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Capture of Senegal

The Capture of Senegal took place in 1758 during the Seven Years' War with France, as part of a concerted British strategy to weaken the French economy by damaging her international trade. To this end, a succession of small British military expeditions landed in Senegal and captured the French settlements of Saint-Louis and Gorée, seizing French vessels and supplies. By late 1758 the Senegalese coast was in British hands with local administration controlled by the first British Governor of Senegal, Lieutenant Colonel Richard Worge; the plan was devised by an American merchant Thomas Cumming who had visited West Africa, extensively considered the possibilities for a British attack. The plan was built around Britain's growing dominance on the Oceans which had reduced French sea power. A British naval force under Captain Henry Marsh would sail from England and head for the coast of West Africa, where it would land an amphibious force at the Senegal River, they would capture the French fort at Saint-Louis.

Cumming planned to raise support from local African forces, who would rendezvous with the British and attack the French. The French settlements in Senegal had little strategic value, but they were important to France's global trade in slaves, they were home to a substantial industry in natural gums. The principal object of the expedition was therefore to damage the French economy by cutting access to these industries; such expeditions were part of Southern Secretary William Pitt's strategy of destroying France's capacity to continue the war by draining her of funds. Two hundred troops and two warships were to take part in the expedition; the forces departed from Plymouth in early 1758, after a brief stop for supplies at Tenerife, they reached the coast of West Africa in April. Cumming had gone ashore to secure support amongst locals, they launched a landward blockade of the fort. Marsh put his troops ashore; the sudden arrival of British troops took the garrison by surprise. On 1 May they surrendered the fort, the resident traders swore allegiance to the British.

Not a single Briton had been killed in the taking of the settlement. Cumming's ships returned. Pitt was pleased at the ease with which the British forces had taken Saint-Louis, he was impressed by the large quantities of gum arabic which were brought back to Britain, opening up a much cheaper source of the good for silk-weavers. In the wake of the missions' success, two further expeditions were sent out that year, which captured the Island of Gorée and the French trading station on the Gambia. Pitt would have liked to have launched further expeditions but could not in the face of opposition from the Duke of Newcastle who feared that stripping the British Isles of troops would leave them vulnerable to invasion. Along with attacks against Canada, the West Indies and Philippines, the capture of Senegal demonstrated the new global reach of the Royal Navy and the global nature of conflicts between the competing European powers who were battling for dominance and control of resources on several continents – as a consequence historians have labeled it the first'world war'.

Ownership of the West African settlements became a major source of contention between Britain and France during the peace talks that led to the 1763 Treaty of Paris. The negotiations centred on a potential return of some of the captured outposts. Britain was willing to return the island of Gorée. Britain kept Saint-Louis and the Senegal mainland; the British were keen to build up their presence in West Africa, intended to use Senegal as a starting point for this. They raised the Africa Corps, a special unit of troops under the command of Charles O'Hara, to protect the new possession; the French were unhappy about the loss of this valuable colony, planned to regain them in any future conflict with Britain. In 1764, the French launched incursions against the coast of Senegal from Gorée angering the British cabinet. In 1779 during the American War of Independence a French force landed and seized Saint-Louis, Senegal was ceded to them by Britain as part of the Treaty of Paris that ended the war in 1783.

However French control remained sporadic until the mid-nineteenth century. France in the Seven Years' War Anderson, Fred. Crucible of War: The Seven Years' War and the fate of Empire in British North America, 1754–1766. Faber and Faber, 2000. Brown, Peter Douglas. William Pitt, Earl of Chatham: The Great Commoner. George Allen & Unwin, 1978. Dull, Jonathan R; the French Navy and the Seven Years' War. University of Nebraska, 2005. McLynn, Frank. 1759: The Year Britain Became Master of the World. Pimlico, 2005. Simms, Brendan. Three Victories and a Defeat: The Rise and Fall of the First British Empire. Penguin Books

Truncated order-6 square tiling

In geometry, the truncated order-6 square tiling is a uniform tiling of the hyperbolic plane. It has Schläfli symbol of t; the dual tiling represents the fundamental domains of the *443 orbifold symmetry. There are two reflective subgroup kaleidoscopic constructed from by removing one or two of three mirrors. In these images fundamental domains are alternately colored black and cyan, mirrors exist on the boundaries between colors. A larger subgroup is constructed, index 6, as with gyration points removed, becomes; the symmetry can be doubled as 642 symmetry by adding a mirror bisecting the fundamental domain. From a Wythoff construction there are eight hyperbolic uniform tilings that can be based from the regular order-4 hexagonal tiling. Drawing the tiles colored as red on the original faces, yellow at the original vertices, blue along the original edges, there are 8 forms, it can be generated from the hyperbolic tilings: Square tiling Tilings of regular polygons List of uniform planar tilings List of regular polytopes John H. Conway, Heidi Burgiel, Chaim Goodman-Strass, The Symmetries of Things 2008, ISBN 978-1-56881-220-5 "Chapter 10: Regular honeycombs in hyperbolic space".

The Beauty of Geometry: Twelve Essays. Dover Publications. 1999. ISBN 0-486-40919-8. LCCN 99035678. Weisstein, Eric W. "Hyperbolic tiling". MathWorld. Weisstein, Eric W. "Poincaré hyperbolic disk". MathWorld. Hyperbolic and Spherical Tiling Gallery KaleidoTile 3: Educational software to create spherical and hyperbolic tilings Hyperbolic Planar Tessellations, Don Hatch

Port del Comte (ski resort)

Port del Comte is a ski resort in located in the Port del Comte mountain range, in the pre-Pyrenees, at the north of the Serra de Querol, in Catalonia, Spain. The ski area has a summit elevation of 2400 m above sea level and a base of 1700 m with a vertical drop of 700 m; the resort is divided into two sectors: the first includes the Querol and north of Serrat de la Bòfia. It has all of parking, as well as the lifts with greater capacity. Three chairlifts have been added, as well as snowmaking on some of the runs; the other sector is located in an area between the highest Pedró dels Estivella. It has no road access: access is by a double chairlift from a south-southwest orientation of the runs, which suffer from lack of snowpack; this area of the resort, which lacks snowmaking, is closed when the other areas are open. - official site

Peter Voss, Thief of Millions (1921 film)

Peter Voss, Thief of Millions or The Man Without a Name is a 1921 German silent adventure film directed by Georg Jacoby and starring Harry Liedtke, Paul Otto and Mady Christians. It was released in six separate parts. A number of such serials were made during the early Weimar Republic, including Joe May's The Mistress of the World, it is based on the novel Peter Voss, Thief of Millions by Ewald Gerhard Seeliger, adapted for the screen a number of times. The film's sets were designed by the art director Kurt Richter, it was shot at the Tempelhof Studios with extensive location filming taking place in Denmark, Spain and Dalmatia. Harry Liedtke as Peter Voß Paul Otto as Alexander Voss Jakob Tiedtke as Frederik Nissen Mady Christians as Gert, seine Tochter Lori Leux as Mabel Georg Alexander as Bobby Dodd Erich Kaiser-Titz as Prinz Abdul Hassan / Pol, Stierkämpfer Karl Harbacher as James Morton Edith Meller as Conchita Tzwetta Tzatschewa as Roschana Louis Brody Heinrich Marlow Charles Puffy Hermann Picha Henry Bender Ferdinand von Alten Hubert von Meyerinck Gustav Botz Blandine Ebinger Albert Paulig Bruno Lopinski Paul Biensfeldt Paul Morgan Bock, Hans-Michael & Bergfelder, Tim.

The Concise CineGraph. Encyclopedia of German Cinema. Berghahn Books, 2009. Part I on IMDb Part II on IMDb Part III on IMDb Part IV on IMDb Part V on IMDb Part VI on IMDb

White Fox (album)

White Fox is the second album by Irish band Ham Sandwich. It was released on 1 October 2010 and has received favourable reviews, it is the band's first album without bassist and principal songwriter John Moore, who departed the band earlier in the year. White Fox is dedicated to the band's manager, Derek Nally, who died shortly before the band were scheduled to begin recording of the album. Having taken a break following the release of Carry the Meek and the resulting tour, Ham Sandwich released their first new material on 9 November 2009, in the form of the single "Out of the Darkness". On 12 April songwriter John Moore announced he was leaving the band; the band decided to continue on with work on their new album, with plans to begin recording in late-July. However, the band's manager, Derek Nally, died on 15 July 2010, just days before the band were due to begin recording. Deciding to continue on as planned, White Fox was recorded and mastered in just three months. Recording took place at Sun Studios at May Lodge in County Meath.

The album was produced by Karl Odlum, who had produced the band's debut album. Odlum played the bass parts on the album, filling in for the departed Moore; the album was mastered by Peter Mew at Abbey Road Studios in England. White Fox was released on 1 October 2010; as with all previous releases, it was released independently on the band's own Route 109A Records label. Several singles were released from the album, the most successful of, "Ants". Although it failed to chart, the song received considerable radio play and the accompanying video won the Best Concept award at the 2011 IMTV Awards. All tracks are written by Ham Sandwich. Sources: Ham SandwichNiamh Farrell - lead vocals Podge McNamee - lead vocals, guitar Brian Darcy - guitar Ollie Murphy - drumsProductionKarl Odlum - production, bass Peter Mew - mastering

Kelly Gale

Kelly Olivia Gale is a Swedish-Australian model of Indian and Australian heritage. Kelly is known globally for her work for Victoria's Secret, the Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue, Playboy, as well as being featured in the music video of Duele el Corazón by Enrique Iglesias. Gale was raised in Gothenburg, Sweden, she lived in Ghana for four years, Australia. Her mother, was born in Pune and was adopted by a Swedish family at age 5. Gale has two younger brothers. Gale has been involved in sports since an early age, she played soccer with Näsets SK in tennis since she was seven years old. She attended Göteborgs Högre Samskola. At age 13, she was discovered by a model agent outside a coffee shop in Gothenburg. Gale's parents were opposed to her working as a model but she started modeling one year later. One of her first modelling jobs was for H&M. Gale's first big fashion show was Chanel in 2012. In 2013, she was chosen to walk the Victoria's Secret Fashion Show for the first time, she has since walked the show in 2014, 2016, 2017 and 2018.

Gale has been in adverts and catalogues of H&M and H-I-G-H. She has walked runways for Azzedine Alaia, Monique Lhuillier, Tommy Hilfiger, Band of Outsiders, Narciso Rodriguez, Badgley Mischka, Vivienne Tam, Ralph Lauren, Christopher Kane, Reem Acra, Tom Ford, Jean Paul Gaultier, John Galliano, Academy of Arts, Diane von Fürstenberg, Nanette Lepore, L'Wren Scott, Thomas Tait, Rag & Bone and Victoria's Secret, she has been featured on the cover of French Revue des Modes, on editorials of Teen Vogue, Vogue Italia, Vogue India and Lucky. In 2016, Gale is the Playboy Playmate of the Month for September 2016. Gale leads a healthy lifestyle, paying particular attention to the type of food she eats, she trains for 2–3 hours each day and ramps up the tempo in the weeks prior to the Victoria's Secret Fashion Show. Her fitness regime includes power walking, jogging and yoga. Gale was in a long-term relationship with a Swedish business manager; as of early 2019, she has been dating Swedish actor Joel Kinnaman.

Kelly Gale at Fashion Model Directory Kelly Gale on Kelly Gale on IMDb