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Christos Palaskas

Christos Palaskas was a Greek chieftain during the Greek War of Independence. He was killed on 25 May 1822 during an internal conflict. Palaskas was born in Gotista, a village near Ioannina; when he was young he joined the Souliotes in their fight against Ali Pasha. He fled to the Ionian Islands, amongst other Greeks, he served in the French and British armies as an officer of artillery during 1808–1817, he returned to Epirus after the disbandment of the Greek Light Infantry Regiment in 1818, he served as an ordnance officer in the court of Ali Pasha of Ioannina, undertaking the organization of the artillery and training of his army, helping in regards to strategy and tactics. After the outbreak of the war between Ali Pasha and the Sublime Porte, Palaskas defected to the Sultan's troops and served as an ordnance officer to Omer Vryoni; when the Greek Revolution broke out, Palaskas remained on the Ottomans’ side and followed Omer Vryoni in his campaign against southern Greece. According to Greek historian Dionysios Kokkinos, Palaskas acted this way either because of his initial depreciation of the extent and the importance of the revolution or because of his fear for the safety of his family that remained in Epirus.

After the Battle of Gravia Inn, he was sent by the Albanian general to negotiate with the rebels led by Odysseas Androutsos that had fled to Chlomo. During June, Palaskas managed to avert the debacle of Greek rebels in the battle of Sourpi by using a trick. More he persuaded Vrioni and Köse Mehmet not to launch a surprise attack against the rebels, claiming that such tactics were beneath the Ottoman armies when facing an inferior enemy. Meanwhile, a few days he prevented the surrender of the fortress of Livadeia fearing it could lead to a possible massacre by the Ottomans. After the final capture of the city by the Ottomans, according to writers such as Spiliadis and Koutsonikas, was appointed co-governor of the city. In late July 1821, Palaskas held consultations with an envoy of Androutsos in order to help Greeks recapture the city. In fact, during the attack he served as a guide to Greek troops and contributed to the surrender of the location “Ora” by the defenders. After the events of Livadeia and forty of his men, on August 2, joined the Greek rebels and went to Galaxidi.

There, he talked to Alexandros Mavrokordatos and Alexandros Kantakouzinos saying that first of all he intended to move towards Epirus to release his captive family. That explains the fact that a few days earlier he had turned down Androutsos’s generous offer of joining him in Eastern Roumeli. In the end, they convinced him to remain in the rebellious territories; the final decision of Palaskas of joining the Greek revolution was considered to be a significant loss for Omer Vrioni and Köse Mehmet, as Palaskas was a person with great influence on various chieftains and notables of Central Greece and therefore could be used by the Ottomans as a mediator in possible negotiations that could lead to the subjugation of the rebellious regions. Palaskas’s family was released and reunited. In March 1822, after he received the title of chiliarch, he moved from Vrachori to Corinth, where the Greek revolutionary government resided. In April 1822 Palaskas was sent by order of the government to Eastern Continental Greece to accompany Alexis Noutsos.

Noutsos’s mission was to persuade Demetrios Ypsilantis to return to the Peloponnese and, at the same time, to prepare the ground for the dismissal of Odysseas Androutsos from the leadership of Eastern Continental Greece, because the popular chieftain at that time was in direct conflict with the local ruling council, the Areopagus. Moreover, during the mission, Palaskas met with Androutsos at his camp in the area of Drakospilia. During May the two men were sent again to Continental Greece with a small force of thirty armed men. Or fifty Palaskas was sent as a replacement of Androutsos, because the latter, being in conflict with the Areopagus, had declared his resignation although he wasn’t willing to hand over the command of his army. Noutsos was sent as a political governor of Eastern Continental Greece, was entrusted with military responsibilities. At the same time, they were carrying a government decree calling Androutsos to go to Corinth to explain himself. According to Oikomonou and Spiliadis, the orders allowed capturing or killing Androutsos if he refused to obey.

On the other hand, Spyridon Trikoupis believes these orders to be a false rumor, that when Androutsos heard was infuriated. On May 14 they went to Distomo first, where they were welcomed. There, after they overthrown the local guard of Androutsos’s men and installed their own, they moved towards Stylida where they talked to Ypsilantis. From Stylida they seemed to move towards Patratziki, where was a strong force under Nikitaras, after the instigation of Ypsilantis, according to one version suggested this route to protect them from Androutsos. In the end, on Noutsos’s initiative, they moved towards Androutsos’s camp in the area of Drakospilia. According to one version, when they were in Dadi village, they were approached by Androutsos’s men; the latter, knowing the purpose of their mission went at the headquarters of Ypsilantis with a force of sixty soldiers to find out information about the moves of the two men. There, they called Androutsos to a meeting, but he did not attend, because his men were afraid of a possible conflict with the opposite side’s armed escort.

After that, according to the same version, although they told him via messenger that they would go to Messolonghi

David Douillet

David Donald Hubert Roger Douillet is a retired French judoka and politician. Douillet was born in the city of Rouen. Standing at 1.96 meters and weighing 125 kilograms, he won the judo heavyweight gold medals in the 1996 and 2000 Summer Olympics in Atlanta and Sydney. He gained four world titles and a European crown; these achievements make him one of the most decorated judoka in history. The size of David Douillet classified him in the heavyweight division. After finishing his sporting career, he maintained his popularity by engaging with Bernadette Chirac in the charity "Operation Yellow coins", he became a consulting sportsman for Canal+. He was elected deputy to the French National Assembly on 18 October 2009 and on 26 September 2011 became the new Sports Minister until May 2012. David Douillet began judo at age 11, in the commune of Neufchâtel-in-Bray, near his birthplace of Rouen. Having exceptional physical size for someone his age, he was instructed by Jacques Lemaître who taught him the rudiments of the sport.

Becoming attracted to the Japanese martial art, he distinguished himself on the tatamis, thanks to his school results, integrated the study of the sport at the school Victor et Hélène Basch, near the University of Rennes. In 1986, when Douillet was 17, he was noticed during a demonstration by Jean-Luc Rougé who brought him into INSEP, he was heads above the others, after what was seen on the mat, I reserved a place for him. The Norman youth could devote himself to his passion, while continuing his education in the Paris region, Maisons-Alfort, involving himself at the INSEP facility of Bois de Vincennes, the côterie of the best French judokas. There, he met his idol Fabien Canu, double world champion in 1987 and 1989. With strength and drive, Douillet obtained his first awards in his age class. In 1988, he became French junior champion obtained fifth place at the European championships. Rising again to the top of the national standings in 1989, he captured the European bronze medal in Athens, again as a junior.

After a period of adaptation, he won his first Senior French championship in 1991, imposing himself in the final against Georges Mathonnet, another hope for French judo, born two years before Douillet. Thanks to this first national title, David qualified for his first senior European championships in Prague, where he finished in third place, a real achievement for a 22-year-old at his first selection. A few weeks he disputed the military world championships, where he earned two medals. At the beginning of 1992, he defended his national title in the heavyweight category. Selected for the European Championships, which were held in Paris, in May 1992, he shone in a decisive competition obtaining a qualification for the Barcelona 1992 Summer Olympics, which took place in July of the same year: during these European championships, he obtained the bronze medal, synonymous with an Olympic ticket for Spain, he faced a hard bracket during the Olympic tournament with the German Henry Stöhr, the Japanese Naoya Ogawa.

Not succeeding in carrying a frank attack on the Frenchman, Stöhr, was disqualified for uncombativeness. However, a movement of the legs by Ogawa, in the next fight, put Douillet ippon, the French judoka out for the gold medal race, he could, still hope for bronze. Facing the Cuban Franck Moreno Garcia, in the bout for third place, the Frenchman imposed himself; the judoka won the bronze medal at 23 years old. In search of confirmation after his Olympic bronze medal, David Douillet ambitiously approached his first participation in a world championship, it was in Hamilton, that the French judoka hoped to carry out a winning performance. Having defeated several experienced judokas, like the Polish Rafał Kubacki, he beat the Olympic champion and champion of Europe David Khakhaleishvili ranked #1 in the world and logical favourite of the tournament, he took his revenge on the Georgian who, a few months earlier, had beaten him at the European championships. Thanks to this title acquired at 24 years, he becomes the first French world champion in this weight class, regarded by some as the premier category of judo.

It is in this same weight class that he gained his first European title the following year in the 1994 European Judo Championships at Gdańsk, Poland, by defeating Rafał Kubacki in the final bout. In view of the Atlanta 1996 Summer Olympics, the 1995 World Judo Championships in Chiba, Japan constituted an obligatory preparatory stage to participate in the American Olympics. A good performance being a great step towards an Olympic medal, David Douillet was planning to defend his world title gained two years earlier in Canada, but this time, he competed at the same time in the open category. In the first, the Frenchman made a display of his class, by winning each of his fights by ippon. Having beaten the Japanese quadruple world champion Naoya Ogawa the Spaniard Ernesto Pérez in the semi-final, he triumphed over the German Frank Möller by ippon, after less than 2 minutes of fighting, retained his title. Three days Douillet repeated his performance in the open category, by beating in the final the Russian Sergei Kossorotov by an pin.

Thanks to the heavyweight title, he became the second Frenchman to preserve his world title after Fab

Frédérique Jossinet

Frédérique Jossinet is a French Olympic judoka in the lightest class. 2004 Olympic games in Athens, Greece: Silver medal in the 48- kg class. 2003 World Judo Championships in Osaka, Japan: Silver medal in the 48- kg class. 2005 World Judo Championships in Cairo, Egypt: Silver medal in the 48- kg class. 2007 World Judo Championships in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Bronze medal in the 48- kg class. 2009 World Judo Championships in Rotterdam, Netherlands: Bronze medal in the 48- kg class. Team: Gold medal at the world championships team in 2006. Gold medal at the European Championships team in 1997 and 1996. Club: European Club Cup in 2000Tournoi de Paris: 10 podium finishes including 3 wins. Translator's note: These are in French. Detailed statistics from results, videos from Frédérique Jossinet at the International Olympic Committee Frédérique Jossinet at Olympics at

Randolph Historic District

Randolph Historic District is a national historic district located at Randolph in Cattaraugus County, New York. The district encompasses 268 contributing buildings, 1 contributing site, 1 contributing structure in the hamlet of Randolph; the district includes a variety of residential, commercial and institutional buildings dating between 1826 and the 1880s. There are representative examples of Greek Revival and Italianate architectural styles. Notable buildings include the Borden's Condensery, Borden's Caretaker's House, Town Hall, Dow Library, Addison Crowley Residence, The Adams Building, State Bank, Alexander Davis House, Thaddeus S. Sheldon Residence, Albert G. Dow House, Resolved Sears House, St. Patrick's Roman Catholic Church; the contributing site is a public park. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2012. Media related to Randolph Historic District at Wikimedia Commons


RV-C is a communications protocol based on the Controller Area Network bus. The protocol is used in recreation vehicles to allow chassis components to communicate. RV-C is used for control and diagnostics, in a multi-vendor environment. RV-C was developed by the Recreational Vehicle Industry Association; the first formal specification was approved in 2005, the first RV-C products were marketed at that time. The RVIA has continued to refine and expand the protocol, in 2008 applied to ISO with the intention of opening the RV-C protocol to the world community. In 2006 the first RV-C-equipped RVs were sold in America; the leading adopters were Country Coach, Newell Coach, Western RV. RV-C-compliant components for these RVs were manufactured by Valid Manufacturing Ltd. Automated Engineering Corp, SilverLeaf Electronics, HWH Corporation. In 2007, the RVIA hosted a Network Fest at their main industry show; the Fest was an educational event featuring over two dozen RV-C compliant products from 14 exhibitors.

RV-C is based on Controller Area Network, operates at a bus speed of 250 kbit/s. Data is contained in packets consisting of eight data bytes; the header contains an 8-bit Source Address and a 17-bit Parameter Group Number, as well as a few additional bits. The total bus capacity is 2500 data packets per second, although in practice bus loads are much lower. RV-C is peer-to-peer; each CAN transceiver on the network requires a unique source address, which can be assigned either dynamically or statically. Data packets are prioritized based on their contents, not the device; the Application Layer details the Parameter Group Numbers, which uniquely identifies how the contents of the data packet are to be interpreted. The primary work of the RV-C committee is the creation of new Parameter Groups as new components are introduced in the RV marketplace. To be considered RV-C-compliant, a device must support certain PGNs; these are Address Claiming. This is mandatory for statically-addressed devices. Diagnostics.

The DM1-RVC PGN provides essential information on status. Request for PGN; when asked for specific data, the device must respond. Product ID; this is text data essential for a service technician to identify the device. A key concept in RV-C is the instance. In an RV, multiple "instances" of a device are common. RV-C handles this using a unique method in which an instance number is assigned to each physical unit of a certain type. An idea that underlies much of RV-C's design is that "every data packet stands alone"; that is, with few exceptions, all the information necessary to interpret a data packet is contained within that packet. This reduces the memory and speed required for a microprocessor to implement the protocol. In general, the committee has been intent on keeping the cost of implementation to a minimum. RV-C draws from the SAE J1939 protocol; the primary differences between J1939 and RV-C are: SAE J1939 does not support RV-C's "instancing". The main diagnostic message has somewhat different formats, due to the need in RV-C for instance identification.

The SAE J1939 NAME PGN is simplified in RV-C. The RVIA web site for RV-C