range and discharging into Keppel Bay in the Coral Sea near the MacKenzie Island Conservation Park. From source to mouth, the Fitzroy River is joined by thirty-six tributaries including the Mackenzie River – with its tributaries the Nogoa River, Comet River, Isaac River and its tributary Connors River.
The catchment area of the river occupies an area of 142,665 square kilometres Within the drainage basin an area of 292 square kilometres is composed of estuarine wetlands and an area of 1,548 square kilometres is made up of riverine wetlands. The catchment stretches from the Carnarvon Range in the west to the rivermouth in Keppel Bay, near Rockhampton, it is bounded to the north by the Burdekin River catchment area and to the south by the Burnett River catchment area. The river has a mean annual discharge of 5,900 gigalitres. There are a number important aquifers providing for groundwater extractions in the Fitzroy Basin; the Fitzroy River basin is one of a number that experienced extensive flooding during the 2010–2011 Queensland floods. In 2013, flash flooding in the Mount Morgan and Biloela regions brought major flooding to the lower Dawson River catchment; the Don River and the Dee River rose to new record heights. The Fitzroy River at Rockhampton rose above major flooding to 8.61 metres. The Fitzroy River catchment system has many weirs and dams, used for farming and domestic consumption.
In the Dawson River sub-catchment, the major reservoirs from source to mouth are the Glebe Weir, the Gyranda Weir, the Theodore Weir, the Moura Weir, the Callide Dam, the Kroombit Dam. In the Mackenzie River sub-catchment, the major reservoirs are the Comet Weir, the Fairbairn Dam, the Theresa Creek Dam, the Bedford Weir, the Bingegang Weir, the Tartrus Weir. In the main Fitzroy River sub-catchment the only reservoirs are the Eden Bann Weir and the Fitzroy River Barrage, with the latter capable of holding 61,000 megalitres when full, to provide potable water to Rockhampton city and surrounds; the Fairbairn Dam on the Nogoa River and several weirs downstream on the Mackenzie River provide water for irrigating a wide range of crops including cotton, chickpea and horticulture including citrus, table grapes, supplying water for coal mines and domestic use for the town of Emerald. The traditional owners of the area in the Fitzroy River catchment are the Darumbal people, notably the Baiali and Jetimarala clans.
The river was named by European colonial settlers and pastoralists and William Archer, on 4 May 1853 in honour of Sir Charles FitzRoy, at the time the Governor of the Colony of New South Wales, as Queensland did not become a separate colony until 1859. The famous boatbuilder Colin Archer was the first to sail up the river, with his cutter "Ellida"; the city of Rockhampton is situated on some 40 kilometres from the coast. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, the city was a major port, however rocky bars in the river prevented the Fitzroy from being used for navigation any further inland; as ships became larger, the lower reaches became less viable for commercial traffic, today only pleasure craft and small commercial fishing boats use the river. Wharves which once lined the town reach at Rockhampton have now all disintegrated or been removed. Port Alma, in the Fitzroy River delta is now the nearest port to Rockhampton. Predominant industries in the catchment are coal mining and cotton. Glenmore Homestead was built at a property on the northern bank of the river seven kilometres northwest of Rockhampton.
It was settled in 1858, is listed on the Queensland Heritage Register and operates as a tourist attraction today. The Fitzroy River in Rockhampton is utilised for recreation; the Rockhampton Ski Gardens on the Fitzroy River just upstream from the Fitzroy River Barrage is used by sporting groups such as the local water skiing, dragon boat and rowing clubs. In 2018, a $36 million revitalisation of the Fitzroy riverbank in Rockhampton City was opened.. Rockhampton's annual Rocky River Run is held along the Fitzroy River; the annual fishing competition, the Barra Bounty is another event held on the Fitzroy River in Rockhampton. The city celebrates the Fitzroy River each year at the river's own annual festival, the Rockhampton River Festival. In 2018, the Fitzroy River in Rockhampton was incorporated into the Queen's Baton Relay prior to the 2018 Commonwealth Games. After running his leg of the relay, batonbearer Mark Knowles handed the Queen's Baton to fellow batonbearer Craig McCormack, rowed across the river on a dragon boat as part of the relay.
The lower reaches of the river are home to salt water crocodiles. In 2003 a crocodile measuring more than 4 metres long was captured; the most div