Winchester National Cemetery
Winchester National Cemetery is a United States National Cemetery located in the city of Winchester in Frederick County, Virginia. Administered by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs, it encompasses 4.9 acres, as of the end of 2005, it had 5,561 interments. It is closed to new interments; the land around Winchester National Cemetery was used for burials as early as 1862, but after the Civil War additional land was appropriated by the federal government and it was dedicated on April 8, 1866. The land was not transferred to the U. S. government until Dec. 1, 1870, when the landowner, Jacob Baker, was paid $1,500 for the 4.89-acre tract and the deed was signed and executed. Numerous Union soldiers from surrounding battlefields were reinterred here, including those from the different battles of Winchester, the Battle of Front Royal, Battle of New Market, Battle of Harpers Ferry, as well as actions at Snickers Gap, West Virginia, Romney, West Virginia; the cemetery grounds underwent significant renovations during the 1930s, adding walls, maintenance buildings, improving the headstones.
Winchester National Cemetery was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1996. There are 14 monuments to Union regiments and states that either are represented by some of the soldiers buried in the cemetery and/or had participants in the 3rd Battle of Winchester; the oldest monument was erected for the 38th Massachusetts Infantry. The monuments are as follows: 12th Connecticut Infantry Monument 13th Connecticut Infantry Monument 18th Connecticut Infantry Monument 14th New Hampshire Infantry Monument 114th New York Infantry Monument 123rd Ohio Infantry Regiment Monument 34th Massachusetts Infantry Monument which includes a marble bust of Col. George D. Wells that sits atop a granite base 38th Massachusetts Infantry Monument 3rd Massachusetts Cavalry Monument a Massachusetts Monument features a bronze soldier atop a granite base a Pennsylvania Monument two monuments for the 8th Vermont Infantry a monument to the 6th Army Corps. There are two "monuments," typical to National Cemeteries created for reinterred Union soldiers.
They are both seven feet, six inches in height, are made of an original cast iron seacoast artillery tube, secured by a concrete base. One is located on each side of the flagpole. There is no inscription on either monument. An upright historical marker typical of those erected by the Virginia Department of Historic Resources is near the opening of the cemetery, with a focus on the Third Battle of Winchester. National Cemetery Administration Winchester National Cemetery Historic American Landscapes Survey No. VA-19, "Winchester National Cemetery, 401 National Avenue, Winchester, VA", 47 photos, 5 photo caption pages Winchester National Cemetery at Find a Grave
Manassas National Battlefield Park
Manassas National Battlefield Park, located north of Manassas, in Prince William County, preserves the site of two major American Civil War battles: the First Battle of Bull Run on July 21, 1861, the Second Battle of Bull Run, fought between August 28 and August 30, 1862. The peaceful Virginia countryside bore witness to clashes between the armies of the North and the South, it was there that Confederate General Thomas J. Jackson acquired his nickname "Stonewall." Today the National Battlefield Park provides the opportunity for visitors to explore the historic terrain where men fought and died more than a century ago. More than 900,000 people visit the battlefield each year; as a historic area under the National Park Service, the park was administratively listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966. The Henry Hill Visitor Center, on Sudley Road by the south entrance to the park, offers exhibits and interpretation regarding the First Battle of Bull Run, including civil war era uniforms, field gear and an electronic battle map.
The center offers the orientation film "Manassas: End of Innocence", as well as a bookstore. Stone House - used as a hospital during both battles, it is near the intersection of Lee Highway. Stone Bridge - which the Union retreated across after Second Bull Run, it crosses just north of Lee Highway at the Fairfax-Prince William Co. line. Brawner's Farm - the opening phase of the second battle; the parking lot is off of Pageland Lane at the western edge of the battlefield. It has been renovated to become a museum dedicated to the Second Battle of Bull Run. Battery Heights - where Confederate batteries were deployed to fire on the attacking Union troops at nearby Brawner's Farm, it is off of Lee Highway. Matthews Hill - the opening phase of the first battle, it is off of Sudley Road. The Unfinished Railroad Grade - where Jackson deployed his men before the second battle after capturing Pope's supply depot. Off of Featherbed Lane; the Deep Cut - where Pope launched the bulk of his attacks against the Grade.
It is off of Featherbed Lane. Groveton - an extinct Civil War era village. All that remains is the small frame house. A Confederate Cemetery is nearby. Both are off Lee Highway. New York Monuments - two monuments dedicated to the 5th and 10th New York Regiments; these mark. Hazel Plain - the plantation of the Chinn family, it now sits in ruins, only the foundation remains. Directly across from the Henry Hill Visitors Center. Chinn Ridge - across from Hazel Plain. General James Longstreet's massive counterattack during the second battle took place here. A trail leads to a boulder for Union Colonel Fletcher Webster, the son of the famous orator Daniel Webster, killed leading a failed attempt at repulsing the Confederate Counterattack. Portici - the plantation of Francis Lewis, now in ruins; this served as the Confederate Headquarters during the first battle, minor skirmishes between companies occurred on the surrounding plains. Robinson House - now in ruins, was the home of free black man James Robinson.
It is on the Henry Hill Loop Trail, Walking only. It is not accessible by car. First Battle of Bull Run Second Battle of Bull RunManassas Peace Jubilee The National Parks: Index 2001-2003. Washington: U. S. Department of the Interior. Survey No. HABS VA-144. Historic American Buildings Survey. Battlefield Park Today National Park Service. Media related to Manassas National Battlefield Park at Wikimedia Commons National Park Service: Manassas National Battlefield Park First Battle of Manassas: An End to Innocence, a National Park Service Teaching with Historic Places lesson plan
Arlington National Cemetery
Arlington National Cemetery is a United States military cemetery in Arlington County, across the Potomac River from Washington, D. C. in whose 624 acres the dead of the nation's conflicts have been buried, beginning with the Civil War, as well as reinterred dead from earlier wars. The United States Department of the Army, a component of the United States Department of Defense, controls the cemetery; the national cemetery was established during the Civil War on the grounds of Arlington House, the estate of Confederate general Robert E Lee's wife Mary Anna Custis Lee. The Cemetery, along with Arlington House, Memorial Drive, the Hemicycle, the Arlington Memorial Bridge, form the Arlington National Cemetery Historic District, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in April 2014. George Washington Parke Custis, grandson of Martha Washington and adopted son of George Washington, acquired the land that now is Arlington National Cemetery in 1802, began construction of Arlington House, named after the village of Arlington, England, where his family was from.
The estate passed to Custis' daughter, Mary Anna, who had married United States Army officer Robert E. Lee. Custis' will gave a "life inheritance" to Mary Lee, allowing her to live at and run Arlington Estate for the rest of her life but not enabling her to sell any portion of it. Upon her death, the Arlington estate passed to George Washington Custis Lee; when Virginia seceded from the Union after the start of the American Civil War at Fort Sumter, Robert E. Lee resigned his commission on April 20, 1861, took command of the armed forces of the Commonwealth of Virginia becoming commander of the Army of Northern Virginia. On May 7, troops of the Virginia militia occupied Arlington House. With Confederate forces occupying Arlington's high ground, the capital of the Union was left in an untenable military position. Although unwilling to leave Arlington House, Mary Lee believed her estate would soon be recaptured by federal soldiers. So she buried many of her family treasures on the grounds and left for her sister's estate at Ravensworth in Fairfax County, Virginia, on May 14.
On May 3, General Winfield Scott ordered Brigadier General Irvin McDowell to clear Arlington and the city of Alexandria, Virginia, of all troops not loyal to the United States. McDowell occupied Arlington without opposition on May 24. At the outbreak of the Civil War, most military personnel who died in battle near Washington, D. C. were buried at the United States Soldiers' Cemetery in Washington, D. C. or Alexandria Cemetery in Alexandria, but by late 1863 both were nearly full. On July 16, 1862, Congress passed legislation authorizing the U. S. federal government to purchase land for national cemeteries for military dead, put the U. S. Army Quartermaster General in charge of this program. In May 1864, Union forces suffered large numbers of dead in the Battle of the Wilderness. Quartermaster General Montgomery C. Meigs ordered that an examination of eligible sites be made for the establishment for a large new national military cemetery. Within weeks, his staff reported; the property was high and free from floods, it had a view of the District of Columbia, it was aesthetically pleasing.
It was the home of the leader of the armed forces of the Confederate States of America, denying Robert E. Lee use of his home after the war was a valuable political consideration; the first military burial at Arlington, for William Henry Christman, was made on May 13, 1864, close to what is now the northeast gate in Section 27. However, Meigs did not formally authorize establishment of burials until June 15, 1864. Arlington did not desegregate its burial practices until President Harry S. Truman issued Executive Order 9981 on July 26, 1948; the government acquired Arlington at a tax sale in 1864 for $26,800, equal to $429,313 today. Mrs. Lee had not appeared in person but rather had sent an agent, attempting to pay the $92.07 in property taxes assessed on the estate in a timely manner. The government turned away her agent. In 1874, Custis Lee, heir under his grandfather's will passing the estate in trust to his mother, sued the United States claiming ownership of Arlington. On December 9, 1882, the U.
S. Supreme Court ruled 5–4 in Lee's favor in United States v. Lee, deciding that Arlington had been confiscated without due process. After that decision, Congress returned the estate to him, on March 3, 1883, Custis Lee sold it back to the government for $150,000 at a signing ceremony with Secretary of War Robert Todd Lincoln; the land became a military reservation. President Herbert Hoover conducted the first national Memorial Day ceremony in Arlington National Cemetery, on May 30, 1929. Beginning in 1863, the federal government used the southern portion of the land now occupied by the cemetery as a settlement for freed slaves, giving the name of "Freedman's Village" to the land; the government constructed rental houses that 1,100 to 3,000 freed slaves occupied while farming 1,100 acres of the estate and receiving schooling and occupational training during the Civil War and after War ended. However, after the land became part of a military reservation, the government asked the Villagers to leave.
When some remained, John A. Commerford, the Superintendent of Arlington National Cemetery, asked the Army's Quartermaster General in 1887 to close the Village on the grounds that people living in the Village had been taking trees at night from the cemetery for use as firew
Hampton National Cemetery
Hampton National Cemetery is a United States National Cemetery in the city of Hampton, Virginia. It encompasses 27.1 acres, as of 2014, had over 30,000 interments. There are two separate parts to this facility; the original cemetery is called the "Hampton Section" and is located on Cemetery Road in Hampton, VA. It is on the western side of I-64; the new section, called the "Phoebus Addition" or the "Phoebus Section" West County Street in Hampton, VA east of I-64. It is less than a mile from the original cemetery. Both sections of the Hampton National Cemetery are closed to new interments; the first burials took place in the cemetery in 1862, were Union soldiers who died in service or at the hospital at Fort Monroe. It became a National Cemetery in 1866. While for Union soldiers, it has the interments of 272 Confederate soldiers in their own section. Hampton National Cemetery has the interred remains of World War II prisoners of war, 55 German and 5 Italian, it has the remains of 28 sailors from the German submarine U-85, sunk by USS Roper off Cape Hatteras in 1942.
A British sailor from the same war is buried here. Hampton National Cemetery was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on February 26, 1996; the Union Soldiers Monument, a 65' tall granite obelisk. Medal of Honor recipients Landsman Michael Cassidy, for action at the Battle of Mobile Bay, during the Civil War. Phoebus, Section B, Grave 9503. Ordinary Seaman John Davis, for peacetime service aboard USS Trenton in 1881. Coal Heaver James R. Garrison, for action at the Battle of Mobile Bay, during the Civil War. Phoebus, Section B, Grave 9523. Sergeant Alfred B. Hilton, for action at the Battle of Chaffin's Farm, during the Civil War. Hampton, Section E, Grave 1231. Ordinary Seaman Edward Maddin, for peacetime gallantry aboard the USS Franklin First Sergeant Harry J. Mandy, for action at Front Royal, Virginia during the Civil War. Phoebus, Section C, Grave 8709. First Lieutenant Ruppert L. Sargent, for action during the Vietnam War. Hampton Section F-I, Grave 7596. Private Charles Veale, for action at the Battle of Chaffin's Farm, during the Civil War.
Hampton, Section F, Grave 5097. Coxswain David Warren, for action during the Civil War aboard USS Monticello. Phoebus, Section C, Grave 7972. Other notable interments Private Daniel A. Bean, first Union soldier from Brownfield, Maine to die in the Civil War. Peter Weckbecker, Major League Baseball catcher Gerhard Amman, Gefreiter. Phoebus Addition, Section E, Grave 712. Find A Grave Memorial No. 20946152. Fritz Behla, Obergefreiter. Phoebus Addition, Section E, Grave 714. Find A Grave Memorial No. 20946174. Erich Degenkolb, Matrose. Phoebus Addition, Section E, Grave 694. Find A Grave Memorial No. 20945759. Walter Günzel, Gefreiter. Poebus Addition, Section E, Grave 697. Find A Grave Memorials Nos. 20945701 and 23428368. Otto Hahnefeldt, Maschinenmaat. Phoebus Addition, Section E, Grave 690. Find A Grave Memorial No. 20945856. Oskar Hansen, Matrose. Phoebus Addition, Section E, Grave 695. Find A Grave Memorial no. 20945737. Herbert Heller, Seaman. If he is buried here, he could be in either Grave 689 or Grave 713 since these numbers are unaccounted for on the list of the submarine's crew members' graves in the cemetery.
Find A Grave Memorial No. 23427848. Helmut Kaiser, Bootmannsmaat. Phoebus Addition, Section E, Grave 710. Find A Grave Memorial No. 20946121. Walter Kiefer, Matrose. Phoebus Addition, Section E, Grave 706. Find A Grave Memorial No. 20945981. Friedrich Kleibrink, Matrose. Phoebus Addition, Section E, Grave 692. Find A Grave Memorial No. 20945804. Johann “Jan” Letzig, Gefreiter. Phoebus Addition, Section E, Grave 699. Find a Grave Memorial No. 20945659. Willy Methge If he is buried here, he could be in either Grave 713 or Grave 689 since these numbers are unaccounted for on the list of the submarine's crew members' graves in the cemetery. Find A Grave Memorial No. 97442449. Artur Piotrowski, Maat. Phoebus Addition, Section E, Grave 707. Find A Grave Memorial No. 20946068. Oskar Prantl, Oberbootsmaat. Phoebus Addition, Section E, Grave 687. Find A Grave Memorial No. 20945605 Fritz Röder, Obergefreiter. Phoebus Addition, Section E, Grave 693. Find A Grave Memorial No. 20945784. Hans Sänger, Oberleutant. Phoebus Addition, Section E, Grave 688.
Find A Grave Memorials Nos. 20945582 and 23428127. Gustav Schön, Gefreiter. Phoebus Addition, Section E, Grave 702. Find A Grave Memorials Nos. 20945900 and 97441222. Werner Schumacher, Corporal. Phoebus Addition, Section E, Grave 696. Find A Grave Memorial No. 20945715. Karl Schultes, Gefreiter. Phoebus Addition, Section E, Grave 700. Find A Grave Memorial No. 20945647. Günter Schulz, Gefreiter. Phoebus Addition, Section E, Grave 705. Find A Grave Memorial No. 20945960. Joachim Schulze, Gefreiter. Phoebus Addition, Section E, Grave 704. Find A Grave Memorial No. 20945946. Horst Spoddig, Gefreiter. Phoebus Addition, Section E, Grave 691. Find A Grave Memorial No. 20945822. Friedrich Strobel, Obermaschinist. Phoebus Addition, Section E, Grave 715. Find A Grave Memorial No. 20946185. Eugen Ungethüm, Stabsobermaschinist. Phoebus Addition, Section E, Grave 698. Find A Grave Memorials Nos. 20945674 and 23428272 Herbert Waack, Maat. Phoebus Addition, Section E, Grave 708. Find A Grave Memorial No. 20946079. Heinz Waschmann, Gefreiter.
Phoebus Addition, Section E, Grave 709. Find A Grave Memorial No. 20946100. Konstantin Weidmann (1
Staunton National Cemetery
Staunton National Cemetery is a United States National Cemetery located in the Shenandoah Valley, in Staunton, Virginia. Administered by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs, it encompasses just over a single acre, as of the end of 2005 had 994 interments, it is closed to new interments, is maintained by the Culpeper National Cemetery. Designated a National Cemetery in September 1868, the original interments consisted of the remains of Union soldiers removed from Staunton's Thornrose Cemetery, several local battlefields, nearby towns and counties. Many were soldiers who died during the American Civil War at the Battle of Cross Keys, Battle of Port Republic, the Battle of Piedmont. More than 500 of these soldiers were reinterred as unknowns. Staunton National Cemetery was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1996. Captain Nicolae Dunca, a Union officer on the staff of Gen. John C. Fremont and a Romanian by birth, killed while carrying a dispatch during the Battle of Cross Keys.
National Cemetery Administration Staunton National Cemetery Historic American Landscapes Survey No. VA-20, "2036/ Staunton National Cemetery, 901 Richmond Avenue, Staunton, VA", 22 photos, 2 photo caption pages U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Staunton National Cemetery Staunton National Cemetery at Find a Grave
Virginia Natural Area Preserve System
The Virginia Natural Area Preserve System is a system of protected areas in the state of Virginia. It is managed by the Virginia Department of Recreation; as of 2016 there were sixty-three dedicated preserves in Virginia, containing examples of some of the rarest natural communities in the state. In 1986, the Virginia Natural Heritage Program was formed through a cooperative agreement between the Commonwealth of Virginia and The Nature Conservancy. In 1988 the program was placed under the control of the Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation. To further the Natural Heritage Program's mission to conserve and manage sites identified as significant natural areas within the state, The Virginia Natural Area Preserve System was established in 1989; the system's first preserve, North Landing River Natural Area Preserve, was established in 1990. By 2007, the preserve system included 50 protected areas; as of 2016, 63 Natural Area Preserves were established in Virginia. The Virginia Natural Area Preserve System is managed as part of the Natural Heritage Program of the Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, with the purpose of protecting threatened or rare plants and natural communities.
To become a part of the system, a Natural Area Preserve must be accepted by the director of the Department of Conservation and Recreation, although they may be dedicated by other departments and agencies of the Commonwealth of Virginia. Natural Area Preserves may be acquired by the Commonwealth of Virginia, or may continue to be owned by independent conservation organizations or other private landowners. Dedication itself is similar to a conservation easement, as it places certain legal strictures on future development of a given portion of land. Most properties are owned by the state's Department of Recreation. However, some are owned by local governments, private citizens, independent conservation organizations, such as The Nature Conservancy. Many state-owned properties are open to the public for low-impact uses, such as hiking and birdwatching. However, some state-owned properties with rare and/or species and habitats require that arrangements be made with a state-employed land steward prior to visitation.
Held properties may restrict public access, although sometimes it can be arranged in coordination with a preserve's owner. Access to any individual Virginia Natural Area Preserve may be temporarily restricted or closed when it is determined as necessary to protect sensitive plant and animal populations within the preserve, for seasonal migration habitat, or for habitat management and ecological restoration activities, such as prescribed burns. Visitor impactfull activities, such as camping, fishing, timber cutting, vegetation harvesting, motorized trail vehicles are forbidden at all preserves; the following table lists Virginia's Natural Area Preserves as of 2016. Those listed as being accessible "by arrangement" require prospective visitors to contact either state-employed land stewards, private property owners, or both. Virginia Natural Area Preserves topics Virginia Wildlife Management Areas List of Virginia state forests List of Virginia state parks Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation topics Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation.gov: official Natural Area Preserve System website — all current NAPS preserves
Petersburg National Battlefield
Petersburg National Battlefield is a National Park Service unit preserving sites related to the American Civil War Siege of Petersburg. The Battlefield is centered on the city of Petersburg and includes outlying components in Hopewell, Prince George County, Dinwiddie County. Over 140,000 people visit the park annually. Petersburg National Battlefield is composed of three major units and an additional managed component. Located off Virginia Route 36 east of Petersburg, the Eastern Front Visitor Center is the main visitor contact station for the Battlefield. Here, visitors can view exhibits and movies about the Siege of Petersburg as well as view Battery #5, an important early site in the Siege; the park entrance fee is collected on the Eastern Front Visitor Center access road. After leaving the Visitor Center, one can begin their park tour. A motor tour route runs from Virginia Route 36 to US Route 301. Along the way, visitors can view sites such as The Crater. Located in Dinwiddie County about 14 miles southwest of downtown Petersburg, this unit contains the site of the Battle of Five Forks, which destroyed a sizable portion of the remaining Confederate Army of Northern Virginia.
Sometimes called the "Waterloo of the Confederacy," Five Forks helped set in motion a series of events that led to Robert E. Lee's subsequent surrender at Appomattox Court House. Sited next to the James River in Hopewell, City Point served as a major command and logistics hub for the Union Army during the Siege of Petersburg, it is located in the City Point Historic District. The 8.72-acre Poplar Grove National Cemetery is administered by Petersburg National Battlefield. Established as Petersburg National Military Park on 1926-07-03. Transferred from the War Department on 1933-08-10. Redesignated as Petersburg National Battlefield on 1962-08-24. Added to the National Register of Historic Places on 1966-10-15. Richmond National Battlefield Park, administering areas related to the Siege of Petersburg which are north of the James River and Appomattox River; the National Parks: Index 2001-2003. Washington: U. S. Department of the Interior. Official NPS website: Petersburg National Battlefield