Flatwoods, West Virginia
Flatwoods is a town in Braxton County, West Virginia, United States located about one mile from exit 67 of Interstate 79. The population of Flatwoods was 277 as of the 2010 census. Although first incorporated in 1902, maps show the existence of Flatwoods as a town in 1873, a church was established by a pastor named John Clark at the community there as early as 1830; the West Virginia and Pittsburgh Railroad extended a branch through Flatwoods in the late 1800s. The line was taken over by Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, Flatwoods was a halfway point on the B&O Railroad's Clarksburg-Richwood branch 62.6 miles from the Clarksburg terminal, 59.1 miles from the Richwood terminal. The town served as the origin of West Virginia & Pittsburgh Railroad's Sutton Branch; the community became nationally known for the Flatwoods monster UFO incident which occurred on September 12, 1952. Flatwoods is located at 38°43′17″N 80°39′11″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.66 square miles, all of it land.
As of the census of 2010, there were 277 people, 109 households, 74 families residing in the town. The population density was 419.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 127 housing units at an average density of 192.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 99.3% White, 0.4% Asian, 0.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.7% of the population. There were 109 households of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.5% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.7% had a male householder with no wife present, 32.1% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.12. The median age in the town was 41.2 years. 27.1% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the town was 48.4% male and 51.6% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 348 people, 146 households, 102 families residing in the town.
The population density was 328.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 157 housing units at an average density of 148.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 97.13% White, 0.57% Asian, 0.29% Pacific Islander, 2.01% from two or more races. There were 146 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.2% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.5% were non-families. 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.89. In the town, the population dispersal was 24.1% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 27.9% from 45 to 64, 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.6 males. The median income for a household in the town was $29,500, the median income for a family was $35,250.
Males had a median income of $30,000 versus $15,938 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,025. About 11.4% of families and 18.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.2% of those under age 18 and 8.6% of those age 65 or over. Flatwoods appears in the video game Fallout 76, set in West Virginia, it is the first main town the players encounter during their quest
Heaters, West Virginia
Heaters is a small unincorporated community in Braxton County, West Virginia, United States. Heaters is situated about three miles north of Flatwoods on U. S. Route 19, a paved two-lane road. Access to I-79 is at exit 67 in Flatwoods. Heater's has a United States Postal Service post office and the ZIP Code is 26627. Heaters has a general store, it used to have two bars, "The Boardwalk" and "Nancy's," both of which are now closed. It has a community center located at 4350 Gauley Turnpike, used for community gatherings such as potluck dinners, memorial service dinners, fundraising dinners; the community was named after the local Heater family. Weyerhaeuser operates an oriented strand board plant in Heaters. On the Weyerhaeuser website, it is listed as the "Sutton OSB Mill; the Heaters United Methodist Church is located at 3806 Gauley Turnpike, just south of the town of Heaters. There are six churches in the Heaters Charge; the other five are: Tichenal, Berry Fork, Stone Run, Mt. Harmony. There are several cemeteries located around Heaters.
One such cemetery is Squires Cemetery, northeast of Heaters. About 38°45'47.0"N 80°37'17.2"W The headstones are in the north and west part of this small Squires Cemetery accessible from a gas well road to the south
In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land, not governed by a local municipal corporation. Municipalities dissolve or disincorporate, which may happen if they become fiscally insolvent, services become the responsibility of a higher administration. Widespread unincorporated communities and areas are a distinguishing feature of the United States and Canada. In most other countries of the world, there are either no unincorporated areas at all, or these are rare. Unlike many other countries, Australia has only one level of local government beneath state and territorial governments. A local government area contains several towns and entire cities. Thus, aside from sparsely populated areas and a few other special cases all of Australia is part of an LGA. Unincorporated areas are in remote locations, cover vast areas or have small populations. Postal addresses in unincorporated areas, as in other parts of Australia use the suburb or locality names gazetted by the relevant state or territorial government.
Thus, there is any ambiguity regarding addresses in unincorporated areas. The Australian Capital Territory is in some sense an unincorporated area; the territorial government is directly responsible for matters carried out by local government. The far west and north of New South Wales constitutes the Unincorporated Far West Region, sparsely populated and warrants an elected council. A civil servant in the state capital manages such matters; the second unincorporated area of this state is Lord Howe Island. In the Northern Territory, 1.45% of the total area and 4.0% of the population are in unincorporated areas, including Unincorporated Top End Region, areas covered by the Darwin Rates Act—Nhulunbuy, Alyangula on Groote Eylandt in the northern region, Yulara in the southern region. In South Australia, 60% of the area is unincorporated and communities located within can receive municipal services provided by a state agency, the Outback Communities Authority. Victoria has 10 small unincorporated areas, which are either small islands directly administered by the state or ski resorts administered by state-appointed management boards.
Western Australia is exceptional in two respects. Firstly, the only remote area, unincorporated is the Abrolhos Islands, uninhabited and controlled by the WA Department of Fisheries. Secondly, the other unincorporated areas are A-class reserves either in, or close to, the Perth metropolitan area, namely Rottnest Island and Kings Park. In Canada, depending on the province, an unincorporated settlement is one that does not have a municipal council that governs over the settlement, it is but not always, part of a larger municipal government. This can range from small hamlets to large urbanized areas that are similar in size to towns and cities. For example, the urban service areas of Fort McMurray and Sherwood Park, of the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo and Strathcona County would be the fifth and sixth largest cities in Alberta if they were incorporated. In British Columbia, unincorporated settlements lie outside municipal boundaries and are administered directly by regional/county-level governments similar to the American system.
Unincorporated settlements with a population of between 100 and 1,000 residents may have the status of designated place in Canadian census data. In some provinces, large tracts of undeveloped wilderness or rural country are unorganized areas that fall directly under the provincial jurisdiction; some unincorporated settlements in such unorganized areas may have some types of municipal services provided to them by a quasi-governmental agency such as a local services board in Ontario. In New Brunswick where a significant population live in a Local Service District and services may come directly from the province; the entire area of the Czech Republic is divided into municipalities, with the only exception being 4 military areas. These are parts of the regions and do not form self-governing municipalities, but are rather governed by military offices, which are subordinate to the Ministry of Defense. † Brdy Military Area was abandoned by the Army in 2015 and converted into Landscape park, with its area being incorporated either into existing municipalities or municipalities newly established from the existing settlements.
The other four Military Areas were reduced in size in 2015 too. The decisions on whether the settlements join existing municipalities or form new ones are decided in plebiscites. Since Germany has no administrative level comparable to the townships of other countries, the vast majority of the country, close to 99%, is organized in municipalities consisting of multiple settlements which are not considered to be unincorporated; because these settlements lack a council of their own, there is an Ortsvorsteher / Ortsvorsteherin appointed by the municipal council, except in the smallest villages. In 2000, the number of unincorporated areas in Germany, called gemeindefreie Gebiete or singular gemeindefreies Gebiet, was 295 with a total area of 4,890.33 km² and around 1.4% of its territory. However
Gassaway, West Virginia
Gassaway is a town in Braxton County, West Virginia, in the United States. The population was 908 at the 2010 census. Gassaway was incorporated in 1905 and named for Henry Gassaway Davis, the Democratic Party's nominee for Vice President of the United States in 1904; the center of population of West Virginia is located 7 miles north of Gassaway. The town was created at the ends of two divisions of the Coal and Coke Railway, one originating in Charleston and the other originating in Elkins; because of its central location, the area was an ideal place to build shops to facilitate the transition between the flat Charleston division, which could operate with standard equipment, the more hilly Elkins division of the Coal & Coke which required heavier engines. The town was laid out in 1904, over the next decade and infrastructure such as hotels, a bank, schools, a hospital, office buildings and churches appeared to serve the growing population. By 1915, the Coal & Coke Railway Company had completed work on a depot to facilitate passenger service to the town.
The Gassaway Depot still stands today and was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1994. Gassaway is located at 38°40′15″N 80°46′13″W, along the Elk River. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.22 square miles, of which, 1.16 square miles is land and 0.06 square miles is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 908 people, 434 households, 228 families residing in the town; the population density was 782.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 496 housing units at an average density of 427.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 98.6% White, 0.1% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.1% of the population. There were 434 households of which 22.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.4% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.9% had a male householder with no wife present, 47.5% were non-families.
41.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.09 and the average family size was 2.84. The median age in the town was 44.5 years. 19.2% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the town was 47.5% male and 52.5% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 901 people, 420 households, 243 families residing in the town; the population density was 741.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 506 housing units at an average density of 416.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 98.34% White, 0.55% African American, 0.55% Native American, 0.11% from other races, 0.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.00% of the population. There were 420 households out of which 21.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.2% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 42.1% were non-families. 38.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.87. In the town, the population dispersal was 20.0% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 23.3% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, 25.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.8 males. The median income for a household in the town was $23,009, the median income for a family was $31,667. Males had a median income of $28,125 versus $17,396 for females; the per capita income for the town was $15,965. About 10.8% of families and 13.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.9% of those under age 18 and 16.9% of those age 65 or over. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to freezing winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Gassaway has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. Gassaway Days celebration on the 4th of July weekend features live music, a parade, car show, fireworks.
Visit the link for a schedule of events. Gassaway Days - Facebook Page
A town is a human settlement. Towns are larger than villages but smaller than cities, though the criteria to distinguish them vary between different parts of the world; the word town shares an origin with the German word Zaun, the Dutch word tuin, the Old Norse tun. The German word Zaun comes closest to the original meaning of the word: a fence of any material. An early borrowing from Celtic *dunom. In English and Dutch, the meaning of the word took on the sense of the space which these fences enclosed. In England, a town was a small community that could not afford or was not allowed to build walls or other larger fortifications, built a palisade or stockade instead. In the Netherlands, this space was a garden, more those of the wealthy, which had a high fence or a wall around them. In Old Norse tun means a place between farmhouses, the word is still used in a similar meaning in modern Norwegian. In Old English and Early and Middle Scots, the words ton, etc. could refer to diverse kinds of settlements from agricultural estates and holdings picking up the Norse sense at one end of the scale, to fortified municipalities.
If there was any distinction between toun and burgh as claimed by some, it did not last in practice as burghs and touns developed. For example, "Edina Burgh" or "Edinburgh" was built around a fort and came to have a defensive wall. In some cases, "town" is an alternative name for "city" or "village". Sometimes, the word "town" is short for "township". In general, today towns can be differentiated from townships, villages, or hamlets on the basis of their economic character, in that most of a town's population will tend to derive their living from manufacturing industry and public services rather than primary industry such as agriculture or related activities. A place's population size is not a reliable determinant of urban character. In many areas of the world, e.g. in India at least until recent times, a large village might contain several times as many people as a small town. In the United Kingdom, there are historical cities; the modern phenomenon of extensive suburban growth, satellite urban development, migration of city dwellers to villages has further complicated the definition of towns, creating communities urban in their economic and cultural characteristics but lacking other characteristics of urban localities.
Some forms of non-rural settlement, such as temporary mining locations, may be non-rural, but have at best a questionable claim to be called a town. Towns exist as distinct governmental units, with defined borders and some or all of the appurtenances of local government. In the United States these are referred to as "incorporated towns". In other cases the town lacks its own governance and is said to be "unincorporated". Note that the existence of an unincorporated town may be set out by other means, e.g. zoning districts. In the case of some planned communities, the town exists in the form of covenants on the properties within the town; the United States Census identifies many census-designated places by the names of unincorporated towns which lie within them. The distinction between a town and a city depends on the approach: a city may be an administrative entity, granted that designation by law, but in informal usage, the term is used to denote an urban locality of a particular size or importance: whereas a medieval city may have possessed as few as 10,000 inhabitants, today some consider an urban place of fewer than 100,000 as a town though there are many designated cities that are much smaller than that.
Australian geographer Thomas Griffith Taylor proposed a classification of towns based on their age and pattern of land use. He identified five types of town: Infantile towns, with no clear zoning Juvenile towns, which have developed an area of shops Adolescent towns, where factories have started to appear Early mature towns, with a separate area of high-class housing Mature towns, with defined industrial and various types of residential area In Afghanistan and cities are known as shār; as the country is an rural society with few larger settlements, with major cities never holding more than a few hundred thousand inhabitants before the 2000s, the lingual tradition of the country does not discriminate between towns and cities. In Albania "qytezë" means town, similar with the word for city. Although there is no official use of the term for any settlement. In Albanian "qytezë" means "small city" or "new city", while in ancient times "small residential center within the walls of a castle"; the center is a population group, larger than a village, smaller than a city.
Though the village is bigger than a hamlet In Australia, towns or "urban centre localities" are understood to be those centers of population not formally declared to be cities and having a population in excess of about 200 people. Centers too small to be called towns are understood to be a township. In addition, some local government entities are styled as towns in Queensland, Western Australia and the Northern Territory, before the statewide amalgamations of th
Orlando, West Virginia
Orlando is an unincorporated community located in Braxton and Lewis counties, West Virginia, United States. It is located on a tributary of the Little Kanawha River; the first settlers came to Oil Creek's wilderness in the early decades of the 19th century from Virginia and Maryland, many from the area of the South Branch of the Potomac River. The pioneer settlers included the Posey/Skinner, Williams/Blake/Ocheltree and Conrad families, among others. During the Civil War the area of Oil Creek and Clover Fork was entirely Confederate. Many young men joined the Confederate Army, other residents supported the Confederate cause in less official ways. By the late 19th century, several farming communities had developed in the Oil Creek watershed, including Blake, Posey Run, others; the community that would become Orlando was named Confluence, as it was located at the confluence of two major tributaries, Three Lick and Clover Fork, with Oil Creek. These little communities in Oil Creek’s watershed tended to include a one room school, one or two churches, a general store, blacksmith and/or grist mill.
In the late 19th century the Coal and Coke and the Baltimore and Ohio railroad lines were built and they crossed near the community of Confluence. The community of Confluence became a prosperous town. In 1917 Confluence's name was changed to Orlando for reasons; the town of Orlando flourished in the early 20th century. From the early 19th century until the mid-20th century, most of the land was devoted to family farming and farming for profit. Major industries have included lumbering, natural gas and oil production, railroad maintenance and hospitality; because of damming projects in the late 20th century, Orlando today sits in the center of West Virginia’s Lake District situated between the Stonewall Jackson and Burnsville recreation areas. Most of the farming land is being returned to forest; the community is still populated by the descendents of the original settlers of the region. Orlando has two churches and United Methodist, a post office. Landmarks include the white frame Methodist Church built in 1873.
The Warehouse, a white frame structure built about 1907 to house a produce business, the red brick church built by the Roman Catholic parish of St. Michael in 1917 and today home of the thriving Baptist congregation
West Virginia is a state located in the Appalachian region in the Southern United States, considered to be a part of the Middle Atlantic States. It is bordered by Pennsylvania to the north, Maryland to the east and northeast, Virginia to the southeast, Kentucky to the southwest, Ohio to the northwest. West Virginia is the 41st largest state by area, is ranked 38th in population; the capital and largest city is Charleston. West Virginia became a state following the Wheeling Conventions of 1861, after the American Civil War had begun. Delegates from some Unionist counties of northwestern Virginia decided to break away from Virginia, although they included many secessionist counties in the new state. West Virginia was admitted to the Union on June 20, 1863, was a key border state during the war. West Virginia was the only state to form by separating from a Confederate state, the first to separate from any state since Maine separated from Massachusetts, was one of two states admitted to the Union during the American Civil War.
While a portion of its residents held slaves, most of the residents were yeomen farmers, the delegates provided for gradual abolition of slavery in the new state Constitution. The Census Bureau and the Association of American Geographers classify West Virginia as part of the Southern United States; however the Bureau of Labor Statistics classifies West Virginia as a part of the Mid-Atlantic. The northern panhandle extends adjacent to Pennsylvania and Ohio, with the West Virginia cities of Wheeling and Weirton just across the border from the Pittsburgh metropolitan area, while Bluefield is less than 70 miles from North Carolina. Huntington in the southwest is close to the states of Ohio and Kentucky, while Martinsburg and Harpers Ferry in the Eastern Panhandle region are considered part of the Washington metropolitan area, in between the states of Maryland and Virginia; the unique position of West Virginia means that it is included in several geographical regions, including the Mid-Atlantic, the Upland South, the Southeastern United States.
It is the only state, within the area served by the Appalachian Regional Commission. The state is noted for its mountains and rolling hills, its significant logging and coal mining industries, its political and labor history, it is known for a wide range of outdoor recreational opportunities, including skiing, whitewater rafting, hiking, mountain biking, rock climbing, hunting. Many ancient man-made earthen mounds from various prehistoric mound builder cultures survive in the areas of present-day Moundsville, South Charleston, Romney; the artifacts uncovered in these give evidence of village societies. They had a tribal trade system culture. In the 1670s during the Beaver Wars, the powerful Iroquois, five allied nations based in present-day New York and Pennsylvania, drove out other American Indian tribes from the region in order to reserve the upper Ohio Valley as a hunting ground. Siouan language tribes, such as the Moneton, had been recorded in the area. A century the area now identified as West Virginia was contested territory among Anglo-Americans as well, with the colonies of Pennsylvania and Virginia claiming territorial rights under their colonial charters to this area before the American Revolutionary War.
Some speculative land companies, such as the Vandalia Company, the Ohio Company and Indiana Company, tried to legitimize their claims to land in parts of West Virginia and present day Kentucky, but failed. This rivalry resulted in some settlers petitioning the Continental Congress to create a new territory called Westsylvania. With the federal settlement of the Pennsylvania and Virginia border dispute, creating Kentucky County, Kentuckians "were satisfied, the inhabitants of a large part of West Virginia were grateful."The Crown considered the area of West Virginia to be part of the British Virginia Colony from 1607 to 1776. The United States considered this area to be the western part of the state of Virginia from 1776 to 1863, before the formation of West Virginia, its residents were discontented for years with their position in Virginia, as the government was dominated by the planter elite of the Tidewater and Piedmont areas. The legislature had electoral malapportionment, based on the counting of slaves toward regional populations, the western white residents were underrepresented in the state legislature.
More subsistence and yeoman farmers lived in the west and they were less supportive of slavery, although many counties were divided on their support. The residents of this area became more divided after the planter elite of eastern Virginia voted to secede from the Union during the Civil War. Residents of the western and northern counties set up a separate government under Francis Pierpont in 1861, which they called the Restored Government. Most voted to separate from Virginia, the new state was admitted to the Union in 1863. In 1864 a state constitutional convention drafted a constitution, ratified by the legislature without putting it to popular vote. West Virginia abolished slavery by a gradual process and temporarily disenfranchised men who had held Confederate office or fought for the Confederacy. West Virginia's history has been profoundly affected by its mountainous terrain and vast river valleys, rich natural resources; these were all factors driving its economy and the lifestyles of its residents, who tended to live in many small isolated communities in the mountain valleys.
A 2010 analysis of