The Canterbury-St Martins hoard is a coin-hoard found in the 19th century at Canterbury, Kent dating from the 6th century. It consists of eight items, including three gold coins, the hoard was found some time before 25 April 1844, when some of the items from the find were first discussed at a meeting of the Royal Numismatic Society by Charles Roach Smith. All that Smith knew of the date when they were found was that it was a few years since, the location of the hoard is usually given as the churchyard of St Martins Church in Canterbury. However, the first publication about the find, by Smith, the first three items were first published in 1844 in Collectanea Antiqua, and when the five further items were obtained, that publication was amended to reflect the new items. Smith then published the contents of the hoard in the Numismatic Chronicle in 1845. The items in the hoard have been examined by x-ray and fluorescent, the author of this study, S. C. Hawkes, argues that the eight items in the hoard were found in different graves, the hoard is the only late-6th- or early-7th-century find of gold jewellery in a grave in a churchyard. All of the coins in the hoard were probably part of a necklace that was buried in a womans grave, one of the items in the hoard, the Liudhard medalet, is the earliest surviving Anglo-Saxon coin. Besides the Oloron coin, which is at the Bibliotheque Nationale, from Rolfe, the eight items were acquired by Joseph Mayer, who gave them to the City Museums of Liverpool, which became the World Museum later
Image: Liudhardmedaletrepli ca
Replicas of coin-pendants from the hoard, in the British Museum.