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Cardiff, Alabama

Cardiff is a town in Jefferson County, United States west of Gardendale. At the 2010 census the population was 55, placing it as the least-populated incorporated area in Jefferson County, it is named after the capital of Wales. It is one of four Jefferson County cities named after cities in Great Britain, the others being Birmingham and Brighton. Cardiff is located at 33°38′43″N 86°55′59″W. On Five Mile Creek, a tributary of the Locust Fork of the Black Warrior River, it is downstream of Brookside. The region is part of the Cumberland Plateau, with shallow but incised stream valleys dissecting sedimentary rock, including significant seams of bituminous coal. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the town has a total area of all land; as of the census of 2000, there were 82 people, 33 households, 26 families residing in the town. The population density was 401.3 people per square mile. There were 38 housing units at an average density of 186.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 6.10 % Black or African American.

There were 33 households out of which 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.6% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.2% were non-families. 18.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.85. In the town, the population was spread out with 22.0% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 32.9% from 25 to 44, 18.3% from 45 to 64, 18.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males. The median income for a household in the town was $34,107, the median income for a family was $45,000. Males had a median income of $28,906 versus $18,125 for females; the per capita income for the town was $16,067. There were 5.6% of families and 8.1% of the population living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and none of those over 64.

Coal mining was the historical basis of the economy. The town, for years the smallest incorporated town in the State of Alabama, declined along with the decline of underground coal mining and the rise of strip mining; the epochal flood of May 2003 destroyed a number of buildings in that part of Cardiff close to Five Mile Creek. The town is now but a dent in the land scarce of life with a scant 20–30 people, covered with kudzu, Cardiff is becoming a ghost town

Out of Time (1988 film)

Out of Time is a 1988 science fiction film, directed by Robert Butler and starring Bruce Abbott and Bill Maher. It was a failed television pilot made into a television movie. A cop from the year 2088 is transported back to 1988 while pursuing a criminal attempting to flee in a time machine, enlists the aid of his legendary great-grandfather in pursuing the crook. However, he finds that his grandfather is not yet the great cop hero/inventor, revered in the future. Abbott must help shape his grandfather into the man history recorded. Bruce Abbott as Channing Taylor Bill Maher as Maxwell Taylor Rebecca Schaeffer as Pam Wallace Kristian Alfonso as Cassandra Barber Leo Rossi as Ed Hawkins Ray Girardin as Capt. Krones Adam Ant as Richard Marcus Arva Holt as Capt. Stuart Tom La Grua as Frank Barbara Tarbuck as Dr. Kerry Langdon TV Guide magazine Article from Lansing State Journal newspaper of July 14, 1988. IMDb movies website Out of Time on IMDb

Bob Rogers (SAAF officer)

Robert Harry Doherty Rogers was a Chief of the South African Air Force. He joined the South African Air Force in 1940, served in World War II and the Korean War, he subsequently rose through the ranks to become Chief of the SAAF. After his military career he served as a Member of Parliament, he was born in Warden in the Orange Free State, South Africa, on 7 November 1921. He won his Springbok colours for shooting, joined the SA Air Force, commencing his flying training in January 1941, he matriculated from Maritzburg College in 1938, upon which he enrolled as a medical student at the University of the Witwatersrand until mid-1940, before joining the South African Air Force as a volunteer for active service in World War II, first qualifying as an air gunner. When he volunteered to train as a pilot, he went to Southern Rhodesia for training. By October 1941, Rogers was assigned to 208 Squadron in Egypt, where he flew Hurricanes and Spitfires in North Africa, Sicily and Austria, he managed to escape capture.

In August 1942, despite having a finger shot off, he fought off four Luftwaffe ME 109s. By December 1943, he had been promoted to lieutenant-colonel and placed in command of 225 Squadron, RAF. For his services he was awarded DFC and Bar, his father, a captain in the army, had to salute him – much to the delight of both men. Towards the end of World War II, General Rogers was put in charge of his old squadron, 40 Squadron SAAF. After the war, Rogers accepted a permanent commission in the SAAF with the rank of captain, served in various posts, including as a flight instructor and as Aide-de-Camp to the Governor-General of the Union. Major Rogers served in the Korean War in 1951 and 1953 as a fighter bomber pilot, flying Mustangs and Sabres, he earned the American DFC, Air Medal with oak leaf cluster, the Korean Chungmu Decoration. In 1954, he married Clare Bosch and they had a son, he went on to hold various command and staff posts, at the end of 1974 he was appointed Acting Chief of the Air Force.

He was appointed Lieutenant-General in March 1975 when he was confirmed as Chief of the Air Force, the post he held until his retirement in 1979. Rogers settled in Knysna, Cape Province. In 1989, he became the Democratic Party MP for Walmer, Port Elizabeth and was defence spokesman for that party in parliament, he was awarded the DSO and DFC and Bar for his gallantry in World War II combat actions, as well as being Mentioned in Dispatches He was awarded the American Distinguished Flying Cross, the Air Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster and the South Korean Chungmu Decoration with Gold Star. For service in the SAAF, he was awarded the Order of the Star of South Africa, the Southern Cross Medal and the Chief of Defence Force Commendation. Star of South Africa Southern Cross Medal Military Merit Medal Korea Medal Pro Patria Medal Good Service Medal, Gold Good Service Medal, Silver Union Medal Distinguished Service Order Distinguished Flying Cross and Bar 1939–45 Star Africa Star Italy Star War Medal 1939–1945 Mentioned in Dispatches Africa Service Medal Distinguished Flying Cross Air Medal with oak leaf cluster Order of Military Merit with Gold Star United Nations Service Medal for Korea Korean War Service Medal Grand Star of Military Merit Presidential Unit Citation List of South African military chiefs South African Air Force

Rosalind Wiseman

Rosalind Wiseman is an American parenting educator and author of several publications. Her New York Times best-selling book Queen Bees and Wannabes: Helping Your Daughter Survive Cliques, Gossip and Other Realities of Adolescence, released in 2002, was the basis of the 2004 film Mean Girls. Wiseman is the creator of the Owning Up Curriculum, a program that teaches students and educators to take responsibility as bystanders and victims of unethical behavior. Wiseman grew up in Washington, D. C. with her two younger siblings and parents Kathy, a management consultant, Steve Wiseman, a real estate developer. After attending Maret School in Washington, DC she attended Occidental College in Los Angeles, where she began studying martial arts with a fellow student James Edwards, whom she married in 1996. By the time she graduated with a bachelor's degree in Political Science in 1991, Wiseman had earned a second degree blackbelt in Tang Soo Do karate. Wiseman and Edwards moved back to Washington, D. C. after graduating, where she began to teach martial arts to young women.

After hearing the young girls' questions about social issues they faced, watching them become empowered by martial arts, Wiseman was inspired to begin working in youth empowerment and leadership-building. After spending over a decade speaking with girls about the complex social issues they face, including boys, gossip, social hierarchy, self-image, Wiseman wrote and published Queen Bees & Wannabes: Helping Your Daughter Survive Cliques, Boyfriends & Other Realities of Girl World; the book gives suggestions on how parents can better understand and help their daughters navigate the social atmosphere of what Wiseman refers to as "Girl World." It includes candid quotes from the girls Wiseman interviewed. Since its release in 2004, it has become a New York Times Best Seller. Queen Bees & Wannabes: Helping Your Daughter Survive Cliques, Boyfriends & Other Realities of Adolescence, ISBN 1-4000-4792-7 ISBN 978-1400047925 Queen Bee Moms & Kingpin Dads: Dealing with the Parents, Teachers and Counselors Who Can Make — or Break — Your Child's Future, ISBN 1-4000-8300-1 Owning Up Curriculum: Empowering Adolescents to Confront Social Cruelty and Injustice, ISBN 0-87822-609-5 ISBN 978-0878226092 Queen Bees & Wannabes: Helping Your Daughter Survive Cliques, Gossip and the New Realities of Girl World, ISBN 0-307-45444-4 ISBN 978-0307454447 Boys, Girls & Other Hazardous Materials, ISBN 0-399-24796-3 ISBN 978-0399247965 Masterminds and Wingmen: Helping Our Boys Cope with Schoolyard Power, Locker-Room Tests and the New Rules of Boy World, ISBN 978-0-307-98665-8 The Guide: Managing Douchebags, Recruiting Wingmen, Attracting Who You Want, ASIN B00EZB57QC Official website "Queen Bee Moms & Kingpin Dads" online interview, 29 March 2006, washingtonpost.com

2006 Israeli operation in Beit Hanoun

In 2006 the Israel Defense Forces launched Operation "Autumn Clouds" beginning on 1 November 2006, following numerous rocket and mortar attacks on southern Israel, when the Israeli Defense Forces entered the Gaza Strip triggering sporadic fighting near Beit Hanoun. The operation is the largest military endeavor undertaken by the Israeli military since Operation "Summer Rains" in the summer of 2006; the operation was launched to stop Palestinian rocket attacks into Israel. Palestinian government officials said on 7 November that IDF troops were beginning to withdraw, thus ending the operation. Fifty-three Palestinians, including 16 civilians, an IDF soldier, were killed since 31 October. On 1 November 2006, in the largest military operation by Israel since Operation "Summer Rains", six Palestinians and one Israeli soldier were killed and 35 people were wounded during a raid on Beit Hanoun by the Israeli military; the raid involved sixty tanks backed by helicopter gunships. The AFP news agency reported that three houses were razed by Israeli bulldozers and a dozen homes were hit by tank shells.

The raid was the beginning of Operation "Autumn Clouds" by the Israeli military. Both the Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas and the Prime Minister, Ismail Haniya, have described the raid as a massacre. On 3 November 2006 one Palestinian woman was killed and ten were reported wounded by Israeli military fire; the women had gathered outside a mosque in Beit Hanoun after an appeal by the local radio for women to rescue Palestinian militants trapped inside a mosque by disguising the militants as women. The Israeli military claimed that their soldiers had spotted two Palestinian militants dressed in women's clothes hiding within the crowd of women, that the militants were using the women as human shields; the Prime Minister of the Palestinian Authority, Ismail Haniyeh, praised the women whom he said "...led the protest to break the siege of Beit Hanoun". Palestinian government officials said on 7 November that IDF troops were beginning to withdraw, thus ending the operation. Fifty-three Palestinians, including 16 civilians, an IDF soldier, were killed since 31 October.

Several civilian houses in Beit Hanoun were struck by shells, fired by the Israeli Defense Force. At least 19 Palestinian civilians were killed and 40 wounded. One day Assistant Secretary-General Angela Kane of the United Nations Department of Political Affairs briefed the U. N. Security Council on the shelling, she "urged both sides in the conflict to'return to dialogue'". A resolution proposed by Qatar as condemnation of the shelling was brought before the Security Council and was vetoed by the United States, with the U. S. ambassador to the U. N. John Bolton calling the proposed resolution'one-sided' and'politically motivated'. Following this rebuff, a watered-down and non-binding resolution was passed by the U. N. General Assembly on 17 November 2006 expressing the assembly's'distress' at the shelling and calling for a fact-finding mission to be sent to Gaza; the resolution was passed by a majority including the European Union member states. Among the several objectors were Israel. On 16 November and Islamic Jihad militants firing from Beit Hanoun launched a Qassam rocket at the Israeli town of Sderot, killing one and injuring one other.

Israel's Prime Minister released a statement saying: "This is the type of murderous attacks that we are trying to prevent. Israel will take any means necessary in protecting our citizens." Israel refused to cooperate with the UN Human Rights Council and obstructed any international investigation into the matter. A Human Rights Council mandated mission, to have been led by Archbishop Desmond Tutu, was refused to enter Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territory. On 11 November the United States vetoed a Security Council draft resolution calling for the establishment of a fact-finding mission into the events of 8 November in Beit Hanoun. A UN report, written by the Special Rapporteur, concluded that ″it seems clear that the indiscriminate firing of shells into a civilian neighbourhood with no apparent military objective constituted a war crime, for which both the commanding officer and those who launched the 30-minute artillery attack should be held criminally responsible″. Rocket and mortar attacks on southern Israel Palestinian casualties of war Israeli casualties of war

USS LST-480

USS LST-480 was an LST-1-class tank landing ship built for the United States Navy used in the Asiatic-Pacific Theater during World War II. LST-480 was laid down on 31 August 1942, under Maritime Commission contract, MC hull 1000, by Kaiser Shipyards, Yard No. 4, California. During World War II, LST-480 was assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific theater and participated in the following operations: Gilbert Islands operation: Capture and occupation of Gilbert Islands, 13 November to 8 December 1943. Marshall Islands operation: Occupation of Kwajalein and Majuro Atolls, 29 January to 8 February 1944. On 21 May 1944, LST-480 and at least 28 to 33 other LSTs were gathered near Waipio peninsula, in Pearl Harbors West Loch, loading ammunition and supplies in preparation for the invasion of Saipan. At 15:08, an explosion onboard LST-353, which may have originated near LCT-963, caused a chain reaction that would sink LST-480, LST-353, four other LSTs. At least two other LSTs were damaged and 163 sailors were killed with another 396 wounded.

While the other ships were removed and sunk at sea, the wreck of LST-480 can still be seen in the West Loch. LST-480 earned two battle stars for World War II service. Citations Olson, Wyatt. "'2nd Pearl Harbor,' kept top secret until 1962, commemorated". Stars and Stripes. Retrieved 2 February 2017. Shute, Megan. "The Deadly History Of This Hawaii Harbor Is Terrifying But True". Only In Your State. Retrieved 2 February 2017. Photo gallery of USS LST-480 at NavSource Naval History