Cugnoli is a comune and town in the province of Pescara, in the Abruzzo region of central Italy. The village existence is first recorded in the 12th century, the medieval walls surrounding the original settlement can still be seen. Website about Cugnoli ar.
Paschal Baylón was a Spanish Roman Catholic lay professed religious of the Order of Friars Minor. He served as a shepherd alongside his father in his childhood and adolescence, but desired to enter the religious life, he was refused once but was admitted as a Franciscan lay brother and became noted for his strict austerities, as well as his love for and compassion towards the sick. He was sent to counter the arguments of the Calvinists in France but was chased out and nearly killed by a mob, he was best known for his deep devotion to the Eucharist. His piety drew people from all over seeking his counsel, at his death caused, miracles were reported at his tomb; the process for his canonization opened and in 1618 he was beatified. Paschal Baylón was born on 16 May 1540 at Torrehermosa, in the Kingdom of Aragon, on the feast of the Pentecost to the poor but pious peasants Martin and Elizabeth Jubera Baylón; the fact that he was born on the feast of Pentecost led to his parents naming him "Pàscuàl".
He had at least two older siblings. He spent his childhood and adolescence as a shepherd, as he toiled in the fields remained attentive to the sound of the church bell which rang during the Elevation during the Mass. Paschal was honest, once offered to reimburse the owners of crops damaged due to his animals getting loose, he carried a book with him into the fields where he watched the sheep, ask those that he met to teach him the letters. Paschal in his poverty joined alms with his continual prayer; some of his companions were much inclined to cursing and fighting. Those to whom he first mentioned his inclination to a religious life, recommended several richly endowed monasteries, but he answered,"I was born poor and am resolved to die in poverty and penance". In 1564 he joined the Reformed Franciscans as a religious brother and commenced his period of novitiate on 2 February before making his profession on 2 February 1565 in Orito at the Saint Joseph convent, he was urged to become an ordained priest but he felt, not the path for him.
But he was once denied the chance to join on the account of his age prompting him to return to his duties as a shepherd before the order had a change of heart and admitted him into their ranks. He had never more than one habit, that always threadbare, he walked without sandals in the snows, in the roughest roads. He accommodated himself to all places and seasons, was always content, mild and full of respect for all, his jobs included serving as a cook and porter as well as the gardener and the official beggar who went around asking for alms. He lived this life in contemplation and silent meditation and did this as he worked, he had frequent ecstatic visions. He would spend the night before the altar in silence during some nights to commune with God and to meditate on the faith, but he shrugged off those notions of him gaining a reputation coming from that pious nature. His superior sent him to France in 1576 to have him defend the Real Presence against the blasphemies of a Calvinist preacher, but he was despised there and was killed after a Huguenot mob chased him out.
Those chasing him hurled stones and dirt at him causing him to break his shoulder and become bruised. The humble friar never wasted food; the end of each week saw him eat a few boiled vegetables, soaked in water with the terrible smelling weed known as wormwood. He ate scraps from the kitchen. Other austerities included wearing a coat with steel spikes or a patched habit including one tunic lined with rough pig hair designed to cause discomfort. Sometimes he slept out in the cold, he died on 17 May after being taken ill. His tomb in Villarreal became an immediate place of pilgrimage and there were soon miracles that were reported at his tomb. Pope Paul V beatified him on 29 October 1618 while Pope Alexander VIII canonized him on 16 October 1690. In 1730 an indigenous Guatemalan claimed to have had a vision of a sainted Paschal appearing as a robed skeleton; this event became the basis of the heterodox tradition of San Pascualito. He was enlisted in the church's struggle against Modernism part of, through increasing devotion towards the Eucharist.
Art depicts him wearing the Franciscan habit and bearing a monstrance which signifies his devotion to the Holy Eucharist. Pope John XXIII named the saint as the patron for the Segorbe diocese on 12 May 1961. During the Red Terror at the time of the Spanish Civil War his grave was desecrated and anticlerical leftists had his relics burned though some remained; those that did were transferred in the presence of King Juan Carlos I on 12 May 1992. Saint-Paschal in Québec Saint-Pascal Baylon in Ontario San Pascual Saints of Obando Catholic Encyclopedia Catholic Online Roman Catholic Saints Saint Paschal Baylon adoring the Ostensorium
Penne is an Italian town in the province of Pescara, in the Abruzzo region, in mid-southern Italy. According to the last census in 2014 the population was 12,451. In 2012 Penne was selected as one of the "Most Beautiful Towns of Italy" Penne is today among the most important towns in the Vestini area, sitting in the hills between the Apennine Mountains and the Adriatic Sea and opening the way for the National Park of Gran Sasso and Monti della Laga through the Regional Natural Reserve "Lake of Penne"; the widespread use of bricks in every historical building and paving gave Penne the appellation of "Città del mattone", i.e. the "Town of Bricks". In 2006, Penne was awarded the Silver Medal of Civic Merit for events suffered during World War II; the economy of Penne is driven by tourism, the regional hospital and Brioni, the Italian fashion house whose suits are still hand sewn by Pennese women. In November 2017, Penne was chosen as the starting point for Stage 10 of the 2018 Giro d'Italia. Cyclists left from Penne and climbed to Rigopiano and beyond to Umbria.
The town is ancient. It was a seat of government of the Vestini people no than 300 BC. In around 89 BC, the Vestini along with other Italic tribes were defeated by the Romans in the Social War, became citizens of Rome; the town was known as Pinna Vestinorum during the time of the Roman Republic. In the Middle Ages, Penne was under the control of the Lombards as part of the Duchy of Spoleto. Starting around 1130 Penne became part of the Kingdom of Sicily. In 1538 the town was given by emperor Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor to his daughter Margaret of Parma as a gift for her wedding to Ottavio Farnese. Under Margaret, Penne became important as a center of power in the Abruzzo region, many fine palaces and civic structures were erected during this time. Penne is a town on the Adriatic side of the Abruzzo region, sitting on several hills between the valleys of the Tavo and Fino rivers. Penne covers an area measuring about 91.20 km2. It is 31 km from 35 km from Chieti. Penne benefits from the moderating effects of the nearby Adriatic sea but at the same time its weather is influenced by the Gran Sasso mountain chain.
According to the climatic data collected during the period 1961-1990, the average temperature of the coldest month, i.e. January, is +5,6 °C where the minimals are about 2-3 °C while the maximals about 9-11 °C; the climate is therefore characterized by hot summers and rather mild winters, where the annual thermal excursion is anyway lower than 21 °C like in the coast. However, in winter snow and frosts might happen when cold currents from the Balkans or the northern Europe irrupt on the Adriatic coast. During these episodes, minimal temperatures can fall down to -5 °C. Precipitation levels are on average about 845 mm per year according to the climatic data collected during the period 1951 - 2009 and are higher than the ones observed in other hillside cities in the sea-side of Abruzzo; the climate in Penne can be therefore considered as Mediterranean due to the beneficial influence of the Adriatic sea on the temperatures. However, from a pluviometric stand-point, the town's weather sits in the borderline in between a subtropical humid and mediterranean weather.
In summertime, precipitation is uncommon and occurs in the form of thunderstorms. The main characteristic of the old town is its streets and houses are built in bricks, so in the past Penne was known as "the small Siena". Penne's churches include the 12th-century church of Santa Maria in Colleromano, the Duomo, which now houses the Diocese Museum including a crypt dating from the 8th century. Other churches include Sant'Agostino, San Giovanni Battista, San Giovanni Evangelista, Madonna del Carmine, San Nicola, San Domenico. Duomo of Penne known as Chiesa di San Massimo. A concathedral of Pescara-Penne archdiocese, it was built after St Maxiums of Aveia on a 10th-century Crypt; the Crypt was erected on an ancient temple dedicated to the goddess Vesta. The cathedral was damaged during aerial bombardment in 1944 and was restored in 1955. Church of S. Croce: It is characterized by a facade showing the symbols of the "Passion of Christ", installed by the Passionists in the 19th century. Church of Santa Chiara: built in the 17th century next to the ancient Church of the Holy Spirit.
Characterized by a Greek cross plan, it was renovated in 1702 AD. The Cupola shows a beautiful fresco by the "pennese" painter Domiziano Vallarola. Next to the church, there is the Clarisse nuns convent, included in the St Maximus Hospital in 1912. Church of San Ciro: erected on the second half of the 18th century and renovated in 1843 by the priest Quintangeli, it now belongs to the "Holy Family" nuns. Collegiata of San Giovanni Evangelista: There are documents proving the existence of this Church since 1324, it has two magnificent stone portals: the main one from 1604, the lateral one from 1594. The lombard style bell tower was built during renaissance. Church of Sant'Antonio di Padova: chapel of the family Aliprandi of 1648. Stone portal characterized by a diamond tip pattern. Church of San Domenico: facade with a portal from 1667 and a sculpture representing "The Virgin with her Son" from 1400; the Church has a baroque style with a marvelous Chorus made of walnut wood from the 17th century and an organ fr
Italy the Italian Republic, is a country in Southern Europe. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea, Italy shares open land borders with France, Austria and the enclaved microstates San Marino and Vatican City. Italy covers an area of 301,340 km2 and has a temperate seasonal and Mediterranean climate. With around 61 million inhabitants, it is the fourth-most populous EU member state and the most populous country in Southern Europe. Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has been home to a myriad of peoples and cultures. In addition to the various ancient peoples dispersed throughout modern-day Italy, the most famous of which being the Indo-European Italics who gave the peninsula its name, beginning from the classical era and Carthaginians founded colonies in insular Italy and Genoa, Greeks established settlements in the so-called Magna Graecia, while Etruscans and Celts inhabited central and northern Italy respectively; the Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which became a republic with a government of the Senate and the People.
The Roman Republic conquered and assimilated its neighbours on the peninsula, in some cases through the establishment of federations, the Republic expanded and conquered parts of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant power in the Mediterranean Basin and became the leading cultural and religious centre of Western civilisation, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a period of more than 200 years during which Italy's technology, economy and literature flourished. Italy remained the metropole of the Roman Empire; the legacy of the Roman Empire endured its fall and can be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments and the Latin script. During the Early Middle Ages, Italy endured sociopolitical collapse and barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century, numerous rival city-states and maritime republics in the northern and central regions of Italy, rose to great prosperity through shipping and banking, laying the groundwork for modern capitalism.
These independent statelets served as Europe's main trading hubs with Asia and the Near East enjoying a greater degree of democracy than the larger feudal monarchies that were consolidating throughout Europe. The Renaissance began in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe, bringing a renewed interest in humanism, science and art. Italian culture flourished, producing famous scholars and polymaths such as Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael and Machiavelli. During the Middle Ages, Italian explorers such as Marco Polo, Christopher Columbus, Amerigo Vespucci, John Cabot and Giovanni da Verrazzano discovered new routes to the Far East and the New World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Italy's commercial and political power waned with the opening of trade routes that bypassed the Mediterranean. Centuries of infighting between the Italian city-states, such as the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, left the region fragmented, it was subsequently conquered and further divided by European powers such as France and Austria.
By the mid-19th century, rising Italian nationalism and calls for independence from foreign control led to a period of revolutionary political upheaval. After centuries of foreign domination and political division, Italy was entirely unified in 1871, establishing the Kingdom of Italy as a great power. From the late 19th century to the early 20th century, Italy industrialised, namely in the north, acquired a colonial empire, while the south remained impoverished and excluded from industrialisation, fuelling a large and influential diaspora. Despite being one of the main victors in World War I, Italy entered a period of economic crisis and social turmoil, leading to the rise of a fascist dictatorship in 1922. Participation in World War II on the Axis side ended in military defeat, economic destruction and the Italian Civil War. Following the liberation of Italy and the rise of the resistance, the country abolished the monarchy, reinstated democracy, enjoyed a prolonged economic boom and, despite periods of sociopolitical turmoil became a developed country.
Today, Italy is considered to be one of the world's most culturally and economically advanced countries, with the sixth-largest worldwide national wealth. Its advanced economy ranks eighth-largest in the world and third in the Eurozone by nominal GDP. Italy owns the third-largest central bank gold reserve, it has a high level of human development, it stands among the top countries for life expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military and diplomatic affairs. Italy is a founding and leading member of the European Union and a member of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the WTO, the G7, the G20, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Council of Europe, Uniting for Consensus, the Schengen Area and many more; as a reflection
Popoli is a comune and town in the province of Pescara in the Abruzzo region of Italy. Though the site has not revealed significant Roman presence it appears in a ninth-century document as borgo di Pagus Fabianus, its name in medieval Latin was Castrum Properi, which name was recorded as early as 1016 as the property of Girardo, son of Roccone. The castle above the town was built between 1015 for Tidolfo, Bishop of Valva. In 1269 the Angevin ruler Charles I of Naples granted Popoli as a fief in the Cantelmo family, who held it, with its ducal title, until 1749; the fief passed to Leonardo di Tocco, Prince of Montemiletto, his heirs, until feudality was abolished in the Regno in 1806. Popoli was bombarded twice during World War II by the British Air Force. On 20 January 1944, the most important bridge in the region, the "Julius Caesar" bridge connecting Rome with Pescara, was destroyed. On 22 March 1944 at noon the city center and city hall were destroyed by substantial bombing by the British, it was a day that rations were being distributed to town at the city hall, there were long lines of women and children, many of whom were killed or wounded.
The day is still remembered with sorrow by the town's inhabitants. Following World War II, the Italian Republic awarded the town of Popoli with the "Silver Medal of Civil Merit" "Crucial center, occupied by German troops the day after the armistice, was subjected to repeated and violent bombardments which caused the deaths of ninety-one civilians and the destruction of nearly all of the public property; the whole population knew how to react, with dignity and courage, to the horrors of war and to face, with the return of peace, the difficult works of moral and material reconstruction."—Popoli, 1943–1944 The town and the surrounding area have several objects of interest: The Taverna Ducale from the mid 14th century ranks among the most beautiful secular medieval buildings in Abruzzo. Torre de' Passeri The abbey of San Clemente a Casauria The church of San Francesco, was begun in the 15th century The church of Santissima Trinità with an altar and a wooden choir from 1745 The area around the springs which are the source of the Aterno river is a regionally protected area The castle ruin above Popoli The main festivity is in August.
The historical parade with people dressed in costume is held in celebration of historical event of the city. The parade is followed by a fair, called "Certamen de la Balestra". Strength and ability are necessary for the knight to win the grand prize. General Corradino D'Ascanio This article is based in part on material from the German Wikipedia. Damiani, Fernando La città di Popoli: memorie storiche ed artistiche Di Cioccio, Italy, OCLC 2796471, in Italian Di Donato, Ugo Popoli e i Popolesi Fracasso, Italy, OCLC 15314442, in Italian Hamilton and Nodier, Charles La famille du duc de Popoli: mémories de M. de Cantelmo, son frere P. Didot l'áiné, Paris, OCLC 65223502, in French "Popoli" Abruzzo 2000
Abruzzo is a region of Southern Italy with an area of 10,763 square km and a population of 1.2 million. It is divided into four provinces: L'Aquila, Teramo and Chieti, its western border lies 80 km east of Rome. Abruzzo borders the region of Marche to the north, Lazio to the west and south-west, Molise to the south-east, the Adriatic Sea to the east. Geographically, Abruzzo is divided into a mountainous area in the west, which includes the Gran Sasso d'Italia, a coastal area in the east with beaches on the Adriatic Sea. Abruzzo is considered a region of Southern Italy in terms of its culture, language and economy, although geographically it may be considered central; the Italian Statistical Authority deems it to be part of Southern Italy because of Abruzzo's historic association with the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. Abruzzo is known as "the greenest region in Europe" as half of its territory, the largest in Europe, is set aside as national parks and protected nature reserves. There are three national parks, one regional park, 38 protected nature reserves.
These ensure the survival of 75% of Europe's living species, including rare species such as the small wading dotterel, the golden eagle, the Abruzzo chamois, the Apennine wolf and the Marsican brown bear. Abruzzo is home to Calderone, Europe's southernmost glacier; the visiting nineteenth-century Italian diplomat and journalist Primo Levi said that the adjectives "forte e gentile" best describe the beauty of the region and the character of its people. "Forte e gentile" has since become the motto of its inhabitants. Abruzzo is divided into four administrative provinces: Human settlements in Abruzzo have existed since at least the Neolithic times. A skeleton from Lama dei Peligni in the province of Chieti dates back to 6,540 BC under radiometric dating; the name Abruzzo appears to be derivative of the Latin word "Aprutium". In Roman times, the region was known as Picenum, Sabina et Samnium, Flaminia et Picenum, Campania et Samnium; the region was known as Aprutium in the Middle Ages, arising from four possible sources: it is a combination of Praetutium, or rather of the name of the people Praetutii, applied to their chief city, the old Teramo.
Many cities in Abruzzo date back to ancient times. Corfinio was known as Corfinium when it was the chief city of the Paeligni, was renamed Pentima by the Romans. Chieti is built on the site of the ancient city of Teate, Atri was known as Adria. Teramo, known variously in ancient times as Interamnia and Teramne, has Roman ruins which attract tourists. After the fall of the Roman Empire, there were a string of invasions and rulers in the region, including the Lombards, Byzantines and Hungarians. Between the 9th and 12th centuries, the region was dominated by the popes. Subsequently, the Normans took over, Abruzzo became part of the Kingdom of Sicily the Kingdom of Naples. Spain ruled the kingdom from the sixteenth to the eighteenth centuries; the French Bourbon dynasty took over in 1815, establishing the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, ruled until Italian unification in 1860. Until 1963, Abruzzo was part of the Abruzzi region with Molise; the term Abruzzi derives from the time. The territory was administered as Abruzzo Citeriore and Abruzzo Ulteriore I and II from Naples, the capital of the kingdom.
Abruzzo Citeriore is now Chieti province. Teramo and Pescara provinces now comprise what was Abruzzo Ulteriore I. Abruzzo Ulteriore II is now the province of L'Aquila. In the twentieth century, war had a great impact on the region. During the Second World War, Abruzzo was on the Gustav Line, part of the German's Winter Line. One of the most brutal battles was the Battle of Ortona. Abruzzo was the location of two prisoner of war camps, Campo 21 in Chieti, Campo 78 in Sulmona; the Sulmona camp served as a POW camp in World War 1. Geographically, Abruzzo is located in central Italy and southern Italy, stretching from the heart of the Apennines to the Adriatic Sea, includes mountainous and wild land; the mountainous land is occupied by a vast plateau, including Gran Sasso, at 2,912 metres the highest peak of the Apennines, Mount Majella at 2,793 metres. The Adriatic coastline is characterized by long sandy beaches to the North and pebbly beaches to the South. Abruzzo is well known for its landscapes and natural environment and nature reserves, characteristic hillside areas rich in vineyards and olive groves, one of the highest densities of Blue Flag beaches.
The Abruzzo region has two types of climate that are influenced by the Apennine Mountains, dividing the climate of the coastal and sub-Apennine hills from the interior's high mountain ranges. Coastal areas have a Mediterranean climate with hot dry summers and mild winters and rainy hills with a sublittoral climate where temperatures decrease progressively with increasing altitude and precipitation with altitude. Precipitation is strongly affected by the presence of the Apennines mountain ridges of the region; the Adriatic coast are sidelined rainfall from the west to the barrier effect of the Apennines undergoing the action of gentle winds descending from it. The minimum annual rainfall, however, is found in some inland vall
Montesilvano is a town and comune of the province of Pescara in the Abruzzo region of Italy. The name Montesilvano is derived from the Latin which means woody hill; the town is located on the Adriatic Sea and offers a wide choice of accommodation and entertainment both for Italian and foreign tourists. Montesilvano is situated north of Pescara, to which it is physically connected. Montesilvano is divided into Montesilvano Colle; the former is the crowded seaside resort. The mouths of the Piomba and the Saline rivers are directly north of the town; the Italian local elections, 2014 saw administrator Francesco Maragno standing for Forza Italia elected as the Mayor of Montesilvano. Giò Di Tonno, singer Dean Martin and movie star whose father was from Montesilvano Franco Marini, Montesilvano senator and president of the Italian Senate