Le Boreal is a cruise ship owned and operated by the French cruise line company Compagnie du Ponant. Built in 2010, she is a sister vessel of Le Lyrial and Le Soléal; the vessel is 126 metres in length, has 132 cabins and suites for 264 passengers and 140 crew members. Le Boreal was put into service on 6 May 2010, she won the award for "Best Newcomer of the Year – GOLD" from the European Cruiser Association. Between 25 February and 6 March 2018, video journalist and podcaster Brady Haran conducted an expedition to Antarctica aboard this vessel. On 18 November 2015 Le Boreal suffered a major engine room fire which caused the loss of all power and left her drifting; the captain ordered the ship, with crew, to be abandoned early in the morning. A distress call was issued just after 2 a.m. while it was near Cape Dolphin, the northerly point of East Falkland, Falkland Islands. The news agency reported that 90 of the ship's 347 passengers and crew were air-lifted to safety from life rafts; the sister ship L'Austral took on some passengers.
Working with the Falkland Islands Government, British Forces enacted a major search and rescue plan. Two Sea King Royal Air Force Search and Rescue helicopters were scrambled, along with two other support helicopters, a C-130 Hercules and a Voyager aircraft for command and control; the Royal Navy patrol vessel HMS Clyde was dispatched to the scene, as were two Dutch tugs which support British Forces in the Falkland Islands. Subsequently, all passengers and crew from Le Boreal were accounted for and being looked after on the Falkland Islands; the vessel was reported in a stable condition and the tugs were assisting to bring her alongside in the Falkland Islands for a detailed assessment of her condition. In March 2016, Ponant confirmed; the investigators' report was released in July 2016, attributed the fire to a ship's officer's misidentification of a clogged fuel filter. In February 2016, a fictitious Arctic accident featuring a "luxury yacht" called Le Boreal was added to the video game Tom Clancy's Rainbow Six Siege as part of a new mission called Operation Black Ice.
Le Boreal features one grill restaurant. The vessel has the Le Club lounge for entertainment, a theatre for lectures and film screenings, a casino, a library and an internet lounge, she has a swimming pool and fitness centre. The ship is equipped with Zodiac craft for landing. Le Boreal was featured in episode three of the fifth season of the TV series Mighty Ships; the ship was shown taking tourists to the Antarctic Peninsula. Itineraries & Deck Plans Le Boréal – Compagnie du Ponant website Le Boreal documentary Passenger reviews of Le Boreal Position of Le Boreal
The Maestrale class is a class of frigates of the Italian Navy. The class is composed of eight vessels, all of which were built by Fincantieri S.p. A, Riva Trigoso, except for Grecale, built by Fincantieri S.p. A. – Muggiano, La Spezia. The Maestrale-class frigates were designed for anti-submarine warfare, however the ships are flexible so they are capable of anti-air and anti-surface operations. Ships of this class have been used in various international missions, either under NATO or UN flag, during normal operations of the Italian Navy; the first of these ships entered in service in early 1982. The rest of the fleet was launched over the next three years; the ships of the Maestrale class will be replaced by the Bergamini class. These ships were built with the experience and the technology developed for the previous Lupo class; the Maestrales were quite bigger and heavier, so they were slower, but still capable of around 32 knots. The ships have a large superstructure, with only one funnel. There are two enclosed pyramid masts, one of, quite low, the other much taller.
The superstructure continues without interruption until the hangar, is made, as usual, with light alloys. The propulsion system is based on two gas-turbine GE-Avio LM-2500 and two diesel engines, in a combined diesel or gas configuration, that make use of diesel for cruising and turbines for high speed; the only problem with this configuration, economical, is to make the diesel engines powerful enough to achieve sufficient cruising speed without overloading them, or assist them with a continuous use of the turbines. In this case, the solution developed for the Lupo-class ships, was successful; the ships have a maximum range of 6,000 nautical miles at 15 knots. The Maestrale class ships are armed with an array of systems. Mounted on the foredeck is an Oto Melara 127 mm/54 gun, capable of shooting 40 rounds per minute. Despite its large size, it was possible to fit it in the small hull, since the Lupo-class ships were fitted with the same weapon, it has 66 shells on three ready-fire carousels. It had low reaction times and high elevation, with a 32-kilogram shells and 23-kilometre range.
The ships carry the Albatross missile system, with an octuple cell capable of firing Sea Sparrow or Aspide missiles. This modern weapon contains a monopulse guide and a powerful rocket-engine, advanced flight controls; the ships carry a supply of 24 missiles, the system is reloaded by a Riva-Calzoni Automatic Handling System, capable of loading up to four missiles at once, making all the missiles in the magazine ready to be launched. After the turret there are two CIWS DARDO, with two 40 mm/L70 Bofors guns, they have rapid mechanical systems, depots with over 700 shells, can fire around 600 rounds per minute. The proximity fuses and the fire control systems help this unmanned turret to react to incoming missiles. On deck are four Otomat anti-ship missiles, capable of striking a target 180 km or more away, with a 210 kg warhead, they are fitted over the hangar. There are four torpedo-launchers, two triple ILAS-3 324 mm tubes, with 12 torpedoes available, the A.184, a wired torpedo with two launch tubes and six to eight torpedoes.
This is the main weapon for ASW tasks, but it be used as an anti-ship weapon though its propulsion system does not allow great speed and range. Compared to ASROC, this weapon has many advantages, does not require a bulky launcher, but needs several minutes at 35 knots, to reach 9 kilometres, while ASROC can do this in much less time; these ships have have several electronic systems: one radar air and surface search RAN10S is placed over the smaller tree, a radar of navigation and surface search SPN703 is fitted on the main tree, where a navigation radar is present as well, three radars: one RTN-10X for gun and Aspide control, two smaller RTN-20X for the DARDO systems, all fitted in the forward superstructure, separated from the aft by the funnel and the heat dissipaters. As to submarine search, there is a VDS DE 1164 sonar, DE1160B hull mounted. EW component is focused on Elettronica Spa MM/SLQ-746 and two SCLAR rocket-launchers that are capable of launching chaff, HE rockets up to 10 km. Several electronic and communication systems are fitted as well, an Selex ES IPN20 command and control system is present to integrate all the tactical information and use the weapons on board.
The Lupo class entered in service in 1977. The Maestrale class is an upgraded version of its predecessor. Maestrale shares the same slim hull but this was enlarged to accommodate many more systems; the Lupos are 3 kn faster, is equipped with eight OTOMAT. The Maestrales arranged differently. Endurance was increased with the Maestrale class from 5,000 to 6,000 miles; the Maestrales have half the OTOMATs of the Lupo class but twice as many torpedo launchers, twice the helicopters, twice the sonars, having a VDS. This, coupled with heavy torpedoes and two helicopters, improved the ASW capabilities; the use of more modern equipment and an Albatross missile system improved in some aspects the air defense. The Maestrale class has some shortcomings; the most prominent is th
Dream-class cruise ship
The Dream class is a class of cruise ships, operated by Carnival Cruise Lines and Costa Cruises, The lead vessel of the class, Carnival Dream, entered service in September 2009. Carnival Dream and her sisters, Carnival Magic, Carnival Breeze and Costa Diadema, measure about 130,000 GT and the first three were the largest ships built for Carnival Cruise Line until the Carnival Vista launched in 2015; the vessels design is an evolution from the Conquest class cruise ships. Notable additions in the designs are a half-mile exterior promenade on deck 5, with outside cafes, Jacuzzis situated along the edge of the promenade, an Aqua Park; the first Dream-class vessel, named Carnival Dream, was ordered on December 14, 2005, from Italian shipbuilder Fincantieri. The order includes the ships: Nieuw Amsterdam, for Holland America Line; the four ships, the options, were ordered by Carnival Corporation for US$3 billion. The Carnival Dream launched at Monfalcone on 24 October 2008; the ship was delivered on 17 September 2009, eleven months after her launch, at the Monfalcone yards.
Option for a second vessel was exercised, the Carnival Magic. The ship was ordered on 18 December 2006 and keel was laid on 12 January 2010; the ship debuted on 1 May 2011. The third ship was ordered 1 December 2009, named Carnival Breeze on 11 May 2010, she sailed on 3 June 2012. Costa Cruises has ordered a ship of 132,500 GT, Costa Diadema in 2011, a fourth sister to this class. Delivered on 25 October 2014, she sailed her inaugural cruise on 1 November and began regular service on 8 November. List of cruise ship classes Carnival Cruise Lines page for Carnival Dream
The Nazario Sauro class are submarines operated by the Italian Navy. All boats were built by Fincantieri in Monfalcone. There are three sub groups built in four batches: S 518 Nazario Sauro named after Nazario Sauro. S 519 Carlo Fecia di Cossato named after Italian World War II submarine commander Carlo Fecia di Cossato S 520 Leonardo da Vinci, named after Leonardo da Vinci S 521 Guglielmo Marconi, named after Guglielmo Marconi S 522 Salvatore Pelosi, named after Italian World War II submarine commander and war hero Salvatore Pelosi S 523 Giuliano Prini, named after Italian World War II submarine commander and war hero Giuliano Prini S 524 Primo Longobardo, named after Italian World War II submarine commander and war hero Primo Longobardo S 525 Gianfranco Gazzana Priaroggia, named after Italian World War II submarine commander and war hero Gianfranco Gazzana-Priaroggia List of submarine classes in service Sommergibili, Marina Militare official site. Conway, All the World's Fighting ships 1947-1995
The Bahamas, known as the Commonwealth of The Bahamas, is a country within the Lucayan Archipelago. The archipelagic state consists of more than 700 islands and islets in the Atlantic Ocean, is located north of Cuba and Hispaniola, northwest of the Turks and Caicos Islands, southeast of the U. S. state of Florida, east of the Florida Keys. The capital is Nassau on the island of New Providence; the designation of "the Bahamas" can refer either to the country or to the larger island chain that it shares with the Turks and Caicos Islands. The Royal Bahamas Defence Force describes the Bahamas territory as encompassing 470,000 km2 of ocean space; the Bahamas is the site of Columbus's first landfall in the New World in 1492. At that time, the islands were inhabited by the Lucayans, a branch of the Arawakan-speaking Taíno people. Although the Spanish never colonised the Bahamas, they shipped the native Lucayans to slavery in Hispaniola; the islands were deserted from 1513 until 1648, when English colonists from Bermuda settled on the island of Eleuthera.
The Bahamas became a British crown colony in 1718. After the American Revolutionary War, the Crown resettled thousands of American Loyalists in the Bahamas. Africans constituted the majority of the population from this period; the slave trade was abolished by the British in 1807. Subsequently, the Bahamas became a haven for freed African slaves. Today, Afro-Bahamians make up nearly 90% of the population; the Bahamas became an independent Commonwealth realm in 1973 with Elizabeth II as its queen. In terms of gross domestic product per capita, the Bahamas is one of the richest countries in the Americas, with an economy based on tourism and finance; the name Bahamas is most derived from either the Taíno ba ha ma, a term for the region used by the indigenous Native Americans, or from the Spanish baja mar reflecting the shallow waters of the area. Alternatively, it may originate from a local name of unclear meaning; the word The constitutes an integral part of the short form of the name and is, capitalised.
So in contrast to "the Congo" and "the United Kingdom", it is proper to write "The Bahamas." The name The Bahamas is thus comparable with certain non-English names that use the definite article, such as Las Vegas or Los Angeles. The Constitution of the Commonwealth of The Bahamas, the country's fundamental law, capitalizes the "T" in "The Bahamas." Taino people moved into the uninhabited southern Bahamas from Hispaniola and Cuba around the 11th century, having migrated there from South America. They came to be known as the Lucayan people. An estimated 30,000 Lucayans inhabited the Bahamas at the time of Christopher Columbus's arrival in 1492. Columbus's first landfall in the New World was on an island; some researchers believe this site to be present-day San Salvador Island, situated in the southeastern Bahamas. An alternative theory holds that Columbus landed to the southeast on Samana Cay, according to calculations made in 1986 by National Geographic writer and editor Joseph Judge, based on Columbus's log.
Evidence in support of this remains inconclusive. On the landfall island, Columbus exchanged goods with them; the Spanish forced much of the Lucayan population to Hispaniola for use as forced labour. The slaves suffered from harsh conditions and most died from contracting diseases to which they had no immunity; the population of the Bahamas was diminished. In 1648, the Eleutherian Adventurers, led by William Sayle, migrated from Bermuda; these English Puritans established the first permanent European settlement on an island which they named Eleuthera—the name derives from the Greek word for freedom. They settled New Providence, naming it Sayle's Island after one of their leaders. To survive, the settlers salvaged goods from wrecks. In 1670, King Charles II granted the islands to the Lords Proprietors of the Carolinas in North America, they rented the islands from the king with rights of trading, appointing governors, administering the country. In 1684 Spanish corsair Juan de Alcon raided Charles Town.
In 1703, a joint Franco-Spanish expedition occupied the Bahamian capital during the War of the Spanish Succession. During proprietary rule, the Bahamas became a haven for pirates, including Blackbeard. To put an end to the'Pirates' republic' and restore orderly government, Great Britain made the Bahamas a crown colony in 1718 under the royal governorship of Woodes Rogers. After a difficult struggle, he succeeded in suppressing piracy. In 1720, Rogers led local militia to drive off a Spanish attack. During the US War of Independence in the late 18th century, the islands became a target for US naval forces under the command of Commodore Esek Hopkins. US Marines occupied the capital of Nassau for 2 weeks. In 1782, following the British defeat at Yorktown, a Spanish fleet appeared off the coast of Nassau; the city surrendered without a fight. Spain returned possession of the Bahamas to Great Britain the following year, u
Laying the keel or laying down is the formal recognition of the start of a ship's construction. It is marked with a ceremony attended by dignitaries from the shipbuilding company and the ultimate owners of the ship. Keel laying is one of the four specially celebrated events in the life of a ship. In earlier times, the event recognized as the keel laying was the initial placement of the central timber making up the backbone of a vessel, called the keel; as steel ships replaced wooden ones, the central timber gave way to a central steel beam. Modern ships are now built in a series of pre-fabricated, complete hull sections rather than being built around a single keel; the event recognized as the keel laying is the first joining of modular components, or the lowering of the first module into place in the building dock. It is now called "keel authentication", is the ceremonial beginning of the ship's life, although some modules may have been started months before that stage of construction. Keel-related traditions from the times of wooden ships are said to bring luck to the ship during construction and to the captain and crew during her life.
They include placing a newly minted coin under the keel and constructing the ship over it, having the youngest apprentice place the coin, when the ship is finished, presenting the owners with the oak block on which the keel is laid. The tradition of the placement of coins derives from the mast stepping custom of placing coins under the mast and is believed to date back to Ancient Greece or Ancient Rome and were intended to "pay the ferryman" to convey the souls of the dead across the River Styx should the ship sink; the first milestone in the history of a ship is the simple ceremony that marks the laying of the keel. Invitations to the ceremony are issued by shipyard officials, the ceremony is conducted by them; the builder may be the president of a private company. The ship's prospective name, without the "USS", is mentioned in the invitation.
INS Deepak (A50)
INS Deepak is a Deepak-class fleet tanker built by Fincantieri. Deepak was launched on 13 February 2010 and commissioned on 21 January 2011; the Deepak-class tanker can carry 17,900 tonnes of cargo, including 15,500 tonnes tonnes of liquid cargo and 500 tonnes tonnes of solid cargo. It can handle 16 cargo containers on the upper deck and was equipped with an eight-bed hospital, with laboratory and X-ray facilities; the modern cargo handling facility on board the ship enables transfer of heavy solid cargo via a 30 tonnes capacity deck crane, simultaneous fuelling of multiple ships at sea, can refuel at the rate of 1,500 tonnes per hour. Workshop facilities on the ship can support other ships of the fleet and it is capable of supporting heavy helicopters. Deepak, along with INS Delhi took part in India-Brazil-South Africa Maritime during October 2012; this ships docked at Durban for three days as part of the deployment. INS Shakti INS Jyoti INS Aditya