Carmo Planetarium

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Carmo Planetarium
Planetário do Carmo - by Lucas.JPG
Carmo Planetarium
Location São Paulo
Coordinates 23°34′37″S 46°27′34″W / 23.5769°S 46.45948°W / -23.5769; -46.45948Coordinates: 23°34′37″S 46°27′34″W / 23.5769°S 46.45948°W / -23.5769; -46.45948
Website www.prefeitura.sp.gov.br/cidade/secretarias/meio_ambiente/umapaz/planetario_do_carmo/

Carmo Planetarium (Portuguese: Planetário do Carmo) is a planetarium in Parque do Carmo, eastern São Paulo, Brazil.[1] It is part of the Open University of the Environment and Culture of Peace (UMAPAZ), and opened on 30 November 2005.[2] It is one of three planetaria in São Paulo, the others being Professor Aristóteles Orsini Planetarium[3] and the Johannes Kepler Planetarium at Sabina Escola Parque do Conhecimento.

Description[edit]

A view of the planetarium

The 1,750 square metres (18,800 sq ft) building has a projection dome that is 10 metres (33 ft) high and 20 metres (66 ft) diameter, with 230 reclining seats, and projection by a Carl Zeiss AG Universarium VIII, which uses 9,000 optical fibres and 109 lenses to portray the night sky.[2] There is also a 70-seat classroom, reading space, and a lobby with exhibitions. Two telescopes are located on a terrace behind the planetarium.[2] The planetarium building cost R$11 million to construct, and the projector cost R$5 million to purchase.[4]

The planetarium is located at 137 John Speers Street. Several bus routes pass near to the planetarium.[2] It hosts pre-booked school visits on weekdays, and is open to the public on weekends and some weekdays during school holidays.[2]

Closures[edit]

The planetarium closed in 2007[3] due to structural problems[5] arising from infiltration,[6] and fungi was discovered on the lens of the projector in 2010.[4] The observation area reopened in 2012, before closing again in January 2013 due to a water leak.[7] The planetarium reopened on 8 May 2016,[8] after repairs costing R$1.2 million.[6] It reopened with revised management, and a branch of the astrophysics school (which is primarily located at the other planetarium in São Paulo).[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "São Paulo – Planetário do Carmo". www.zeiss.com. Retrieved 6 January 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Portal da Prefeitura da Cidade de São Paulo". www.prefeitura.sp.gov.br (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  3. ^ a b "Planetário do Ibirapuera é reaberto após quase 3 anos fechado para obras". Globo (in Portuguese). 24 January 2016. 
  4. ^ a b "Planetário de R$ 16 milhões está fechado na Zona Leste de SP". Parceiro do SP (in Portuguese). 19 April 2013. Retrieved 6 January 2017. 
  5. ^ a b "Planetário do Ibirapuera será reaberto no domingo; veja horários de sessões – 22/01/2016 – Cotidiano – Folha de S.Paulo". www1.folha.uol.com.br (in Portuguese). 22 January 2016. 
  6. ^ a b "Após reforma, planetário do Parque do Carmo é reaberto em São Paulo". São Paulo (in Portuguese). 9 May 2016. Retrieved 6 January 2017. 
  7. ^ "Planetário do Carmo reabre após 3 anos – São Paulo – Estadão". Estadão (in Portuguese). 8 May 2016. Retrieved 6 January 2017. 
  8. ^ Paiva, Thais (10 June 2016). "Planetário do Carmo: a ciência pelo encantamento – Carta Educação". Carta Educação (in Portuguese). Retrieved 6 January 2017.