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Technophobia is the fear or dislike of advanced technology or complex devices computers. Although there are numerous interpretations of technophobia, they become more complex as technology continues to evolve; the term is used in the sense of an irrational fear, but others contend fears are justified. It is the opposite of technophilia, it is known as technofear. Larry Rosen, a research psychologist, computer educator, professor at California State University, suggests that there are three dominant subcategories of technophobes - the "uncomfortable users", the "cognitive computerphobes", "anxious computerphobes". First receiving widespread notice during the Industrial Revolution, technophobia has been observed to affect various societies and communities throughout the world; this has caused some groups to take stances against some modern technological developments in order to preserve their ideologies. In some of these cases, the new technologies conflict with established beliefs, such as the personal values of simplicity and modest lifestyles.

Examples of technophobic ideas can be found in multiple forms of art, ranging from literary works such as Frankenstein to films like Metropolis. Many of these works portray a darker side to technology; as technologies become complex and difficult to understand, people are more to harbor anxieties relating to their use of modern technologies. A study published in the journal Computers in Human Behavior was conducted between 1992 and 1994 surveying first-year college students across various countries; the overall percentage of the 3,392 students who responded with high-level technophobic fears was 29%. In comparison, Japan had 58% high-level technophobes, India had 82%, Mexico had 53%. A published report in 2000 stated that 85-90% of new employees at an organization may be uncomfortable with new technology, are technophobic to some degree. Technophobia began to gain attention as a movement in England with the dawn of the Industrial Revolution. With the development of new machines able to do the work of skilled craftsmen using unskilled, underpaid men and children, those who worked a trade began to fear for their livelihoods.

In 1675, a group of weavers destroyed machines. By 1727, the destruction had become so prevalent that Parliament made the demolition of machines a capital offense; this action, did not stop the tide of violence. The Luddites, a group of anti-technology workers, united under the name "Ludd" in March 1811, removing key components from knitting frames, raiding houses for supplies, petitioning for trade rights while threatening greater violence. Poor harvests and food riots lent aid to their cause by creating a restless and agitated population for them to draw supporters from; the 19th century was the beginning of modern science, with the work of Louis Pasteur, Charles Darwin, Gregor Mendel, Michael Faraday, Henri Becquerel, Marie Curie, inventors such as Nikola Tesla, Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell. The world was changing too for many, who feared the changes taking place and longed for a simpler time; the Romantic movement exemplified these feelings. Romantics tended to believe in imagination over reason, the "organic" over the mechanical, a longing for a simpler, more pastoral time.

Poets like William Wordsworth and William Blake believed that the technological changes that were taking place as a part of the industrial revolution were polluting their cherished view of nature as being perfect and pure. After World War II, a fear of technology continued to grow, catalyzed by the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. With nuclear proliferation and the Cold War, people began to wonder what would become of the world now that humanity had the power to manipulate it to the point of destruction. Corporate production of war technologies such as napalm and gases during the Vietnam War further undermined public confidence in technology's worth and purpose. In the post-WWII era, environmentalism took off as a movement; the first international air pollution conference was held in 1955, in the 1960s, investigations into the lead content of gasoline sparked outrage among environmentalists. In the 1980s, the depletion of the ozone layer and the threat of global warming began to be taken more seriously.

Several societal groups are considered technophobic, the most recognisable of which are the Luddites. Many technophobic groups revolt against modern technology because of their beliefs that these technologies are threatening their ways of life and livelihoods; the Luddites were a social movement of British artisans in the 19th century who organized in opposition to technological advances in the textile industry. These advances replaced many skilled textile artisans with comparatively unskilled machine operators; the 19th century British Luddites rejected new technologies that impacted the structure of their established trades, or the general nature of the work itself. Resistance to new technologies did not occur when the newly adopted technology aided the work process without making significant changes to it; the British Luddites protested the application of the machines, rather than the invention of the machine itself. They argued that their labor was a crucial part of the economy, considered the skills they possessed to complete their labor as property that needed protection from the destruction caused by the autonomy of machines.

Groups considered by some people to be technophobic are other Old Order Anabaptists. The Amish follow a set of moral codes outlined in the Ordnung, which rejects the use of certain forms of technology for personal

Finland in the Eurovision Song Contest 2012

Finland participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2012 in Baku, Azerbaijan. The Finnish entry was selected through Uuden Musiikin Kilpailu, a national selection that consisted of an introduction show, four performance shows and a final, organised by the Finnish broadcaster Yle. Pernilla Karlsson represented Finland with the song "När jag blundar", which failed to qualify from the first semi-final, achieving 12th place with 41 points. On 16 May 2011, Yle confirmed participation in the 2012 contest by announcing that the national selection format from previous years would undergo changes. On 15 August 2011, Uuden Musiikin Kilpailu was announced as the new format for the Finnish selection. Six shows were aired over a four-week period which included a finalist presentation show and wildcard voting round on 27 January 2012, two performance shows held at M1 Studios in Helsinki where four artists were eliminated on 3 and 10 February, a live gig performance show at Club Dom in Helsinki where two artists were eliminated on 17 February, a preliminary elimination and a final held at the Helsinki Ice Hall on 24 and 25 February.

The hosts were Joona Kortesmäki. The judges were announced on 14 September 2012 by Yle, they selected the finalist entries and were responsible for eliminating entries during the shows preceding the final. The panel was composed of: Pauliina Ahokas, Executive Director, Music Export Finland Sami Häikiö, Project Manager, Music Export Finland Anna Laine, Radio Helsinki Tomi Saarinen, Head of Music, YleX Jorma Hietamäki, Head of Music, Yle Radio Suomi A submission period was opened on the same until 1 October for singers and songwriters to submit their entries with a requirement that at least one of the songwriters and the leading vocalist must be a Finnish citizen or have a permanent residence in Finland. On 3 October 2011, Yle announced. A selection panel composed of 11 music professionals evaluated the submissions and on 2 November 2011, 40 entries were shortlisted and premiered online. On 27 January 2012, Anne Lainto and Joona Kortesmäki announced the twelve songs that the juries selected from the 40 that were shortlisted previously.

On 27 January 2012, in addition to the announcement of the twelve finalists, a wildcard televote was announced among three demos which were not among the twelve finalists. The voting for the wildcard was open until 2 February 2012. On 10 February 2012, The Spyro and the song "Teleport My Heart" received the wildcard; the second show took place on 3 February 2012 at M1 Studios in Helsinki. Six of the twelve finalists presented their songs in front of the jury panel, which selected four to qualify to the fourth performance show; the third show took place on 10 February 2012 at M1 Studios in Helsinki. The remaining finalists presented their songs in front of the jury panel, which selected four to qualify to the fourth performance show; the wildcard voting results from the first show were announced with the public awarding The Spyro and the song "Teleport My Heart" with a wildcard for the fourth performance show. The fourth show was a live gig performance show held at Club Dom in Helsinki, pre-recorded on 10 February and aired on 17 February 2012.

The eight qualifying songs from the previous two shows and the wildcard performed their songs in front of jury, which eliminated two songs: "Mun taivas" performed by Aili and "Teleport My Heart" performed by The Spyro. The qualifying songs proceeded to final preliminary; the fifth show was held on 24 February 2012 during the rehearsals for the final at the Helsinki Ice Hall. Public televoting was open from 17 February 2012 during the airing of the fourth show with the top five qualifying to the final and the bottom two facing elimination by jury vote. Joona Kortesmäki revealed the qualifiers in two groups. In the first group, "Antaa mennä" performed by Mica Ikonen, "När jag blundar" performed by Pernilla Karlsson and "Lasikaupunki" performed by Ville Eetvartti were the qualifiers while "Habits Of Human Beings" performed by Kaisa Vala faced elimination. In the second group "We Are The Night" performed by Iconcrash and "Laululeija" performed by Stig were the qualifiers while "Noitanainen" performed by Freeman and Uusi Fantasia faced elimination.

The bottom two songs were performed in front of a jury which selected "Habits Of Human Beings" performed by Kaisa Vala as the final qualifier. The final took place on 25 February 2012 at the Helsinki Ice Hall in Helsinki where the six finalist songs were performed and two rounds of televoting selected the winner; the first of two rounds of televoting selected "När jag blundar" performed by Pernilla Karlsson, "Laululeija" performed by Stig and "Lasikaupunki" performed by Ville Eetvartti as the three superfinalists. In the second round of televoting, Pernilla Karlsson and the song "När jag blundar" was the winner; the show featured interval performances by The Rasmus, Anna Abreu, 2011 Finnish entrant Paradise Oskar. Finland competed in the first half of the first semi-final, on 22 May 2012, following Belgium and preceding the Israel. Finland placed 12th, thus failing to qualify for the final on 26 May. In the Semi-final Finland came 12th with 41 points: the public awarded Finland 12th place with 36 points and the jury awarded 12th place with 57 points.

Finland in the Eurovision Song Contest Eurovision Song Contest 2012 Competition rules Yle UMK Finland site Yle UMK Finland site Yle


Birlapur is a census town within the jurisdiction of the Budge Budge police station in the Budge Budge I CD block in the Alipore Sadar subdivision of the South 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Birlapur was founded by M. P. Birla, he established different factories here. It is famous for the Birla Jute Mill. There are one calcium carbide factory, one linoleum factory, one jute fibre factory and auto trim factory also. There is a co-educational high school named Birlapur Vidyalaya with both Bengali medium. There is a permanent market also; the factory has its power house. Most of the employees stay in company provided quarters, it is a place for many Birla employees and their children who spent most of their childhood in this serene and peaceful urban area. In the recent years, Birlapur has seen lots of financial crisis as most of the factories are closing down, however, it is a great place to live and raise your children, it needs an eye of a new investor for its thriving and successful future.

Alipore Sadar subdivision is the most urbanized part of the South 24 Parganas district. 59.85% of the population lives in the urban areas and 40.15% lives in the rural areas. In the northern portion of the subdivision there are 21 census towns; the entire district is situated in the Ganges Delta and the subdivision, on the east bank of the Hooghly River, is an alluvial stretch, with industrial development. Note: The map alongside presents some of the notable locations in the subdivision. All places marked in the map are linked in the larger full screen map. Birlapur is located at 22°25′18″N 88°09′22″E, it has an average elevation of 9 metres. According to the 2011 Census of India, Birlapur had a total population of 22,078, of which 11,542 were males and 10,536 were females. There are 3,004 people in the age range of 0 to 6 years; the total number of literate people was 14,829. According to the 2001 Census of India, Birlapur had a population of 19,830. Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%.

It has an average literacy rate of 61%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. 13% of the population is under 6 years of age. According to the District Census Handbook 2011, Birlapur covered an area of 4.84 km2. Budge Budge railway station is 12 km away. Among the civic amenities it had 28.5 km roads with both covered drains. The protected water supply involved over-head tank, it had 18 road light points. Among the medical facilities it had 1 medicine shop. Among the educational facilities it had were 24 primary schools, 1 middle school, 1 secondary school and 2 senior secondary schools; the nearest general degree college was at Budge Budge 10 km away. It had 4 shorthand and vocational training centres, it had 7 non-formal education centres. Among the social and recreational facilities it had 1 stadium

2018 Football Queensland season

The 2018 Football Queensland season was the sixth season since NPL Queensland commenced as the top tier of Queensland men’s football. This season was the initial season of the Football Queensland Premier League which occupied the second tier in Queensland men’s football in 2018. Below NPL Queensland and the FQPL was a regional structure of ten zones with their own leagues; the strongest of the zones was Football Brisbane with its senior men’s competition consisting of four divisions. The NPL Queensland premiers qualified for the National Premier Leagues finals series, competing with the other state federation champions in a final knockout tournament to decide the National Premier Leagues Champion for 2018; the National Premier League Queensland 2018 season was played over 26 matches, followed by a finals series. The 2018 Football Queensland Premier League was the first edition of the Football Queensland Premier League and is the second level domestic association football competition in Queensland.

The 2018 Brisbane Premier League was the 36th edition of the Brisbane Premier League which became a third level domestic association football competition in Queensland with the formation of the Football Queensland Premier League in 2018. The 2018 Capital League 1 season was the sixth edition of Capital League 1 which became a fourth level domestic association football competition in Queensland with the formation of the Football Queensland Premier League in 2018.12 teams competed, all playing each other twice for a total of 22 matches. The 2018 Capital League 2 season was the sixth edition of Capital League 2 which became a fifth level domestic association football competition in Queensland with the formation of the Football Queensland Premier League in 2018. Following the withdrawal of Redcliffe PCYC prior to the start of the season, the league comprised 11 teams which played each other twice for a total of 20 matches; the 2018 Capital League 3 season was the sixth edition of Capital League 3 which became a sixth level domestic association football competition in Queensland with the formation of the Football Queensland Premier League in 2018.

11 teams competed, all playing each other twice for a total of 20 matches. The 2018 Women's NPL Queensland season was the fourth edition of the Women's NPL Queensland as the top level domestic football of women's competition in Queensland. 14 teams competed, all playing each other twice for a total of 26 matches

Werrington, Staffordshire

For other places with the same name, see Werrington. Werrington is a village in the Staffordshire Moorlands district of England. At 875 ft above sea level and known for its windmill standing at the summit, Werrington has gone through substantial expansion in the last few years. Moorside High School is located in Werrington; the village is home to HM Prison Werrington, a prison for male juveniles. Famous residents of Werrington include darts player Phil Taylor, former professional football player for England Adam Yates and former MP Thomas Wheeler. Listed buildings in Werrington, Staffordshire Werrington village website Media related to Werrington, Staffordshire at Wikimedia Commons