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Carlton Television

Carlton Television was the ITV franchise holder for London and the surrounding counties from 9.25am every Monday to 5.15pm every Friday. The company is now managed with London Weekend Television as a single entity, but the two companies are still separately licensed; the station is operated by ITV plc under the licensee of ITV Broadcasting Limited. Carlton has been branded on air as'ITV1' since 28 October 2002, as'ITV' since 14 January 2013. Carlton exists as Carlton Television Ltd listed on Companies House as a owned company; as Carlton's name has no relation to its region, its on-screen identity has been removed. Other regions have kept their original company name in their local news name. Carlton Television was set up by Michael Green's Carlton Communications to bid for an ITV franchise after Green failed to buy into Thames Television, the London franchise, in 1985. On 16 October 1991, Carlton won the'Channel 3' franchise to broadcast to London during weekdays from January 1993, as a result of winning the silent auction used to renegotiate the new ITV franchises.

Thames bid £32.5M, while Carlton Television placed a bid of £43.2M and CPV-TV placed a bid of £45.3M. CPV-TV was eliminated for failing the quality threshold; some commentators speculated that Thames had fallen victim to a'government vendetta', whilst others felt that the auction had been won fairly. Carlton did not buy Thames' studios, instead opting to rent transmission space at LWT's London studios. Unlike Thames, both a production company and a broadcaster, Carlton chose to commission all of its programming from independent production companies. Carlton started broadcasting at the stroke of midnight on 1 January 1993, with the station's first programme A Carlton New Year, produced jointly by The Pozzitive Production Company and Michael Hurll Television, presented by Chris Tarrant. Aptly, its first commercial break featured an advert for the Vauxhall Carlton. In May 1994, Independent Television Commission criticised a number of ITV stations as part of its review for the first 12 months of the new franchise in 1993.

Carlton was condemned for providing a wide range of "unimpressive and disappointing" programmes for the ITV network, which were "neither distinctive nor noticeable high quality". This criticism came after Carlton and Granada secretly planned to axe News at Ten in the chase for ratings, a move, foiled by the ITC. Carlton responded by angrily stating that "In the first year, Carlton launched 43 brand new series and 20 new single programmes, sustained audience levels and played a full part in ITV network, successes far outweighed failures". A few days Carlton won two awards from the Royal television society programme and tech awards in London. During a 1994 review, ITC commented that Carlton had made improvements, in its factual and drama output, while its Children's programmes was "Impressive", but more remained to be achieved. In 1995, its regional programming was regarded as high quality but with few innovations, The Good Sex Guide was guilty of breaching taste and decency requirements with little educational classifications, which resulted in the company receiving two written warnings from the ITC.

Once again in 1997 the company was criticised for failing to ensure its programming complied with programmes code, while the number of formal interventions from the ITC had increased from four in 1995 to eight, but its regional programming continued to be of high quality. In 1998, the company escaped receiving any criticism from the ITC. Carlton found itself at the centre of a major controversy about truthfulness in broadcast journalism in May 1998, when The Guardian carried a series of articles alleging the wholesale fabrication of a much-garlanded 1996 Carlton documentary, The Connection, which had purported to film the route by which heroin was smuggled into the United Kingdom from Colombia. An internal inquiry at Carlton found that The Guardian's allegations were in large part correct and the industry regulator, the ITC, punished Carlton with a record £2-million fine for multiple breaches of the UK's broadcasting codes; the scandal led to an impassioned debate about the accuracy of documentary production.

Changes in legislation concerning media ownership enabled Carlton to buy out many of the other ITV stations, including Central Independent Television and part of HTV, as well as the rights to the archives of ITC Entertainment and its former sister company ATV. Rank Film Distributors, including its library of 740 films, was purchased by Carlton in 1997 for £65 million. HTV was the only region owned by Carlton not to be subject to a full rebrand as Carlton. Both "HTV West" and "HTV Wales" stayed with their then-current idents; the logo and endboard of the ident remained unchanged however, using the generic hearts look of 1999. Carlton did not acquire most of HTV's production facilities, most of which Granada retained; the ITC archive is financially lucrative since it includes such popular shows as Thunderbirds, The Prisoner, The Saint, as well as feature films such as On Golden Pond. Carlton released much of t

Youth travel

Youth Travel is defined as independent trips of less than one year by people aged 15–30. Unlike typical vacations, youth travel is motivated by several factors, including the desire to experience other cultures, build unique life experience, benefit from formal and informal learning opportunities from other countries, including education or work abroad. Youth travel is known as a combination of youth and educational travel market. Adventure Travel Au pair Backpacker tourism Exchange program Higher education Language travel School trips Sports tourism Insurance Flights Student card Summer camp Work abroad Volunteering Student housing The youth travel market accounted for over 20% of all international arrivals in 2014, it is estimated that youth and student travel will generate more international arrivals than business travel by the end of this year. Youth travellers stay longer, they spend more and travel more than the average tourist while they use their money with local retailers. Youth travel has been a ongoingly growing industry.

Boasting continued to growth during and despite the global economic downturn – outperforming global tourism. Youth travel influences the size and patterns of global tourism development. Young travellers form their future purchasing and travelling patterns based on their youth travel experiences. A conservative estimate predicts that the youth and educational travel market will reach 300 million arrivals by 2020 and represent US$320 billion in market value. Youth travel is becoming more important within global tourism. In the 1990s, it represented 15% of the tourism market, with it increasing to 20% in the last decade, expected to reach 25% in the near future. Rising middle class and increased access to more disposable income, means more purchasing power – the number of youth travellers is on the rise – in 2012, nearly 30% of young people described themselves as ”tourists” compared to about 15% in 2002. Diversification in destinations and source markets has seen growth at the expense of developed countries across all youth travel sectors, incl.

Student and educational travel market. Brazil, China or other emerging countries have been the markets of interest for many governments, investment capital or international brands wanting to develop and expand, they are recovering and rising faster than developed countries - gaining an more global market share. Internet is used more for reference, social content and travel planning than for actual online shopping and booking; this slower growth of online booking in youth travel as opposed to global tourism underlines the importance of tour operators and travel agencies to the youth market. Tour operators and travel agencies represent an important distribution and promotional channel in youth travel, accounting for up to 80% of all bookings, with increasing trend of their usage by end customers. There are more than 16,000 student tour operators and travel agencies estimated in this market

Drone (wrestler)

Drone is the current ring name of a Mexican luchador enmascarado, or masked professional wrestler who works for the Mexican professional wrestling promotion Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre portraying a tecnico wrestling character. Until October 2016 he was known as Hombre Bala Jr. Spanish for "Human Cannonball Junior", reflecting the fact that one of his father's most known ring names was "Hombre Bala". Drone's real name is not a matter of public record, as is the case with masked wrestlers in Mexico where their private lives are kept a secret from the wrestling fans. Hombre Bala Jr.s full name is not publicly known, traditionally the case in Lucha Libre when a wrestler has never been unmasked, but it is known that his paternal last name is Ortiz, revealed when his father Aurelio Ortiz Villavicencio was unmasked. Ortiz is a part of the "Ortiz wrestling family", sometimes referred to as the "Pirata" family; as his ring name indicates he is the son of Hombre Bala, Aurelio Ortiz Villavicencio who competed as Monsther and a number other enmascarado characters over the years, India Sioux, a retired wrestler.

He has three siblings who are active in professional wrestling, his sister works under the same ring name as their mother, India Sioux, his two brothers work as Corsario and Monsther. Bala Jr. is the nephew of wrestlers Pirata Morgan and La Marquesa and the cousin of professional wrestlers Rey Bucanero, Hijo de Pirata Morgan, Pirata Morgan Jr. and Perla Negra. Hombre Bala Jr. made his professional wrestling debut in late 2007, after being trained by his father, worked on for independent wrestling promotions around Mexico City. Soon after his debut he began working at the Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre wrestling school under Talismán, Arkangel de la Muerte and Shocker for his CMLL debut. Bala broke his leg in a motorcycle accident and spent a month in the hospital to recover, delaying his planned CMLL debut. CMLL introduced Generacion 2011 in early 2011 which a group of young wrestlers who all made their debut around the same time, they were not considered an actual group, more of a graduating class of the CMLL wrestling schools.

Generacion 2011 included Hombre Bala Jr. Magnus, Dragon Lee, Enrique Vera Jr. Super Halcón Jr. Hijo del Signo and Bobby Zavala, he made his in ring debut for CMLL on January 11, 2011, teaming with Metálico and Ángel Azteca Jr.. Hombre Bala Jr. portrayed a tecnico character as his team lost to Los Guerreros Tuareg (Hooligan and Doctor X and the Durango Kid, but was said to have shown that he had skills in defeat. CMLL held a Forjando un Ídolo tournament in April and May, 2011, with the purpose of identifying which of the 16 "Rookies" in the tournament would move up the ranks of the promotion; the tournament consisted of two rounds, first a round-robin group round, with the top 2 in each of the four groups competing in an elimination tournament. Hombre Bala Jr.'s inclusion in the tournament was the first real exposure he was given while in CMLL. He defeated Puma King but lost to both Diamante and Hijo del Signo, leaving him with only three points, not enough to advance to the next round, he entered the 2011 Torneo Gran Alternativa tournament, a tag team tournament that sees a rookie randomly teamed up with an experienced wrestler for a tournament, in this case Hombre Bala Jr. teamed up with La Máscara, only to lose in the opening round to Dragon Lee and Volador Jr.

The following month Hombre Bala Jr. was part of a tournament to find a new CMLL World Super Lightweight Champion as the title was vacated. He was eliminated in the opening round torneo cibernetico, won by Guerrero Maya Jr. CMLL had been promoting a feud between the Generacion 2011 rookies and a number of veteran low to mid-card rudos throughout most of 2011. By late 2011 that storyline began focusing more and more on the rivalry between the team of Hombre Bala Jr. and Super Halcón Jr. from Generacion 2011 and a brother team known as Los Rayos Tapatío. The two sides faced off several matches where the two teams would focus more on each other than the other men in the matches; as the storyline escalated the four wrestlers involved would tear at each other's masks, at times winning by pulling the mask off the other one to gain an unfair advantage, escalating the conflict. After months of escalating the storyline CMLL announced that the two teams would face off in a Lucha de Apuesta where both teams would put their masks on the line and would be forced to unmask if they lost the match.

The Luchas de Apuestas match took place on CMLL's first show of 2012 in Arena Mexico. The young team defeated the veterans, earning them their first major victory in CMLL. Following the match Los Rayos discussed leaving CMLL, humiliated by the loss of their masks. CMLL held a 16-man tournament focusing on rookies called Torneo Sangre Nueva in March, 2012 which saw Hombre Bala Jr. among the participants. He competed in the second block of the tournament, eliminated from the torneo cibernetico by fellow Generacion 2011 wrestler Hijo del Signo. Just like in 2011 Hombre Bala Jr. competed in the 2012 Torneo Gran Alternativa, this time teaming up with Marco Corleone, but once again he would be eliminated in the first round after losing to Atlantis and Tritón. Hombre Bala Jr. was one of 18 wrestlers who competed in the second annual Torneo Sangre Nuevatournament. He competed in qualifying Block A on February 26, 2012 for a place in the finals, the other wrestlers in Block A included Soberano Jr. Camaleón, Stigma, H

2012 World Series of Poker

The 2012 World Series of Poker was the 43rd annual World Series of Poker. It was held at the Rio All Suite Hotel and Casino in Paradise, Nevada between May 27-July 16, 2012, with the final table of the Main Event delayed until late October. There were 61 bracelet events, culminating in the $10,000 No Limit Hold'em Main Event beginning on July 7. From 2008 through 2011, Main Event final tables were delayed until November. However, due to the 2012 U. S. presidential election, this year's final table was delayed until October 29, with heads-up play commencing the following day. New tournament formats introduced in the 2012 WSOP included a re-entry tournament, an ante only tournament, a mixed max tournament, a four-handed tournament; the 2012 WSOP hosted an event with the largest buy-in in poker history, a $1 million tournament benefiting the One Drop Foundation. The WSOP waived its normal 10% rake of the entry fees, 11.1% of each buy-in went to the foundation. All 48 seats available for the event were filled, resulting in a first prize of $18.3 million, breaking the record of $12 million won by Jamie Gold at the 2006 WSOP.

One Drop received US$5.44 million, including a 49th/personal $111,111 donation from Caesars Interactive Entertainment CEO Mitch Garber, ineligible to play because of his role with the company. Guy Laliberté, the founder of the One Drop Foundation, finished in fifth place; the $10,000 No Limit Hold'em Main Event began on July 7. In a change from previous years, which featured four starting days, there were only three starting days at this year's event; the players from days 1A and 1B played on days 2A and 2B, which were held the same day in separate rooms, while the players from Day 1C played on Day 2C. After reaching the final table of nine players on July 16, the remainder of the tournament was delayed until October 29; the Main Event attracted 6,598 entrants, creating a prize pool of $62,021,200. The top 666 finishers placed in the money, with the top nine players guaranteed at least $754,798; the winner earned $8,531,853. Two women made the final table. Norwegian Elisabeth Hille finished at 11th place.

Her finish marked the best performance by a woman at the Main Event since Barbara Enright finished fifth in 1995. * Indicates a player who finished in the money NB: This list is restricted to top 30 finishers with an existing Wikipedia entry. *Career statistics prior to the beginning of the 2012 Main Event. Official site

Tadesse Birru

Tadesse Birru was an Ethiopian general of the Ethiopian Imperial Army and an Oromo nationalist. A strong proponent of Ethiopian unity, Tadesse became an activist for the empowerment of the Oromo people in the 1960s, his advocacy turned into repeated attempts to overthrow the government through a coup and through a military rebellion. He was captured and executed by the Derg regime, he is considered to be the father of modern Oromo nationalism. Tadesse was born in Salele, in the Shewa province of the Ethiopian Empire during Emperor Haile Selassie's reign, his father, was killed by poison gas during the Second Italo-Ethiopian War and his mother died of grief three months later. Left without a family, Tadesse joined his uncle, Beka, as a member of the Arbegnoch, a guerilla army of Ethiopian patriots who fought Italian occupation, he was captured and sentenced to life in prison with hard labor in Mogadishu, Somalia where he remained until the British captured Mogadishu in 1940. Tadesse was freed and given military training in Kenya and returned to Ethiopia in 1941.

In 1942, Tadesse was promoted to the rank of the second lieutenant and enrolled into the national military academy at Holota, where he served for years as an instructor. In 1954, he was promoted to lieutenant colonel and he moved from the military to the police force and was in charge of modernizing it, he was made a commander of the "Fetno-Derash", the Ethiopian Special Forces, was instrumental in crushing the attempted 1960 coup by proving the conspirators wrong through his loyalty to the Emperor. It was as commander of the Fetno-Derash that he trained Nelson Mandela, the South African anti-apartheid activist, in guerilla warfare, it was him. Tadesse Birru was promoted to Brigadier General in early 1953 by which time he was commander of the Fetno-Derash, the deputy commissioner of the National Police Force, the commander of the Territorial Army and the chairman of the National Literacy Campaign, he joined the Mecha and Tulama Self-Help Association in early 1963, an Oromo social movement in which he went on to become a prominent figure.

His public image helped elevate the association's status and his organizational capacities and leadership qualities transformed the self-help organization into a pan-Oromo movement. Through the organization, Tadesse Birru, advocated the empowerment of Oromos through education and an emphasis on self-reliance. Following his example, many Oromo military officers, civilian officials, professional elites and religious leaders joined the association. Many of these people had hidden the fact that they were Oromo before joining the association and joining it was seen as a reaffirmation of identity. Tadesse Birru's decision to join the association and the elevation of its status had angered the Emperor and his officials. Prime Minister Aklilu Habtewold began to consider Tadesse Birru a rival; the prime minister used a bombing in Addis Ababa and a rebellion started by Oromos in the Bale province as a pretext to ban the organization. Many of its members were killed, or exiled. Tadesse escaped the worst of repercussions but was put under house arrest from which he escaped after three years.

He plotted and attempted an unsuccessful coup in 1966 along with other high ranking Oromo soldiers during which they planned to assassinate the Emperor. He was arrested and tortured despite his old age, his death sentence was committed to life in prison while many of his comrades were killed. Tadesse was released from prison and put into house arrest in Gelemso, it was during that time that Tadesse was visited several prominent Oromo leaders such as Baro Tumsa, Elemo Qiltu, Ahmad "Hundee" Taqi and the legendary Shaykh Bakhri Saphalo. In June 1974, Ethiopia was in turmoil. Tadesse escaped from Gelemso and returned to addis Ababa; the Derg, the military regime that took over the government, asked Tadesse to become Minister of the Interior which he refused. After a second refusal, the police were sent to detain him from which he escaped began to organize an armed Oromo rebellion in Shewa, he was joined by Colonel Haile Regassa, Major Abebe Gebre Mariam and General Jagama Kello, former military comrades of his.

In respect to the defunct Oromo army of the late Elemo Qiltu, Tadesse Birru's forces operated under the name of the Oromo Liberation Army. Taddas Birru led the rebels, they were tried and were sentenced to life in prison but this was changed to execution by the Derg. Tadesse Birru, Hailu Regassa and a host of other Oromo leaders were executed on March 18, 1975; the OLA continued to operate and it became a part of the Oromo Liberation Front in 1976. Tadesse Birru is considered by many of Oromos to be the father of modern Oromo nationalism, his lectures about Oromo identity and nationhood inspired an entire generation of Oromos and led to the reaffirmation of the Oromo culture and identity as well as the development of the Oromo independence movement

Tera Capital

Tera Capital Limited is a Singapore-based investment firm with interests in technology, new media, e-commerce and real estate businesses. Tera Capital has in addition played an active and crucial role in the development of the companies it invests in, such as Frontier Group, a hotel management firm which owns the Days Hotel master franchise for Greater China. Under Tera Capital's strategic guidance, Frontier has become one of the fastest growing mid-market international hotel companies on the Mainland. Tera Capital partners top-tier private equity firms, family offices and funds to seek investment opportunities in the US, Europe and Asia Pacific in China where Tera Capital can leverage on its knowledge of the local market and network. In addition, it seeks to acquire real estate assets, including hospitality assets, in the above markets. Tera Capital's key strengths lie in its strategic business relationships with Chinese and Asian developers, familiarity with real estate and hospitality markets in China and the rest of Asia, its extensive network of business owners across various industries in Asia Pacific.

The principals of Tera Capital are Harry Tan and Ted Fang. In 2003, the principals acquired the Days Inn master franchise for Greater China from Wyndham Worldwide Corporation; the principals have made Days Inn China one of China's fastest growing mid-market hotel chains, with a portfolio of over 180 hotels in 114 cities across 25 provinces and 3 municipalities. In January, 2019, Wyndham Worldwide Corporation reacquierd the exclusive direct franchising rights for Days Inn brand for the People's Republic of China. While there is no mention of Tera Capital in the article, one has to assume that they were involved since they claimed to have the franchising rights previously. Tera Capital's offices are located in Beijing and Singapore. Tera Capital