East of England Ambulance Service
The East of England Ambulance Service NHS Trust is the authority responsible for providing National Health Service ambulance services in the counties of Bedfordshire, Essex, Hertfordshire and Suffolk, in the East of England region. These consist of 7,500 square miles, it is one of 10 Ambulance Trusts providing England with emergency medical services, is part of the NHS, receiving direct government funding for its role. There is no charge to patients for use of the service, under the Patient's Charter every person in the United Kingdom has the right to the attendance of an ambulance in an emergency; as well as providing an emergency ambulance service, the Trust provides non emergency patient transport services, commercial services and special operations such as emergency planning, hazardous materials incident response. The service support a number of emergency charities, such as air ambulances, who provide doctors for serious incidents; the Trust controls the mobilisation of critical care charities throughout its area.
These include Magpas, Essex & Herts Air Ambulance, East Anglian Air Ambulance, BASICS Essex Accident Rescue Service, SARS, NARS and BASICS Hertfordshire. The service can if required, mobilise London's Air Ambulance and the Kent and Sussex Air Ambulance if there is a major incident requiring more than one critical care team, where other teams in the region are operating at maximum capacity; the trauma teams are dispatched by a Critical Care Paramedic at the Critical Care Desk, in their Control Room in Chelmsford, who filters through every call the ambulance service receives and makes a clinical decision on whether to dispatch a critical care resource. The trust was formed on 1 July 2006 following the three-way merger of the Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Ambulance Service NHS Trust, the East Anglian Ambulance NHS Trust and the Essex Ambulance Service NHS Trust; the result was a service covering an area of over 7,500 square miles with a population of 5.8 million people, one which answers more than one million emergency calls per year.
The East Anglian Ambulance NHS Trust had been formed in 1994 from the three-way merger of Cambridgeshire and Suffolk Ambulance Services. In 2009, the Trust was censured by the Care Quality Commission after inspection of an ambulance depot and seven of its 100 ambulance stations found patient-carrying vehicles were "dirty" and that staff were "unsure of basic measures for infection prevention and control"; the service launched an "urgent and comprehensive review" of its ambulance cleaning programme and reiterated its stance on patient safety, adding that "ensuring consistent high standards of cleanliness is a challenge" with so many stations, covering six counties and an area of 7,500 square-miles. In 2015/16, the trust received 1,037,119 emergency calls and handled 500,620 non-emergency patient transport journeys; the trust arrived at 73.6% of emergency Red 1 calls within eight minutes, 69.4% of emergency Red 2 calls within eight minutes. EEAST has around 1,500 volunteers; as of July 2016, the Trust has the following resources in operation: 357 front-line emergency ambulances 201 marked rapid-response vehicles 164 non-emergency ambulances 52 major incident support vehicles Over 130 ambulance stations and response posts 3 emergency operations centers in Bedford and NorwichThe Trust has its own emergency driving school, which trains drivers in 999 emergency driving under blue lights and sirens.
The Trust used the Mercedes Sprinter as front-line Double Staffed Ambulances, with the exception of a single Vauxhall Movano 4 wheel drive vehicle for use at Newmarket Racecourse. In 2009, the service started the transition to a brand-new Sprinter only fleet from a wide range of other brands - including Fords and older Mercedes vehicles; the scheme was finished in 2016, when the last brand-new Sprinter was delivered, although many of the older ones are now ending their cycle life. In March 2018, four new vehicles will be trialled across the East of England, with one concept vehicle being designed for and by the Trust. In May 2018 the trust bought 32 five-year-old vehicles decommissioned by the West Midlands Ambulance Service - described as "clapped out vehicles which colleagues in other trusts would have sent to the scrapyard" and contrasted with the luxury cars with which senior managers were provided in 2017. Ford Mondeos and Skoda Octavia Scouts are the most common amongst the fleet. In addition Land Rover Freelander and Land Rover Discovery Sport operate out of a limited number of bases.
Some Land Rover are used as Officer Cars. Renault Masters and Vauxhall Movanos are used for the Patient Transport Service. A number of these vehicles are fitted with blue sirens for High Dependency transfers; the Hazardous Area Response Team team uses Volkswagen Transporters and Mercedes Sprinters, all of which have 4x4 capability. The new fleet arrived in 2017, standardising these vehicles across the 10 ambulances services in England and Wales, it replaced Iveco Dailys. The trust provides Critical Care Paramedics to 3 local charity air ambulances in the region: Magpas, Essex & Herts Air Ambulance and the East Anglian Air Ambulance; these paramedics work alongside doctors to administer advanced treatment at the scene of the accident. Although the service uses the air ambulances, it does not fund the charit
Pavenham is a small village and civil parish on the River Great Ouse in the Borough of Bedford in Bedfordshire, about 6 miles north-west of Bedford. Village amenities consist of St Peter's Church, a pub, Village hall, tennis Club, Cricket Club and golf club; the village is home to many clubs and societies including an active WI. The village has two nature reserves, Stevington Marsh, a Site of Special Scientific Interest, Pavenham Osier Beds, managed by the Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire. Time Line 1086: Domesday Book identifies Pavenham in the ancient hundred of Buckelowe 1205: Church first mentioned as a chapel or daughter church to Felmersham 13th Century: Church exists only as a nave and chancel 14th Century: The tower and the chapel north of the chancel added to the Church 15th Century: North aisle and south transept added to the Church 1578: Churchwardens report Trinity College for letting the Church fall into disrepair 1665: The year that the Pavenham Old Yew Tree believed to have been planted, the year of the Great Plague 1770: Pavenham Enclosure Act 1798: Workhouse first mentioned 1813: Water Mill closed 1827: Sunday School Started 1853: Church of England School opened, provided by Squire Tucker 1857: Wesleyan Chapel built 1877: Vicarage built, designed by Bedford architect John Usher 1888: Cricket Club Founded 1920: War memorial unveiled 1935: Electricity came to the village 1938: The Cock Inn rebuilt 1955: Roof to the nave of the Church replaced 1959: Village Hall re-opened after improvements made 1960: Pavenham Bury demolished 1961: The Old Yew Tree transplanted 15 feet from its original position as part of a road improvement scheme 1965: Pavenham Women's Institute plant oak in the playing fields to commemorate the Golden Jubilee of the Women's Institute 1967: Pavenham Sports Pavilion Opened - built by local builder Charles Cartlidge.
1972: Vicarage demolished 1980: New Village Hall opened 1983: Village school closed Pavenham is the origin village of Pavenham Football Club, established in 2010. The club was promoted to Bedfordshire County Football Premier Division after their 3rd successive promotion. Pavenham village website
Cople is a village and civil parish in the English county of Bedfordshire. The name Cople is derived from the phrase Cock Pool, a place where chickens were kept, mentioned in the Domesday Book. Cople is part of the ancient hundred of Wixamtree; the centre of Cople is dominated by All Saints Church built soon after 1087 by the de Beauchamp family and which became part of Chicksands Priory. The list of Vicars maintained by the church dates back to 1237. All Saints Church was rebuilt in the 15th century, some parts of it a little earlier, by the families who owned the local manors; the church was extended in the first part of the 16th century. A toll house stands at the junction with the A603, it is one of only two toll houses. Cople House, a large manor house, was at southern end of the village, but it was destroyed in a fire in 1971. In 1976 twenty four large homes were built on the site, renamed Woodlands Close, but the original coach house survived the fire and has been restored and converted into three houses.
One of the manors within the parish of Cople was Rowlands, acquired by the Spencer family in 1531 and held by them for several centuries. The Spencer family were a branch of the Northamptonshire Spencers; the sons of Nicolas Spencer Sr. and the former Mary Gostwick, Nicholas Spencer and his brother Robert both emigrated to America in the 1650s, to Virginia and Maryland respectively. Nicholas served as an agent for John Colepeper, 1st Baron Colepeper. Spencer family members continued to reside in its environs for many years afterward. "The Spencers’ Cople estates," according to the Bedfordshire County Council, "were bought by Francis Brace for the Dowager Duchess of Marlborough, the manor still was known as Rowlands when part of the Duke of Bedford’s estate at the start of the 19th century." Cople website Cople pages at the Bedfordshire and Luton Archives and Records Service Cople, A History of the County of Bedford, Vol. 3, William Page, Victoria County History, British History Online, british-history.ac.uk
Harrold is a civil parish and electoral ward in the Borough of Bedford within Bedfordshire, around nine miles north-west of Bedford. The village is on the north bank of the River Great Ouse, is the site of an ancient bridge, linking the village with Carlton with Chellington on the south bank. To the east of the village is Odell. Across the bridge is Carlton; the buttermarket in Harrold has been an iconic and controversial image in Harrold, along with the bridge. It used to be the logo for one of the schools in Harrold. Harrold has a village lock-up, used to detain drunks and suspected criminals, it is no longer in use. Harrold Primary Academy is a primary school located in the village; the Church of St Peter is located in the village. Harrold was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as a parish within the Hundred of Willey. An early medieval sword mount was unearthed by a metal detectorist in 2006, it is believed the tiny phallic decoration could have adorned the sword belt of a high-ranking Saxon warrior.
There are two public houses in Harrold. The Muntjac and the Oakley Arms. Paul McCartney reputedly gave the first live performance of Hey Jude in the Oakley Arms in Harrold on 30 June 1968; the village was struck by an F1/T2 tornado on 23 November 1981, as part of the record-breaking nationwide tornado outbreak on that day. Today an electoral ward within the Borough of Bedford, is named after Harrold Bishop and contains four civil parishes within its boundaries. Parishes and settlements within the ward, from south to north are Harrold parish, Odell parish, Podington parish including Hinwick and Farndish, Wymington parish including Little Wymington. Harrold itself is near the southern boundary of its ward; the ward extends northward from Harrold and fills the northwest corner of Bedfordshire, bordering Northamptonshire. Harrold Hall Harrold Community Website Harrold Parish Council Bedfordshire Archives and Records on Harrold
River Great Ouse
The River Great Ouse is a river in the United Kingdom, the longest of several British rivers called "Ouse". From Syresham in central England, the Great Ouse flows into East Anglia before entering the Wash, a bay of the North Sea. With a course of 143 miles flowing north and east, it is the one of the longest rivers in the United Kingdom; the Great Ouse has been important for commercial navigation, for draining the low-lying region through which it flows. Its lower course passes through drained wetlands and fens and has been extensively modified, or channelised, to relieve flooding and provide a better route for barge traffic. Though the unmodified river changed course after floods, it now enters the Wash after passing through the port of King's Lynn, south of its earliest-recorded route to the sea; the name Ouse is from the Celtic or pre-Celtic *Udso-s, means "water" or slow flowing river. Thus the name is a pleonasm; the lower reaches of the Great Ouse are known as "Old West River" and "the Ely Ouse", but all the river is referred to as the Ouse in informal usage.
The river has several sources close to the village of Syresham in Northamptonshire. It flows through Brackley through Oxfordshire and into Buckinghamshire, through Buckingham, Milton Keynes at Stony Stratford, Newport Pagnell and Kempston in Bedfordshire, the current head of navigation. Passing through Bedford, into Cambridgeshire through St Neots, Huntingdon, Hemingford Grey and St Ives, it reaches Earith. Here, the river enters a short tidal section before branching in two; the artificial straight Old Bedford River and New Bedford River, which remain tidal, provide a direct link north-east towards the lower river at Denver in Norfolk. The old course of the river passes through Hermitage Lock into the Old West River. After joining the Cam near Little Thetford, north of Cambridge, the course passes the cathedral city of Ely and Littleport, to reach the Denver sluice. Below Denver the river passes Downham Market to enter The Wash at King's Lynn; the river is navigable from the Wash to Kempston Mill, just beyond Bedford, a distance of 72 miles.
This section includes 17 locks which are maintained by the Environment Agency, the navigation authority and who attempt to attract more boaters to the river. It has a catchment area of 3,240 square miles and a mean flow of 15.7 m3/s as measured at Denver Sluice. Its course has been modified several times, with the first recorded being in 1236, as a result of flooding. During the 1600s, the Old Bedford and New Bedford Rivers were built to provide a quicker route for the water to reach the sea. In the 20th century, construction of the Cut-Off Channel and the Great Ouse Relief Channel have further altered water flows in the region, helped to reduce flooding. Improvements to assist navigation began with the construction of sluices and locks. Bedford could be reached by river from 1689. A major feature was the sluice at Denver, which failed in 1713, but was rebuilt by 1750 after the problem of flooding returned. Kings Lynn, at the mouth of the river, developed as a port, with civil engineering input from many of the great engineers of the time.
With the coming of the railways the state of the river declined so that it was unsuitable either for navigation or for drainage. The navigation was declared to be derelict in the 1870s. A repeated problem was the number of authorities responsible for different aspects of the river; the Drainage Board created in 1918 had no powers to address navigation issues, there were six bodies responsible for the river below Denver in 1913. When the Great Ouse Catchment Board was created under the powers of the Land Drainage Act in 1930, effective action could at last be taken. There was significant sugar beet traffic on the river between 1925 and 1959, with the last known commercial traffic occurring in 1974. Leisure boating had been popular since 1904, the post-war period saw the creation of the Great Ouse Restoration Society in 1951, who campaigned for complete renovation of the river, it was re-opened to Bedford in 1978, is now managed by the Environment Agency. The Ouse Washes are an internationally important area for wildlife.
Sandwiched between the Old Bedford and New Bedford rivers, they consist of washland, used as pasture during the summer but which floods in the winter, are the largest area of such land in the United Kingdom. They act as breeding grounds for lapwings and snipe in spring, are home to varieties of ducks and swans during the winter months; the river has been important both for drainage and for navigation for centuries, these dual roles have not always been complementary. The course of the river has changed significantly. In prehistory, it flowed from Huntingdon straight to Wisbech and into the sea. In several sequences, the lower reaches of the river silted, in times of inland flood, the waters would breach neighbouring watersheds and new courses would develop – in a progressively eastwards fashion. In the Dark Ages, it turned to the west at Littleport, between its present junctions with the River Little Ouse and the River Lark, made its way via Welney and Outwell, to flow into The Wash near Wisbech.
At that time it was known as the Wellstream or Old Wellenhee, parts of that course are marked by the Old Croft River and the border between Cambridgeshire and Norfolk. After major inland flood events in the early 13th century it breached anot
Turvey is a village and civil parish on the River Great Ouse in Bedfordshire, about 6 miles west of Bedford. The village is on the A428 road between Bedford and Northampton, close to the border with Buckinghamshire; the 2011 Census recorded the parish's population as 1,225. Turvey is recorded in Domesday Book of 1086 as a parish in the Hundred of Willey. There are eight separate entries including a total of 44 households; the Mordaunt family obtained the manor by marriage in 1197 and were ennobled as Barons of Turvey in the 16th century. The Mordaunt family house, Turvey Old Hall, was replaced by Turvey House in 1792, by which time the estate had passed to the Higgins family, it was extended in the 19th century and still stands. There is a second large house in the village called Turvey Abbey, a family house, but is now a Benedictine monastery; the Church of England parish church of All Saints has Saxon origins but is certainly a post-Norman building. It is the largest church in the deanery of Sharnbrook and was in the Diocese of Lincoln until it was transferred to the Diocese of Ely in 1837.
Since 1914 it has been in the Diocese of St Albans. It has a 13th-century door with its original ironwork, a Norman baptismal font, a wall painting of the crucifixion and some notable monuments, including monumental brasses; the Norman church was enlarged in the 15th centuries. Turvey has a strong history of lace-making: there is evidence of a 19th-century lace-making school. In the 19th century the Bedford to Northampton Line of the Midland Railway was built through the parish and opened in 1872. There was a Turvey railway station in Station Road about 1 mile east of the centre of the village. British Railways closed the line in 1962; the Three Fyshes – built in 1487 and first sold beer in 1624. The Three Cranes – an historic building next to the church; the Laws Hotel – built 1836–40 the Laws Hotel, now no longer a pub. The Tinker of Turvey – in the High Street, now the village stores, it was an inn until the early 19th century. The Kings Arms -- in Jacks Lane a private house. Turvey has a village store and post office, village hall and two public houses: the Three Fyshes and The Three Cranes.
There is long-established pre-school, Turvey Pre-School Playgroup, that looks after children from 2 years old and runs a Before and After School Club for children at the local school. Turvey Primary School is a school for children from reception to year six; the Warren Nursery is a nursery for children from 6 weeks to 5 years. Stagecoach in Bedford bus route 41 bus between Northampton serves the village; the population of Turvey was 758 in 1801, rising to 1,028 in 1851 and falling to 782 by 1901. In 1951 it had dropped further to 733 but rose to 1,043 by 1991. Turvey electoral ward includes the villages of Kempston Rural, its borough councillor is Mark Smith. Jones, Lawrence E. A Guide to Some Interesting Old English Churches. London: Historic Churches Preservation Trust. P. 9. Page, W. H. ed.. A History of the County of Bedford. Victoria County History. 3. Westminster: Archibald Constable & Co. pp. 109–117. Pevsner, Nikolaus. Bedfordshire and the County of Huntingdon and Peterborough; the Buildings of England.
Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. Pp. 158–161. ISBN 0-14-0710-34-5; the Turvey Website - the History and Families of Turvey, Bedfordshire All Saints Turvey - the official website of All Saints' Church, Turvey
Hundred of Willey
The Hundred of Willey is a historical land division, a hundred in northwest corner of Bedfordshire, England. Its northwestern boundary is the county border with Northamptonshire, its southwestern boundary the border with Buckinghamshire; some of its parishes and settlements lay on the River Great Ouse. The hundred of Willey was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 and included the parishes of: Carlton, Farndish, Felmersham with Radwell, Odell, Podington with Hinwick, Thurleigh and Wymington; the hundred added the parishes of Biddenham, Bromham, Pavenham and Stevington from the ancient hundred of Buckelowe and the parish of Souldrop. In 1934 the parishes of Carlton and Chellington merged to become one parish, Carlton with Chellington. Farndish ceased to be its own parish and was absorbed into the Podington with Hinwick parish. What was the northeast corner of the Hundred of Willey was the Half Hundred of Bucklow, it had long been associated with the Hundred of Willey and became absorbed into it in 1831, causing it to gain some of the extra parishes.
In the 13th century the two were royal hundreds recorded as The bailiwick of Wilie and half bailiwick of Bukkelowe. A man named Hugh de Willey was recorded as The keeper of the bailiwick of Wilie and half bailiwick of Bukkelowe, at his death in 1278 his son Roger succeeded him. Although there are many small settlements the majority of land in the hundred remains rural and is still used for farming. There is a railway line running close to the northeast border, however some stations on this line are now closed such as Sharnbrook closed in 1960. Today the area of the Hundred of Willey is within the Borough of Bedford; the hundred contained the following parishes:Biddenham, Bromham, Chellington, Felmersham, Odell, Podington, Souldrop, Stevington, Turvey Hundreds of Bedfordshire