Cao County

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Cao County, also known by its Chinese name Caoxian, is a county in Heze City in southwestern Shandong Province, China. It borders Henan Province on the west.


Bo, one of the capitals of the Shang dynasty, lay in what is now Cao.

Prior to the Boxer Rebellion, Cao was an area noted for its lawlessness. When local garrisons were weakened during the First Sino-Japanese War, a militia known as the Dadaohui ("Great World Company") was set up, it operated until 1895 and may have inspired some of the Boxer Rebellion.


The population of the county was 1,394,034 in 1999.[1]


  1. ^ National Population Statistics Materials by County and City - 1999 Period, i China County & City Population 1999, Harvard China Historical GIS

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