Bishopton is a village in Renfrewshire, Scotland. It is located around 2 miles west of Erskine. There was a Roman Fort at Bishopton, discovered from aerial photographs in 1949; the fort is about 1km west of the village. It overlooked the former ford at Dumbuck, on a flat-topped hill around 60 metres above the river, allowing ready surveillance of the River Clyde; the fort at Whitemoss Farm may have been held from 140 to 155 A. D.. Pottery with Antonine era date stamps was found at the site; the pottery and many other finds were catalogued at the Hunterian Museum in Glasgow along with several coeval items like the distance slab of the Twentieth Legion from Old Kilpatrick. There was an earlier Roman fort on Barochan Hill, less than 2 miles to the south-west towards Houston. Bishopton was in the Parish of Erskine; the name of the village is reflected in a nearby house: Bishopton House. A famous family called; the house became a convent known as latterly Cora Foundation. A large explosive manufacturing factory was once sited in Bishopton.
The Royal Ordnance Factory Bishopton was opened during World War II on farm land, acquired by compulsory purchase order. It was situated on the western side of the railway line running through Bishopton. Over 2,000 acres of land from up to seven farms was used to build the factory; the land included Dargavel House. The southern end of the site included the majority of the land used by the World War I National Filling Factory, Georgetown; the ROF was privatised in 1984, being sold to British Aerospace, which has since scaled down and shut most of the site. The factory was in use from 1915 until 2002 producting amunition and propellants. After privatisation the MOD Police moved out and the former MOD Police Social Club at HolmPark, its adjoining sports field, became part of Bishopton; the former MOD Police houses at both HolmPark and Rossland Crescent were sold off to private buyers. Bishopton's Medical Centre was built opposite the shops. In 2005, BAE Systems and Redrow submitted proposals to use a large part of the site for building new housing which would, at least, double the size of Bishopton.
Local residents indicated their concern at the proposals. In December 2008 Renfrewshire Council granted outline planning consent for the development and detailed planning consent for a related motorway junction off the A8/M8. By early 2016 a significant portion of the development had been completed, with a number of the houses inhabited. Bishopton is located around 2 miles from the southern end of the Erskine Bridge, which spans the River Clyde between Renfrewshire and West Dunbartonshire. Before the bridge was built, the Erskine Ferry transported vehicles across the Clyde; the A8 road passes through Bishopton, the M8 motorway passes to the north, running parallel to the A8, with access to Bishopton from junctions 30 and 31. Bus services are provided by McGill's, with buses operating to Clydebank and Erskine. Bishopton is served by Bishopton railway station on the Inverclyde Line; the station opened in 1841. There are five services per hour: four to/from Gourock, one to/from Wemyss Bay with four per hour in the other direction to and from Glasgow Central.
Evenings and Sundays there are two trains per hour to Glasgow Central and hourly services to both Wemyss Bay and Gourock. A short branch to the former ROF factory is now disused. Bishopton is 4 miles north-west of Glasgow Airport. Bishopton is situated in the north east of Renfrewshire, it lies to the south of the River Clyde. The village borders a number of some separated by a rural hinterland, it is about 195 feet above sea level. Bishopton has no "Streets" It has Crescents, Drives, but not any "streets". Bishopton Primary school is the only school within the village although with new houses being built another has been proposed, it is a non-denominational state school. For secondary education the village falls within the catchment area of Park Mains High School in Erskine. Blantyre Monument Bishopton railway station Formakin Estate ROF Bishopton Map sources for Bishopton, RenfrewshireBishopton's Community Web Site: InBishopton.org.uk Bishopton Broncos Basketball Club: Bishoptonbroncos.com The Gazette: The-gazette.co.uk
Inveresk is a village in East Lothian, Scotland situated to the south of Musselburgh. It has been designated a conservation area since 1969, it is situated on elevated ground on the north bank of a loop of the River Esk. This ridge of ground, 20 to 25 metres above sea level, was used by the Romans as the location for a fort in the 2nd century AD; the element "Inver", from the Gaelic inbhir, refers to the confluence of the river Esk with the Firth of Forth. The village was in the Midlothian parish of the same name and developed distinctly from the separate burgh of Musselburgh. Inveresk has a fine street of 17th- and 18th-century houses. Inveresk Lodge is now leased, but the adjacent Inveresk Lodge Garden belongs to the National Trust for Scotland, its west facing gardens overlooking the river Esk are open to the public; this was the mansion of James Wedderburn who had made his fortune as a slave-owning sugar plantation owner in Jamaica. When his son by one of his slaves, Robert Wedderburn, travelled to Inveresk to claim his kinship he was insultingly rejected by his father who gave him some small beer and a broken or bent sixpence.
This experience turned Robert Wedderburn to radicalism. The war memorial, south of the church, was designed by Sir Robert Lorimer in 1920; the village is dominated by St. Michael's church that stands at its west end on the summit of the local hill overlooking Musselburgh, its graveyard/cemetery stretches westwards for 300m and is split into separate walled sections which can be broadly bracketed as original, a late Victorian extension, an Edwardian/ early 20th century extension to the north, a modern section to the far west. The current church is by Robert Nisbet and dates to 1805 and has a stone spire of Wren-influence but is believed to date to the 6th century; the graveyard has a number of interesting graves:- Edwin Alexander RSA RSW artist, son of Robert Alexander William Lindsay Alexander FRSE theologian John Brunton specialist wire-maker whose family created the Brunton Theatre A white-painted, cast-iron sculpture of a coffin draped in military regalia, atop a full-sized cannon and cannon-balls, just south of the church marking the grave of Major William Norman Ramsay of Waterloo fame A monument to 7 fishermen from Fisherrow of the fishing-boat "Alice" from Boddam, lost in the storm of 14 October 1881.
Rev Alexander Carlyle Curious cubic gravestones to Admiral Archibald Cochran and his son Admiral Thomas Cochran Rev William Lindsay Alexander John Cran, shipbuilder Sir Charles Dalrymple, 1st Baronet Mark Dalrymple, 3rd Baronet Sir Charles Dalrymple Fergusson, 5th Baronet The Buller-Elphinstone tomb: William Elphinstone, 15th Lord Elphinstone, Sidney Elphinstone, 16th Lord Elphinstone James Greenlees rugby player and scholar, headmaster of Loretto College 1926-41 A large monument to several of Hope Baronets of Craighall, including Sir Archibald Hope, 9th Baronet Major General Sir Patrick Lindesay, military hero, Acting Governor of New South Wales in 1831 John Grieve: John Grieve was awarded the Victoria Cross for his bravery at the Battle of Balaklava in the Crimean War. Admiral Sir David Milne 1763-1845, his son Admiral Sir Alexander Milne 1806-1896 and his geologist son David Milne-Home 1805-1890 David Rae, Lord Eskgrove Sir William Rae, 3rd Baronet son of the above, buried with his father Pte Alexander Sinclair survivor of the Gretna Rail Disaster killed at Gallipoli a few months Major Robert Vernor wounded whilst a Captain of the Scots Greys at the Battle of Waterloo Alexander Handyside Ritchie sculptor The Wedderburn tomb: Sir David Wedderburn, 1st Baronet, Sir John Wedderburn, 2nd Baronet, Sir David Wedderburn, 3rd Baronet James Murray, 2nd Duke of Atholl, buried here.
Robert Mylne, architect/master mason, 1633-1710, lived and died here Clarissa Dickson Wright the chef and broadcaster lived here until her death in March 2014. Henry Yule, Scottish Orientalist, born here Canmore - Inveresk, Roman Fort site record Workhouses - Inveresk Scottish Places - Inveresk
Seabegs Wood was the site of a Roman fortlet on the Antonine Wall in Scotland. At Seabegs, the outline of Antonine's Wall, has lasted. Archaeologists from previous generations recorded this and stated that the ditch was deep and watterlogged. There is an underpass under the Clyde Canal nearby known locally as the Pend. In in the 1890s, the Antonine Wall Committee of Glasgow Archaeological Society’s cut several trenches across the Roman rampart; these uncovered its stone base. Subsequent excavations in 1977 found a Roman fortlet attached to the south of the Rampart. In 1981, a mound little has been discovered; the neighbouring forts to this fortlet are Rough Castle in the east. Sir George Macdonald and others theorized that because these neighbouring fort were widespread another structure was in the Seabegs area. No coinage has been recovered nor any inscriptions. There are two marching camps nearby at Milnquarter. Many Roman forts along the wall held garrisons of around 500 men. Larger forts like Castlecary and Birrens had a nominal cohort of 1000 men but sheltered women and children as well although the troops were not allowed to marry.
There is too to have been large communities of civilians around the site. Drone footage from Seabegs Wood ]
Summerston is a residential area of Glasgow, Scotland. With most of the housing constructed in the 1970s, it is situated in the far north of the city and is sometimes considered to be part of the larger Maryhill district, but has a different postcode. With open farmland to the north-east, Summerston is separated from the southern parts of the town of Bearsden to the north-west by the River Kelvin and a golf course. Summerston has a riding school run by UK charity Riding for the Disabled; the area is home to St Blane's Primary and John Paul Academy. The 4th Glasgow Scout Beaver Colony and Cub Scout Pack are based in Caldercuilt Primary School at 101 Invershiel Road, it is home to Summerston Childcare, the most popular Family Learning and Out of School centre in Summerston having had a waiting list for their classes since their opening in 1995. Maryhill Harriers running club meet at John Paul Academy as well as various other clubs together with a range of fitness class in the evening at the school.
Summerston has several large shops, including an ASDA, a B&M Bargains and a Poundstretchers store, a flooring shop and chemist. There is an entrance to Maryhill Park from Summerston which contains tennis courts, a children’s play area and walking paths; the current Summerston railway station is about a mile and a half south of the original one, on the Kelvin Valley Railway. The original station was north and west of the River Kelvin, close to the Summerston Farm and Cottages and the site of a fortlet on the Antonine Wall; the fortlet was discovered from aerial observation in 1980. A temporary marching camp, south of the Kelvin, was found in 1978 from the air. A sandstone distance slab was found at Summerston Farm before 1694. A video of scans taken from the stone has been produced; the slab, reminiscent of The Bridgeness Slab, was made by the Second Legion and depicts a helmeted horseman and naked captives. It is now in the Hunterian Museum in Glasgow; the slab was originally painted with bright pigments.
The colours were found using laser technology. The gorey slabs showed natives with bright red blood on their faces and legs; the neighbouring forts to this forlet were at Bearsden at Balmuildy to the east. Another Summerston slab can be compared with one found near Castlehill. Both these similar slabs, like two others from Duntocher have two decorative pelta shields, one on either side of the slab; the horns of each shield are embellished with three rosettes on the Castlehill slab whereas the Summerton slab has these end in two griffins' heads. The first, badly weathered, slab has four rosettes between the inscription, it was found in 1803 on Low Millochan farm. The farm called East Millichen, is near Summerston, it records the building of 3666.5 paces of wall by the Sixth Legion. MacDonald relates that some of the abbreviations are unusual, he suggests. On the similar Castlehill slab he suggests the stone-cutter has blundered and made a letter P where he should have a letter F on the fourth line.
The Castlehill slab records 3666.5 paces although the units used are a matter of ongoing research. There is some evidence of a Roman bridge over the Kelvin between Balmuildy. Summerston was part of the parish of Strathblane. Ironstone and coal were mined in the area. Neighbourhood Profile and statistics at Understanding Glasgow Black and White Town, music video by Doves filmed at Summerston and featuring local children
Linlithgow is a town in West Lothian, Scotland. It is West Lothian's county town, reflected in the county's alternative name of Linlithgowshire. An ancient town, it lies south of its two most prominent landmarks: Linlithgow Palace and Linlithgow Loch, north of the Union Canal. Linlithgow's patron saint is Saint Michael and its motto is St. Michael is kinde to straingers. A statue of the saint holding the burgh coat of arms stands on the High Street. Linlithgow is located in the north-east of West Lothian, close to the border with Stirlingshire, it lies 20 miles west of Edinburgh along the main railway route to Glasgow. Before the construction of the M8 and M9 motorways and the opening of the Forth Road Bridge, the town lay on the main road from Edinburgh to Stirling and Inverness, while the canal system linked the burgh to Edinburgh and Glasgow; the nearby village of Blackness once served as the burgh's port. Linlithgow is overlooked by Cockleroi; the name Linlithgow comes from the Old British lynn llaith cau meaning "lake in the damp hollow".
"Linlithgow" referred to the loch itself, the town being known as just "Lithgow". Folk etymology associated this name with the Gaelic liath-chù meaning "grey dog" the origin of the black bitch on the burgh arms; the chief historic attraction of Linlithgow is the remains of Linlithgow Palace, the birthplace of James V and Mary, Queen of Scots, Scotland's finest surviving late medieval secular building. The present palace was started in 1424 by James I of Scotland, it was burnt in 1746, whilst unroofed, it is still complete in terms of its apartments, though few of the original furnishings survived. Linlithgow was the site of the Battle of Linlithgow Bridge at the western edge of the town; the bridge no longer stands. The roadway to Linlithgow over the River Avon is described by scholars as a lifted road. Besides the palace, a second attraction, standing adjacent, is the 15th century St. Michael's Church, its western tower had a distinctive stone crown spire, of the type seen on St Giles Cathedral in Edinburgh, Newcastle Cathedral, but it was removed in the early 19th century.
In 1964 a controversial replacement spire in aluminium in a modern style by Scots architect Sir Basil Spence, representing Christ's crown of thorns, was added. Many historic buildings line the High Street. On the south side ground levels rise and several historic wynds and closes, as found in Edinburgh still exist; the most prominent space is on axis with the road to the palace. This contains the Cross Well of 1807. To its north stands the Town House of 1668 by the master mason John Smith; this replaced a previous hall demolished by Oliver Cromwell's army in 1650. Much of its original interior was removed in a modernisation project of 1962. Linlithgow has been cited as the location of the first petrol pump in Scotland. "A plaque on the High Street records that Scotland's first petrol pump was installed at a garage here in 1919." The burgh's coat of arms features a black bitch chained to an oak tree on an island, those born within the town are known as "black bitches". In his account of a tour of Scotland, published in 1679, an English gentleman, Thomas Kirk, described the arms of the town as "a black bitch tied to a tree, in a floating island.
We enquired for a story about it, but could meet with none: their schoolmaster told us it proceeded from the name of the place. Linlithgow, in Erst, is thus explained: Lin signifies Lough, she used to swim from the town every day with food for him. When this was discovered she was chained to a tree on a different island to suffer the same fate as her master; the townspeople took the animal's bravery as symbolic of their own. The local pub named "The Black Bitch" is reputed to be one of Scotland's oldest pubs. Two large tracts of the northern side of the High Street were demolished in the 1960s and replaced by flats and public buildings in the brutalist style typical of that time period. Although these buildings were no doubt welcomed at the time as a vast improvement on what must have been cramped and dilapidated traditional accommodation, they were poorly conceived and constructed and have required extensive maintenance and renovation over the years. Many locals lament the brutal effect these buildings have had on the character and appearance of the town's main thoroughfare, indeed such a dramatic remodelling of buildings forming such an integral part of the town would be unthinkable nowadays.
Today the town is popular with middle classes and commuters, not only because of its transport links with Edinburgh and Stirling, but because of the perceived quality of its schooling. The town grew during the 1990s with the completion of several housing developments on the east side of the town. Though there is little scope for the town to grow further a planning application by Wallace Land for its proposals for a residential and retail development at Burghmuir was submitted in early February 2012; the town now suffers from parking problems and the local schools are running to full capacity due to the massive increase in population over the last ten years. Linlithgow is home to a major computing centre owne
Mumrills was the site of the largest Roman fort on the Antonine Wall in Scotland. It is possible; some believe. The farm at Mumrills was used as an early site for the Falkirk Relief Church. Excavations, which took place in the years 1923-1928 and 1958-1960, established its outline. Photographs of the excavations can be found online. An altar to Hercules Magusanus was found in 1841 "near the Bridge at Brightons" about a mile south-east of this fort, it is now in the National Museums Scotland. A second altar to the Matres was found at Mumrills; the altar was dedicated by a signifer serving at the fort. The historian Alfred von Domaszewski had suggested that the "Matres" mentioned in the altar were the Campestres, another term for the Silvanae, it was carved between 140 and 165 AD. A third inscribed stone has been described as a "Funerary inscription for Nectovelius". George Macdonald says the translation is: "To the Divine Manes. Nectovelius, son of Vindex. Aged thirty. A Brigantian by birth, he served for nine years in the Second Cohort of Thracians."
The Brigantes were a Celtic tribe who controlled the largest section of what would become Northern England. This shows local recruitment of native Britons. A stone carving of Hercules was found in a back garden in the village of Laurieston, Falkirk in 1987. Other finds include a section of a palmate funerary monument, a heavy, iron chisel, a set of wrought iron tongs, a box flue tile, a cooking pot of back burnished ware, a large piece of Roman concrete made out of crushed tile. Many Roman forts along the wall held garrisons of around 500 men. Larger forts like Castlecary and Birrens had a nominal cohort of 1000 men but sheltered women and children as well although the troops were not allowed to marry. There is too to have been large communities of civilians around the site. Something of the soldiers' diet may be inferred from the variety of animal bones and shells found at the fort. Other buildings have been found which might have supported smelly industries like tanning or smithing. A hearth was found which could have been used to support troops
Cleddans is the site of a Roman fortlet on the Antonine Wall in Scotland. Its postulated existence was confirmed by trial trenching in 1979. Evidence of building work on Cleddans and on the Wall by units of both the sixth and the twentieth legions has been found in the area. Cleddans Roman fortlet was located by trial trenching in 1980 south of the main road between Duntocher and Bearsden. Hutcheson Hill being half way between the known Roman forts of Duntocher to the west and Castlehill to the east and having a line of sight between them it was surmised that it may hold the site of an intermediate fort; this fortlet's discovery at Cleddans seemed to strengthen the proposal that the Antonine Wall was designed with fortlets around every mile as measured by the Romans. The fort discovered measures internally 18 metres east-west by 17.6 metres north-south within a rampart set on a 3.6 metres wide stone base. Cleddans was constructed between 154 AD at the order of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius. Quintus Lollius Urbicus, governor of Roman Britain at the time supervised the effort.
It was one of a string of fortlets built to support the Antonine Wall. Antoninus Pius never visited Britain. Pressure from the Caledonians may have led Antoninus to send the empire's troops further north; the wall, Cleddans, was abandoned only eight years after completion, the garrison relocated back to Hadrian's Wall. In 208 Emperor Septimius ordered repairs; the occupation ended a few years and the wall was not occupied again. Most Roman fortlets along the wall held garrisons of around 500 men. Larger forts like Castlecary and Birrens had a nominal garrison of a cohort of 1,000 men but there is evidence that they sheltered women and children as well, although the troops were not allowed to marry, it is that there were communities of civilians around the site. Finds from the site include four Roman tablets. One shows the emblem of the 20th legion, it was discovered in 1695 at Cochno House. The Hunterian Museum in Glasgow holds it as part of its collection. A subsequent find was a panelled tablet discovered at Braidfield Farm in 1812, just west of Cleddans Farm.
It shows each standing on a globe, holding up a rectangular inscription. On the left is an armed Mars and, on the right, Virtus is depicted with a sheathed sword and a military standard. There are one on either side of the slab; the inscription contains the words "Opus Valli": the Romans' name for their wall. The slab resides in the Hunterian Museum; the last tablet found showed the symbol of the 20th legion. It was discovered just south of the Antonine Wall on Hutcheson Hill in 1865, it was lost in a fire at Chicago in 1871. The Hunterian has a plaster cast made from the original. On either side of the tablet is a naked Cupid, each with a sickle in its inner hand and a bunch of grapes in its outer. Symmetry suggests, it is similar to another slab associated with Old Kilpatrick, which had its lower right rosette found on a separate fragment. The three slabs hold building inscriptions from the Twentieth and Sixth Legions dedicated to the emperor Antoninus Pius, they have been dated to 139–161 AD. No coins have been found at the site.
A well-preserved fourth tablet was found on the west of Hutcheson Hill in March 1969 at Cleddans Farm. It is sometimes attributed to Castlehill, it has been scanned and a video produced. Photos are available for research use, its depiction of subdued natives is similar to the slabs at Westerwood. Other symbols like the jumping boar require more knowledge. Who the female figure depicts is uncertain. Sir George Macdonald wrote about the site in the 1911 first edition and 1934 second edition of The Roman wall in Scotland