Leo, is the fifth astrological sign of the zodiac, originating from the constellation of Leo. It comes before Virgo; the traditional Western zodiac associates Leo with the period between July 23 and August 22, the sign spans the 120th to 150th degree of celestial longitude. Leo is a fixed sign along with Taurus and Aquarius. Under the tropical zodiac, the Sun transits this area on average between July 23 and August 22 each year, under the sidereal zodiac, the Sun transits this area from August 16 to September 15; the symbol of the lion is based on a lion with an impenetrable hide. It is a northern sign and its opposite southern sign is Aquarius
Makara Sankranti, Maghi, is a festival day in the Hindu calendar, in reference to deity Surya. It is observed each year in January, it marks the first day of sun's transit into the Makara, marking the end of the month with the winter solstice and the start of longer days. Makara Sankranti is one of the few ancient Indian festivals, observed according to solar cycles, while most festivals are set by the lunar cycle of the lunisolar Hindu calendar. Being a festival that celebrates the solar cycle, it always falls on the same Gregorian date every year, except in some years when the date shifts by a day for that year; the festivities associated with Makar Sankranti are known by various names such as Maghi by north Indian Hindus and Sikhs, Makara Sankranti in Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal and Telangana, Sukarat in central India, Magh Bihu by Assamese, Thai Pongal by Tamils. Makara Sankranti is observed with social festivities such as colorful decorations, rural children going house to house and asking for treats in some areas, dances, kite flying and feasts.
The Magha Mela, according to Diana L. Eck, is mentioned in the Hindu epic Mahabharata Many go to sacred rivers or lakes and bathe with thanksgiving to the sun; every twelve years, the Hindus observe Makar Sankranti with one of the world's largest mass pilgrimages, with an estimated 40 to 100 million people attending the event. At this event they say a prayer to the sun and bathe at the Prayaga confluence of the River Ganga and River Yamuna at the Kumbha Mela, a tradition attributed to Adi Shankaracharya. Makara Sankranti is set by the solar cycle of the Hindu lunisolar calendar, is observed on a day which falls on 14 January of Gregorian calendar, but sometimes 15 January, it signifies the arrival of longer days. Makar Sankranti falls in the Hindu calendar solar month of Makara, lunar month of Magha, it marks the end of the month with winter solstice for India and the longest night of the year, a month, called Pausha in lunar calendar and Dhanu in the solar calendar in the Vikrami system. The festival celebrates the first month with longer days.
There are two different systems to calculate the Makara Sankranti date: sayana. The January 14 date is based on the nirayana system, while the sayana system computes to about December 23, per most Siddhanta texts for Hindu calendars; as per the solar calendar, after one year, Sun comes to the same location 20 min. Late every year which means Sun needs to 1 day extra after every 72 years in the sky. That's the reason; this festival is dedicated to Surya. This significance of Surya is traceable to the Vedic texts the Gayatri Mantra, a sacred hymn of Hinduism found in its scripture named the Rigveda; the festival marks the beginning of a six-month auspicious period for Hindus known as Uttarayana. Makara Sankranti is regarded as important for spiritual practices and accordingly, people take a holy dip in rivers Ganga, Godavari and Kaveri; the bathing is believed to result in absolution of past sins. They pray to the sun and thank for their successes and prosperity. A shared cultural practices found amongst Hindus of various parts of India is making sticky, bound sweets from sesame and a sugar base such as jaggery.
This type of sweet is a symbolism for being together in peace and joyfulness, despite the uniqueness and differences between individuals. For most parts of India, this period is a part of early stages of the Rabi crop and agricultural cycle, where crops have been sown and the hard work in the fields is over; the time thus signifies a period of socializing and families enjoying each other's company, taking care of the cattle, celebrating around bonfires, in Maharashtra the festival is celebrated by flying kites. Makara Sankranti is an important pan-Indian solar festival, known by different names though observed on the same date, sometimes for multiple dates around the Makar Sankranti, it is known as Pedda Panduga in Andhra Pradesh, Makara Sankranti in Karnataka and Maharashtra, Pongal in Tamil Nadu, Magh Bihu in Assam, Magha Mela in parts of central and north India, as Makar Sankranti in the west, by other names. In some parts of India it is believed. Makara or Makar Sankranti is celebrated in many parts of Indian subcontinent with some regional variations.
It is known by different names and celebrated with different customs in different parts of the region: Suggi Habba, Makara Sankramana, Makara Sankranti: Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana Makara Sankranti or Makara Mela and Makara Chaula: Odisha Thai Pongal, Uzhavar Thirunal: Tamil Nadu Uttarayan: Gujarat Maghi: Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Punjab. Magh Bihu or Bhogali Bihu: Assam Shishur Saenkraat: Kashmir Valley Khichdi: Uttar Pradesh and western Bihar Poush Sangkranti: West Bengal Tila Sakrait: MithilaIn other countries too the day is celebrated by Hindus, but under different names and in different ways. Nepal: Maghe Sankranti or Maghi- /Khichdi Sankranti Bangladesh: Shakrain/ Poush Sangkranti Pakistan: Tirmoori Sri Lanka: ThaiPongal Malaysia: ThaiPongal It is celebrated differently across the Indian subcontinent. Many people take a dip in places like Ganga Sagar Prayag and pray to the Sun God, it is celebrated with pomp in sou
Aries is the first astrological sign in the zodiac, spanning the first 30 degrees of celestial longitude. Under the tropical zodiac, the Sun transits this sign from March 20 to April 21 each year; this time duration is the first month of the Solar Hijri calendar. The symbol of the ram is based on the flying ram that provided the Golden Fleece. According to the tropical system of astrology, the Sun enters the sign of Aries when it reaches the March equinox, which occurs on average on March 21; because the Earth takes 365.24 days to go around the Sun, the precise time of the equinox is not the same each year, will occur about six hours from one year to the next until reset by a leap year. February 29 of a leap year causes that year's vernal equinox to fall about eighteen hours earlier compared with the previous year. From 1800 to 2050 inclusive the vernal equinox date has range from March 19 at 22:34 UT1 in 2048 to March 21 at 19:15 UT1 in 1903. Under the sidereal zodiac, the sun transits Aries from April 15 to 14 May.
Aries is the first fire sign in the zodiac, the other fire signs being Sagittarius. Individuals born between these dates, depending on which system of astrology they subscribe to, may be called Arians or Ariens; the equivalent in the Hindu solar calendar is Meṣa. Astronomical Applications Department. Multiyear Computer Interactive Almanac. 2.2.2. Washington DC: US Naval Observatory. For time of Sun's entry or exit from a sign, calculate Longitude of Sun, apparent geocentric ecliptic of date, interpolated to find time of crossing 0°, 30°..... For list of vernal equinox dates calculate phenomena: solstices/equinoxes, choosing UT1 and years 1800 through 2050. Atsma, Aaron J.. "Chrysomallus". The Theoi Project: Greek mythology. Oxford Dictionaries. N.d. Retrieved December 23, 2018. Warburg Institute Iconographic Database
In astrology, exaltation is one of the five essential dignities of a planet. Each of the seven traditional planets has its exaltation in one zodiac sign; the positions are: Sun: 19th degree of Aries Moon: 3rd degree of Taurus Mercury: 15th degree of Virgo Venus: 27th degree of Pisces Mars: 28th degree of Capricorn Jupiter: 15th degree of Cancer Saturn: 21st degree of LibraExaltations have been attributed to the north node and the south node. These positions are listed in astrological texts of the early medieval Arabic period, such as al-Biruni's 11th-century Book of Instruction in the Elements of the Art of Astrology. Whilst modern Vedic astrologers place significance on the exaltation positions of the nodes, the western astrological tradition transmitted through medieval Europe demonstrates little use of them in practice traditionally and currently. Al-Biruni points out that, in contradiction to the Greeks and Persians, the Hindu astrologers of his period disagreed upon the degree positions of the Sun and Saturn, did not recognize the exaltations of the nodes - a principle he described himself as being "quite proper".
The exaltations are one of the most ancient astrological factors still in use. They are used in ancient Mesopotamian astrology from an era which pre-dates the known use of the zodiac. Francesca Rochberg has pointed out that since the system is found in the tradition of Enuma anu enlil, its roots may extend into the second millennium BCE. Joanne Conman has shown that certain decan stars the ancient Egyptians venerated in Middle Kingdom Coffin Texts appear to be the source of the "places of secret" of the Babylonian astrological texts referenced by Rochberg and of the corresponding planetary exaltations or hypsomata of Hellenistic astrology; the coffin texts pre-date attested Babylonian astrological texts. The pattern of the honored decans matches and appears to account for the pattern of the exaltation for four of the planets. Why the Babylonians considered these placements to be dignified is not known to Western astrologers. Although many speculations concerning the reasoning behind it have been put forth over the centuries, there are, as Robert Hand has said, still anomalies that are impossible to explain with any consistency, such as the exaltation of vigorous Mars in cold Capricorn.
The Western sidereal astrologer, Cyril Fagan, has speculated that the planets all rose heliacally at these degrees in the year of the erection of an important temple to the Babylonian god Nabu in the year 786 BC, but this is still speculative. Since in Hellenistic astrology aspects were recognised from sign to sign, it is uncertain whether the distance of a planet from the exact degree of exaltation had much significance. However, the degree itself was used by ancient astrologers. In Medieval astrology, influenced by the Arab and Byzantine, a hierarchy of all five essential dignities was favored, in which the most important dignity was that of the domicile ruler, followed in importance by exaltation. Medieval astrologers assigned numerical values to each dignity in the hierarchy, these were tabulated to provide a rough statistical mode of comparison These weighted valuations are still in use today by astrologers. After the discovery of the three outer planets--Uranus and Pluto—modern astrologers speculated on possible domicile and exaltation rulerships for these planets.
It was suggested, for example. The ancient system was complex and symmetrical, making no allowance for additional, unseen planets, it is difficult to include them in traditional techniques. Most modern astrologers have therefore abandoned attempts to assign exaltations to these newer planets. Traditional Hindu Astrology, based the notion of exaltation on the stellar constellations called Nakshatras, in which the planet fell. There are 27 Nakshatras present in the Sidereal Zodiac. Taking 360°/27 results in a precise arc of 13° 20′ per Nakshatra, remembering that 60′ constitute 1°. For example, although Jupiter is exalted in Cancer there are 3 different Nakshatras Jupiter could occupy within the 30° arc of Cancer, Punarvasu and Ashlesha. Since Jupiter is exalted at 5° Cancer this placement signifies his true exaltation in Pushya Nakshatra; the Nakshatra Devata of Pushya is the teacher of the Gods. Jupiter will not give his full exaltation effects when he is posited in a Nakshatra besides Pushya although he is still exalted in the sign of Cancer.
Furthermore, each Nakshatra is divided into four sections called pāda, when taking 13°20′/4 results in a precise arc of 3°20′ per pāda. The four pāda denote the four goals of life according to the Vedic tradition, Dharma, Artha, Kāma, Mokṣa. Although Jupiter finds strong exaltation in Pushya there are four different pāda Jupiter could occupy within the 13°20′ arc of Pushya, Dharma pāda, Artha pāda, Kāma pāda, Mokṣa pāda. Since Jupiter is exalted at 5° Cancer this signifies "deep" exaltation in the heart of the Dharma pāda of Pushya Nakshatra in the sign of Cancer which provides the astronomical reasoning of Jupiters exaltation degree. Esoterically speaking, when Jupiter is in Cancer (wh
Gemini (pronunciation: JEM-in-eye is the third astrological sign in the zodiac, originating from the constellation of Gemini. Under the tropical zodiac, the sun transits this sign between about May 21 and June 21. Gemini is represented by the twins Castor and Pollux, known as the Dioscuri NASA named its two-person space capsule Project Gemini after the zodiac sign because the spacecraft could carry two astronauts. Astronomical Applications Department. Multiyear Computer Interactive Almanac. 2.2.2. Washington DC: US Naval Observatory. Longitude of Sun, apparent geocentric ecliptic of date, interpolated to find time of crossing 0°, 30°.... Atsma, Aaron J.. "DIOSCURI: Greek Gods of Horsemanship, Protectors of Sailors | Mythology, Dioskouroi, w/ pictures". Theoi. Retrieved September 23, 2016. "English Oxford Living Dictionary". Oxford University Press. 2018. Unicode Consortium. "Unicode 8.0 Character Code Charts". Retrieved April 21, 2016. Warburg Institute Iconographic Database
Taurus (Greek for Ταύρος is the second astrological sign in the present zodiac. It spans from 30° to 60° of the zodiac; this sign belongs to the Earth element or triplicity, therefore has a feminine or negative polarity. It has a Fixed modality, quality or quadruplicity, it is a Venus-ruled sign just like Libra. It is the sign where the Moon has its exaltation at 3°; the Sun transits in the sign of Taurus from April 21 until May 21 in western astrology. People born between these dates, depending on which system of astrology they subscribe to, may be called Taureans. Taurus was the first sign of the zodiac established among the ancient Mesopotamians, who called it as "The Great Bull of Heaven", because it was the constellation through which the sun rose on the vernal equinox at that time. Cults centered around sacred bulls began to form in Assyria and Crete during The Age of Taurus, or "The Age of Earth and the Bull". Astronomical Applications Department. Multiyear Computer Interactive Almanac. 2.2.2.
Washington DC: US Naval Observatory. Longitude of Sun, apparent geocentric ecliptic of date, interpolated to find time of crossing 0°, 30°.... Astroroom. "Opposing zodiac signs: themes of the six axes". Astroroom.com. Oxford Dictionaries. "Taurus, Gemini - definitions of Taurus and Gemini in English from the Oxford dictionary". Warburg Institute Iconographic Database
Pisces is the twelfth astrological sign in the Zodiac. It spans 330° to 360° of celestial longitude. Under the tropical zodiac, the sun transits this area between February 19 and March 20. In Sidereal astrology, the Sun transits the constellation of Pisces from March 12 to April 18. In classical interpretations, the symbol of the fish is derived from the ichthyocentaurs, who aided Aphrodite when she was born from the sea. According to some tropical astrologers, the current astrological age is the Age of Pisces, while others maintain that it is the Age of Aquarius. While the astrological sign Pisces per definition runs from ecliptic longitude 330° to 0°, this position is now covered by the constellation of Aquarius due to the precession from when the constellation and the sign coincided. Today, the First Point of the vernal equinox, is in the Pisces constellation. There are no prominent stars in the constellation, with the brightest stars being of only fourth magnitude. One star in the constellation, Alpha Piscium, is known as Alrescha, which comes from the Arabic الرشآء al-rišā’, meaning "the well rope," or "the cord."
The constellation, however, is different from the astronomical location in where the sign occupies space. The constellations in earlier times were used as markers to help determine what influence was in the sky; the sign of Pisces remain in the 30 degree span of 330°-0°. Ptolemy described Alpha Piscium as the point where the cords joining the two fish are knotted together; the astrological symbol shows the two fishes captured by a string by the mouth or the tails. The fish are portrayed swimming in opposite directions, they are ruled by the planet Neptune. Although they appear as a pair, the name of the sign in all languages referred to only one fish with the exception of Greek, Dutch and Italian. Pisces are the mutable water sign of the zodiac, they represent emotion, imagination, escapism and impressionism. Divine associations with Pisces include Poseidon/Neptune, Aphrodite, Typhon and the Sumerian goddess Inanna. "Pisces" is the Latin word for "Fish." It is one of the earliest zodiac signs on record, with the two fish appearing as far back as c. 2300 BC on an Egyptian coffin lid.
According to one Greek myth, Pisces represents the fish, sometimes represented by koi fish, into which Aphrodite and her son Eros transformed in order to escape the monster Typhon. Typhon, the "father of all monsters," had been sent by Gaia to attack the gods, which led Pan to warn the others before himself changing into a goat-fish and jumping into the Euphrates. A similar myth, one in which the fish "Pisces" carry Aphrodite and her son out of danger, is resounded in Manilius' five volume poetic work Astronomica: "Venus ow'd her safety to their Shape." Another myth is. It was rolled to the shore by fish. Doves sat on the egg, out from which came Aphrodite; as a sign of gratitude towards the fish, Aphrodite put the fish into the night sky. Because of these myths, the Pisces constellation was known as "Venus et Cupido," "Venus Syria cum Cupidine," "Venus cum Adone," "Dione" and "Veneris Mater," the latter being the formal Latin term for mother; the Greek myth on the origin of the sign of Pisces has been cited by English astrologer Richard James Morrison as an example of the fables that arose from the original astrological doctrine, that the "original intent of was afterwards corrupted both by poets and priests."
Purim, a Jewish holiday, falls at the full moon preceding the Passover, set by the full moon in Aries, which follows Pisces. The story of the birth of Christ is said to be a result of the spring equinox entering into the Pisces, as the Savior of the World appeared as the Fisher of Men; this parallels the entering into the Age of Pisces. An astrological age is a time period in astrology that parallels major changes in the development of Earth's inhabitants relating to culture and politics, there are twelve astrological ages corresponding to the twelve zodiacal signs. Astrological ages occur because of a phenomenon known as the precession of the equinoxes, one complete period of this precession is called a Great Year or Platonic Year of about 25,920 years; the age of Pisces began c. AD 1 and will end c. AD 2150. With the story of the birth of Christ coinciding with this date, many Christian symbols for Christ use the astrological symbol for Pisces, the fishes; the figure Christ himself bears many of the temperaments and personality traits of a Pisces, is thus considered an archetype of the Piscean.
Moreover, the twelve apostles were called the "fishers of men," early Christians called themselves "little fishes," and a code word for Jesus was the Greek word for fish, "Ikhthus." With this, the start of the age, or the "Great Month of Pisces," is regarded as the beginning of the Christian religion. Saint Peter is recognized as the apostle of the Piscean sign. Pisces has been called the "dying god," where its sign opposite in the night sky is Virgo, or the Virgin Mary. Venus exalted in Pisces is representative of divine love in the first canto of Dante's Purgatorio. Pisces is the subject of Luca Della Robbia's 15th century Plate with the Month of February, they are the subject of one of Elizabeth Barrett Browning's poetic works: And here fantastic fishes duskly float,Using the calm for waters, while their firesThrob out quick rhythms along the shallow air. In the January 1970 edition of the Avengers, the supervillain group Zodiac introduced the member "Pisces