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Carpi (people)

The Carpi or Carpiani were an ancient people that resided in the eastern parts of modern Romania in the historical region of Moldavia from no than c. AD 140 and until at least AD 318; the ethnic affiliation of the Carpi remains disputed, as there is no direct evidence in the surviving ancient literary sources. A strong body of modern scholarly opinion considers that the Carpi were a tribe of the Dacian nation. Other scholars have linked the Carpi to a variety of ethnic groups, including Sarmatians, Slavs and Celts. About a century after their earliest mention by Ptolemy, during which time their relations with Rome appear to have been peaceful, the Carpi emerged in c. 238 as among Rome's most persistent enemies. In the period AD 250-270, the Carpi were an important component of a loose coalition of transdanubian barbarian tribes that included Germanic and Sarmatian elements; these were responsible for a series of large and devastating invasions of the Balkan regions of the empire which nearly caused its disintegration in the "Crisis of the Third Century".

In the period 270-318, the Roman "military emperors" acted to remove the Carpi threat to the empire's borders. Multiple crushing defeats were inflicted on the Carpi in 273, 297, 298-308 and in 317. After each, massive numbers of Carpi were forcibly transferred by the Roman military to the Roman province of Pannonia as part of the emperors' policy of repopulating the devastated Danubian provinces with surrendered barbarian tribes. Since the Carpi are no longer mentioned in known documents after 318, it is possible that the Carpi were removed from the Carpathian region by c. 318 or, if any remained, it is possible that they mingled with other peoples resident or immigrating into Moldavia, such as the Sarmatians or Goths. The Greco-Romans called this people the Carpiani; the earliest mention of them, under the name Καρπιανοί is in the Geographia of the 2nd-century Greek geographer Ptolemy, composed c. AD 140; the name Carpi or Carpiani may derive from the same root as the name of the Carpathian mountain range that they occupied first mentioned by Ptolemy under the name Καρπάτης - Karpátēs.

The root may be the putative Proto-Indo-European word *ker/sker, meaning "peak" or "cliff". Scholars who support this derivation are divided between those who believe the Carpi gave their name to the mountain range and those who claim the reverse. In the latter case, Carpiani could mean "people of the Carpathians", but the similarity between the two names may be coincidence, they may derive from different roots. For example, it has been suggested that the name may derive from the Slavic root-word krepu meaning "strong" or "brave", it had been suggested that Carpathian Mountains may derive from the Sanskrit root "kar"'cut' that would give the meaning of'rugged mountains'. Some scholars consider that the following peoples recorded in ancient sources correspond to Ptolemy's Karpiani: the Kallipidai mentioned in the Histories of Herodotus as residing in the region of the river Borysthenes the Karpídai around the mouth of the river Tyras recorded in a fragment of Pseudo-Scymnus the Harpii, located near the Danube delta, mentioned by Ptolemy himself.

If so, their locations could imply that the Carpi had gradually migrated westwards in the period 400 BC - AD 140, a view championed by Kahrstedt. These names' common element carp- appears in Dacian and Thracian placenames and personal names, but there is no consensus. Bichir suggests. According to Ptolemy's Geographia, the Carpi occupied a region between the river Hierasus and the river Porata; this was as defined by Ptolemy, whose eastern border was the Hierasus. East of this river lay what Ptolemy termed Sarmatia Europaea, a vast region stretching as far as the Crimea, but by no means populated by Sarmatian tribes. According to Ptolemy, the Carpi's neighbours were: to the North, the Costoboci to the South, in the Wallachian plain, the Roxolani Sarmatians to the East of the Prut, the Bastarnae which had migrated into the region between the rivers Prut and Dniester around 200 BC)To the West, the Eastern Carpathian mountains between the Siret and the border of the Roman province were populated by the "Free Dacians" i.e. ethnic Dacians residing outside Roman Dacia.

However, it is not possible to reliably define the territories of these groups due to the imprecision of the ancient geographical sources. It is that in many areas, ethnic groups overlapped and the ethnic map was a patchwork of dispersed sub-groups; the Sarmatians and Bastarnae are attested, in both literature and archaeology, all over Wallachia and Bessarabia. It is that, when Greco-Roman sources refer to conflicts with the Costoboci, Carpi or Goths, they are referring to coalitions of different groups under the hegemonic tribe. Given the Carpi's repeated raids South of the Danube and clashes with the Romans during the 3rd century, it is by ca. 230, the Carpi had extended their hegemony over eastern Wallachia dominated by the Roxolani. There is no dispute among scholars that some Decebalic-era Dacian settlements in Moldavia (mostly west of the Siret, with a few on the east bank, were abandoned b

Italian cruiser Basilicata

Basilicata was a small protected cruiser built for the Italian Regia Marina in the 1910s. She was the final member of the Campania class, along with the lead ship Campania; the Campania-class cruisers were intended for service in Italy's colonies, so were given a heavy armament and designed to emphasize long cruising range over high speed. Basilicata's career was cut short in mid-1919 when one of her boilers exploded and sank her while in Tewfik, Egypt; the ship was deemed not worth repairing. Basilicata had a beam of 12.7 m and a draft of 5 m. She displaced up to 3,187 long tons at full load, her propulsion system consisted of a pair of vertical triple-expansion steam engines each driving a single screw propeller, with steam supplied by four coal-fired, cylindrical fire-tube boilers. Her engines were produced a top speed of 15.5 knots. The ship had a cruising radius of about 1,850 nautical miles at a speed of 10 knots, she had a crew of 193 enlisted men. Basilicata was armed with a main battery of six 152 mm L/40 guns mounted singly.

She was equipped with two 76 mm L40 guns, three 76 mm L/40 guns in anti-aircraft mountings, two 47 mm guns, a pair of machine guns. The ship was only armored, with a 25 mm thick deck, 50 mm thick plating on her conning tower. Basilicata was laid down at the same day as Campania. Both ships were built on the same slipway, they were launched less than a year on 23 July 1914. Fitting-out work proceeded more on Basilicata, she was completed on 1 August 1917, four months after her sister ship. After completion, Basilicata was stationed in Italian Libya. On 13 August 1919, while moored in Tewfik at the southern end of the Suez Canal, one of Basilicata's boilers exploded, which sank the ship. Salvage operations began thereafter, on 12 September 1920, the ship was refloated; the Regia Marina decided that repairing the ship was not worth the cost, so on 1 July 1921 she was sold to ship breakers in Suez. Fitzsimons, Bernard, ed.. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of 20th Century Weapons and Warfare. Phoebus Publishing: London.

ISBN 0-8393-6175-0. Gardiner, Robert & Gray, eds.. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships: 1906–1921. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-907-3. Marshall, Chris; the Encyclopedia of Ships: The History and Specifications of Over 1200 Ships. Etobicoke: Prospero Books. ISBN 0886653614

Asaka Seto

Asaka Seto known as Megumi Ieda, is a Japanese actress who works at Foster Management. She won the award for Best Actress at the 24th Yokohama Film Festival for Travail, she is married to Yoshihiko Inohara of the band V6. Television appearancesSubarashiki kana jinsei Mou namida wa misenai Sweet Home Kimi to ita natsu Tokyo daigaku monogatari Owaranai natsu Miss Diamond Age 35 koishikute Boku ga boku de aru tame ni Tomodachi no Koibito Narita Rikon Kamisan nanka kowakunai Boy Hunt Naniwa Kinyudo 4 P. S. Genki desu, Shunpei Saimin Sayonara, Ozu Sensei Mayonaka wa Betsu no Kao Kaidan Hyaku Monogatari Story 11 Toshiie and MatsuYodo-dono Netsuretsu Teki Chuuka Hanten Tengoku no Daisuke e Shin Yonige-ya Honpo Ooku Dai-ishou Rikon Bengoshi 2 Nyokei Kazoku Konya Hitori no Bed de Life Hachimitsu to Clover Yume wo Kanaeru Zo Hana no Hokori Choshokutei Tonari no Shibafu MoviesWangan Bad Boy Blue Nozokiya Sharan-Q no enka no hanamichi Bullets of Love Travail One Missed Call 2 b.k.a. Chakushin ari 2/ 着信アリ2 2/2 Death Note I Just Didn't Do It/ Soredemo boku wa yattenai Kaidan L: Change the WorLd Jōkyō Monogatari Commercial appearancesTDK Kodak Maybelline New York Official site Asaka Seto on IMDb Asaka Seto at the Japanese Movie Database