Nashville is a city in Washington County, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 3,258, it is the county seat of Washington County. Nashville is located at 38°20′53″N 89°22′54″W. According to the 2010 census, Nashville has a total area of 2.809 square miles, of which 2.72 square miles is land and 0.089 square miles is water. Nashville is located on Nashville Creek, at the headwaters of Little Crooked Creek, which flows northwest into the Kaskaskia River. Just to the southeast of Nashville is the headwaters of Beaucoup Creek, which flows south into the Big Muddy River. Nashville is thus situated next to the Kaskaskia/Big Muddy divide. Nashville was called New Nashville, under the latter name was laid out in 1830; the local post office was established as Nashville in 1831. As of the census of 2000, there were 3,147 people, 1,324 households, 884 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,173.9 people per square mile. There were 1,421 housing units at an average density of 530.1 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the city was 98.73% White, 0.16% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, 0.32% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.79% of the population. There were 1,324 households out of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.3% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.2% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.92. In the city, the population was spread out with 24.6% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, 18.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $42,097, the median income for a family was $51,875.
Males had a median income of $34,020 versus $24,010 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,935. About 1.9% of families and 4.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.8% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over. Primary schools One public school-Nashville Grade School Two parochial schools-Trinity-St. John Lutheran School and St. Ann Catholic SchoolSecondary school One public high school-Nashville Community High School District 99 A few manufacturing businesses have sites in Nashville. Nascote Industries is an automobile parts manufacturer, part of Magna International. Grupo Antolin owns the other auto parts manufacturing plant in Nashville, staffing 522 people as of 2018; the second plant was established in 1987 as Ligma Corporation, a joint venture between Magna International and Lignotock G.m.b. H. of West Germany. Norrenburns Truck Service, a trucking and warehouse outfit, founded in 1925, was acquired in 1981 as a one-truck operation, moved to Nashville a few years where it has since expanded to 130 trucks and a staff of 275 people in 2004.
Prior to Ligma and Nascote Industries, the town's biggest employer was National Mine Service Company, which shut down operations in Nashville in 1983 and putting 240 people out of work. Nashville is served by both WNSV, the only FM station in the county, The Nashville News, a weekly newspaper. Nashville, Illinois Chamber of Commerce "Nashville. A city and the county-seat of Washington County, Ill.". New International Encyclopedia. 1905
William F. Dean
William Frishe Dean Sr. was a United States Army major general during World War II and the Korean War. He received the Medal of Honor for his actions on July 20 and 21, 1950, during the Battle of Taejon in South Korea. Dean was the highest ranking American officer captured by the North Koreans during the Korean War. Born in Illinois, Dean attended the University of California at Berkeley before graduating with a commission in the US Army through the Reserve Officer's Training Corps in 1921. Rising up the ranks in the inter-war years, Dean worked a desk job in Washington D. C. for much of World War II before being transferred to the 44th Infantry Division which he commanded during the final days of the war, was awarded a Distinguished Service Cross. Dean is known for commanding the 24th Infantry Division at the outbreak of the Korean War. Dean led the division for several weeks in unsuccessful delaying battles against the North Koreans, before he led his division in making a last stand at Taejon.
During the confused retreat from that city, Dean was separated from his soldiers and badly injured, was captured by the North Koreans. He remained in North Korean custody near P'yongyang for the remainder of the war. After the end of the conflict, Dean returned to the United States to a hero's welcome, he lived a quiet life until his death. Dean was born on August 1, 1899, in Carlyle, Illinois to Charles Watts Dean, who worked as a dentist, Elizabeth Frishe Dean, of German descent. William Dean had two siblings, a brother named a sister named Elizabeth. Dean states in his biography his interest in the military began at a young age, upon seeing the United States Military Academy cadets in the 1904 Saint Louis Exposition performing military drill. During his childhood, Dean was interested in physical fitness, began weightlifting and running, activities he would continue throughout much of his life, his first jobs included selling magazines for spending money. Growing up in Carlyle, Dean was the town's main paperboy for The Saturday Evening Post.
After graduating from high school, Dean was rejected. He tried to enlist in the United States Army during World War I, but he was too young to do so without his parents' permission, his mother refused. Dean instead attended University of California at Berkeley studying pre-law. During this time, he took a variety of side jobs, including a stevedore at the San Francisco docks, a motorman, as a patrolman for the Berkeley Police Department, where he worked under police chief August Vollmer. Dean sought to attain a Doctor of Law degree but only completed a Bachelor of Arts degree from Berkeley in 1922 before joining the Army. Dean, a member of Berkeley's ROTC, was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the California Army National Guard in 1921, before being given an active duty commission in the infantry on October 13, 1923, his first assignment was to the US 38th Infantry Regiment, 3rd Infantry Division at Fort Douglas, Utah. During this posting, Dean took an interest in polo ponies and training several of his own.
Dean was moved to the Panama Canal Zone in 1926, coaching boxing and basketball teams though not competing himself. Dean returned to Fort Douglas in 1929 before attending the United States Army Infantry School at Fort Benning and serving with a tank battalion before taking a course at the tank school. In 1932, Dean was assigned to the US 30th Infantry Regiment, 3rd Infantry Division on the US West Coast. During this time, Dean served in the Civilian Conservation Corps as commander of Camp Hackamore in northern California. Dean was moved to the CCC headquarters in Redding, California. Following these appointments, Dean attended the US Army Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas before being assigned to a post on Oahu, Hawaii for two years. Following this stint, Dean attended the Armed Forces Industrial College at Fort McNair, Washington D. C. and the field officer's course at the Chemical Warfare school in the United States Army War College at Carlisle Barracks. Dean was promoted to captain in 1936, major in 1940.
Upon this promotion, Dean was assigned to Washington D. C. on the United States Department of War on the General Staff, first as a junior member as assistant secretary as executive officer in the Requirement Division of the Ground Forces Headquarters, a department concerned with the acquisition of new weapons and electronics, training literature. Following the United States' entry into World War II, Dean was promoted to the temporary rank of lieutenant colonel in 1941, colonel in 1942, he was promoted to brigadier general in December of that year and made head of the Requirements Division in 1943. He held this office only before being assigned as assistant commander of the US 44th Infantry Division, under Major Generals James I. Muir and Robert L. Spragins beginning in late 1943; the division was to sail for the European Theater and Dean went with them despite being injured shortly before departure in a flamethrower accident which claimed the lives of two other soldiers. The 44th Infantry Division landed in France via Omaha Beach on September 15, 1944.
It trained for a month before entering combat on October 18, 1944, when it relieved the US 79th Infantry Division in the vicinity of Foret de Parroy, east of Luneville, to take part in the Seventh United States Army drive to secure several passes in the Vosges Mountains. The division was hit by a heavy counterattack by forces of Nazi Germany on October 25–26; the attack was repulsed and the 44th remained in the sector for several weeks. On November 13, 1944, it attacke
Salem is a city in and the county seat of Marion County, United States. The population was 7,485 at the 2010 census. Salem is located at 38°38′N 88°57′W. According to the 2010 census, Salem has a total area of 7.097 square miles, of which 6.94 square miles is land and 0.157 square miles is water. Salem was a sundown town. "For decades" Salem "had signs on each main road going into town, telling the blacks, that they were not allowed in town after sundown." As of the census of 2000, there were 7,909 people, 3,249 households, 2,082 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,296.5 people per square mile. There were 3,473 housing units at an average density of 569.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.13% White, 0.72% African American, 0.30% Native American, 1.15% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, 0.52% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.72% of the population. There were 3,249 households out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.9% were non-families.
32.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.91. In the city, the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, 19.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.9 males. The median income for a household in the city was $34,339, the median income for a family was $42,070. Males had a median income of $31,811 versus $21,931 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,954. About 6.1% of families and 9.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.2% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over. Public schools: Salem Community High School Salem Elementary School Selmaville Elementary SchoolCatholic schools: St. Theresa of Avila William Jennings Bryan, 41st US Secretary of State.
S. presidential candidate. City of Salem, Illinois Salem Chamber of Commerce Salem History Links
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern and Great Lakes region of the United States. It has the fifth largest gross domestic product, the sixth largest population, the 25th largest land area of all U. S. states. Illinois is noted as a microcosm of the entire United States. With Chicago in northeastern Illinois, small industrial cities and immense agricultural productivity in the north and center of the state, natural resources such as coal and petroleum in the south, Illinois has a diverse economic base, is a major transportation hub. Chicagoland, Chicago's metropolitan area, encompasses over 65% of the state's population; the Port of Chicago connects the state to international ports via two main routes: from the Great Lakes, via the Saint Lawrence Seaway, to the Atlantic Ocean and from the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River, via the Illinois Waterway to the Illinois River. The Mississippi River, the Ohio River, the Wabash River form parts of the boundaries of Illinois. For decades, Chicago's O'Hare International Airport has been ranked as one of the world's busiest airports.
Illinois has long had a reputation as a bellwether both in social and cultural terms and, through the 1980s, in politics. The capital of Illinois is Springfield, located in the central part of the state. Although today's Illinois' largest population center is in its northeast, the state's European population grew first in the west as the French settled the vast Mississippi of the Illinois Country of New France. Following the American Revolutionary War, American settlers began arriving from Kentucky in the 1780s via the Ohio River, the population grew from south to north. In 1818, Illinois achieved statehood. Following increased commercial activity in the Great Lakes after the construction of the Erie Canal, Chicago was founded in the 1830s on the banks of the Chicago River at one of the few natural harbors on the southern section of Lake Michigan. John Deere's invention of the self-scouring steel plow turned Illinois's rich prairie into some of the world's most productive and valuable farmland, attracting immigrant farmers from Germany and Sweden.
The Illinois and Michigan Canal made transportation between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River valley faster and cheaper, new railroads carried immigrants to new homes in the country's west and shipped commodity crops to the nation's east. The state became a transportation hub for the nation. By 1900, the growth of industrial jobs in the northern cities and coal mining in the central and southern areas attracted immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe. Illinois was an important manufacturing center during both world wars; the Great Migration from the South established a large community of African Americans in the state, including Chicago, who founded the city's famous jazz and blues cultures. Chicago, the center of the Chicago Metropolitan Area, is now recognized as a global alpha-level city. Three U. S. presidents have been elected while living in Illinois: Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, Barack Obama. Additionally, Ronald Reagan, whose political career was based in California, was born and raised in the state.
Today, Illinois honors Lincoln with its official state slogan Land of Lincoln, displayed on its license plates since 1954. The state is the site of the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum in Springfield and the future home of the Barack Obama Presidential Center in Chicago. "Illinois" is the modern spelling for the early French Catholic missionaries and explorers' name for the Illinois Native Americans, a name, spelled in many different ways in the early records. American scholars thought the name "Illinois" meant "man" or "men" in the Miami-Illinois language, with the original iliniwek transformed via French into Illinois; this etymology is not supported by the Illinois language, as the word for "man" is ireniwa, plural of "man" is ireniwaki. The name Illiniwek has been said to mean "tribe of superior men", a false etymology; the name "Illinois" derives from the Miami-Illinois verb irenwe·wa - "he speaks the regular way". This was taken into the Ojibwe language in the Ottawa dialect, modified into ilinwe·.
The French borrowed these forms, changing the /we/ ending to spell it as -ois, a transliteration for its pronunciation in French of that time. The current spelling form, began to appear in the early 1670s, when French colonists had settled in the western area; the Illinois's name for themselves, as attested in all three of the French missionary-period dictionaries of Illinois, was Inoka, of unknown meaning and unrelated to the other terms. American Indians of successive cultures lived along the waterways of the Illinois area for thousands of years before the arrival of Europeans; the Koster Site demonstrates 7,000 years of continuous habitation. Cahokia, the largest regional chiefdom and urban center of the Pre-Columbian Mississippian culture, was located near present-day Collinsville, Illinois, they built an urban complex of more than 100 platform and burial mounds, a 50-acre plaza larger than 35 football fields, a woodhenge of sacred cedar, all in a planned design expressing the culture's cosmology.
Monks Mound, the center of the site, is the largest Pre-Columbian structure north of the Valley of Mexico. It is 100 feet high, 951 feet long, 836 feet wide, covers 13.8 acres. It contains about 814,000 cubic yards of earth, it was topped by a structure thought to have measured about 105 feet in length and 48 feet in width, covered an area 5,000 square feet, been as much as 50 feet high, making its peak 150 feet above the level of the pl
General Dean Suspension Bridge
The General Dean Suspension Bridge spans the Kaskaskia River at Carlyle in Clinton County, United States. It is named after Major General William F. Dean, who served during the Korean War and was a native of Carlyle; the bridge is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. It was added to the Register in 1973; the bridge was constructed in 1859 at a cost of $40,000. The original bridge remained in operation for nearly seventy years. Before the bridge was constructed, travelers were forced to cross the Kaskaskia at Carlyle by ferry or over a mud bridge. In 1950 the Historic American Buildings Survey recognized the bridge for its architectural significance. HABS recommended preservation of the bridge; the Illinois General Assembly set aside $20,000 for bridge restoration in 1951, in 1953 the bridge was named after Major General Dean. Bridgemeister: Several good photos and closeups of the bridge General Dean Suspension Bridge at Structurae Historic American Buildings Survey No. IL-225, "Suspension Bridge, Spanning Kaskaskia River, Clinton County, IL"
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used in connection with national population and housing censuses; the United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory and defined periodicity", recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations cover census topics to be collected, official definitions and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice; the word is of Latin origin: during the Roman Republic, the census was a list that kept track of all adult males fit for military service. The modern census is essential to international comparisons of any kind of statistics, censuses collect data on many attributes of a population, not just how many people there are. Censuses began as the only method of collecting national demographic data, are now part of a larger system of different surveys.
Although population estimates remain an important function of a census, including the geographic distribution of the population, statistics can be produced about combinations of attributes e.g. education by age and sex in different regions. Current administrative data systems allow for other approaches to enumeration with the same level of detail but raise concerns about privacy and the possibility of biasing estimates. A census can be contrasted with sampling in which information is obtained only from a subset of a population. Modern census data are used for research, business marketing, planning, as a baseline for designing sample surveys by providing a sampling frame such as an address register. Census counts are necessary to adjust samples to be representative of a population by weighting them as is common in opinion polling. Stratification requires knowledge of the relative sizes of different population strata which can be derived from census enumerations. In some countries, the census provides the official counts used to apportion the number of elected representatives to regions.
In many cases, a chosen random sample can provide more accurate information than attempts to get a population census. A census is construed as the opposite of a sample as its intent is to count everyone in a population rather than a fraction. However, population censuses rely on a sampling frame to count the population; this is the only way to be sure that everyone has been included as otherwise those not responding would not be followed up on and individuals could be missed. The fundamental premise of a census is that the population is not known and a new estimate is to be made by the analysis of primary data; the use of a sampling frame is counterintuitive as it suggests that the population size is known. However, a census is used to collect attribute data on the individuals in the nation; this process of sampling marks the difference between historical census, a house to house process or the product of an imperial decree, the modern statistical project. The sampling frame used by census is always an address register.
Thus it is not known how many people there are in each household. Depending on the mode of enumeration, a form is sent to the householder, an enumerator calls, or administrative records for the dwelling are accessed; as a preliminary to the dispatch of forms, census workers will check any address problems on the ground. While it may seem straightforward to use the postal service file for this purpose, this can be out of date and some dwellings may contain a number of independent households. A particular problem is what are termed'communal establishments' which category includes student residences, religious orders, homes for the elderly, people in prisons etc; as these are not enumerated by a single householder, they are treated differently and visited by special teams of census workers to ensure they are classified appropriately. Individuals are counted within households and information is collected about the household structure and the housing. For this reason international documents refer to censuses of housing.
The census response is made by a household, indicating details of individuals resident there. An important aspect of census enumerations is determining which individuals can be counted from which cannot be counted. Broadly, three definitions can be used: de facto residence; this is important to consider individuals who have temporary addresses. Every person should be identified uniquely as resident in one place but where they happen to be on Census Day, their de facto residence, may not be the best place to count them. Where an individual uses services may be more useful and this is at their usual, or de jure, residence. An individual may be represented at a permanent address a family home for students or long term migrants, it is necessary to have a precise definition of residence to decide whether visitors to a country should be included in the population count. This is becoming more important as students travel abroad for education for a period of several years. Other groups causing problems of enumeration are new born babies, people away on holiday, people moving home around census day, people without a fixed address.
People having second homes because of working in another part of the country or retaining a holiday cottage are dif
Fayette County, Illinois
Fayette County is a county located in the U. S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 22,140, its county seat is Vandalia. Ramsey Lake State Recreation Area is located in the northwest part of this county. Fayette County was formed in 1821 out of Bond and Crawford counties, it was named in honor of French hero of the American Revolutionary War. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 725 square miles, of which 716 square miles is land and 8.9 square miles is water. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Vandalia have ranged from a low of 18 °F in January to a high of 88 °F in July, although a record low of −21 °F was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 104 °F was recorded in July 1980. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.41 inches in February to 4.11 inches in May. Shelby County - northeast Effingham County - east Clay County - southeast Marion County - south Clinton County - southwest Bond County - west Montgomery County - northwest Interstate 57 Interstate 70 U.
S. Route 40 U. S. Route 51 Illinois Route 33 Illinois Route 37 Illinois Route 128 Illinois Route 140 Illinois Route 185 As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 22,140 people, 8,311 households, 5,648 families residing in the county; the population density was 30.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 9,302 housing units at an average density of 13.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 93.7% white, 4.4% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.4% from other races, 1.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 27.5% were German, 10.5% were English, 9.4% were American, 9.3% were Irish. Of the 8,311 households, 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.0% were non-families, 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.95.
The median age was 39.9 years. The median income for a household in the county was $41,269 and the median income for a family was $51,216. Males had a median income of $38,257 versus $27,188 for females; the per capita income for the county was $21,663. About 10.8% of families and 16.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.6% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those age 65 or over. St. Elmo Vandalia Bingham Brownstown Farina Ramsey St. Peter Fayette County is divided into twenty townships: Until the beginning of the twentieth century, Fayette County was rock-ribbed Democratic, it was not won by a Republican until Theodore Roosevelt’s landslide win of 1904. The county voted after that for the winning candidate in every election until 1940, when opposition to Franklin D. Roosevelt’s economic and war policies gave the county to Wendell Willkie. Since only two Democratic presidential candidates have gained an absolute majority in the county – the more recent of these two, Jimmy Carter in 1976, doing so by a single vote.
Like all of the Upland South the county has seen a rapid swing to the Republicans in recent elections due to opposition to the Democratic Party’s liberal views on social issues: Hillary Clinton’s 2016 tally of 19.0 percent of the county’s vote is 15.7 percent worse than any Democrat before 2012. National Register of Historic Places listings in Fayette County, Illinois United States Census Bureau 2007 TIGER/Line Shapefiles United States Board on Geographic Names United States National Atlas