Canton, South Dakota
Canton is a city in and the county seat of Lincoln County, South Dakota, United States. Canton is located 20 minutes south of Sioux Falls in southeastern South Dakota. Canton is nestled in the rolling hills of the Sioux Valley, providing an abundance of recreational activities with the Big Sioux River bordering the eastern side, Newton Hills State Park to the south, Lake Alvin to the north; the city was named by former legislator James M. Wahl; the population is estimated to be 3,430 as of 2017. As a growing small community, the City of Canton was the proud recipient of the South Dakota Community of the Year Award in 2004 and in 2011; the City of Canton is home to the Canton Industrial Park, South Dakota's first Certified Ready Site. The earliest known visitor to the area was Lewis P. Hyde, who first came to the area in 1866; the first actual settler was August Linderman. By 1868, there were 35 people living in Lincoln County; the residents named the community Canton, believing the location to be the exact opposite of Canton, China.
By the summer of that year, a caravan of 180 Norwegian settlers crossed the Big Sioux River to make their home in Canton. In 1880, the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad crossed the Big Sioux River to reach Canton; the city still has an active rail freight service. The city has many historical buildings dating back to the late 1800s; some notable sites include The Kennedy Mansion on Dakota Street, as well as the Historical Society House built in 1886. Lincoln County Courthouse was built in 1889, Canton Lutheran Church was built in 1908; the City of Canton operates under the council-manager form of government. Canton's governing body is made up of nine members; the Mayor is appointed by members of the City Commission. The Library Board oversees the operations of the Canton Public Library and appoints a Library Director. All services and programs provided by the library are overseen by the board; the Planning Commission is charged with overseeing the long-range planning of the community, including zoning issues and formulation of the Comprehensive Plan.
The Planning Commission serves a vital role in recommending major policy changes to the governing body for the development of the community. The city of Canton is the County seat for Lincoln County, South Dakota. Canton is located at 43 ° 18 ′ 8 ″ N 96 ° 35 ′ 27 ″ W, along the Big Sioux River across from Iowa. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.22 square miles, of which, 3.19 square miles is land and 0.03 square miles is water. Canton has been assigned the ZIP code 57013 and the FIPS place code 09500. Canton experiences a humid continental climate, characterized by hot humid summers and cold, dry winters, is located in USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 4b; the monthly daily average temperature ranges from 16.6 °F in January to 73.0 °F in July, while there are 18 days of 90 °F + highs and 26 days with sub-0 °F lows annually. Snowfall occurs in light to moderate amounts during the winter, totaling 44.6 inches. Precipitation, at 26.3 inches annually, is concentrated in the warmer months.
Extremes range from −42 °F on February 9, 1899 to 110 °F as as June 21, 1988. Canton is part of the Sioux Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area that consists of four counties, all of which are located in South Dakota: Lincoln, McCook and Turner; the estimated population of this MSA in 2008 was 232,930, an increase of over 24% from the 2000 census. According to recent estimates, Lincoln County, which Canton is the County Seat, is the ninth fastest-growing county in the United States. In addition to Canton, several cities and towns included in the metropolitan area are Sioux Falls, Dell Rapids, Harrisburg, Beresford, Hartford, Baltic, Salem, Chancellor, Humboldt, Hurley, Sherman and Centerville. Newton Hills State Park, located 6 miles south of Canton, offers camping and picnicking, as well as horseback riding, nature trails and cross country skiing throughout the park. Canton hosts many recreation events; the summer starts with the Optimist Youth Days Carnival in June. An annual Car Show is held each year in the end of July along with other weekend festivities held in the park.
The Big Sioux River Folk Festival in August attracts 5,000 each year. The summer ends with the 4-H Achievement Days held on the 4-H grounds behind the hospital; the winter event hosted by the Canton Chamber of Commerce is the annual Christmas Parade and Visit with Santa in December. Canton has a 9-hole golf course with a club house, a community pool, seven area parks. Canton has many active community organizations that include: Masons, Greig Male Chorus, Lions Club, Rotary Club, Booster Club, Red Hat Society, PEO Sisterhood, Chamber of Commerce, Economic Development Corporation, Ministerial Association, Sons of Norway, Optimists Club, Love, INC. Historical Society, Grand Valley Rural School Historical Society, Junior Cheerleading and Girls Scouts and Girls Youth Softball, Youth Football and Baseball and Adult Bowling Leagues, 4-H Club, Retired Seniors Volunteer Program, Garden Club, Meals on Wheels, Gun Club, Ducks Unlimited and an active VFW; as of the census of 2010, there were 3,057 people, 1,248 households, 789 families residing in the city.
The population density was 958.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 1,351 housing units at an average density of 423.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 95.8% White, 0.3% A
In Filipino cuisine, pancit are noodles. Noodles were introduced into the Philippines early on by Chinese Filipino settlers in the archipelago, over the centuries have been adopted into local cuisine, of which there are now numerous variants and types; the term pancit is derived from the Hokkien pian i sit which means "convenient food." Different kinds of noodles can be found in Filipino supermarkets which can be cooked at home. Noodle dishes are standard fare in local restaurants. Food establishments specializing in noodles are referred to as panciterias. Nancy Reyes Lumen of the Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism writes that according to food lore handed down from the Chinese, noodles should be eaten on one's birthday, they are therefore served at birthday celebrations and Chinese restaurants in the Philippines have "birthday noodles" listed on their menus. However, she warns that since "noodles represent long life and good health", they must not be cut, as that would "corrupt the symbolism."Pancit is a derivative of a type of noodle that originated in China but pancit, different in its own aspect originated in the Philippines.
The fact that pancit is eaten and part of Filipino culture means that it was most brought over from settlers originating in China or East Asia. Pancit luglug, a Kapampangan version of pancit palabok, are similar dishes, the difference being in the noodles used in the recipe. Luglog uses a thicker noodle than the traditional bihon of a pancit palabok and has less condiments and relish on top. Both pancit dishes use a round rice noodle smothered with a thick, golden shrimp sauce or other flavored sauce, topped with: Shrimp Crushed or ground pork rind Hard-boiled egg Tinapa flakes Freshly minced green onion Tiwi, Albay residents created a new pancit made from seaweed, which has health benefits, it is rich in calcium and magnesium and the seaweed noodles can be cooked into pancit canton, pancit luglug, spaghetti, or carbonara. Buko pancit - coconut strips are substituted for noodles, a specialty of Quezon province Pancit Abra - common in Northern Luzon in the province of Abra Pancit alanganin Pancit alahoy Pancit batchoy Pancit Bato - is local to the Bicol Region.
The noodles were a bit toasted. Pancit bihon guisado - or pancit bihon is the type associated with the word "pancit" thin rice noodles fried with soy sauce some citrus with patis, some variation of sliced meat and chopped vegetables; the exact bihon composition depends on someone's personal recipe but Chinese sausage and cabbage are the basic relish. Pancit bihongundoy Pancit Cabagan - served in Cabagan and nearby towns. Stir-fried and served either dry with "wet" or soup and noodles combined. Pancit canton Pancit canton Ilonggo Pancit chami Pancit choca - a black pancit from Cavite made with squid ink and bihon Pancit estacion - from Tanza, Cavite Pancit habhab - Lucban, Quezon specialty. Served in banana leaves, devoured directly like a pig does instead of spoon or fork. Pancit kilawin - a variety of pancit which originated in Rosario, Cavite. In lieu of pancit noodles, shredded unripe papaya fruit is used cooked with fish. Partnered with dinuguan dish Pancit kinalas - Naga City, Camarines Sur Pancit lanu - San Vicente Street in San Pedro, Laguna Pancit lomi - Originally from Batangas, pancit lomi is sold in eateries across the province.
With the mobility of the Filipinos. Pancit luglug or Luglog Pancit lucban Pancit Malabon - Thick rice noodles with different toppings. Known in Malabon City and anywhere else. Pancit mami - round egg noodles Pancit mayaman - Guinayangan, Quezon Pancit miki - round egg noodles Pancit míki-híhon guisado - round egg noodles + bihon Pancit Olongapo - Pancit Miki with sarsa sauce. Miki cooked in tradition added with sarsa, a thickened chicken and pork broth, darkened a little with soy sauce of choice Pancit Molo - wonton soup with wonton wrappers added to the broth, serving as its "noodles" Pancit moròng Pancit palabok Pancit pula - variation of pancit miki from Batangas City Pancit Sotanghon - a cellophane noodle soup with a chicken broth base, it may include some kind of vegetable. A typical sotanghon is made with calamansi, sliced straw mushrooms, slivered dark-meat chicken and green onion. Pansit sabaw Pansit Tuguegarao or Batil Patong - not known outside of Tuguegarao in the province of Cagayan in Northern Luzon, Philippines.
It is an unusual noodle dish with a sauce based on soy and "cara-beef" beef broth. It is served with two piquant side dishes: a cup of egg-drop soup made with the same cara-beef broth; the noodles are wheat-based and are topped with ground cara-beef, pork liver, mung bean sprouts, poached egg from whence the name batil patong "scrambled and placed on top" is thought to be derived. Sometime
The Canton System served as a means for China to control trade with the West within its own country by focusing all trade on the southern port of Canton. Known in Chinese as the Yīkǒu tōngshāng the policy arose in 1757 as a response to a perceived political and commercial threat from abroad on the part of successive Chinese emperors. From the late seventeenth century onwards, Chinese merchants, known as Hongs, managed all trade in the port. Operating from the Thirteen Factories located on the banks of the Pearl River outside Canton, in 1760, by order of the Qing Qianlong Emperor, they became sanctioned as a monopoly known as the Cohong. Thereafter Chinese merchants dealing with foreign trade (known as yángháng acted through the Cohong under the supervision of the Guangdong Customs Supervisor, informally known as the "Hoppo", the Governor-general of Guangzhou and Guangxi. At the start of his reign, the Kangxi Emperor faced a number of challenges, not the least of, to integrate his new dynasty with the Chinese Han majority.
The Manchu Qing had only come to power in 1644. Support for the previous rulers remained strong in the south of the country. Kangxi twice banned all maritime trade for strategic reasons, to prevent any possible waterborne coup attempt. Several rebellions took place, including one led by Ming loyalist Koxinga and separately the Rebellion of the Three Feudatories, which led to the capture of Taiwan in 1683. Once the rebellions had been quelled, in 1684 Kangxi issued an edict:Now the whole country is unified, everywhere there is peace and quiet, Manchu-Han relations are integrated so I command you to go abroad and trade to show the populous and affluent nature of our rule. By imperial decree I open the seas to trade. Hǎiguān, or customs stations, were subsequently opened at Canton, Xiangshan County and Macau in Guangdong Province. One year in 1685, foreign traders received permission to enter Chinese ports; the Qing Court under Kangxi set up a trading company in Canton in 1686 to deal with Western trade known as the Yánghuò Háng.
This dealt with both imports and exports with sub-offices responsible for taxes and import/export declarations respectively. When a ship arrived or departed, the Chinese merchant involved would visit the Ocean Trading House to pay any taxes due; this set up became the basis for the Thirteen Factories through which all foreign trade would be conducted. Although he now had the foreign trade situation under control, Kangxi's liberal attitude towards religion led to a clash between Chinese and Christian spiritual authority. After Pope Clement XI issued his 1715 papal bull Ex illa die, which condemned Chinese religious practices, Kangxi expelled all missionaries from China except those employed in a technical or scientific advisory capacity by the Qing Court. Thereafter a growing climate of xenophobia and suspicion towards all foreigners on the part of the Chinese scholar-bureaucrats responsible for administering the empire took over. In 1745, Kangxi's grandson the Qianlong Emperor ordered his court to implement changes to the Ocean Trading House system.
Thereafter a local Chinese merchant stood as guarantor for every foreign trading vessel entering Canton Harbour and took full responsibility for the ship and its crew along with the captain and supercargo. Any tax payments due from a foreign trader were to be guaranteed by the local merchant. With permission from the authorities, in 1760 Hong merchant Pan Zhencheng and nine others hong specializing in the western trade joined together to become the intermediary between the Qing government and the foreign traders; the role of the new body would be to purchase goods on behalf of the foreigners and deduct any taxes and duties payable for imports and exports. Henceforth, the Cohong possessed imperial authority to levy taxes on the foreign merchants as they saw fit. With the Cohong in place as a virtual monopoly, import/export prices became fixed and left no room for individual negotiation. While this gave Qing officials greater control over foreign trade, it proved to be a major restriction on the traders themselves whose many protests over the new system fell on deaf ears.
When foreign traders began to submit complaints about their dealings in Canton directly to Beijing in the 1750s, the emperor and his officials became alarmed at this breach of normal protocol and realized that something had to be done to control the situation. The Qing court's previous laxity had allowed a coterie of Chinese merchants and local officials to take over foreign commerce in the southern port according to their own best financial interests. One of the fundamental tenets of traditional Chinese diplomacy prohibited contact with Beijing except in the case of tributary envoys from other states. Although the foreign merchants knew of this restriction, they had to balance a breach of etiquette against the risks of seeing their substantial investments in China destroyed by bribery and corruption. Englis
Canton is a town in Norfolk County, United States. The population was 21,561 at the 2010 census. Canton is part of Greater Boston, about 15 miles southwest of downtown Boston. Canton was incorporated on February 23, 1797 from the town of Stoughton, Massachusetts; the name "Canton" was suggested by Elijah Dunbar and comes from the early belief that Canton, China was on the complete opposite side of the earth, however this theory has been debunked. In addition to being a prominent Canton citizen, Elijah Dunbar was the first president of the Stoughton Musical Society from 1786 to 1808. Now named the Old Stoughton Music Society, it is the oldest choral society in the United States. Paul Revere built the nation's first copper rolling mill in Canton in 1801, his poem entitled Canton Dale expresses his affection for the town. Canton was the location of the Rising Sun Stove Polish Company, founded by Elijah Morse, a wealthy merchant and creator of the pot-belly stove. Canton is the headquarters of Dunkin' Donuts, Organogenesis, Inc.
Boston Mutual Life Insurance Company, Interpolymer Corporation, Casual Male Retail Group, Tweeter. It is home to the Massachusetts Division headquarters of the Salvation Army. According to the Town's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are: According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 19.6 square miles, of which, 18.9 square miles of it is land and 0.6 square miles of it is water. Canton lies at the foot of Great Blue Hill; the Canton River flows through the center of the town, linking a chain of small lakes including Bolivar and Forge Ponds and flowing into the Neponset River. The Neponset River forms the boundary between Canton and its western neighbors: Norwood and Dedham. In addition to wooded land, the area includes wetlands in the eastern part along Route 138 near the Randolph and Stoughton borders, in the western part along I-95. Canton borders the towns of Dedham, Norwood, Sharon, Stoughton and the Hyde Park neighborhood in the city of Boston.
As of the 2010 census, there were 21,561 people, 7,952 households, 5,550 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,097.3 people per square mile. There were 8,163 housing units at an average density of 431.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 86.1% White, 6.96% African American, 0.05% Native American, 6.74% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, 0.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.80% of the population. 83.3% of the population was non-Hispanic white in 2010, down from 98.0% in 1980. There were 7,952 households out of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.4% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.2% were non-families. 25.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.12. In the town, the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males. The median income for a household in the town was $109,260, the median income for a family was $132,904. Males had a median income of $52,216 versus $40,755 for females; the per capita income for the town was $43,510. About 5.2% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and 9.5% of those age 65 or over. The town of Canton has three public elementary schools: the John F. Kennedy School, Lt. Peter M. Hansen School, Dean S. Luce School; the area in which one lives determines. Canton has one public middle school, the William H. Galvin Middle School, where all of the three elementary schools combine, it is located next to the Lt. Peter M. Hansen Elementary School. Canton has a public high school, Canton High School, that provides grades 9-12. There is one private school, St. John the Evangelist, open since 1883 and serves students in grades Preschool-8.
In addition, the state's Pappas Rehabilitation Hospital for Children known as the Massachusetts Hospital School, is in Canton. In addition, the Marilyn G. Rodman Educational and Administrative Center is located next to Canton High School, housing administrative buildings as well as a preschool; the Blue Hills Regional Technical School and the Canton campus of Massasoit Community College are located within the town as well. Clarke Schools for Hearing and Speech Clarke School for the Deaf, operates a satellite school, "Clarke Boston", in Canton for children who are diagnosed with deafness at an early age and are mainstreamed to a public school. Clarke is the oldest school for the deaf in the country that teaches children to lip-read and speak orally, rather than use sign language. CHS AwardsCanton High Boys Varsity Hockey team won the Division II State Championships at the TD North Garden in Boston in 2010. 2011 Hockomock Davenport Champions in Field Hockey, Girls Soccer, Boys Soccer 2011 Hock Golf Championships: 1st Place 2011 Hockomock Classic Cup Champions in Field Hockey, Girls Soccer, Boys Soccer 2011 South Sectional Champions in Field Hockey & Girls Soccer 2014 EMASS Champions: Girls Soccer Also, The CHS Math
The pilaster is an architectural element in classical architecture used to give the appearance of a supporting column and to articulate an extent of wall, with only an ornamental function. It consists of a flat surface raised from the main wall surface treated as though it were a column, with a capital at the top, plinth at the bottom, the various other elements. In contrast to a pilaster, an engaged column or buttress can support the structure of a wall and roof above. In discussing Leon Battista Alberti's use of pilasters, which Alberti reintroduced into wall-architecture, Rudolf Wittkower wrote, "The pilaster is the logical transformation of the column for the decoration of a wall, it may be defined as a flattened column which has lost its three-dimensional and tactile value."A pilaster appears with a capital. And entablature in "low-relief" or flattened against the wall. A pilaster repeats all parts and proportions of an order column. Pilasters appear on the sides of a door frame or window opening on the facade of a building, are sometimes paired with columns or pillars set directly in front of them at some distance away from the wall, which support a roof structure above, such as a portico.
These vertical elements can be used to support a recessed archivolt around a doorway. The pilaster can be replaced by ornamental brackets supporting the entablature or a balcony over a doorway; when a pilaster appears at the corner intersection of two walls it is known as a canton. As with a column, a pilaster can have a plain or fluted surface to its profile and can be represented in the mode of any architectural style. During the Renaissance and Baroque architects used a range of pilaster forms. In the giant order pilasters appear as two storeys tall; the fashion of using this element from ancient Greek and Roman architecture was adopted in the Italian Renaissance, gained wide popularity with Greek Revival architecture, continues to be seen in some modern architecture. Pilaster is also referred to as a non-ornamental, load-bearing architectural element in non-classical architecture where a structural load must be carried by a wall or column next to a wall and the wall thickens to accommodate the structural requirements of the wall.
Archivolt Buttress Classical architecture Engaged column Ionic order Lesene List of classical architecture terms Post and lintel Lewis and Gillian Darley, Dictionary of Ornament NY: Pantheon
The Canton Fair is a trade fair held in the spring and autumn seasons each year since the spring of 1957 in Canton, China. It is the oldest and the most representative trade fair in China, its full name since 2007 has been China Import and Export Fair, renamed from Chinese Export Commodities Fair. The fair is co-hosted by the Ministry of Commerce of China and the government of Guangdong Province, organized by China Foreign Trade Centre; the National Pavilion of Canton Fair is sorted into 16 categories of products, which will be exhibited in 51 sections. Over 24,000 of China's best foreign trade corporations take part in the fair; these include private enterprises, scientific research institutions, wholly foreign-owned enterprises, foreign trade companies. The fair leans to export trade, though import business is done here. Apart from the above-mentioned, various types of business activities such as economic and technical cooperation and exchange, commodity inspection, transportation and trade consultation are other activities that are commonly carried out at the fair.
First held: April 1957. Interval: Three phases per session. Spring session: April 15–19. Autumn session: October 15–19. Industries: Phase 1: Electronics & Household Electrical Appliances, Lighting Equipment, Vehicles & Spare Parts, Hardware & Tools, Energy + Resources, Chemical Products, Building Materials, International Pavilion Phase 2: Consumer Goods, Home Decorations Phase 3: Office Supplies, Cases & Bags, Recreation Products, Medical Devices and Health Products, Shoes, Textiles & Garments, International Pavilion Venue: China Import and Export Fair Complex, 380 Yuejiangzhong Road, Haizhu District, Guangzhou 510335 Gross exhibition space: 1,185,000 m2. Number of booths: Over 60,400 standard stands. Varieties: Over 160,000. Business turnover: 30,160 million USD. Number of trading countries and regions: 213. Number of visitors: 191,950. Exhibitors: Over 25,000
Eupen-Malmedy or Eupen-Malmédy is a small, predominantly German-speaking region in eastern Belgium. It consists of three administrative cantons around the small cities of Eupen and Sankt Vith which encompass some 730 square kilometres. In the area itself, the region is referred to as Ostbelgien. Elsewhere in Belgium, the region is referred to as the East Cantons. Eupen-Malmedy became part of Belgium in the aftermath of World War I; the region, part of Prussia and the German Empire, was allocated to Belgium by the Treaty of Versailles. It was formally annexed after a controversial referendum in 1920, becoming part of the Province of Liège in 1925. Agitation by German nationalists during the interwar period led to its re-annexation by Nazi Germany during World War II, it was returned to Belgium in 1945. Today, it forms a large component of the German-speaking Community of Belgium, one of Belgium's three federal communities; the territories have little in common. The northern part around Eupen was part of the Duchy of Limburg, a dependency of the Duchy of Brabant, latterly part of the Austrian Netherlands.
The Southern part, around Sankt Vith, belonged to the Duchy of Luxembourg. The small village of Manderfeld-Schönberg belonged to the Archbishopric of Trier. Malmedy and Waimes, except the village of Faymonville, were part of the abbatial principality of Stavelot-Malmedy, an Imperial Estate of the Holy Roman Empire. By the 19th century, the majority of the territory spoke German while the city of Malmedy was split between French and German speakers. In 1795, as the French Revolutionary Army entered the Austrian Netherlands, the area was taken over and incorporated in its entirety into the French department of the Ourthe. At the Congress of Vienna, the whole area was awarded to the Kingdom of Prussia. In the northwest of the area, coveted by both the Netherlands and Prussia for its calamine, was declared a neutral territory. After 1830, the 50 percent guardianship of the Netherlands was taken over by newly independent Belgium, this remained so after 1839, when Belgium relinquished its claims to neighbouring Dutch Limburg.
This change did not affect the inhabitants of this region. In the French or Walloon speaking Malmedy, changes went smoothly since the municipality was allowed to continue to use French for its administration until the Kulturkampf when the authorities forbade the use of French. For instance, during a visit to the city in 1856, the King Frederick William IV is believed to have said "I am proud to have in my kingdom a little country where people speak French". For the people of Malmedy, this would change when German was implemented as the only official administrative language; this was no problem in Eupen and St. Vith but more so in Malmedy-Waimes. There was some resistance to the interdiction: for instance, Roman Catholic priests who were forbidden to preach in French started to preach in Walloon in order to avoid having to preach in German. Most of the territory had spoken German or German dialects for centuries, with Walloon being spoken by about two-thirds of the population in the district of Malmedy at the time it was newly created in 1816.
The overwhelmingly German-speaking district of Sankt Vith further south was, in 1821, united with the district of Malmedy to form a new, much larger district of Malmedy that had a majority of German-speakers. According to the 1 December 1900 population census this new district of Malmedy had only a minority of 28.7% Walloon-speaking inhabitants. The smaller but more populous district of Eupen was entirely German-speaking, with Walloon and French speaking minorities making up less than 5 percent. At the beginning of World War I, most of the inhabitants of the Eupen and Malmedy districts considered themselves German and fought for the German Empire during the war. During World War I, Belgium was invaded by the German Empire and, between 1914 and 1918, much of Belgium's territory was under German military occupation. With the defeat of Germany in 1918, Belgian politicians attempted to expand Belgian territory at German expense. However, the settlement at the Treaty of Versailles proved disappointing for Belgium.
Belgium failed to gain any territory from the Netherlands or Luxembourg, but was awarded the small German colonial territory of Ruanda-Urundi in Africa and Eupen-Malmedy in Europe, together with the neutral territory of Moresnet. At the time, Eupen-Malmedy had 64,000 residents. Although the Belgian government attempted to depict Eupen-Malmedy as an ethnically Belgian territory, many Belgians were suspicious of the move. In 1919, a Transitional Government was established for Eupen-Malmedy by the Belgian government, it was headed by Herman Baltia. Under the terms of the Treaty, Belgian control over the territory was contingent on the result of a local plebiscite, held between January and June 1920; the plebiscite itself was held without a secret ballot, organized as a consultation in which all citizens who opposed the annexation had to formally register their protest. The League of Nations accepted the result and the Transitional Government prepared for the unification of Eupen-Malmedy with Belgium in June 1925.
In June 1925, the Eupen-Malmedy was incorporated into the Belgian state as part of the Province of Liège. The inhabitants of the region voted in its first Belgian general election in 1925 and returned a vote in favour of the centre-right Catholic Party. A local centre-right party, the Christliche Volkspartei, emerged by 1929; the early Belgian administration of Eupen-Mal