The Cardiff Devils are a Welsh ice hockey team who play in the British Elite Ice Hockey League. The team plays out of Viola Arena in Cardiff Bay; the Devils lost the league on the final day after loosing 3-1 to Coventry Blaze, allowing the Belfast Giants to win the league. Cardiff will be hoping to defend that in April. Founded in 1986, the club became the dominant force in the sport in the late 1980s and early 1990s, winning a total of 7 league titles; the Cardiff Devils were formed during the summer of 1986 when Sports Nationwide built the Wales National Ice Rink in the centre of Cardiff. John Lawless, a 25-year-old Canadian, was given the responsibility of setting up a brand new team, having been a trainee assistant manager at Peterborough who were owned by the same company; the club entered the British Ice Hockey League Structure at the bottom in Division 2 at a time when each team was only allowed a maximum of three import players. With Lawless deciding to play himself, he brought over fellow Canadians Perry Olivier and Bill Taylor to join him on the roster, with the remaining places going to British players, one of whom, Paul Morganti, a student at Cardiff University, had been raised in Canada and had significant high school hockey experience.
With the WNIR not ready for the start of the season, the team played several games away from home to begin with. The Cardiff Devils' first game was a Challenge match away to the Oxford City Stars on 12 October 1986. Despite Oxford playing in the division above, the Devils won the game 9–8. Cardiff got to play their first game at the WNIR on 30 November 1986 where a crowd of 2500 saw their new heroes humiliate Ashfield Islanders 32–0. Devils finished the league season unbeaten with 13 wins and 1 draw from 14 games to finish top of Division 2, 2 points clear of Welsh rivals Deeside Dragons. Promotion to Division 1 though was dependent on them winning the Division 1 Play-off Champions, which the club hosted at the WNIR, their semi-final against Northern winners Grimsby Buffaloes was surrounded in controversy when the game was abandoned after a 34-player bench clearance with Cardiff leading 10–4. The BIHA officials though ruled that it had been provoked by the English side and hence the score should stand as a final result.
In the other semi-final Scottish League Champions Aviemore Blackhawks beat Southern Winners Streatham Bruins to set up an all Celtic final the following day. For the Devils, despite a final period comeback after being 4 goals behind, Aviemore were able to hang on for a 10–9 win and promotion to Division 1 at the expense of Cardiff, but in a strange twist of fate the result proved to be irrelevant. The BIHA decided the league structure needed re-organising, as a result the Cardiff Devils were moved into Division 1 for the following season. Following promotion to Division 1 and a new Sponsorship deal, Lawless was able to strengthen his team. Key signings included netminder Jeff Smith, coach Brian Kanewischer and Canadian defenceman Shannon Hope as a replacement for Bill Taylor, injured midway through the previous season; the season proved to be successful with the Devils winning the Autumn Trophy in November with an 11–10 aggregrate win over the Trafford Metros. In the league the side finished a respectable 3rd place, although 10 points behind winners Telford Tigers.
The two teams had created a fierce rivalry during the season due to several controversial and violent games. During a game on 16 January in Telford, the Devils players were subjected to constant sticking offences resulted in Shannon Hope receiving a serious injury just below his eye. With the referee not calling any penalty, coach Kanewischer took his team off the ice in protest midway through the 2nd period. After a league investigation Cardiff were fined £1000 for their actions and Kanewisher banned for the rest of the season. Lawless and Cardiff shocked the whole of British Ice Hockey by signing 3 of the top players from the Premier Division over the summer. Canadian import Steve Moria was signed from the Fife Flyers, the Cooper brothers Ian and Steve joined from Heineken Champions Durham Wasps, it was the first time top British players were being offered good money to sign for other clubs and it led to claims that Cardiff and their "Cheque Book Hockey" would ruin the game. The signings were crucial as the Devils finished first 1st in Division 1, just a single point ahead of Medway Bears.
They retained the Autumn Trophy they had won the previous season, beating Medway 15–8 on aggregate. To gain promotion though they had to beat the Premier Division's bottom club – the Streatham Redskins. Cardiff destroyed their Premier Division rivals 12–1 in the first leg, a 9–5 victory in Streatham the following weekend secured an easy aggregrate victory and a place in the Heineken Premier Division for the following season. With the Devils reaching the promised land of the Premier Division, John Lawless was able to strengthen his team with the addition of an extra import now that he himself had received his British Passport. Paul Castron was signed but pulled out just before the start of the season, but for the club Doug McEwen had been released by Peterborough at the same time and so signed for the Devils instead. Victory in the pre-season Trafford Tournament gave an indication of the success to come, although the Devils did get knocked out of the Autumn Cup at the semi-final stage to Durham Wasps.
In the league though they were unbeaten until December, by which time they had built up a healthy lead at the top of the table. A 14–7 victory at home to the Peterborough Pirate on 4 March 1990 clinched their first Premier Division League title. Unbeaten in the Playoffs
Come What(ever) May
Come What May is the second studio album by American rock band Stone Sour. It was recorded and produced by the band and Nick Raskulinecz at Studio 606 in Los Angeles and was released on August 1, 2006, by Roadrunner Records. Writing for the album began as early as 2003 when vocalist Corey Taylor and guitarist James Root were writing material for their other band, Slipknot. In January 2006, Stone Sour began recording their second album, during which time drummer Joel Ekman left the band because of family constraints, he was replaced by ex-Soulfly drummer Roy Mayorga who played on all but two tracks on the album. Following the release of the album, Stone Sour promoted it for over a year, releasing five singles and touring in the United States, Canada and several countries in Europe; the album received positive reviews. It was praised for showing a progression in musical style, it was certified Platinum in the United States and the single "30/30-150" was nominated for Best Metal Performance at the 49th Grammy Awards.
On June 26, 2007, Stone Sour released a special edition version of the album. It remains their best-selling album to date due to the success of the single "Through Glass"; as proof of this, the album became their first to be certified Platinum by the RIAA which occurred on July 21, 2017. In September 2005, lead singer Corey Taylor announced that Stone Sour would return with a second album, he said that they had written over 30 songs, some during the writing process of Vol. 3:, the third album by vocalist Taylor and guitarist James Root's other band Slipknot, that they were working on demoing the tracks before entering the studio. Dave Fortman was scheduled to produce the album, but on January 22, 2006 Stone Sour began working on the album with producer Nick Raskulinecz at Dave Grohl's personal studio, in Los Angeles. Time in the studio began with a week of pre-production, during which the guitarist Josh Rand said that Raskulinecz "pushed to the brink and back" to help fine-tune the songs they had written.
First album. Following this, the band set out to record 18 tracks and work began on recording Joel Ekman's drum tracks. However, Ekman was forced to leave the studio after four weeks because of his young son's diagnosis of a brainstem glioma. With the fate of the album in jeopardy, Stone Sour recruited Mayorga, ex-Soulfly, as a session drummer. Mayorga recorded drums for all but two tracks on the album, Godsmack drummer Shannon Larkin performed on the track "30/30-150" and guitarist Root performed drums on the bonus track "The Day I Let Go". In an interview with Revolver during the recording process, the vocalist Taylor talked about the differences between this album and their previous album, Stone Sour, he said that pressures from fans and the record label were much larger noting that he "thrives on the pressure, because it gets going". While promising, "The album's gonna be miles above the first one," Taylor explained that it is "more melodic and darker". In late March 2006, drummer Joel Ekman left Stone Sour and the band was talking with a few drummers who could replace him.
On April 7, 2006, the recording sessions for Come. A month Mayorga joined Stone Sour full-time. In March 2006, it was announce that "Come What May," would be released on July 18, 2006. However, the release date for the album was pushed back until August 22; because of the delay, Stone Sour released a music video for the track "Reborn", which had footage of the band working on the album in the studio. The album's cover artwork was released online on May 20, 2006. Shortly after, it was confirmed by a representative from the band's record label, that the release date had been brought forward, the official release date would be August 1, 2006. On July 31, 2006, the day before its release the album was made available online for streaming in its entirety through AOL. On May 22, 2006, the first single from the album, "30/30-150", was made available online as a free MP3 download. A music video for the single was shot with director P. R. Brown in Los Angeles and received a premier on MTV's Headbangers Ball on June 3, 2006.
Prior to the release of the second single from the album, "Through Glass", radio stations throughout the US showed high support for the song. A music video for the single was shot with director Tony Petrossian and was released online on June 9, 2006, through Yahoo!. The third single from the album, "Sillyworld", began receiving radio airplay in November 2006. A music video for the single was shot in January 2007 and was released online on March 8, 2007; the fourth single from the album, "Made of Scars", had a music video, recorded live on April 7, 2007, was posted online on June 5, 2007. The fifth and final single from the album, "Zzyzx Rd.", started receiving radio airplay in fall 2007. The band began touring in support of the album before its release, starting with several free shows in the US, followed by appearances at festivals in Europe, they joined Korn for their 2006 edition of Family Values Tour across the US, with 33 dates across 3 months. On August 8, 2006, Stone Sour made a special guest appearance on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno to promote and perform the second single, "Through Glass."
They performed at the Japanese Summer Sonic Festival midway through the Family Values Tour. In November and December 2006, Stone Sour joined Disturbed for their Music as a Weapon Tour. In January 2007, Stone Sour
Cardiff is an unincorporated community in Harford County, United States. The population was 518 at the 2000 census. Zipcode for the area is 21160, it takes its name from the Capital city of Wales. Cardiff is located directly on Maryland - Pennsylvania border, it borders the incorporated town of Pennsylvania. It connects to the village of Whiteford, is a short distance away from the areas of Street and Pylesville. All businesses are on Main Street, which runs from Whiteford to the Pennsylvania border, or Dooley Road, running from Main Street to Route 165; the town has a post office, several shops and churches, a fire hall, a general store, a new supermarket. Cardiff is located in a slate-rich region, which created the town's early industries. Cardiff was the mining center of Harford County; the mines and quarries have all but shut down now, the town has become a farming hub. According to geologist Jeri Jones: One cannot talk about the Delta area without including the Cardiff Marble Company, just south of Delta in Cardiff, Maryland.
The site was famous for its own mineral resource, "Green Marble" or what geologists term a serpentinite. The greenish rock is a metamorphic rock consisting wholly of serpentine minerals derived from the alteration of peridotite. In turn, peridotite is a coarse-grained igneous rock formed deep inside the earth; the operation was a quarry being used for road construction, but in 1913, a blast exposed a piece of the serpentinite. The quarry sent the rock to Baltimore for polishing, after which it was determined that a new resource has been discovered. After changing their equipment to concentrate on the beautiful rock, rapid expansion of the quarry started. At the completion of the operation in the early 1970's, the shaft extended to a depth of over 300 feet with numerous tunnels at various levels. Huge blocks of the serpentinite were lifted out by horst and cable, similar to the slate operations, removed to the saws in nearby buildings; the rock was used for decorative stone, lamp bases, table tops and desk ornaments.
The rock was used as decorative stone in the Empire State Building in New York City, the Department of Highways Building in Harrisburg, along with the bottom of the walls in City Hall in York, PA and in numerous federal buildings in Washington, D. C. Home of Slate Ridge Elementary School, shut down in the early 1980s, the building is now used for apartments; the town, a part of the Whiteford-Cardiff Historic District, was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2005. The town and historic district are notable for their strong Welsh ethnic heritage, reflected in the name of the town as well as the local architecture, the Welsh language choir of some renown based nearby. Whiteford-Cardiff Historic District, Harford County, including photo dated 2004, at Maryland Historical Trust Boundary Map of the Whiteford-Cardiff Historic District, Harford County, at Maryland Historical Trust `Green Stone' of Cardiff still has admirers at the Baltimore Sun
HMS Cardiff (D108)
HMS Cardiff was a British Type 42 destroyer and the third ship of the Royal Navy to be named in honour of the Welsh capital city of Cardiff. Cardiff served in the Falklands War, where she shot down the last Argentine aircraft of the conflict and accepted the surrender of a 700-strong garrison in the settlement of Port Howard. During the 1991 Gulf War, her Lynx helicopter sank two Iraqi minesweepers, she participated in the build-up to the 2003 invasion of Iraq as part of the Royal Navy's constant Armilla patrol. Cardiff was decommissioned in July 2005, sent to Turkey for scrapping despite calls by former servicemen for her to be preserved as a museum ship and local tourist attraction in Cardiff; the Type 42 destroyers were made in three batches. She cost over £30 million, double her original quoted price, her keel was laid down on 6 November 1972, at Vickers Shipbuilding and Engineering Ltd in Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria. The build. To solve this problem, she was towed to Swan Hunter's Hawthorn Leslie yard in Hebburn and Wear and completed there.
Type 42s were designed as anti-aircraft vessels equipped with the Sea Dart, a surface-to-air missile system capable of hitting targets up to 56 kilometres away. Cardiff's secondary weapon system was a 4.5 inch Mark 8 naval gun, capable of firing 21-kilogram shells to a range of 22 kilometres. After the Falklands War, in which two Type 42s were sunk by enemy aircraft, the entire class was equipped with the Phalanx close-in weapon system, a Gatling cannon that could fire 3,000 rounds per minute and was designed to shoot down anti-ship missiles. Cardiff was launched on 22 February 1974 by Lady Caroline Gilmore. Following fitting-out and sea trials, Cardiff commissioned on 24 September 1979 under command of Captain Barry Wilson. During the next 12 months of active service she steamed over 21,000 kilometres and undertook various duties, she returned to her place of construction and Wear, so that the Swan Hunter crew who fitted her out could exhibit the warship to their families. In the spirit of establishing a firm association, Cardiff visited her namesake city and welcomed more than 7,000 people on board.
Her crew raised over £1,000 for local charities by participating in sponsored bicycle rides and dinghy rows from Portsmouth and Newcastle upon Tyne. BBC Radio Wales based an entire programme on her and she appeared on the BBC and ITV national television channels. In November 1979, Cardiff coordinated the search for survivors of the MV Pool Fisher, which sank off the Isle of Wight with the loss of most of her crew. In 1980, she attended the annual Navy Days event at Portsmouth and Portland Harbour, receiving a total of 17,300 visitors. In October of the same year, she ventured abroad for the first time on a visit to Belgium, she followed this with a fortnight of Sea Dart exercises in South Wales. Whilst in the region, the destroyer attended celebrations marking the 75th anniversary of Cardiff's city status. On 2 April 1982, the disputed British overseas territory of the Falkland Islands was invaded by neighbouring Argentina; the United Kingdom, nearly 13,000 kilometres away and dispatched a naval task force of 28,000 troops to recapture the islands.
The conflict ended that June with the surrender of the Argentine forces. Just over a month before the start of the war, under the command of Captain Michael Harris, had begun a six-month deployment to the Persian Gulf with the Armilla Patrol. Cardiff had relieved her sister ship and class lead Sheffield from this operational tasking, but was herself redeployed to the Falklands effort on 23 April, she sailed alone to Gibraltar and rendezvoused on 14 May with the Bristol group of British warships heading south to the islands. During the journey, Cardiff's crew performed various training exercises, including defence against air attack, nuclear and chemical weapons and Exocet anti-ship missiles. All British Type 42's involved in the war were instructed to paint two vertical black stripes down either side the middle of their ships; this would allow the Royal Navy submarines to distinguish them from the two Argentine Type 42's. On 22 May, an Argentine reconnaissance Boeing 707, no. TC-92 of the Argentine Air Force's Grupo 1, De Transporte Aereo Escuadron II, was fired on by Cardiff.
The aircraft was detected while shadowing the Bristol group, Cardiff was ordered to drop back and engage. The ship fired two Sea Darts at the aircraft at 11:40 from maximum range. After the attack, TC-92 returned to El Palomar. On 25 May, Cardiff was tasked with the recovery of four Special Air Service troopers, who had parachuted from a C-130 Hercules passing over the destroyer; the Bristol group met up with the main task force on 26 May. Cardiff's arrival allowed the damaged Glasgow to return to the United Kingdom for repairs. Cardiff's primary role was to form part of the anti-aircraft warfare picket, protecting British ships from air attack and attempting to ambush Argentine aircraft that were re-supplying Port Stanley Airport, she was required to fire at enemy positions on the islands with her 4.5-inch gun. In one engagement she fired 277 high-explosive rounds. Shortly af
Cardiff is the capital of Wales, its largest city. The eleventh-largest city in the United Kingdom, it is Wales's chief commercial centre, the base for most national cultural institutions and Welsh media, the seat of the National Assembly for Wales. At the 2011 census, the unitary authority area population was estimated to be 346,090, the wider urban area 479,000. Cardiff is a significant tourist centre and the most popular visitor destination in Wales with 21.3 million visitors in 2017. In 2011, Cardiff was ranked sixth in the world in National Geographic's alternative tourist destinations. Cardiff is the county town of the historic county of Glamorgan. Cardiff is part of the Eurocities network of the largest European cities. A small town until the early 19th century, its prominence as a major port for the transport of coal following the arrival of industry in the region contributed to its rise as a major city. In 1905, Cardiff was made a city and proclaimed the capital of Wales in 1955. At the 2011 Census the population was 346,090.
The Cardiff Built-up Area covers a larger area outside the county boundary and includes the towns of Dinas Powys and Penarth. Since the 1980s, Cardiff has seen significant development. A new waterfront area at Cardiff Bay contains the Senedd building, home to the Welsh Assembly and the Wales Millennium Centre arts complex. Current developments include the continuation of the redevelopment of the Cardiff Bay and city centre areas with projects such as the Cardiff International Sports Village, a BBC drama village, a new business district in the city centre. Sporting venues in the city include the Principality Stadium—the national stadium and the home of the Wales national rugby union team—Sophia Gardens, Cardiff City Stadium, Cardiff International Sports Stadium, Cardiff Arms Park and Ice Arena Wales; the city hosted Commonwealth Games. The city was awarded the title of European City of Sport twice, due to its role in hosting major international sporting events: first in 2009 and again in 2014.
The Principality Stadium hosted 11 football matches as part of the 2012 Summer Olympics, including the games' opening event and the men's bronze medal match. Caerdydd derives from the earlier Welsh form Caerdyf; the change from -dyf to -dydd shows the colloquial alteration of Welsh f and dd, was also driven by folk etymology. This sound change had first occurred in the Middle Ages. Caerdyf has its origins in post-Roman Brythonic words meaning "the fort of the Taff"; the fort refers to that established by the Romans. Caer is Welsh for fort and -dyf is in effect a form of Taf, the river which flows by Cardiff Castle, with the ⟨t⟩ showing consonant mutation to ⟨d⟩ and the vowel showing affection as a result of a genitive case ending; the anglicised form Cardiff is derived from Caerdyf, with the Welsh f borrowed as ff, as happens in Taff and Llandaff. As English does not have the vowel the final vowel has been borrowed as; the antiquarian William Camden suggested that the name Cardiff may derive from *Caer-Didi, a name given in honour of Aulus Didius Gallus, governor of a nearby province at the time when the Roman fort was established.
Although some sources repeat this theory, it has been rejected on linguistic grounds by modern scholars such as Professor Gwynedd Pierce. Archaeological evidence from sites in and around Cardiff: the St Lythans burial chamber near Wenvoe,. A group of five Bronze Age tumuli is at the summit of the Garth, within the county's northern boundary. Four Iron Age hill fort and enclosure sites have been identified within Cardiff's present-day county boundaries, including Caerau Hillfort, an enclosed area of 5.1 hectares. Until the Roman conquest of Britain, Cardiff was part of the territory of the Silures – a Celtic British tribe that flourished in the Iron Age – whose territory included the areas that would become known as Breconshire and Glamorgan; the 3.2-hectare fort established by the Romans near the mouth of the River Taff in AD 75, in what would become the north western boundary of the centre of Cardiff, was built over an extensive settlement, established by the Romans in the 50s AD. The fort was one of a series of military outposts associated with Isca Augusta that acted as border defences.
The fort may have been abandoned in the early 2nd century. However, by this time a civilian settlement, or vicus, was established, it was made up of traders who made a living from the fort, ex-soldiers and their families. A Roman villa has been discovered at Ely. Contemporary with the Saxon Shore Forts of th
Cardiff-by-the-Sea, Encinitas, California
Cardiff-by-the-Sea referred to as Cardiff, is a beach community located in Encinitas in San Diego County, California. The Pacific Ocean is to the west of Cardiff, the rest of Encinitas on its east and north, a beach and lagoon on its south. With a population of under 12,000, Cardiff-by-the-Sea operates as part of the city of Encinitas, but unlike the other communities that comprise Encinitas, has its own ZIP code. Cardiff is home to a few well-known surf spots, such as Swami's and Cardiff Reef. In 1911 this former farming community began to develop when Boston developer J. Frank Cullen broke ground to build new homes. Frank Cullen's wife, a native of Cardiff, persuaded him to name the community "Cardiff", as well as many streets, such as "Birmingham", "Oxford", "Chesterfield" and "Manchester", despite heavy Spanish influence in the area. In 1986, "Cardiff" joined with the nearby communities of Leucadia and Encinitas to form the incorporated city of Encinitas. Cardiff is part of the city of Encinitas, governed by a five-member city council, elected at-large to staggered four-year terms at two-year intervals.
In the California State Legislature, Cardiff is in the 36th Senate District, represented by Republican Patricia Bates, in the 76th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Tasha Boerner Horvath. In the United States House of Representatives, Cardiff is in California's 49th congressional district, represented by Democrat Mike Levin. Cardiff has a school district consisting of two schools: Cardiff Elementary Ada Harris Elementary Cardiff Reef is a popular surf spot in Cardiff that produces waves both professional and novice surfers enjoy year round. Surfing at The Reef has progressed from just a few surfers in the 1950s to become one of the most popular surfing spots in San Diego County. Cardiff Reef and nearby surf spot, are famous for their smooth and consistent wave shape; when the tide is low, a flat rock reef is revealed. Exploring these tide pools is a popular activity for visitors of Cardiff. According to the 2010 Census, Cardiff-by-the-Sea is 72% white, 20% Hispanic, 3% Asian, 1% African-American and 4% Other Mark Allen, former professional triathlete Scott Eastwood, actor Jon Foreman, singer/guitarist for Switchfoot Lyn-Z Adams Hawkins, professional skateboarder Chalmers Johnson and author of the Blowback trilogy Jonathan Jones, singer for the bands Waking Ashland and We Shot the Moon Frances Lee, silent film actress Rob Machado, professional surfer Kirk McCaskill, retired major league baseball pitcher Emily Ratajkowski, actress Lukas Gage, actor Marion Ross, actress Darren Hardy, publisher of Success Magazine Bob Haro, former freestyle BMX rider turned artist and business executive.
He was one of the most important early innovators of BMX freestyle. John Humphreys, doubles badminton champion Guenter Seidel, 3 time Olympic Bronze Medalist Dressage Kendra Scruggs, daughter of Baxter. Cardiff Kook Cardiff Crack CardiffByTheSea.org - Information center and chamber of commerce. Cardiff By The Sea Weather - Cardiff By The Sea Weather U. S. Census Bureau Fact Sheet for Cardiff-by-the-Sea
Cardiff University is a public research university in Cardiff, Wales. Founded in 1883 as the University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire, it became one of the founding colleges of the University of Wales in 1893, in 1997 received its own degree-awarding powers, it merged with the University of Wales Institute of Science and Technology in 1988. The college adopted the public name of Cardiff University in 1999, in 2005 this became its legal name, when it became an independent university awarding its own degrees; the third oldest university institution in Wales, it is composed of three colleges: Arts and Social Sciences. Cardiff is the only Welsh member of the Russell Group of research-intensive British universities, it is recognised as providing high-quality, research-based university education, placed between 100th and 200th in the world by the four major international rankings, in the top 60 in all three UK achievement tables. It ranked 5th in the UK among multi-faculty institutions for the quality of its research and 17th for its Research Power in the 2014 Research Excellence Framework.
For 2017–2018, Cardiff had a turnover of £516.1 million, including £106.0 million from research grants and contracts. The university has an undergraduate enrolment of 23,085 and a total enrolment of 31,595 making it one of the ten largest universities in the UK; the Cardiff University Students' Union works to promote the interests of the student body within the University and further afield. The university's sports teams compete in the British Universities and Colleges Sport leagues. Discussions on the founding of a university college in South Wales began in 1879, when a group of Welsh and English MPs urged the government to consider the poor provision of higher and intermediate education in Wales and "the best means of assisting any local effort which may be made for supplying such deficiency."In October 1881, William Gladstone's government appointed a departmental committee to conduct "an enquiry into the nature and extent of intermediate and higher education in Wales", chaired by Lord Aberdare and consisting of Viscount Emlyn, Reverend Prebendary H. G. Robinson, Henry Richard, John Rhys and Lewis Morris.
The Aberdare Report, as it came to be known, took evidence from a wide range of sources and over 250 witnesses and recommended a college each for North Wales and South Wales, the latter to be located in Glamorgan and the former to be the established University College of Wales in Aberystwyth. The committee cited the unique Welsh national identity and noted that many students in Wales could not afford to travel to University in England or Scotland, it advocated a national degree-awarding university for Wales, composed of regional colleges, which should be non-sectarian in nature and exclude the teaching of theology. After the recommendation was published, Cardiff Corporation sought to secure the location of the college in Cardiff, on 12 December 1881 formed a University College Committee to aid the matter. There was competition to be the site between Cardiff. On 12 March 1883, after arbitration, a decision was made in Cardiff's favour; this was strengthened by the need to consider the interests of Monmouthshire, at that time not incorporated into Wales, the greater sum received by Cardiff in support of the college, through a public appeal that raised £37,000 and a number of private donations, notably from the Lord Bute and Lord Windsor.
In April Lord Aberdare was appointed as the College's first president. The possible locations considered included Cardiff Arms Park, Cathedral Road, Moria Terrace, before the site of the Old Royal Infirmary buildings on Newport Road was chosen; the University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire opened on 24 October 1883 with courses in Biology, English, German, History, Latin and Astronomy, Welsh and Philosophy, Physics. It was incorporated by Royal Charter the following year, this being the first in Wales to allow the enrolment of women, forbidding religious tests for entry. John Viriamu Jones was appointed as the University's first Principal at the age of 27; as Cardiff was not an independent university and could not award its own degrees, it prepared its students for examinations of the University of London or for further study at Oxford or Cambridge. In 1888 the University College at Cardiff and that of North Wales proposed to the University College Wales at Aberystwyth joint action to gain a university charter for Wales, modelled on that of Victoria University, a confederation of new universities in Northern England.
Such a charter was granted to the new University of Wales in 1893, allowing the colleges to award degrees as members. The Chancellor was set ex officio as the Prince of Wales, the position of operational head would rotate among heads of the colleges. In 1885, Aberdare Hall opened as the first hall of residence, allowing women access to the university; this remains a single-sex hall. In 1904 came the appointment of the first female associate professor in the UK, Millicent Mackenzie, who in 1910 became the first female full professor at a chartered UK university. In 1901 Principal Jones persuaded Cardiff Corporation to give the college a five-acre site in Cathays Park. Soon after, in 1905, work on a new building commenced under the architect W. D. Caröe. Money ran short for the project, however. Although the side-wings were completed in the 1960s, the planned Great Hall has n